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The German Green Party at war

By Ulrich Rippert, 30 April 1999

The repulsive spectacle presented by the German Green Party over the past weeks as a party of war and government defies description. When and where has there been a party which so fundamentally betrayed its principles in such a short period of time? Is there any parallel to be found to the complete irresponsibility with which the Greens have used their position as part of the ruling SPD-Green coalition? Every fundamental party standpoint has been cast to the winds, and one reads the present assertions by many leading Green politicians in government that they completely exclude any support for the intervention of ground troops in Kosovo as the anticipation of their imminent agreement to take precisely such a step.

NATO's humanitarian attack and the media

By JS, 30 April 1999

The following article was sent by JS, a Swiss observer who has had experience in Eastern Europe. The World Socialist Web Site is reproducing the article for the information of our readers. Its views are those of the author, not the WSWS. In an accompanying letter, JS says that his article "does not deal with the refugee situation, but rest assured that I'm just as horrified as the rest of you. My heart goes out to both the Kosovars and the Serbs. I see them both as victims of politics. I aim to be neutral in the conflict. My reaction is targeted at NATO's miscalculated bombing campaign and the media's all-too-apparent impotent response to it."

Union defends BHP after serious explosion at Newcastle steelworks

By Terry Cook, 30 April 1999

On the night of April 20 hundreds of people in the suburbs surrounding BHP's steel plant in the Australian industrial city of Newcastle poured into the streets after a tremendous explosion at the factory shook their homes. The residents stood aghast as flames leapt up and clouds of dense smoke rose from the plant's powerhouse and drifted across suburbs to the west.

British High Court ruling opens way for euthanasia of disabled

By Tania Kent, 30 April 1999

A High Court ruling April 22 against the family of a disabled 12-year-old boy has serious implications for healthcare in Britain. The court refused to require the hospital to consult with the parents of the child before terminating life support for him.

Workers Struggles: Europe, the Middle East and Africa

By , 30 April 1999

The World Socialist Web Site invites workers and other readers to contribute to this regular feature by e-mailing information to

From “peacekeeper” to war hawk—Canada and NATO's war on Serbia

By Keith Jones, 30 April 1999

With few dissenting voices, Canada's political elite and opinion makers have applauded NATO's bombing campaign against Yugoslavia. Indeed, Canada has been among the most bellicose of the 19 NATO states. Before the war was a fortnight old, Liberal Defence Minister Art Eggleton was suggesting NATO should consider a ground troop invasion of Kosovo.

History in the service of ideology

By Ann Talbot, 30 April 1999

The Construction of Nationhood: Ethnicity, Religion and Nationalism, by Adrian Hastings, Cambridge University Press 1997

The Columbine High School massacre: Letters from readers

By , 30 April 1999

To the editors of WSWS,

Russia: The end of a world power

By Patrick Richter, 30 April 1999

The arrogant attitude of Washington towards the Russian government during the bombardment of Serbia marks a turn in relations with Russia and gives cause to assess the real character of the liberal reforms which have been carried out there since 1991.

American missile kills a dozen children in Serbian town

By Martin McLaughlin, 29 April 1999

An American cruise missile destroyed a large portion of the village of Surdulica Tuesday in southeastern Serbia, about 200 miles from Belgrade, killing at least 20 people, including a dozen children between the ages of 5 and 12. Some 50 homes were completely destroyed and as many as 600 damaged, a staggering toll in an agricultural town with a population of 15,000. The missile struck near the center of the town, leaving a crater 20 to 30 feet across.

Blair outlines his vision of the new military world order

By Chris Marsden, 29 April 1999

On the occasion of his visit to America to celebrate the fiftieth anniversary of the NATO alliance, British Prime Minister Tony Blair took time out to espouse his new "Doctrine of the International Community".

Northern Ireland Agreement--What explains the continued deadlock?

By Chris Marsden and Julie Hyland, 29 April 1999

The implementation of the Northern Ireland Agreement continues to face deadlock. The most recent discussions involving the British Prime Minister Tony Blair, the Irish Taoiseach Bertie Ahern, the leaders of Sinn Fein, the Ulster Unionist Party (UUP) and the Social and Democratic Labour Party have produced no settlement to the outstanding disagreements between the parties.

