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An attack on democratic rights

By the Editorial Board, 30 May 1998

One of the initiatives on the California ballot next Tuesday is the "English for the Children Initiative" or Proposition 227. The stated aim of the measure is to end bilingual education in California's schools by June 1998.

Some interesting films on US television, May 30-June 5

By David Walsh, 30 May 1998

New York mayor announces layoffs

By Alan White, 30 May 1998

New York Mayor Rudolph Giuliani announced the layoff of 600 hospital workers May 18, only days after the Department of Homeless Services declared that it was cutting 1,000 jobs over the next one or two years. The layoffs in the hospital system take place immediately.

Opposition leaders try to shore up Habibie

By Mike Head, 30 May 1998

Opposition figures in Indonesia, including Islamic leader Amien Rais, have cleared the way for President Habibie to attempt to cling to office, heading a thinly veiled military dictatorship, for at least 18 months.

What will it mean for the working class?

By Editorial Board, 30 May 1998

The substantial vote to accept the Northern Ireland Agreement in the May 22 referendums in the north and south has been hailed as the start of a new chapter in the troubled history of the island.

Blood money: two exposés of Swiss collaboration with the Nazis

By Nancy Russell, 30 May 1998

The scandal arising from the abortive attempt of the Union Bank of Switzerland to shred documents relating to Swiss-Nazi financial arrangements has led to a year-long series of revelations, conferences, threatened sanctions, international recriminations and a number of books, including Nazi Gold by Tom Bower and Hitler's Secret Partners by Isabel Vincent.

Workers Struggles Around the World

By , 30 May 1998

Wilde’s martyrdom in perspective

By David Walsh, 30 May 1998

Brian Gilbert's Wilde, from a script by Julian Mitchell, with Stephen Fry in the leading role, has a certain seriousness about it. This account of Anglo-Irish poet-playwright Oscar Wilde's trials and tribulations might prompt a spectator to wonder what all the fuss was about.

Gathering war clouds in South Asia

By the Editorial Board, 30 May 1998

With Pakistan's detonation of a nuclear device May 28, South Asia has been brought to the brink of a fourth Indo-Pakistani war. In justifying its staging of a nuclear test, Pakistan charged that India was about to launch an air strike on its nuclear test site. India has vigorously denied this charge, but in the days preceding the Pakistani test leading Indian government officials repeatedly warned that Indian troops might soon cross into Pakistani-occupied Kashmir.

South Korean workers demand halt to mass layoffs

By Peter Symonds, 29 May 1998

Up to 120,000 workers took part in strikes and rallies across South Korea on May 27-28, protesting against the rapid rise of joblessness since the beginning of the year. The official unemployment rate reached nearly 1.5 million or 6.7 percent in April, the highest level in 12 years.

What makes the Communist Party of the Philippines Stalinist?

By Peter Symonds, 29 May 1998

Reply to a readers' question

Records reveal germ warfare tests conducted in southern Britain

By Paul Mitchell, 29 May 1998

The government releases most official documents in Britain to the Public Record Office after 30 years. To find a document you must search among the hundreds of catalogues listed by government departments. Each one has a title, usually a few words, such as "1938 Note on Russia", or "Aerial bomb trials". Either you know what you are looking for or you guess.

A moving and unconventional love story

By Harvey Thompson, 29 May 1998

This work is a moving, often funny, and stubbornly unconventional love story about a Pakistani taxi-driver and a prostitute set in the north of England.

Fifty years since Israel's founding

By Bill Vann, 29 May 1998

Israel marked the 50th anniversary of its founding under conditions of mounting political and social crisis within the Zionist state and escalating tensions with the Palestinian people in the territories still occupied by Israeli forces, as well as with the surrounding Arab world.

Yet another police killing in Australia

By Richard Phillips, 29 May 1998

Police shot and killed a 30-year-old mentally disturbed man in Wollongong, south of Sydney, on May 26.

Ein Wahlverein für Schröder

By , 28 May 1998

Im Vorfeld der Bundestagswahlen im September hat sich in Deutschland ein loses Bündnis formiert, das für die Wahl einer sozialdemokratischen Regierung und für deren Unterstützung durch PDS und Grüne wirbt. Gestützt auf eine sogenannte „Erfurter Erklärung" soll zu diesem Zweck am 20. Juni eine Großdemonstration in Berlin stattfinden.

