Search Results

Showing results 1 to 100 from 163

Unions agree to carve-up of Australian airline

By Terry Cook, 29 September 2001

Backed by the trade unions, the administrator of Ansett airlines, accounting firm Arthur Andersen, struck an eleventh-hour deal with the Federal Liberal government on Wednesday that will see five of the airline’s A320 Airbuses resume flying on certain major routes today. Another six jets will be brought into service over the next two weeks.

Racist vomit from Italy’s PM Berlusconi

By Stefan Steinberg, 29 September 2001

In a brief visit to Berlin last Wednesday, Italian Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi identified Islam and opponents of global capitalism as the targets of a “Western crusade” for “civilised values,” in the wake of the terror attacks in New York and Washington.

Britain: Why Blair is backing the US war drive

By Julie Hyland, 29 September 2001

On Tuesday, Prime Minister Tony Blair finally agreed to convene parliament for one day on October 4 in order to hold a debate on military preparations against Afghanistan.

Bush administration moves to silence dissent

By Jerry White, 29 September 2001

The Bush administration is employing government censorship and intimidation to suppress criticism of its war drive and attacks on civil liberties.

White House reneges on proof of bin Laden’s guilt

By Kate Randall, 29 September 2001

Within a day of an announcement by the Bush administration that it would provide proof that Osama bin Laden and his Al Qaeda organization were responsible for the September 11 terror attacks, the government reneged on its pledge.

Turkey: "War against terrorism" emboldens fascists and the military

By Justus Leicht, 29 September 2001

While most of the Turkish population has reacted to the terror attacks in New York and Washington with sincere sympathy for the victims, the Turkish establishment has barely tried to conceal its pleasure and cynical calculation. From the broadly acclaimed “democratic reformer”, Turkish President Ahmet Necdet Sezer, to his social democratic prime minister, Bulent Ecevit, to the bulk of the Turkish mass media, the message reads: the attack and the “war against terrorism” confirm the correctness of the state terror carried out by Ankara against Kurdish separatism. In the future, they hope, the Turkish state will no longer be beleaguered with demands for greater democracy and respect for human rights.

Workers Struggles: Asia, Australia and the Pacific

By , 29 September 2001

Indonesian bus drivers strike over wages

North Korea seeks rapprochement with South and the US

By James Conachy, 28 September 2001

Amid the war preparations of the United States, South and North Korea held their first ministerial level meetings for six months from September 16 to 18. The talks were marked by the eagerness of North Korea to cement closer ties. After the chill in relations between the two Koreas for most of the year, South Korean Assistant Minister for Unification Rhee Bong Jo noted: “There was a complete change in the overall atmosphere.” Agreements were reached to resume work on a number of stalled economic projects and to hold further meetings in October.

Britain: Racist attacks escalate

By Paul Stuart, 28 September 2001

Racial attacks in Britain—from verbal abuse and spitting, daubing racist graffiti on mosques to fire-bombings and attempted murder—have escalated since the bombing of the World Trade Centre and the Pentagon on September 11. Some of the attacks may have been sporadic but evidence is beginning to emerge of far-right political involvement.

A postcard view of history

By Richard Phillips, 28 September 2001

Captain Corelli’s Mandolin, directed by John Madden and starring Nicolas Cage, Penelope Cruz, John Hurt, Christian Bale and Irene Pappas, is a love story set on the Greek island of Cephalonia during World War II. Adapted from the novel Corelli’s Mandolin, by Louis de Bernières, the film spans one of the most complex and tumultuous periods of the war. This includes the conquest of Albania by Italian fascist forces in 1940-41, the Nazi occupation of Greece, the rise of local resistance, and the little-known but tragic massacre of thousands of Italian soldiers by the German military on Cephalonia following the fall of Mussolini’s fascist regime in Rome in 1943.

State of emergency declared after acquittal of Cincinnati cop who shot youth

By David Walsh, 28 September 2001

City officials in Cincinnati imposed a state of emergency early Thursday in response to protests against the acquittal of a policeman who killed an unarmed black youth earlier this year. Mayor Charlie Luken also instituted an overnight curfew effective 12:30 a.m. Thursday; the mayor said he expected the curfew to begin again Thursday night at 10 p.m. Police called in backups and put all officers on 12-hour shifts. Protesters set fires and threw rocks and bottles Wednesday night as word of the verdict spread. One arrest was made.