Korean unions call off subway and Telecom strikes

By Peter Symonds, 29 April 1999

Thousands of striking subway workers in the South Korean capital of Seoul returned to work on Monday and Tuesday after a week of industrial action against the decision to destroy more than 2,000 jobs as part of widespread cutbacks to public services and state-owned enterprises.

A small breach in US press censorship

By a reporter, 29 April 1999

An item which appeared in the Washington Post Wednesday marks the first report in a major American newspaper of the clause in the Rambouillet Accords on Kosovo which effectively authorized a NATO occupation of Serbia. The German press has carried several reports this month on the previously undisclosed Appendix B of the accord, but the American media has maintained a wall of silence.

US to boost military spending, activate reservists

By Shannon Jones, 29 April 1999

The war against Serbia is having its first impact on workers in the United States with the Clinton administration activating reservists while moving to plunder the federal budget surplus, which is supposedly being set aside to shore up the Social Security system, in order to boost Pentagon spending.

The strange case of two Australian aid workers detained in Yugoslavia

By Mike Head, 29 April 1999

When Yugoslav authorities detained two Australian aid workers at the Croatian border on March 31, on suspicion of spying to aid the NATO bombing blitz, the affair rapidly became the subject of furious denunciations by the media and politicians in Australia, accompanied by frenzied diplomatic activity to secure their release.

Regarding "Columbine High School Massacre: American Pastoral...American Berserk"

By , 28 April 1999

Dear editors,

Death in Belgrade: an eyewitness report

By , 28 April 1999

I was a medical student at Belgrade University before NATO annihilated this city with their bombs. All of that has changed now. Now I do what I can to help with what little experience I have to offer. Everywhere you go--businesses, homes, factories, and all of our beautiful bridges have been demolished in a matter of weeks with US missiles. I think about the labor and years it took to rebuild a single bridge after WWII. But that damage is still repairable. What is not repairable, what cannot be restored are the people who were killed and injured at Serbian TV. I worked in the hospital the night the injured and the dead were carried in, one by one, from NATO's deliberate and heinous attack against these defenseless workers.

Sit-in at Esso gas plant after worker blamed for explosion

By Will Marshall, 28 April 1999

Control operators at the Esso gas plant in the Australian state of Victoria staged a sit-in on Tuesday after the company sought to blame an individual worker for an explosion in September 1998 that killed two men, seriously injured eight others and cut gas supplies to the state for two weeks.

Unknown pig virus kills 117 people in Malaysia

By Angela Pagano, 28 April 1999

In southern Malaysia, hundreds of pig farmers have lost their livelihood and livestock due to an unknown virus believed to be transmitted by pigs. Over the last six months, 117 people have died and 236 have been hospitalised. More than 11,000 people have fled or been forced out of the affected areas in the state of Perak, and the districts of Sikamat and Bukit Pelandok, in the state of Negeri Sembilan.

US, NATO escalate war on Serbia

By Martin McLaughlin, 28 April 1999

Last weekend's NATO summit in Washington has been followed by a major escalation of the war by the United States and the European NATO powers on Yugoslavia, with intensified bombing of economic as well as military targets throughout Serbia and the deployment of more warplanes, troops and ships to the Balkan region.

Genes that kill malignant skin cancer cells

By Kaye Tucker, 28 April 1999

Is it possible that our own genes hold the key to finding new ways to fight cancer? Researchers at London's Brunel University think so. In February, they announced the discovery of two new genes that dramatically halt the growth of malignant melanoma, a type of skin cancer. It is hoped that by unlocking the secrets of how these genes work, scientists will be able to develop new ways to treat this deadly disease.

The social tensions underlying the Colorado school shooting

By , 28 April 1999

Dear Editor:

LTTE signals support for NATO bombing

By Wije Dias, 28 April 1999

The leadership of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) has made no public comment on NATO's air war against Yugoslavia. But through an aligned organisation, it has signalled its support for imperialist military intervention in the Kosovo crisis.

Tens of thousands rally in Philadelphia for political prisoner Mumia Abu-Jamal

By Bill Vann, 27 April 1999

Tens of thousands of demonstrators rallied outside Philadelphia's city hall and marched through the streets of the city April 24 to demand a new trial and freedom for Mumia Abu-Jamal, the death row political prisoner framed up more than 17 years ago in connection with the shooting death of a police officer.

