From the archives of the Revolution

The WSWS is publishing new translations of Trotsky’s writings from February-March 1917 as well as other documents from 1917. In many cases, these articles are available in English for the first time.

On Slogans

By Vladimir Lenin

In “On Slogans,” written in July 1917, Lenin analyzes the shift in class and party relations following the counterrevolution against the July insurrection.

Letter to the Provisional Government

By Leon Trotsky

This is a new translation of an open letter Trotsky addressed to the Provisional Government on the arrest of Bolshevik leaders, which took place during the crackdown that followed the July Days.

Trying Days

By Leon Trotsky

This is a new translation of an article by Leon Trotsky, published in Vperiod (Forward), Number 6, on July 22 (9 O.S.), 1917. Trotsky wrote this article after the July Days and before his arrest by the Provisional Government.

Declaration of the Bolshevik Faction at a session of the First All-Russian Congress of Soviets on the Question of the Offensive

By Leon Trotsky

This declaration, written by Trotsky but delivered by P. Pozern, warns the working class of the implications of the military offensive being prepared by the Provisional Government.

Speech on a personal note at an evening session of the First All-Russian Congress of Soviets

By Leon Trotsky

This is a contemporary account of a speech delivered by Trotsky in which he addresses the slanders being spread by Miliukov and others that he and Lenin were agents of the German government.

Speech on the question of war

By Leon Trotsky

This is a contemporary account of a speech delivered by Trotsky before a United Session of Social-Democratic Members of the First All-Russian Congress of Soviets held in Petrograd in June 1917.

From the Kronstadt Sailors, Soldiers, and Workers—To the Revolutionary People of Petrograd and All Russia

By Leon Trotsky

This declaration by the Kronstadt Soviet was written by Trotsky after he met with the Kronstadt sailors in June to discuss how to respond to the many attacks by the Provisional Government and the bourgeois press against the naval base.

Speech at an Emergency Session of the Petrograd Soviet on the Question of Kronstadt

By Leon Trotsky

This speech was delivered by Trotsky at an emergency session of the Petrograd Soviet dealing with attacks by the Provisional Government against the increasingly restive sailors at the Kronstadt naval base.

Speech at a Session of the Petrograd Soviet on reports by the socialist ministers

By Leon Trotsky

This is a new translation of a speech delivered by Trotsky before the Petrograd Soviet on May 26, 1917 (May 13 O.S.).

Speech at a session of the Petrograd Soviet

By Leon Trotsky

This is a new translation of an abridged version of Trotsky’s speech before the Petrograd Soviet on May 18, 1917, in which Trotsky opposed the new coalition government formed with the support of the Mensheviks and the Socialist Revolutionaries.

War and the Revolution

By Leon Trotsky

In this article, translated for the first time into English, Trotsky writes on the significance of the moves by the US to enter World War I amidst the revolutionary convulsions in Russia.

Who Are the Traitors?

By Leon Trotsky

In this article, translated for the first time into English, Trotsky responds to claims that his denunciations of the war plans of the bourgeois provisional government make him a “Germanophile and traitor.”

From Whom and How to Defend the Revolution

By Leon Trotsky

In this article, Trotsky writes, ‘“The gentry’s lands, but not Constantinople!’—the soldier-proletarian will say to the soldier-peasant, explaining to him who is served by the imperialist war and what its aims are.”

War or Peace? (Internal Forces of the Revolution)

By Leon Trotsky

In this article, Trotsky writes, “The international struggle against world-wide slaughter and imperialism is now our task more than ever before.”

Two Faces (Internal Forces of the Russian Revolution)

By Leon Trotsky

In this article, Trotsky writes, “The masses have rebelled with demands for bread and peace. The appearance in power of a few liberals has neither fed the starving nor healed anyone’s wounds.”

The Growing Conflict

By Leon Trotsky

In this article, Trotsky writes, “An open conflict between the forces of the revolution, headed by the urban proletariat, and the anti-revolutionary liberal bourgeoisie, temporarily in power, is absolutely inevitable.”

Under the Banner of the Commune

By Leon Trotsky

In this article, Trotsky writes, “In the trenches overflowing with blood and mud, in the starving cities and villages, millions of hearts are filled with indignation, despair and rage. And these feelings, when combined with socialist thought, are turning into revolutionary enthusiasm.”

The Revolution in Russia

By Leon Trotsky

In this article, translated for the first time, Trotsky writes, “Our children, grandchildren and great-grandchildren will speak of these days as the beginning of a new epoch in the history of mankind.”

Unease in Europe

By Leon Trotsky

In this article, translated for the first time, Trotsky writes, “Every decisive action taken by the Russian proletariat against the most worthless of the worthless European governments will serve as a mighty stimulus for the workers in all other countries.”

The Petrograd Soviet’s “Order No. 1”

By the Petrograd Soviet of Workers’ and Soldiers’ Deputies

At the demand of soldiers, the Petrograd Soviet on March 14 (March 1, O.S.) issued “Order No. 1,” which Trotsky described as “the single worthy document of the February revolution.”

On the Threshold of Revolution

By Leon Trotsky

This article was written by Leon Trotsky on March 13, 1917. An English translation appeared as “On the Eve of a Revolution” in the 1918 edition of Trotsky’s Our Revolution, edited and translated by M. J. Olgin.