The "Erfurt Declaration"--an electoral pact for Schröder

By Ute Reissner, 28 May 1998

In the run-up to the federal elections in Germany this September, an alliance has been formed calling for a vote for a social democratic government, to be supported in parliament by the Greens and the PDS (Party of Democratic Socialism, successors to the ruling Stalinist party in the former East Germany).

Pembebasan tahanan berdasarkan atas pemilihan Habibie

By , 28 May 1998

Also in English

Memories of Sylvia Plath

By Margaret Rees, 28 May 1998

In his new book of poetry, Ted Hughes considers his relationship to his late wife, the poet Sylvia Plath, and her fate.

Der Stalinismus und der Aufstieg der chauvinistischen Hindu-Partei BJP

By , 28 May 1998

Die politische Ausstrahlung der fünf atomaren Sprengsätze, die von der indischen Regierung gezündet worden sind, unterstreicht die Notwendigkeit, daß sich die indischen Arbeiter eine neue Perspektive aneignen, um der chauvinistischen Hindu-Partei BJP und der „neuen Wirtschaftspolitik" der indischen Bourgeoisie entgegenzutreten. Beide zielen darauf ab, die Menschen und Ressourcen in Indien immer direkter der imperialistischen Ausbeutung zur Verfügung zu stellen.

European-wide police raids in run-up to World Cup

By Richard Tyler, 28 May 1998

Following months of surveillance, a series of police raids across five European countries has led to the arrest of 93 people. The French Interior Ministry said the operation was aimed at dismantling "a network of dissident extremists" from the Armed Islamic Group (GIA), which is conducting an armed struggle against the present government of Algeria and seeking to install a strict Muslim regime.

Opposition council offers Habibie advice

By Mike Head, 28 May 1998

Key bourgeois opposition figures are propping up Indonesian President Habibie while urging him to call elections within a year and refusing to join his government.

Habibie's selective prison releases

By Mike Head, 28 May 1998

An unknown number of political prisoners -- thousands at least -- languish in the Indonesian dictatorship's jails, including those in East Timor and Iran Jaya (West Papua). Whereas the regime and the corporate media speak of 200 political prisoners, even official legal aid spokesmen admit the numbers are far greater.

A promising breakthrough in cancer research

By Perla Astudillo and Peter Symonds, 28 May 1998

New research by US medical scientist Dr Judah Folkman into the effect of two drugs, angiostatin and endostatin, on mice may prove to be a significant breakthrough in treating a broad range of cancers in humans.

Reader responds to article on Oregon shootings

By , 27 May 1998

Der Kampf für Demokratie in Indonesien

By , 27 May 1998

Also in English

A 'vintage year' for Australia's wealthy

By Mike Head, 27 May 1998

The gap between the wealthy few and the vast majority of society in Australia widened further over the last 12 months.

How the rich prospered from the Telstra sale

By Mike Head, 27 May 1998

One revealing feature of the Australian Business Review Weekly's Rich 200 list is the extent to which the top 200 benefitted from the Howard government's sale of one-third of Telstra, the state-owned telecommunications conglomerate.

Kohl zollt Suharto „großen Respekt und Zustimmung"

By , 27 May 1998

Mit den Worten „Mein lieber Freund" beginnt das Telegramm von Kanzler Kohl an Suharto, mit dem er zu dessen Rücktritt Stellung nimmt. Weiter heißt es, er nehme dessen Entscheidung „mit großem Respekt und Zustimmung" zur Kenntnis. Suharto habe mit diesem Schritt wesentlich dazu beigetragen, „weiteres Blutvergießen zu vermeiden und damit die innere Lage und Sicherheit des Landes zu stabilisieren".

A little of John Reed, after all

By David Walsh, 27 May 1998

Bulworth is an angry and politically astute film. Warren Beatty has demonstrated a good deal of courage in making it.

German Chancellor Kohl relays to Suharto his "great respect and approval"

By Ulrich Rippert, 27 May 1998

"My dear friend"--with these words begins the telegram sent by Chancellor Helmut Kohl of Germany to Suharto on the occasion of the Indonesian's president's resignation. Kohl goes on to acknowledge Suharto's decision with "great respect and approval," because it contributes "to avoiding further bloodshed and thereby stabilising the internal situation and security of the country."