Low pay and conditions in Cambodian textile industry

By Celeste Lopez, 27 April 1999

Over the last two and a half years, the textile industry in Cambodia has grown rapidly--from 36 factories in 1997 to over 110 in the capital Phnom Penh, employing more than 72,000 workers. Some 139 new factories are due to start up with licenses approved by the Hun Sen government to take advantage of low wages and poor conditions.

Despite "peace" talks, killings continue in East Timor

By Mike Head, 27 April 1999

Pro-Indonesian militias in East Timor are continuing to kill and threaten independence supporters and stage intimidatory armed rallies, despite Indonesian government-staged "peace" talks on the island and an Indonesian-Portuguese deal in New York to hold a UN-backed "consultation" on autonomy.

Dutch government rocked by parliamentary report into 1992 El Al air crash

By Peter Reydt, 27 April 1999

A Dutch parliamentary investigation into the government's handling of the 1992 El Al crash in Amsterdam, has led to calls for the resignation of Prime Minister Wim Kok and two of his deputies. A discussion on the 2,000-page report, which accuses the Labour Party-led coalition of bungling and misleading parliament over the crash, is scheduled for next month when it will be decided what ministers, if any, should resign.

Workers Struggles: The Americas

By , 27 April 1999

The World Socialist Web Site invites workers and other readers to contribute to this regular feature by e-mailing information to

The Columbine High School massacre: American Pastoral ... American Berserk

By David North, 27 April 1999

Columbine High School appeared to be, at least in the view of its administrators and the county school board, such a lovely place for young people to grow up and learn. In its official profile, the institution boasted of its "excellent facilities" and "long history of excellence in all areas." Nothing seemed to be lacking--Honors and Advanced Placement classes, foreign language instruction in Spanish, French and German, and an artistic program that included ceramics, sculpture, acting, choir and no less than five bands and one ensemble. There were even "Cross-categorical programs for students with significantly limited intellectual capacity." And, of course, there was no shortage of athletics.

Guinea-Bissau president to be put on trial

By Trevor Johnson, 27 April 1999

The president of Guinea-Bissau in West Africa, João Bernardo Viera, is to be put on trial for his failure to halt arms trading to Casamance separatists in neighbouring Senegal. This decision was reached by the parliament at its meeting on April 16.

WSWS readers report on protests and opposition to the bombing of Yugoslavia

By , 27 April 1999

To the courageous writers and editors of the WSWS:

Reduced vote for major capitalist parties in Sri Lanka's Provincial Council elections

By Wije Dias, 27 April 1999

In the Provincial Council (PC) elections held in five of Sri Lanka's nine provinces April 6, the Peoples Alliance (PA), which governs nationally, won 120 seats, the main opposition party, the United National Party (UNP) 112 seats, and smaller parties 31 seats. The difference in the share of the popular vote garnered by the two main bourgeois parties was 2.7 percent, down dramatically from the PA's 18.8 percent margin of victory in these same provinces in the November 1994 presidential election.

Glaring contradictions in propaganda for NATO war against Yugoslavia

By Barry Grey, 26 April 1999

The official statements from the NATO summit in Washington reiterated the two main premises put forward to justify the war against Yugoslavia. First, that the only motivation for the bombing is the humanitarian determination of the West to end "ethnic cleansing." Second, that the crisis in Kosovo has one and only one source--the genocidal policies of Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic.

Susan McDougal's defense attorney details Kenneth Starr's assault on democratic rights

By John Andrews, 24 April 1999

When Susan McDougal was found guilty years ago to Whitewater-related charges brought by Kenneth Starr and the Office of Independent Counsel, she thought her legal problems would be over once she had completed her sentence. Not so.

Asia, Australia and the Pacific

By , 24 April 1999

The World Socialist Web Site invites workers and other readers to contribute to this regular feature by e-mailing information to

A sharp deterioration in the conditions facing Russian youth

By Larry Roberts, 24 April 1999

Since the early 1990s, coinciding with the collapse of the former Soviet Union, Russian children and teenagers experienced a devastating decline in their social conditions, according to articles published in the Current Digest of the Post-Soviet Press.