White House lied about threat to Air Force One

By Jerry White, 28 September 2001

The White House has been caught in a lie about the alleged terrorist threat against Air Force One which it had cited as the reason for President Bush’s absence from Washington for most of September 11. According to reports by CBS News and the Washington Post, White House officials have stated that the Secret Service never received a phone call warning of a direct threat to the president’s airplane. The government’s reversal has gone largely unreported in the media.

Problems escalate for Bush in Middle East

By Chris Marsden, 28 September 2001

Efforts are being made to dampen expectations of a sustained military offensive against Afghanistan of the type that had previously been indicated by leading Republicans and military spokesmen. US Secretary of State Colin Powell said there would be no campaign like Operation Desert Storm against Iraq and Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld stressed, “There is not going to be a D-Day as such”.

Five films on historical and political themes

By David Walsh, 27 September 2001

A number of films screened at the Toronto film festival dealt with historical questions. What follows are only preliminary comments. It may be necessary to return at a later date to some of these subjects and films.

Alabama mine blast kills thirteen

By Joanne Laurier, 27 September 2001

Thirteen coal miners are dead as the result of two gas explosions September 23 at the Jim Walter Resources Blue Creek No. 5 Mine in Brookwood, Alabama. Ten of the victims were miners who refused to evacuate and rushed to help coworkers after the first explosion.

Workers Struggles: Europe and Africa

By , 27 September 2001

London Underground staff begin overtime ban

Megawati’s support for US war drive exacerbates tensions in Indonesia

By John Roberts and Peter Symonds, 27 September 2001

The stakes were high for both sides when Indonesian president Megawati Sukarnoputri landed in the US last week. For the Bush administration, the support of the world’s most populous Muslim nation for its “war against terrorism” is a key element in its diplomatic offensive to isolate the Taliban regime prior to any military strikes against Afghanistan. Behind the scenes the US undoubtedly exerted considerable pressure to ensure not only that Megawati ignored calls at home to postpone her planned visit, but also that she unambiguously endorse the US campaign during her trip.

German government announces far-reaching restrictions on civil liberties

By Ulrich Rippert, 27 September 2001

“Necessity knows no laws!” So declared Reichskanzler and former Prussian Interior Minister Theobald von Bethmann-Hollweg in July 1914 to an extraordinary meeting of parliament called to pass a series of emergency measures in preparation for war.

Britain: Recession intensified by terror attacks in US

By Mike Ingram, 27 September 2001

A wave of job losses has been announced in Britain in the aftermath of the terrorist attacks on New York and Washington. Some of the first casualties were in the airlines and related industries.

IMF’s reduced growth prediction could be too optimistic

By Nick Beams, 27 September 2001

The International Monetary Fund has stuck by its pre-September 11 forecast of 2.6 percent growth for the world economy in 2001 in the hope that the economic stimulus delivered by central banks and governments in the wake of the terrorist attack will prevent a global recession.

US bails out airlines, ignores plight of workers

By Patrick Martin, 26 September 2001

The $15 billion bailout of the US airline industry, passed by Congress on the weekend and signed into law by President Bush on Monday, awards massive and immediate aid to a handful of giant corporations while providing not one penny to hundreds of thousands of workers whose jobs and livelihoods have been destroyed in the wake of the September 11 attack on the World Trade Center and Pentagon.

Australian government detains nearly 1,000 refugees offshore

By Jake Skeers, 26 September 2001

Since August 27, when the Howard government blocked entry to 433 rescued refugees aboard the Tampa, a Norwegian freighter—infringing all international norms for the treatment of asylum seekers—its unprecedented action has been transformed into an increasingly brutal policy, enforced by a flotilla of naval warships and patrol boats. Nearly 1,000 refugees are currently being detained on military troop ships or in hastily-erected detention camps on tiny islands in the Indian and Pacific Oceans.

By , 26 September 2001

WSWS : Español

Letters on the terror attacks and the US war drive

By , 26 September 2001

Below we post a selection of recent letters to the WSWS .