Australian business and the Indonesian regime

By Mike Head, 26 May 1998

One of the primary reasons for the effusive support given by successive Australian governments -- Liberal and Labor -- to the Jakarta regime is the profit-making of Australian-based companies, sometimes in direct partnership with the Suharto family and its associates.

A new type of breast cancer drug

By Kaye Tucker, 26 May 1998

At the recent annual meeting of the American Society of Clinical Oncology, Dr Angelo Bianco announced the results of clinical trials, demonstrating the effectiveness on a new type of anti-cancer drug, Herceptin, in fighting advanced breast cancer.

A warning from Dr Greenspan

By Nick Beams, 26 May 1998

Testimony delivered last week to the US House of Representatives by Federal Reserve Board chief Alan Greenspan and Treasury Secretary Robert Rubin has highlighted growing fears in world financial circles that the Asian crisis, far from being over, is only just beginning.

Stalinism and the rise of the Hindu-chauvinist BJP

By Keith Jones, 26 May 1998

The political fallout from the Indian government's detonation of five nuclear devices underscores the urgency of Indian workers adopting a new perspective to counter the Hindu-chauvinist BJP and the Indian bourgeoisie's "new economic policy," which subjects India's human and natural resources to ever-more direct and rapacious imperialist exploitation.

Habibie's business empire

By Mike Head, 26 May 1998

Reports have begun to emerge detailing some of the business interests of the recently installed Indonesian President Jusuf Habibie. As an intimate protege of Suharto and a senior government minister for two decades, Habibie and his family have accumulated a fortune estimated at $US60 million through interests in chemicals, construction, real estate, transport and communications.

Tensions mount between India and Pakistan

By Keith Jones, 26 May 1998

Relations between India and Pakistan have rapidly degenerated in the two weeks since the Indian government detonated a nuclear device.

Military dominates Habibie's cabinet

By Peter Symonds, 26 May 1998

Just four days after the resignation of Suharto and the installation of B.J. Habibie as president, the political situation in Indonesia is highly unstable. The real power behind the new regime remains the Indonesian military, and its forces continue to patrol the streets.

Alienation, adolescence and violence

By David Walsh, 23 May 1998

[Click here for WSWS statement on the April 20, 1999 school shooting in Littleton, Colorado. Click here for a list of all WSWS articles on this and related subjects.]

Workers struggles around the world

By , 23 May 1998

We invite workers and others to contribute to this feature by sending information to:

Frank Lovell, former leader of Socialist Workers Party, dead at 84

By Fred Mazelis, 23 May 1998

Frank Lovell, who died on May 1 at the age of 84, spent some decades in the Trotskyist movement and was a founding member of the Socialist Workers Party in 1938.

A numbing barrage of official propaganda

By Richard Tyler, 23 May 1998

Richard Tyler, a correspondent for the World Socialist Web Site, travelled recently to Dublin and Belfast to report on the run-up to the May 22 referendum on the Northern Ireland agreement.

The struggle for democracy in Indonesia

By Editorial Board, 23 May 1998

The formal resignation of Suharto has underscored the fact that the problems of political repression, unemployment, poverty, ethnic and religious discrimination and imperialist domination have far deeper roots than the avarice and corruption of an individual ruler.

"What is this society going to do with the surplus humanity?"

By David Walsh, 23 May 1998

Support for agreement mixed with reservations

By Richard Tyler, 23 May 1998

Reporters for the World Socialist Web Site spoke to Dublin residents on their attitude to the Northern Ireland agreement, interviewing those planning to vote "yes," those undecided and those against. Their comments raised many important political issues, which will be addressed in a future article on the site. The views expressed below are those of the individuals interviewed.

The elevation of Amien Rais

By Peter Symonds, 23 May 1998

The leader of the Muslim group Muhammadiyah is being groomed as a replacement for the Suharto regime that can be trusted to defend capitalist interests.

Some interesting films on US television May 23-29

By David Walsh, 23 May 1998

Der Wahlskandal der Teamster-Gewerkschaft und seine Bedeutung für die Arbeiterklasse

By , 23 May 1998

In der amerikanischen Gewerkschaft der Transportarbeiter, der Teamsters Union, haben staatliche Stellen eine Umbesetzung der Führungsspitze veranlaßt. Nachdem vor nahezu sechs Monaten ein Bezirksgericht den Teamster-Vorsitzenden Ron Carey für das Wiederwahlverfahren disqualifiziert hatte, hat nun ein von der Regierung ernannter Wahlprüfer den Weg für seinen Hauptrivalen James P. Hoffa, den Sohn des bekannten früheren Gewerkschaftschefs Jimmy Hoffa, freigemacht. Die Neuwahl wird für September dieses Jahres erwartet.