NATO fiftieth anniversary: Tensions increase between Europe and America

By Peter Schwarz, 24 April 1999

The fiftieth anniversary celebration of NATO taking place in Washington this weekend was originally intended as a pompous exercise involving military parades, fireworks and show business personalities. The West was to celebrate victory in the Cold War--embodied in the acceptance as new NATO members of the east European states of Poland, Hungary and the Czech Republic--and to decide at the same time upon a new strategy which would award NATO the role of a high-handed world policeman.

Tory premier lauds NDP leader's role in ending Toronto transit strike

By a correspondent, 24 April 1999

Public transit service resumed in Toronto Wednesday, after the leader of the Ontario New Democratic Party, Howard Hampton, brokered a deal to end a two-day strike by 7,700 Toronto Transit Commission (TTC) workers.

Letters from readers: "The Littleton school killers were bred in this society"

By , 24 April 1999

To the editor,

The US role in the bombing of Yugoslavia: Historical considerations

By , 24 April 1999

Dear Editor,

Some interesting films on US television, April 24-April 30

By Marty Jonas (MJ) and David Walsh (DW), 24 April 1999

Video pick of the week--find it in your video store

"Ethnic cleansing" and US foreign policy

By "Dan DeLeon", 24 April 1999

The latest US attack on a sovereign nation in violation of international law was promoted and legitimized as an attempt to aid the Kosovar Albanians. Undertaking hostile and criminal attacks on sovereign nations in violation of international law needs to be presented to the public in a way that not only will legitimate such obviously criminal acts but will also psychologically disarm any and all dissent. Who could possibly be so low as to object to helping poor defenseless refugees. Any comprehensive analysis of these recent events would have to make reference to a number of stark anomalies that give credence to the fact that wars are never fought for humanitarian purposes as the mouthpieces of US imperialism might have us think. Point #1 would be the fact that shortly before commencing this latest aggression the international war crimes tribunal in The Hague was about to indict three Croatian generals for war crimes who had been trained by a CIA "cutout" by the name of Military Professional Resources, Inc. with headquarters in Virginia. Conveniently this fact has been safely kept out of the realm of public awareness as a result of having been OBE--overtaken by events. A quarter of a million ethnic Serbs were "ethnically cleansed" from the Krajina region of Croatia with the aid and assistance of this CIA "cutout"--Military Professional Resources, Inc. working with the regime of Franjo Tudjman. It seems that history is once again repeating itself as the selfsame Croatian fascists who were responsible for acts of genocide that resulted in the deaths of over one million Serbs in WWII have succeeded again in a ruthless campaign of genocide and "ethnic cleansing" against their Serb neighbors, this time with the support of the new regional hegemon--the USA! What more though could we have expected from the moral degeneracy that finds a home for itself in Washington, DC.

The record of the Kosovo Liberation Army: ethnic politics in alliance with imperialism

By Linda Tenenbaum and Peter Symonds, 24 April 1999

Despite its key role in the Balkans war, little has been made known to the general public about the political objectives of the Kosovo Liberation Army (KLA) or Ushtria Clirimtare e Kosoves (UCK). Calls are nevertheless being made by the US Congress and the Albanian government for NATO to openly arm, train and finance this organisation, in order to expand its military operations in Kosovo.

Reaction to school shooting in Littleton, Colorado

By , 23 April 1999


On the Colorado school shooting

By , 23 April 1999

Jeez, guys, what a poor article you have pinned in the wake of the shooting in Colorado. Talk about spreading the blame -- I think you need to look a little deeper at what is going on inside a high school kid's head.

Workers Struggles: Europe

By , 23 April 1999

The World Socialist Web Site invites workers and other readers to contribute to this regular feature by e-mailing information to

Pinochet's protector, Margaret Thatcher, declares for war against "evil" Milosevic

By Chris Marsden, 23 April 1999

On Tuesday evening, at London's exclusive Hilton Hotel, former Conservative Prime Minister Margaret (now Baroness) Thatcher gave her first public endorsement of NATO's war against Serbia. Speaking at a gathering to mark the twentieth anniversary of her first assuming office, she described the bombing campaign as being "eight years too late".