Iran seeks detente with US

By Justus Leicht, 26 September 2001

There was an outpouring of sympathy from the Iranian people for the victims of the terrorist attacks on New York and Washington. In Tehran, hundreds of youth spontaneously took to the streets and held candlelight vigils for the victims. Prior to an international match against Bahrain, 40,000 football fans observed a minute’s silence and Iranian sporting associations conveyed their sympathies to corresponding organisations in America.

African leaders support US, but fear domestic opposition

By Chris Talbot, 26 September 2001

Leaders throughout Africa have pledged their support for the United States’ “war against terrorism”. However, many expressed reservations about supporting US military action in Afghanistan for fear they would fall victim to the popular opposition this would arouse at home. But despite bitter experience of previous US operations in Africa, none of them articulated any fundamental opposition to US foreign policy or questioned the direction in which the Bush administration is heading.

Opel car company prepares mass job cuts throughout Europe

By Jörg Victor and Wolfgang Weber, 26 September 2001

In the coming months, Germany’s Opel concern, a subsidiary of the world’s biggest car manufacturer General Motors, will conduct the most extensive cuts in workplaces and wages ever undertaken by the company in so short a time. Production capacity is to fall by 15 percent and costs are to be reduced by 4 billion marks throughout Europe.

Opel car company prepares mass job cuts throughout Europe

By Jörg Victor and Wolfgang Weber, 25 September 2001

The following is the first of a two-part article on job cuts at the Opel car company in Europe. The second and concluding part will be posted on Wednesday, September 26.

Workers Struggles: The Americas

By , 25 September 2001

March against poverty in Argentina

A humanitarian catastrophe in the making in Afghanistan

By our correspondents, 25 September 2001

Whatever form the military assault being prepared by the US and its allies against Afghanistan takes, a humanitarian crisis is already under way in the impoverished country, which has been ravaged by more than two decades of civil war, drought and a long legacy of economic backwardness and deprivation.

Chemical explosion in Toulouse, France leaves at least 29 dead

By Marianne Arens and François Thull, 25 September 2001

On Friday, September 21 at 10:18 a.m. the French town of Toulouse was rocked by a devastating chemical explosion. Two production halls of the AZF fertiliser factory, a subsidiary of AtoFina and part of the oil giant TotalFinaElf, literally flew into the air. Initial reports spoke of 29 dead and 34 with severe injuries. A total of 2,400 were injured, most of them with cuts arising from splintered, flying glass. On Sunday evening five chemical workers remained unaccounted for. One of the dead was a 15-year-old boy.

Pakistan’s military regime rallies to US war coalition

By Keith Jones, 25 September 2001

Faced with an ultimatum from Washington, Pakistan’s military regime has scuttled its alliance with the Taliban and given permission for US military forces to attack Afghanistan from Pakistani territory.

European Union to restrict civil liberties

By Richard Tyler, 25 September 2001

A European Council meeting on September 21 concluded that “the fight against terrorism will, more than ever, be a priority objective of the European Union.” On this pretext, European Union (EU) ministers agreed a series of measures to step up internal security and enable the state to act more easily against alleged terrorists. The proposals represent a drastic curtailment of civil liberties, particularly in the area of extradition proceedings, also strengthening the powers of various state and police bodies at national and European level.

New York Times, Washington Post suppress media recount of Florida vote

By Barry Grey, 25 September 2001

A consortium of major American news organizations, including the New York Times, the Washington Post, and the Wall Street Journal, has decided to withhold the results of its recount of ballots cast in Florida in the 2000 presidential election. The consortium had planned to publish its report this week, and although its decision to suppress its own findings has received virtually no media attention, the reason is made clear in a September 23 column by New York Times Washington bureau chief Richard L. Berke.

Sri Lankan court orders release of banned film

By Waruna Alahakoon, 25 September 2001

Screenings of Purahanda Kaluwara (Death on a Full Moon Day) will be held on September 28 in Colombo after Sri Lanka’s Supreme Court last month ordered the Peoples Alliance (PA) government to lift its ban on the internationally acclaimed film. Directed by Prasanna Vithanage, Purahanda Kaluwara is a powerful dramatisation of the devastating impact of the country’s 18-year civil war on Sinhalese villagers.

Internet privacy threatened following terrorist attacks on US

By Mike Ingram, 24 September 2001

Governments around the world are using the terror attacks on the US to remove all privacy protection from Internet users.

