One million people fled to Europe in 2015

By Andre Damon, 23 December 2015

The wars stoked by American and European imperialism in Syria, Afghanistan and Iraq have helped turn more than 60 million people worldwide into refugees.

Germany doubles number of deportations

By Marianne Arens, 23 December 2015

According to official figures from Germany’s interior ministry, 18,363 people were forcibly deported in the first 11 months of this year.

Conflicts over refugee policy dominate EU summit

More on the refugee crisis »

US air strike kills 12 Iraqi civilians

By Bill Van Auken, 23 December 2015

The latest death toll from the US bombing campaign came as Iraqi troops and militias entered the ISIS-held city of Ramadi.

NZ Labour leader calls for “troops on the ground” to fight ISIS

By John Braddock, 23 December 2015

Six US soldiers killed as Taliban overruns Helmand district in Afghanistan

US, European powers prepare new air and ground operations against Libya

More on the war in Iraq and Syria »

Spanish political system in turmoil over hung parliament

By Paul Mitchell, 23 December 2015

Sunday’s elections resulted in a historic collapse of the two-party system that has dominated Spanish politics since the fascist Franco dictatorship fell in 1977.

Hung parliament emerges from Spanish elections as traditional parties collapse

Mass police raids in French state of emergency find no terror networks

By Anthony Torres, 23 December 2015

Mass searches and house arrests are part of the preparation for the imposition of a permanent state of emergency by the Socialist Party government.

Amid French state of emergency, Sodexo sacks 19 workers for striking

By Kumaran Ira, 23 December 2015

The sudden and unprecedented mass sacking by food and facilities management multinational Sodexo is an attack on the constitutionally protected right to strike.

The French regional elections and the threat of dictatorship

More on the Paris terror attacks »

Illinois coal miner killed on the job

By Naomi Spencer, 23 December 2015

The death of Tyler D. Rath is the third fatal accident at the Foresight Energy mine in Macedonia, Illinois in as many years.

Former Massey CEO escapes most serious charges for role in mine disaster

Co-defendant Ralf Wohlleben testifies in German neo-Nazi trial

By Dietmar Henning, 23 December 2015

Wohlleben stands accused of having provided the weapons that were used in a series of politically motivated murders that took place in 2000-2007.

Scotland: Victims demand removal of former police spy from St. Andrew’s University

By Steve James, 23 December 2015

Every political or campaign organisation whose outlook implies the slightest criticism of the authorities has been spied upon by the police.

Ethiopian government kills students in protests over latest land grab

By Joe Williams, 23 December 2015

Weeks of protests in Addis Ababa and surrounding towns have culminated in clashes that left 75 civilians dead and an as-yet-unknown number arrested.

New in Russian

Пресс-конференция Путина выявляет кризис в России

Андрея Питерс, 23 декабря 2015 г.

В ходе своей ежегодной пресс-конференции на прошлой неделе президент России не смог скрыть тяжелого положения в российской экономике, а также факта геополитического тупика, с которым сталкивается страна.

New in Turkish

Yunanistan’da Syriza’nın İhanetinin Siyasi Dersleri
Dördüncü Enternasyonal’in Uluslararası Komitesi’nin açıklaması

DEUK, 23 Aralık 2015

Yunanistan’da Başbakan Alexis Tsipras’ın önderliğindeki Syriza’yı (Radikal Sol Koalisyon) yeniden iktidara getiren Eylül 2015 seçimleri, işçi sınıfı için muazzam bir stratejik deneyim olduğu kanıtlanmış bir döneme son vermiştir.

New in French

L'OMC enterre le Cycle de Doha, une nouvelle rupture dans l'ordre d'après-guerre

Par Nick Beams, 23 décembre 2015

La décision de mettre fin au Cycle de Doha signifie la fin du multilatéralisme qui constituait un fondement crucial de l'expansion économique d’après la Deuxième Guerre mondiale.

Un site Internet nazi américain fait l’éloge du professeur Jörg Baberowski

Par Johannes Stern, 23 décembre 2015

Le professeur titulaire de la chaire d’histoire d’Europe de l’est à l’université Humboldt de Berlin jouit d’une notoriété grandissante dans les milieux d’extrême-droite et fascistes au plan international.

New in German

WTO beendet Doha-Runde:
Ein weiterer Riss in der Nachkriegsordnung

Von Nick Beams, 23. Dezember 2015

Die Auflösung der Doha-Runde bedeutet das Ende des Multilateralismus, der eine wichtige Rolle in der wirtschaftlichen Expansion der Nachkriegszeit spielte.

Deutschland verdoppelt Abschiebungen

Von Marianne Arens, 23. Dezember 2015

In den ersten elf Monaten dieses Jahres sind nach offiziellen Angaben des Innenministeriums 18.363 Menschen zwangsweise aus Deutschland abgeschoben worden.

Bundesregierung stellt neue „Anti-Terror-Einheit“ auf

Von Philipp Frisch, 23. Dezember 2015

Unter Bedingungen zunehmender Klassenspannungen im Innern und der Rückkehr Deutschlands zu einer aggressiven Außenpolitik bereiten sich die herrschenden Eliten darauf vor, den wachsenden Widerstand in der Bevölkerung zu unterdrücken.

Polen: Lech Wałęsa warnt vor Bürgerkrieg

Von Dorota Niemitz, Clara Weiss, 23. Dezember 2015

Erneut gingen Tausende gegen die neue polnische PiS-Regierung auf die Straße, weil diese autoritäre Strukturen aufbaut.

Other Languages

Perspective

Political issues in the Spanish election crisis

23 December 2015

Podemos, while posing as a populist opponent of austerity, will prove as hostile to the working class as Syriza in Greece.