Society, politics and the school shooting in Littleton

By David North, 23 April 1999

This following was written in response to a reader who objected to the relationship drawn by the WSWS between Tuesday's school shooting in Littleton, Colorado and the policies of the US government, the bombing of Yugoslavia, and the general political environment in the United States. As the reader put it: "They [the students who carried out the shootings] weren't yelling about bombs falling in Belgrade. So stop blaming the government." The full text of the reader's letter is linked following the conclusion of David North's reply.

Mounting anger over Sydney hailstorm disaster

By Mike Head, 23 April 1999

Nine days after a severe hour-long hailstorm swept across Sydney's eastern suburbs on April 14, more than 3,000 houses still have shattered roofs exposed to the weather. Thousands of residents in Australia's largest city have been told they must wait up to 12 months for repairs that will make their homes habitable. Over the past two days strong winds have torn tarpaulins off their roofs, and rain has again saturated their belongings, repeating the flooding of last week.

Sharp rightward shift in the Turkish elections

By Justus Leicht, 23 April 1999

The most-used word to describe the recent general elections in Turkey was "earthquake". And that is indeed what happened last Sunday. The deep social divisions within Turkish society thundered through its political system, tearing the ground from beneath all those remaining liberals, at home and abroad, who had hoped for some form of social compromise, national reconciliation and democratic reforms.

Socialist principles and the war in the Balkans

By , 23 April 1999

As we approach the end of the twentieth century, the international working class confronts a catastrophe of epic proportions. For the third time this century the Balkans have become a focus for military barbarism.

The fight to free Mumia Abu-Jamal and the defense of democratic rights

By Socialist Equality Party US, 23 April 1999

Also available in PDF format

The Munich Agreement and the US-NATO war against Yugoslavia: The real lessons of appeasement in the 1930s

By Julie Hyland, 23 April 1999

There has been much talk during the last weeks of the failed policy of "appeasement" with Nazi Germany prior to World War Two. British Prime Minister Blair claimed his "generation of '68" had learnt the lessons of the 1930s--hence their willingness to take military action against Serbia. Earlier this week Clare Short, Labour's International Development Secretary, denounced MPs in her own party who oppose the NATO bombardment as "equivalent to the people who appeased Hitler".

An appeal from Yugoslav workers

By , 23 April 1999

Deeply shocked by NATO strikes devastation of our country and the plight of Kosovo Albanians, we, the representatives of non- governmental organizations and the Nezavisnost Trade Union Confederation, energetically demand from those who have created this tragedy to immediately take all necessary steps to create conditions for the resumption of peace process.

US-NATO bombing escalates in Yugoslavia

By , 23 April 1999

To the editor,

The fate of democratic rights in the event of war: a reply to readers

By Martin McLaughlin, 22 April 1999

The following letter by World Socialist Web Siteeditorial board member Martin McLaughlin was written in reply to letters received by the WSWS in response to his April 15 article. The full texts of these letters are linked to his reply.

Fired CNN journalist on dismissal of Arnett: "They will do anything to stem the flow of information"

By Barry Grey, 22 April 1999

The World Socialist Web Site spoke on Tuesday with April Oliver, who produced the CNN investigative report "Valley of Death" which aired last June. Oliver and her co-producer Jack Smith were fired by CNN when they refused to disavow their exposé of US use of sarin nerve gas in a secret special forces raid into Laos in 1970 (Operation Tailwind). Peter Arnett, who narrated the TV report, caved in to pressure from CNN executives and repudiated the story. He was publicly reprimanded by CNN at the time, and has now been fired. (See accompanying story.)

Key facts in press accounts refute official rationale for Balkan war

By Martin McLaughlin, 22 April 1999

The two most influential daily newspapers in the United States, the New York Times and the Washington Post, each published lengthy articles last Sunday giving an inside account of how the Clinton administration reached its decision to shift policy in the Balkans and move toward a military confrontation with Yugoslavia.

Attempted reform of Italian electoral laws collapses

By Peter Schwarz, 22 April 1999

The attempt to introduce a first-past-the-post electoral system in Italy through the mechanism of a popular referendum has failed due to insufficient voter participation. At least half of the potential electorate of 49 million had to vote in order to ensure a valid result. In the event, after voting, 150,000 votes or 0.4 percent were lacking. From those who voted, 91 percent were in favour of the reform.