Salinity: a major environmental crisis in Australia

By Alan Leigh, 24 September 2001

Despite the fact that salinity has been destroying the productive capacity of land in Australia for decades, it is only relatively recently that governments have recognised the extent of the problem and made the first limited proposals on a national scale to slow the process.

Norway: Conservatives and far-right Progress Party on brink of power

By Steve James, 24 September 2001

The September 10 general election marked a historic collapse for the Labour Party and herald major re-alignments in Norwegian politics. A new government has not yet been formed, and Labour Prime Minister Jens Stoltenberg remains in office. But Labour, long the largest party in Norwegian politics, saw its share of the vote plummet to 24 percent, down by 10.7 percent from the last elections in 1997, and their lowest result since 1927. Of the 165 seats in the Storting (Norwegian parliament), Labour now holds only 43, down from 65, making its removal from office virtually certain. As the results became clear, Labour Foreign Secretary Thorbjørn Jagland announced, “We have lost credibility on what has been our historic mission—the fight for social justice and for the weakest members of our society”.

CEO pay soars as US stocks plummet

By Kate Randall, 24 September 2001

In early 2001, WorldCom CEO Bernard Ebbers received a $10 million bonus in return for his pledge to stay on with the telecommunications giant for at least two more years. On top of that, the company granted him a $61.5 million loan and a guarantee for $100 million more in additional loans. In 2000, Ebbers received more than $34 million in salary, bonuses and long-term compensation, including stock options.

Sri Lankan government exploits terror attack in US

By K. Ratnayake, 24 September 2001

Sri Lanka’s ruling elite has cynically tried to exploit the terror attack in the US on September 11 for their own purposes, while expressing full support for all future military action by the Bush administration.

US Congress set to approve sweeping attacks on civil liberties

By Peter Daniels, 22 September 2001

The Bush administration’s “Mobilization Against Terrorism Act,” sent to Congress this week, contains provisions that constitute a sweeping attack on civil liberties.

Where is the Bush administration taking the American people?

By the WSWS Editorial Board, 22 September 2001

One unmistakable message emerged from the speech delivered by President George W. Bush to a joint session of Congress on Thursday night: the United States is being propelled onto a course of global violence and domestic repression unprecedented in the nation's history.

Anti-Americanism: The “anti-imperialism” of fools

By David North and David Walsh, 22 September 2001

A section of middle class commentators has reacted to the horrific attack on New York City and Washington with cynicism and callousness.

Workers Struggles: Asia, Australia and the Pacific

By , 22 September 2001

Sri Lankan hospital workers strike

Britain: Trade unions line up behind Blair’s calls for national unity

By Julie Hyland, 22 September 2001

British political life is being placed on a war footing following the declaration of unconditional support for the United States by the Labour government of Prime Minister Tony Blair. Working people are being asked to pay the price for pursuing the so-called “war against terrorism,” by sacrificing their livelihoods and democratic rights.

Sri Lankan business demands deal with LTTE to end war

By K. Ratnayake, 22 September 2001

Big business in Sri Lanka has launched an aggressive campaign to demand that the Peoples Alliance government and the opposition United National Party join hands to strike a deal with the separatist Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) and end the country’s 18-year civil war. The highly-orchestrated campaign of advertising and public rallies underscores the corporate elite’s dissatisfaction with this month’s agreement between the PA government and the extreme chauvinist Janatha Vimukthi Peramuna (JVP) to rescue the government from defeat.

Italy’s right-wing government unveils new attacks on workers

By Christopher Sverige, 22 September 2001

Since the coming to power last May of the right-wing coalition headed by billionaire Silvio Berlusconi, party leaders and business interests have been chomping at the bit to extend and deepen the attacks on the working class that have been under way throughout the last five years of “center-left” government.

German government restricts democratic rights

By Elizabeth Zimmermann, 22 September 2001

Immediately following the tragic events on September 11 in New York and Washington, a debate started in Germany on restricting democratic rights in general and tightening up laws governing immigration and foreign residents in particular.

Australian court overturns ruling against removal of Tampa refugees

By Mike Head, 21 September 2001

In a decision with far-reaching implications for basic democratic rights, the Full Federal Court of Australia has reversed an earlier ruling that the Howard government illegally detained and expelled the refugees aboard the Norwegian container ship, the Tampa. By a two-to-one majority the judges declared that the Australian government has vague “executive power” to remove asylum seekers from territorial waters, even if it flouts its own legislation in doing so.