Life in prison

By David Walsh, 23 May 1998

A new documentary film examines life and death at the largest maximum security prison in the US

US Secretary of State showers praise on Suharto

By Barry Grey, 22 May 1998

At a May 20 speech to the US Coast Guard Academy in Connecticut, Secretary of State Madeleine Albright used the language of diplomacy to increase the pressure on General Suharto to resign. She urged him to "preserve his legacy as a man who not only led his country, but provided for its democratic transition."

What bebop meant to jazz history

By John Andrews, 22 May 1998

A comment on a recently-published history of the birth of a significant jazz form, bebop.

Australian waterfront workers face heavy job cuts

By Terry Cook, 22 May 1998

Australian waterfront workers are facing moves by Patrick Stevedoring and their trade union to slash hundreds of jobs.

Who is B.J. Habibie?

By Peter Symonds, 22 May 1998

Jusef Habibie, 61, sworn in yesterday as the new Indonesian president, is one of Suharto's most trusted and longstanding political lieutenants. Suharto has acted as Habibie's patron and sponsor since the 1950s, when he came to know the young man and his family during a military posting to the South Sulawesi.

What the IMF expects of the next Indonesian government

By Peter Symonds, 22 May 1998

A key factor in compelling Suharto to resign his post as president on Thursday was the announcement the previous day by the International Monetary Fund (IMF), backed by the Clinton administration, of a delay to further payments to Indonesia from its $US43 billion rescue package.

Installation of Habibie marks new stage in crisis of Jakarta regime

By Mike Head, 22 May 1998

The bid of Indonesia's military-controlled regime to preserve itself by installing as President B. J. Habibie, a life-long protege of Suharto, has only heightened the already volatile political and economic crisis, with none of the underlying issues resolved.

"She was living proof of the genuine revolutionary traditions of our movement"

By , 22 May 1998

The Socialist Equality Party (US) held a memorial meeting May 17 in Minneapolis to pay tribute to Jean Brust, a lifelong fighter for socialism, who died November 24, 1997. Today we are continuing the report on the meeting by posting the remarks of SEP Central Committee member Fred Mazelis, who along with Jean in 1966 was a founding member of the Workers League, the forerunner of the SEP. Tomorrow we will post the remarks of Jean's family members and the greetings sent to the memorial meeting from friends and comrades throughout the world.

Kelas-kelas sosial yang manakah akan mendukung perjuangan untuk demokrasi di Indonesia?

By , 22 May 1998

Also in English and German

Welche Gesellschaftsklassen unterstützen den Kampf um Demokratie in Indonesien?

By , 21 May 1998

Also in English and Indonesian

Large demonstrations demanded Suharto's fall

By Mike Head, 21 May 1998

Despite calls by opposition leaders to stay at home, hundreds of thousands of students, workers and professional people defied a massive military mobilisation to join demonstrations in major Indonesian cities on Wednesday, demanding Suharto's immediate resignation.

Conflicts arise over water supply

By Paul Mitchell, 21 May 1998

Whilst water remains a commodity to be fought over by rival nation states, the supply of this vital resource will continue to be threatened by selfish national interests.

Welche Gesellschaftsklassen unterstützen den Kampf um Demokratie in Indonesien?

By , 21 May 1998

Also in English and Indonesian

US funding for opposition groups in Indonesia

By Barry Grey, 21 May 1998

At the same time that the American military has been training Indonesian commando units, including Suharto's presidential guard, the State Department has been doling out tens of millions of dollars to support bourgeois reform groups opposed to the regime. But any contradiction here is more apparent than real.

An appreciation of Frank Sinatra

By John Andrews, 21 May 1998

Once Sinatra began to sing, one's feelings about him as a personality were swept away by the beauty of his singing.

Hospital spurns dying youth

By Martin McLaughlin, 21 May 1998

A Chicago hospital refused to treat a 15-year-old gunshot victim who was bleeding on the sidewalk outside the emergency room.