First extra-solar planetary system discovered

By Chris Talbot, 22 April 1999

The first discovery of a planetary system around a star similar to our sun was announced on April 15. Three planets the size of Jupiter are now known to be circling around the star Upsilon Andromedae, which lies in the Milky Way galaxy. Because of the unusual size and orbits of the planets, one of the researchers involved, Debra Fischer of San Francisco State University (SFSU), said, "It implies that planets can form more easily than we ever imagined, and that our Milky Way is teeming with planetary systems."

Pentagon pressure behind CNN firing of Peter Arnett

By Barry Grey, 22 April 1999

CNN's firing of Peter Arnett, the Pulitzer Price winning journalist who achieved international acclaim for his on-the-spot reporting from Baghdad during the Gulf War, sheds further light on the subordination of the US media to the military and intelligence establishment.

British cabinet minister accuses Labour MPs opposed to NATO bombing of "appeasing" fascism

By Julie Hyland, 22 April 1999

Clare Short, International Development Secretary in the Labour government, has denounced MPs from her own party as "equivalent to the people who appeased Hitler".

Letters to the WSWS re: the April 15 article "What would be the consequences of a US declaration of war on Yugoslavia?"

By , 22 April 1999

While I appreciated the history lesson, I believe you are wrong to compare anything in the Yugoslavia situation to WWII. This was a real threat to OUR invasion. Japan bombed [the] US. I say it's safe to say that the Serbs won't be landing on our shores anytime soon. Will there be consequences for any act of war? Absolutely. The idea that this will cause the kind of civil rights violations that you propose is ridiculous. To call a war with Yugoslavia a "major war" would be a gross overstatement.

A filmmaker who takes people seriously

By , 22 April 1999

The Dreamlife of Angels (La vie rêvée des anges), directed by Erick Zonca, written by Zonca and Roger Bohbot

Record US trade deficit evokes warnings

By our reporter, 22 April 1999

The record $19.44 billion US trade deficit in February points to the increasingly shaky underpinnings of the Wall Street financial bubble. The trade figures set off worried talk of a fall in the US dollar and a possible slowdown in the US economy.

Philadelphia officials lift restrictions on march for Mumia Abu-Jamal

By Shannon Jones, 22 April 1999

The administration of Philadelphia Mayor Ed Rendell has backed down on plans to restrict planned protests against the execution of radical journalist and former Black Panther Party member Mumia Abu-Jamal. The decision comes as solidarity for the framed activist is growing, with rallies and other activities set this week across the United States and internationally.

Official report suggests little action on Sydney's water crisis

By Carol Diviak, 22 April 1999

Sydney will host next year's Olympic Games without any resolution of the water contamination crisis that last year forced its more than three million residents to boil their water for nearly three months. In the meantime, Sydneysiders have no guarantee of safe water either.

Live from Death Row: Political prisoner Mumia Abu-Jamal speaks from prison

By Helen Halyard, 21 April 1999

Live from Death Row by Mumia Abu-Jamal , Addison-Wesley, 1995, 241 pages, $20.00; Death Blossoms: Reflections from a Prisoner of Conscience by Mumia Abu-Jamal, Plough Publishing, 1997, 185 pages, $12.00

Scottish parliament elections: Campaign indicates reversals for Scottish National Party

By Steve James, 21 April 1999

Three weeks before the elections to the Scottish parliament, the Scotsman newspaper called for some political theatre to make the elections appear relevant to Scottish voters.

London protest against bombing of Serbia and sanctions against Iraq--"I'm disgusted with the Labour government"

By Barbara Slaughter, 21 April 1999

Last Saturday, over 3,000 people marched from Hyde Park to Trafalgar Square to protest against the NATO attack on Yugoslavia. The demonstrators also called for an end to the bombing and economic sanctions against Iraq.

The historical, political and economic background to the war in the Balkans

By , 21 April 1999

David North, the WSWS Editorial Board Chairman, was interviewed by Chamba Lane on the Sacramento, California-based radio station KVMR on Thursday, April 15. The following is a transcript of the discussion.

Workers Struggles: The Americas

By , 21 April 1999

The World Socialist Web Site invites workers and other readers to contribute to this regular feature by e-mailing information to

A nation at war ... with itself

By the Editorial Board, 21 April 1999

The killing of at least fifteen high school students and teachers at Columbine High School in Littleton, Colorado has left America stunned and sickened. Scenes of wounded and bloodied youth carried away on stretchers, images of terrified young girls describing how fellow students around them were systematically murdered in a school library -- all of this provokes horror, sadness and, yes, anger.