Astrology rehabilitated at the Sorbonne university in Paris

By Stefan Steinberg, 21 September 2001

For some months France’s best known astrologist Elizabeth Teissier has featured heavily in the media and has been at the centre of an almost surreal debate on the scientific merits of astrology.

The success and failure of the international "Style of Quality" in cinema

By David Walsh, 21 September 2001

The devastating attacks in New York City and Washington occurred midway through the Toronto film festival. After a one-day interruption the festival’s activities proceeded, somewhat curtailed and obviously on a far more somber note. Inevitably the attacks did more than simply alter the mood of those on hand. While the course of political developments, even the most traumatic, cannot by itself determine the evaluation of works of art, it is impossible to regard the films screened in Toronto entirely outside the context created by the tragic events and the threat of more to come, as well as the larger set of historical and political circumstances from which they sprang.

Markets continue to "rollercoaster down"

By Nick Beams, 21 September 2001

Central banks around the world have followed the lead of the US Federal Reserve Board and cut interest rates in an attempt to prevent a global recession. But their measures have so far failed to halt the slide on international financial markets.

Middle East ceasefire aimed at securing Arab support for US war drive

By Chris Marsden, 21 September 2001

There can be few diplomatic acts to rival the cynicism evinced by the US in imposing yet another fragile ceasefire between Israel and the Palestinian Authority (PA). The main purpose of this latest truce is to help ensure the acquiescence of the Arab states in a devastating military assault against Afghanistan.

Three killed as racist attacks increase in US

By Patrick Martin, 21 September 2001

Hundreds of attacks have been committed against innocent Asian-Americans and Arab-Americans over the past week, including assaults, firebombings, acts of vandalism against mosques, and at least three murders. The victims have been targeted because of their skin color or because they wore turbans, veils or other outward signs of Muslim religion or Asian origin.

Workers Struggles: Europe and Africa

By , 20 September 2001

London Tube workers to vote on strike action

The rehabilitation of British artist Stanley Spencer

By Paul Mitchell, 20 September 2001

The work of British artist Stanley Spencer (1891-1959) has undergone a resurgence of interest in the art world recently. Long viewed by some as a provincial joke, several artists and critics now claim Spencer was the greatest British artist of the twentieth century.

The debate in Germany over the crimes of Hitler’s Wehrmacht

By Wolfgang Weber, 20 September 2001

This is the second and concluding part of a two-part article on the debate in Germany surrounding an exhibit on the crimes of Hitler’s army (the Wehrmacht). Part one was posted Wednesday, September 19.

More letters on the terror attacks and US war preparations

By , 20 September 2001

The following is a selection of recent letters sent to the World Socialist Web Site on last week’s terror attacks and US preparations for war.

US air industry launches massive attack on jobs

By Jerry White, 20 September 2001

Without a murmur of protest from the news media, the politicians or, least of all, the trade unions, the US airline and aerospace industries have launched a massive attack on the jobs and living standards of their workers. The destruction of tens of thousands of jobs is an early signal that the working class will bear the brunt of the Bush administration’s “war on terrorism.”

¿Por qué el gobierno de Bush busca la guerra?

By , 20 September 2001

WSWS : Español

Escalating attacks on Muslims and Arabs in Australia

By Richard Phillips, 20 September 2001

Verbal abuse and physical attacks against Arab immigrants and Muslim residents in Australia began soon after the terrorist attacks in New York and Washington on September 11. During the past week, petrol bombs have been thrown at mosques and schools, while pre-schools and immigrant community buildings have been vandalised or deluged with hate mail and death-threat phone calls.

Australian government extends unconditional support to US war drive

By Linda Tenenbaum, 20 September 2001

The Howard Liberal government has extended unconditional and open-ended support for the Bush Administration’s “war against terrorism”, including, if requested, the commitment of Australian troops under US command. Its position echoes that of the Hawke Labor government in 1990, which was the first in the world to unreservedly pledge military backing for the US-led war against Iraq.