147 people killed in mudslides

By Rosa Ieropoli, 21 May 1998

The May 5 mudslides which devastated Sarno and other southern Italian towns were not simply a natural disaster. There is ample evidence that this tragedy could have been avoided.

The camera never lies ...

By David Walsh, 21 May 1998

A discussion of some of the nonfiction films screened at the recent San Francisco film festival.

Suharto resigns in bid to preserve Indonesian regime

By Mike Head, 21 May 1998

In a desperate bid to defuse an intense political crisis, Indonesian dictator General Suharto has resigned and installed his hand-picked successor, vice president B. J. Habibie, as his replacement with the backing of the military high command.

A season of worthwhile films

By Frank Gaglioti, 21 May 1998

The National Cinematheque in Australia caters to those desiring to broaden their cinematic horizons.

Suharto resigns following large demonstrations

By Mike Head, 21 May 1998

For the latest analysis and comments by the World Socialist Web Site see: "The political crisis in Indonesia"

Which social classes support the struggle for democracy in Indonesia?

By the Editorial Board, 20 May 1998

Also in German and Indonesian

Future of Northern Ireland Agreement uncertain

By Chris Marsden, 20 May 1998

This is the first of a series of articles on the referendums to be held simultaneously in both northern and southern Ireland on Friday, May 22. Journalists from the World Socialist Web Site will be travelling to Ireland to report on the referendums and bring views from both parts of the island.

A revealing British documentary on post-apartheid South Africa

By Vicky Short, 20 May 1998

A documentary aired on British TV shows that inequality, unemployment and homelessness continued under the African National Congress.

Iranian director commends WSWS film review

By , 20 May 1998

Abbas Kiarostami, director of Taste of Cherry, commends David Walsh's review of the film.

Opposition leader tries to call off Indonesian demonstrations

By Mike Head, 20 May 1998

Amien Rais, a leader of the bourgeois opposition to the Suharto regime, this morning issued a last minute call for the cancellation of mass demonstrations planned by students and others against the dictatorship. Some student leaders, however, declared that marches would continue, defying tanks and heavily-armed troops.

Supreme Court upholds exclusion of third-party candidates

By Martin McLaughlin, 20 May 1998

The US Supreme Court has upheld the

US officials provided Indonesian military with death lists

By the Editorial Board, 20 May 1998

It is critical that students and workers engaged in the struggle against the Suharto dictatorship not fall prey to any illusions in the so-called democratic role of the US government. The statements by President Clinton and the State Department urging restraint on the part of the Indonesian military must be placed in the context of the actual historical role of American imperialism in the massacre of hundreds of thousands of workers and peasants that accompanied the 1965-66 military coup which brought Suharto to power and the more than three decades of US support for his dictatorship.

A first effort, dangerously praised

By Simon Wheelan, 20 May 1998

A film about young people in Britain that never goes beyond cliches--in black-and-white.

Reader points out historical distortion in "Titanic"

By , 20 May 1998

A reader maintains that the Titanic's first officer, Lieutenant William McMaster Murdoch, is portrayed inaccurately in Cameron's 1997 film.

New moves to privatise education in Britain

By Liz Smith, 20 May 1998

The introduction of Education Action Zones (EAZs) into the British state education system is a qualitative step towards the privatisation of education. The Labour government is proposing to set up EAZs in the most socially and economically deprived areas, ostensibly "to raise standards in schools, especially those in challenging circumstances." The outcome, however, will be the increased competition of schools for dwindling state funds and the ever greater role of big business in deciding educational policy.

A new phase in Washington's political warfare

By Martin McLaughlin, 19 May 1998

A new front has been opened up in the political warfare in Washington, with claims by congressional Republicans that the Clinton administration agreed to reverse US policy on the export of satellite technology to China after large campaign contributions from aerospace companies and the Chinese government itself.

Dirt in the soul

By David Walsh, 19 May 1998

A remarkable new film from South Korea examines the corrosive effect of thirty years of soulless economic development

Australian navy in joint exercise with Indonesian military

By , 19 May 1998

One-third of the entire Australian Navy is currently engaged in a joint exercise with the Indonesian armed forces off the coast of Java.

The 1998 San Francisco International Film Festival

By David Walsh, 19 May 1998

Readers disagree with WSWS on atomic bomb testing in India

By , 19 May 1998

G8 summit of disarray

By the Editorial Board, 19 May 1998

More than any previous annual summit, the gathering of the Group of Eight leaders in Birmingham, England last weekend demonstrated the incapacity of the capitalist powers to control the economic and social forces unleashed by the global market. Even as they assembled, the heads of government were haunted by the spectre of mass unrest in Indonesia and India's decision to test nuclear weapons.