Earlier Perspectives »

Notice to Our Readers

World Socialist Web Site holiday schedule

Over the holiday period, we will not publish on Friday, December 25 and Saturday, December 26, or on Friday, January 1 and Saturday, January 2. We will resume our regular schedule of postings on January 4. The WSWS extends season's greetings to all of our readers.

WSWS New Year Fund

Support the WSWS New Year Fund!
A special appeal from WSWS Autoworker Newsletter editor Jerry White

Autoworkers Struggles

Walter Reuther and the rise and fall of the UAW

By Tom Mackaman, 23 December 2015

Walter Reuther’s biography has much to teach workers about the transformation of the trade unions into reactionary adjuncts of the corporations and the government.

Nexteer workers denounce UAW after ratification of sellout deal

By our reporters, 22 December 2015

After the Big Three contracts
Auto companies cheat retirees while posting record sales

More on autoworkers struggles »

Arts Review

An interview with performer, educator and archivist of the Great American Songbook, Michael Feinstein

By Barry Grey, 23 December 2015

“I feel that this body of work is timeless, because it has a level of craft, inspiration and quality that transcends the era in which it was created.”

Star Wars: The Force Awakens: No real awakening

By Matthew MacEgan and David Walsh, 22 December 2015

“Bloody instructions ... return to plague the instructor”
A new film version of Shakespeare’s Macbeth

International Youth and Students for Social Equality

Second election meeting of IYSSE at Humboldt University
Herfried Münkler: An academic in the service of German imperialism

By our correspondents, 23 December 2015

Professors at Berlin’s Humboldt University are playing a leading role in ideologically justifying the return of German militarism.

Socialist Equality Party

Public meetings in Australia mark 75th anniversary of Leon Trotsky’s murder

By our correspondents, 23 December 2015

There was intense interest as speakers explained the significance of Trotsky’s life and work, and why and how he was assassinated by Stalin’s secret police, the GPU.

Workers and youth speak on Trotsky’s life and death

By our correspondents, 23 December 2015

Sri Lanka: A socialist program to fight budget cuts

By the Socialist Equality Party (Sri Lanka), 14 December 2015

An open letter
Socialist Equality Party (UK) demands the Undercover Police Inquiry release the names of all police agents and spies

By Socialist Equality Party, 10 December 2015

Commentary

WTO buries Doha Round: Another rupture in the post-war order

By Nick Beams, 22 December 2015

Haiti’s political crisis deepens in wake of fraudulent elections

By John Marion, 22 December 2015

The US terror scare

The International Socialist Organization, police violence and the Democratic Party

Putin news conference highlights Russian crisis

After Fed rate hike, global economic fault lines deepen

Australia, Japan “strongly support” US, amid rising tensions with China

History

American Nazi web site acclaims Humboldt Professor Jörg Baberowski

By Johannes Stern, 19 December 2015

Mehring Books

Pamphlet on Syriza’s betrayal in Greece now available from Mehring Books

21 December 2015

The betrayal of the anti-austerity struggles of the Greek working class by the Syriza government is a strategic experience for the working class not only in Greece, but internationally.

Workers Struggles

Kellingley Colliery—last remaining deep coal mine in Britain—closes

By Harvey Thompson and Trevor Johnson, 22 December 2015

Chicago area Coca-Cola workers enter fourth week of strike, face isolation by Teamsters

By George Gallanis, 22 December 2015

The 2016 US Elections

Fear-mongering and war dominate third Democratic presidential debate

By Andre Damon, 21 December 2015

Republican “debate” in Las Vegas
A two-hour commercial for militarism and fear-mongering

The New York Times, fascism and Donald Trump

By Joseph Kishore, 11 December 2015

Trump: The ugly reality of American politics

Hillary Clinton calls for escalation of US war in Syria, Iraq

Sanders outlines pro-capitalist, pro-war positions in speech on “democratic socialism”

Bernie Sanders lines up with Middle East war drive

Is Bernie Sanders a socialist?

More on the 2016 US elections »

Book Review

The fate of Zuckerberg’s “gift” to Newark schools

By Fred Mazelis, 14 December 2015

Mark Zuckerberg, philanthrocapitalism and parasitism

75 Years Since The Assassination Of Leon Trotsky

Security and the Fourth International, the Gelfand Case and the deposition of Mark Zborowski
An open letter from David North to Susan Weissman

10 November 2015

Seventy-five years since the assassination of Leon Trotsky

Meetings in Germany mark the 75th anniversary of the death of Leon Trotsky

ICFI Statement

The Political Lessons of Syriza’s Betrayal in Greece
Statement of the International Committee of the Fourth International

13 November 2015

The warnings of the ICFI and WSWS that Syriza was a pro-capitalist party, hostile to the working class, have been completely vindicated.

25 years ago: First world wide web server goes online

On December 25, 1990, Tim Berners-Lee completed the initial implementation of his proposal for a world wide web, building and bringing online the first workstation dedicated to serving the files necessary for a working web..

More »

50 years ago: Four million immigrant workers in northern Europe

A report published in the New York Times on December 23, 1965, estimated that there were roughly 4 million immigrant workers then living in the northern European countries of West Germany, France, Switzerland, the Netherlands, Belgium, and Luxemburg.

More »

75 years ago: Churchill attacks Mussolini as threat to colonies

On December 23, 1940 British Prime Minister Winston Churchill broadcast a radio address to be aired to “the Italian people.”

More »

 

100 years ago: Lloyd George demands working class “sacrifices”

On December 16, 1915, British Minister of Munitions David Lloyd George addressed a meeting of several thousand trade union officials and shop stewards in Glasgow on the issue of suspending existing trade union rules in the interests of the “war effort.”

More »