Hindu regime in India fans anti-Muslim sentiment

By Keith Jones, 20 September 2001

India’s National Democratic Alliance (NDA) government rushed to declare its readiness to join a US-led coalition against global terrorism. Much of India’s political elite was positively euphoric, for it saw the crisis triggered by last week’s terrorist attacks as providing India a double opportunity. By rallying in support of the US and encouraging a backlash against Islamic fundamentalism, India could cement a new Indo-American “strategic partnership” while stigmatizing its historic rival Pakistan as a “terrorist state.” Some officials of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP)—the right-wing Hindu nationalist party that leads the NDA—spoke privately of an emerging US-Indian-Israeli axis against “Islamic terrorism.”

Correspondence on Africa

By , 19 September 2001

The land question in South Africa

European declarations of solidarity mask tensions with the US

By Peter Schwarz, 19 September 2001

For the first time in the 52-year history of NATO, the Atlantic Council decided September 12 to implement the mutual assistance provisions of the alliance’s charter. The action came less than 48 hours after the attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon, before any details had been released concerning the perpetrators. It signified that the19 members of the NATO Alliance pledged to consider the attacks in the US as violations of their own countries.

Communal violence in Nigeria

By Barry Mason, 19 September 2001

Communal violence has broken out in the northern Nigerian city of Jos in the Plateau region. It is a city of four million people, 125 miles from the capital Abuja. The fighting began on September 7 between youth belonging to the Christian Berom tribe and Muslim Hausa youth.

Democratic rights in America: the first casualty of Bush’s anti-terror war

By the Editorial Board, 19 September 2001

US Attorney General John Ashcroft and FBI Director Robert Mueller met with congressional leaders of both parties September 16 to press for immediate action on a package of new laws which would give unprecedented and sweeping police powers to the federal government. This follows Senate passage three days earlier of the Combating Terrorism Act of 2001, which legalizes widespread police spying on the Internet.

To explore one of the dark episodes in Indonesian history

By Richard Phillips, 19 September 2001

Indonesian filmmaker Garin Nugroho spoke with the World Socialist Web Site last month when his latest film, The Poet (Unconcealed Poetry), was screened at the Asian-Pacific Film Festival in Sydney. Nugroho, who was born in Yogjakarta in 1961, studied filmmaking at the Jakarta University of the Arts and later law at Indonesia University.

Australian Ombudsman condemns officials over refugee’s suicide

By Jake Skeers, 19 September 2001

An Australian Ombudsman’s report has concluded that bureaucratic hostility drove a former Pakistani refugee to commit suicide outside federal parliament on April 2. The report presents a damning picture of anti-refugee prejudice in the immigration department and uncovers a litany of broken promises to the man and his family, cruel and unnecessary delays, misinterpretation of the law and bias.

The debate in Germany over the crimes of Hitler’s Wehrmacht

By Wolfgang Weber, 19 September 2001

This is the first part of a two-part article on the debate in Germany surrounding an exhibit on the crimes of the German army (Wehrmacht ) under the Nazis. The second part will be posted Thursday, September 20.

Japanese economy plunges

By John Roberts, 18 September 2001

The terror attack on New York, combined with growing evidence that Japan is entering its most severe downturn since the 1973 oil crisis, has produced a frantic call that the government of prime minister Junichiro Koizumi abandon its proposed agenda of economic restructuring and budget austerity.

Letters on terror attacks and US war preparations

By , 18 September 2001

The following is a selection of recent letters sent to the World Socialist Web Site on last week’s terror attacks and US preparations for war.

Bougainville autonomy deal remains fragile

By Will Marshall, 18 September 2001

The future of the autonomy package signed between the Papua New Guinea government and various factions from the island of Bougainville remains uncertain despite the orchestrated festivities that accompanied the signing ceremony in the Bougainville town of Arawa on August 30.

Record one-day point fall on Wall Street

By Nick Beams, 18 September 2001

After sustained action to increase liquidity in global markets, combined with appeals to patriotism, US financial and regulatory authorities managed to limit the fall in the Dow Jones and Nasdaq indexes to around 7 percent when Wall Street re-opened on Monday, after its longest period of closure since the 1930s Depression.