The terrible impact of sanctions on Iraq: An interview with journalist Felicity Arbuthnot

By Barbara Slaughter, 21 April 1999

One of the speakers at the London rally last Saturday was Felicity Arbuthnot, a free-lance journalist specialising in social and environmental issues. She was nominated last year for the Lorenzo Natali Award for Human Rights Journalism. She spoke to the WSWS about the situation in Iraq, having been in the country no less than 17 times since the Gulf War ended.

Robert Altman's mood swing

By , 21 April 1999

Cookie's Fortune, directed by Robert Altman, written by Anne Rapp

Strikes erupt in South Korea against restructuring and job losses

By Terry Cook, 21 April 1999

South Korean workers from 20 companies went on strike Monday in support of a campaign launched by the Korean Confederation of Trade Unions (KCTU), the country's second largest peak union body, to oppose corporate restructuring and mass layoffs.

US jets kill civilian during training mission in Puerto Rico

By Paula Da Luz, 21 April 1999

One civilian was killed and four others injured Monday, when two US Marine F-18 jets on a nighttime training mission missed their targets and bombed a communications tower on Vieques Island off the eastern coast of Puerto Rico. David Sanes, a 35-year-old contractor at the military base, was killed.

One month of the Balkan War: a balance sheet

By the Editorial Board, 21 April 1999

Also in Serbo-Croatian

German Social Democrats' special party congress supports bombing of Yugoslavia

By Ulrich Rippert, 20 April 1999

The German Social Democratic Party (SPD) special conference held in Bonn last week vividly illustrated the transformation of a party, which in the past claimed to represent the interests of the socially deprived. Although the conference was overshadowed by the first war since 1945 with German participation, there was no serious criticism, not to speak of opposition, from the ranks of the delegates. As a defender of social and democratic rights, the SPD sighed its last dying breath.

British government criticises BBC for its war coverage

By Stuart Nolan and Barbara Slaughter, 20 April 1999

Senior British government officials have denounced John Simpson, the BBC World Affairs Editor, for his supposedly "biased reports" about the impact NATO's bombing is having on Belgrade.

Western calls for intervention mount after Timor killings

By Mike Head, 20 April 1999

Western governments and media columnists have stepped up calls for military intervention in East Timor after pro-Indonesian militias killed at least 20 people and abducted dozens more in two days of violence throughout the provincial capital of Dili last weekend.

US-NATO bombing of Yugoslavia: critical reports circulate on the Internet

By Chris Marsden, 20 April 1999

A number of reports have appeared on the Internet critical of the campaign by NATO and the media to demonise the Serbs. Below we summarise three of these for the information of our readers. The WSWS is not able to confirm the veracity of all the statements made by their authors, nor do we necessarily endorse their political positions.

The material interests behind US foreign policy

By , 20 April 1999

To the editor:

Sharp decline in number of working class students in New Zealand

By a correspondent, 20 April 1999

A leading New Zealand academic has spoken out against a precipitous decline in the number of students from working class backgrounds entering the country's universities.

Yugoslavia, Caspian oil and US foreign policy

By , 20 April 1999

Mr. Cunningham's article predicts that Korea will be the next country the U.S. attacks in its mission to achieve complete world hegemony. However, shortly before the Balkans adventure began, Madeline Albright made statements to the effect that NATO must redefine its purpose so that it can intervene proactively outside its member states in areas such as Africa, the Middle East, and Southern Asia. No mention was made of the Far East. In fact, the "Three No's" policy enunciated by Clinton during his trip to China suggests that we may have already ceded our longstanding Far East commitments to China, which we have recently declared a "strategic partner."

Two Wrongs Don't Make a Right: A Cartographer's View of the Yugoslav War

By Zoltan Grossman, 20 April 1999

The brutal ethnic cleansing underway in Kosovo and the NATO bombing of Yugoslavia seem on the surface to be mutually contradictory forms of violence. NATO claims the bombing is a "humanitarian intervention" to prevent the sort of ethnic cleansing that has escalated since the air strikes began, and claims that it favors a multiethnic future for Kosovo and the rest of the Balkans. Yet the recent history of the region shows that NATO has not only failed to prevent ethnic cleansing and ethnic partition, but has itself helped to recarve new ethnic boundaries in the Balkans.