Suharto pledges to quit, but clings to power

By a correspondent, 19 May 1998

In a speech to the nation on Tuesday morning, Indonesian dictator General Suharto refused to bow to demands for his resignation, but instead pledged to stand aside after an indefinite "transitional" period.

Indonesia and the 'second wave' of the Asian meltdown

By Mike Head, 19 May 1998

Many international business commentators are referring to the Indonesian crisis as only the first eruption of the turmoil to be unleashed by the "second and third waves" of a financial meltdown.

The prosecution of Nathaniel Abraham and the lessons of the James Bulger case in Britain

By Barry Mason, 19 May 1998

The prosecution in the US of twelve-year-old Nathaniel Abraham as an adult on first degree murder charges is indicative of a change in official policy that is by no means limited to America. It is part of an international development which is bound up with the dismantling of welfare programs and social reforms associated with the post-World War Two period.

Verfassungsänderung in Deutschland hebt grundlegende Bürgerrechte auf

By , 19 May 1998

Im Februar dieses Jahres ist vom Bundestag und Bundesrat in Deutschland mit der erforderlichen Zweidrittelmehrheit das Grundrecht der Unverletzlichkeit der Wohnung nach Artikel 13 des Grundgesetzes weitgehend abgeschafft worden. Dies bedeutet eine historische Zäsur in der politischen Entwicklung Deutschlands nach 1945, ähnlich der Verabschiedung der Notstandsgesetze vor 30 Jahren.

Germany: - "The Great Bugging Operation"--a historical turning point

By Wolfgang Weber, 19 May 1998

The present change to the constitution--the so-called

Surat Untuk Para Pelajar dan Guru Indonesia

By , 18 May 1998

Also available in English

A letter to Indonesian students and teachers

By , 18 May 1998

[Also in Indonesian]

A letter to Indonesian students and teachers

By , 18 May 1998

The World Socialist Web Site has sent the following reply to the appeal below from students and teachers at the Institute of Technology of Bandung (ITB), in Indonesia. Students at ITB and nationally are preparing for a May 20 day of protest against the Suharto regime.

Permanent Revolution and the National Question Today

By David North, 17 May 1998

The following lecture was given by David North, the national secretary of the Socialist Equality Party in the US, on February 3, 1993 in Montreal. It was in commemoration of the life and political contribution of Keerthi Balasuriya, the longtime leader of the Sri Lankan section of International Committee of the Fourth International (then called the Revolutionary Communist League). Comrade Balasuriya died tragically of a heart attack in December 1987 at the age of thirty-nine.

Politische Kardinalfragen für die indonesischen Massen

By , 16 May 1998

Also in English and Indonesian

Workers struggles around the world

By , 16 May 1998

With today's posting, the World Socialist Web Site is initiating a new feature for our readers which will provide a round up of strikes and other important struggles, as well as articles on the conditions of the international working class.

Marcos cronies support Joseph Estrada - Business-backed populist leads in Philippine presidential race

By Peter Symonds, 16 May 1998

Despite his rhetorical appeals to the poor, Estrada is backed by some of the wealthiest Filipino capitalists.

Australian media owners urge Suharto to stand aside

By the Editorial Board, 16 May 1998

Expressing the economic and strategic interests of Australian capitalism--which has more than $10 billion in direct investments in Indonesia--daily newspaper editorials in Australia on Friday called on Suharto to stand down and make way for a new government that can restore order.

Behind India's nuclear bomb testing

By Keith Jones, 16 May 1998

India's detonation of five nuclear devices earlier this week threatens to precipitate a nuclear arms race in south and east Asia--home to more than half the world's population.

Permanent Revolution and the National Question Today

By David North, 16 May 1998

The following lecture was given by David North, the national secretary of the Socialist Equality Party in the US, on February 3, 1993 in Montreal. It was in commemoration of the life and political contribution of Keerthi Balasuriya, the longtime leader of the Sri Lankan section of International Committee of the Fourth International (then called the Revolutionary Communist League). Comrade Balasuriya died tragically of a heart attack in December 1987 at the age of thirty-nine.