Workers Struggles: The Americas

By , 18 September 2001

Teachers protests continue in Mexico

Race-based government formed in Fiji

By Peter Byrne and Mike Head, 17 September 2001

Following general elections earlier this month, Fijian Prime Minister Laisenia Qarase has appointed a cabinet without a single Indo-Fijian member and excluded the Labour Party, sparking a fresh political and constitutional crisis in the Pacific Ocean island state of some 820,000 people. By rejecting the Labour Party’s request to join the ministry, Qarase breached the country’s 1997 Constitution, which requires cabinet seats to be offered to all parties with more than eight Members of Parliament.

Opposition to Labor’s ethnic scapegoating in Australian byelection

By Richard Phillips, 17 September 2001

The Australian Labor Party, which has governed New South Wales since 1995, suffered a 13 percent swing in the state by-election for the seat of Auburn on September 8. Although the government retained control of the working class and mainly immigrant electorate in Sydney’s western suburbs, the ALP, which has held the seat continuously since 1927, saw its vote drop from 59 percent in 1999 to 46 percent.

South Africa: President Mbeki again downplays AIDS epidemic

By Barbara Slaughter, 17 September 2001

President Thabo Mbeki of South Africa has written to Health Minister Manto Tshabalala-Msimang, ordering her to consider a cut in the AIDS budget. He claims to have discovered World Health Organisation (WHO) statistics from 1995 on the Internet showing that HIV/AIDS causes only a relatively tiny number of deaths in South Africa—2,653.

Berliners react to terror attacks in US: shock, grief and fear of American military action

By Ulrich Rippert, 17 September 2001

Last Friday evening 200,000 people assembled at the Brandenburg Gate in Berlin in response to the call made by all German parliamentary parties for a “demonstration of solidarity with the American people”. Many families and entire groups of school children and students gathered alongside elderly citizens. At the centre of the demonstration one could see a banner bearing the words, “No to war”.

Las raíces políticas del ataque terrorista contra Nueva York y Washington

By , 17 September 2001

WSWS : Español

Britain: BBC kow-tows to right-wing calls for censorship

By Julie Hyland, 17 September 2001

The BBC has issued an unprecedented apology for transmitting a live debate in which American policy in the aftermath of last Tuesday’s attacks was criticised. As Western governments prepare for war, the public apology issued by Director-General Greg Dyke for the decision to transmit live the Question Time programme following the bombing of the World Trade Centre underscores the threat to civil liberties.

Mounting concerns in Britain over US war drive

By Chris Marsden, 17 September 2001

Mounting concern is being voiced within Britain’s media and sections of the political establishment at the extent and possible consequences of American war aims, in the aftermath of the September 11 terror attacks on New York and Washington.

Britain and France seek tougher measures against refugees

By Richard Tyler, 15 September 2001

On Wednesday, the British Home Secretary met with his French counterpart and agreed to seek tougher measures throughout the European Union (EU) to deal with asylum seekers.

Workers Struggles: Asia, Australia and the Pacific

By , 15 September 2001

Public sector workers in Sri Lanka strike

Britain: Duncan Smith wins easily in Conservative Party leadership contest

By Julie Hyland, 15 September 2001

Right winger Iain Duncan Smith has won a decisive victory in the Conservative Party leadership ballot. Duncan Smith beat his opponent, former chancellor Kenneth Clarke, by a three to two margin in the ballot of 328,000 Conservative members. With a 79 percent turnout, the final result was 155,933 votes (61 percent) for Duncan Smith to 100,864 votes (39 percent) for Clarke.

The group suicide in Reichenbach, Germany

By Hendrick Paul, 15 September 2001

On August 26, three youth from the town of Reichenbach in the Vogtland region of the east German state of Saxony took their own lives.

Australia’s second biggest airline collapses

By Terry Cook, 15 September 2001

In the early hours of September 14, Ansett Airlines, Australia’s second largest and oldest domestic carrier, suddenly ended all flights after an administrator appointed by its parent company Air New Zealand declared that it had no funds to continue operating.

Arab-Americans and Muslims attacked in the US

By Jerry White, 15 September 2001

In the midst of the chauvinist fever being whipped up by the government and media following the terror attacks in New York and Washington, scores of violent incidents and threats against Arab-Americans and Muslims have been reported.

Global technology slowdown hits "Asian tiger" economies

By Joe Lopez, 14 September 2001

The global slowdown and the short-lived “recoveries” of the Asian Tiger economies were the background to the meeting of Asia Pacific Economic Community (APEC) finance ministers held in China last week.