Congress party launches bid to form India’s new government

By Keith Jones, 19 April 1999

India has been plunged into a new round of political intrigue and horse-trading following Saturday’s resignation of the 13-month-old Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP)-led coalition government.

IMF “shock therapy” and the recolonisation of the Balkans

By Nick Beams, 17 April 1999

Also in Serbo-Croatian

Saskatchewan: nurses union offers to end outlawed strike

By a correspondent, 17 April 1999

Leaders of the Saskatchewan Union of Nurses have said they will order their 8,400 members to comply with an emergency provincial law and court injunction and end a nine-day-old strike, if the provincial New Democratic Party (NDP) government gives a written pledge to address nurses' complaints concerning wages and working conditions.

Workfare to start in New York City transit

By Allan Whyte, 17 April 1999

The New York City Transit Authority and the Transport Workers Union (TWU) Local 100 have successfully completed negotiations to compel welfare recipients to work as cleaners, beginning April 19. The program is expected to start with 20 cleaners in Brooklyn, but the Authority anticipates that there will be roughly 1,000 workfare workers by the end of the year.

Judge levies $45.5 million fine against American Airlines pilots' union

By Jerry White, 17 April 1999

In one of the largest fines ever levied against an American trade union, US District Judge Elton "Joe" Kendall Thursday ordered the Allied Pilots Association (APA) to pay $45.5 million in damages to American Airlines for last February's sick-out by AA pilots. The massive fine--$7 million more than the APA's net worth of $38 million--is designed to effectively destroy the union representing 9,200 pilots at American Airlines.

"Criminally wrong" or "naughty"?--little boy could face trial for manslaughter

By Cheryl McDermid, 17 April 1999

Were the thoughts of a 10-year-old boy "criminally wrong" or simply "naughty" on the day 6-year-old Corey Davis drowned? A Sydney magistrate's answer to that question will determine whether a child, now 11, stands trial for manslaughter. This became clear last month during the final day of submissions in the young boy's committal hearing.

Korea: the next Kosovo?

By Philip Cunningham, 17 April 1999

The following article expresses the views of Philip Cunningham, a 1998 Nieman Fellow at Harvard University. In submitting his article Cunningham noted that the "pro-war capitalist advertising vehicle known as the New York Times" declined to publish this commentary.

Letter to the WSWS from MP, a reader

By , 17 April 1999

I would first like to say that I consider myself very liberal on many issues, although in the following paragraphs the opposite may seem true.

Turkish elections take place amid anti-Kurdish repression

By Justus Leicht, 17 April 1999

On Sunday April 18, elections will take place for the Turkish parliament. On the same day, mayoral elections will be held throughout the country. An almost permanent crisis of the political system in Turkey meant that it was questionable whether the poll would go ahead at all--and it is unlikely that the elections will provide a solution.

Workers Struggles: Asia, Australia and the Pacific

By , 17 April 1999

The World Socialist Web Site invites workers and other readers to contribute to this regular feature by e-mailing information to

Cause and effect in the Balkan War

By David North, 17 April 1999

The following letter by David North, chairman of the editorial board of the World Socialist Web Site, was written in reply to a letter from a reader defending the US-NATO war against Yugoslavia. The full text of the reader's letter is linked to Mr. North's reply.

Australian High Court upholds denial of appeal rights to refugees

By Mike Head, 17 April 1999

In a ruling with far-reaching implications for the treatment of refugees and the legal system itself, the High Court of Australia on Wednesday upheld legislation introduced by the former federal Labor government in 1994 to drastically curtail the right of asylum seekers to appeal to the courts.

Business pressure prompts Clinton to restart US-China trade talks

By Shannon Jones, 17 April 1999

Jumping to attention at the demand of US corporate executives, the Clinton administration has pledged to restart failed trade negotiations with China and work for that country's admission to the World Trade Organization (WTO) this year. The pledge to restart the talks came after a barrage of lobbying pressure by US companies alarmed over the prospect of losing the billions of dollars in trade and investment opportunities being offered by the Chinese Stalinists