Layoff announcements point to global recession

By Nick Beams, 14 September 2001

The head of the International Monetary Fund, Horst Koehler, confirmed on Monday that the organisation’s forecast for world economic growth for this year will be only 2.7 percent, down from an earlier prediction of 3.2 percent, and well below the growth rate of almost 5 percent last year.

Zimbabwe land agreement reflects West’s concern over instability in Africa

By Chris Talbot, 14 September 2001

The agreement made at the Commonwealth conference in Abuja, Nigeria last week over the escalating land occupations reflects the growing concern by the Western powers over a dispute that has continued for the last 18 months. It is also the product of increasing pressure from the governments of Africa to settle the issue, due to fears that it will destabilise the whole region.

Germany: Extreme right could make gains in upcoming elections in Hamburg

By Peter Norden, 14 September 2001

Elections in Germany’s northernmost metropolis could see the Social Democratic Party (SPD) kicked out of city hall. According to many reports, the vote on September 23 could well mean the end of SPD rule, after many decades in charge of the second largest German city. Opinion polls give Conservative and rightwing extremist parties a clear lead.

Why the Bush administration wants war

By WSWS Editorial Board, 14 September 2001

In the midst of the hysterical war mongering of the US government and a state-controlled media that knows no shame, it is more than ever necessary to retain not only one’s composure, but also one’s ability to think, analyze, and reason. It is surely appropriate to mourn the terrible loss of life on September 11. But sympathy for the victims, their families and friends should not blind anyone to the fact that powerful sections of the US ruling elite view this tragedy as a welcome opportunity to implement a militaristic agenda that has been in the works for more than a decade.

Two contrasting films about asylum seekers

By Steve James, 14 September 2001

The Edinburgh Film Festival hosted the British, and in the case of Gas Attack, the world premiere of two films featuring Kurdish refugees in Europe as both actors and subject. Gas Attack by British TV director Kenny Glenaan is set in Glasgow, while Roadblocks by the Greek TV documentary maker Stavros Ioannou is set in Athens. Both are fictional accounts of events that take the current situation of refugees in the two cities as their point of departure.

Britain: Start of new term sees education system near collapse

By Tania Kent, 13 September 2001

The start of the new school year in England and Wales saw tens of thousands of children return to school with no teacher to teach them and an education system on the brink of collapse.

Workers Struggles: Europe and Africa

By , 13 September 2001

Deutsche BA threatened by strike

Australian union hoses down another entitlement dispute

By Terry Cook, 13 September 2001

The recent deal ending the seven-week long dispute at Maintrain, the Sydney company that services the New South Wales passenger train fleet, demonstrates one thing all to clearly. The campaign currently being conducted by the Australian Manufacturing Union (AMWU) and the metal trades group of unions is not aimed at establishing a universal scheme to protect worker’s accrued entitlements in the event of company bankruptcies.

Court rules that Australian government illegally detained Tampa refugees

By Mike Head, 13 September 2001

A Federal Court judge ruled on Tuesday that the Australian government last month illegally detained and denied entry to the refugees aboard the Norwegian cargo ship, the Tampa. Justice Tony North found the government had determined “at the highest level” to “use an unlawful process to detain and expel the rescuees”.

A failed attempt at "relevance"

By Stephen Griffith, 12 September 2001

At first glance, stories and plays by the celebrated Russian writer Anton Chekhov (1860-1904) are deceptively simple. His play The Three Sisters, which was recently staged by the Sydney Theatre Company (STC) under the direction of Andrew Benedict, is no exception. There are no heroic deeds or grand tragedy in this four-act examination of the unrequited hopes of the Prozorov sisters—Olga, Masha and Irina—and their friends in a small provincial Russian town. But this beautifully crafted work, written in 1901, explores a range of universal themes and issues that can strongly resonate with contemporary audiences if sensitively staged and performed.

The political roots of the terror attack on New York and Washington

By David North and David Walsh, 12 September 2001

The World Socialist Web Site unequivocally condemns the terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon. Those responsible for the hijacking of four commercial passenger aircraft and their conversion into flying bombs are guilty of mass murder. Nothing of a socially progressive character will be achieved on the basis of such an indiscriminate and callous destruction of human life.