Africa

One year of the Egyptian Revolution

By Alex Lantier, 25 January 2012

One year ago today, millions of workers in cities throughout Egypt took to the streets on the first day of revolutionary protests against President Hosni Mubarak.

Nigerian government uses terror bombing to justify clampdown

By Robert Stevens, 25 January 2012

Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan is using a spate of terrorist bombings to justify measures aimed at growing working class opposition to his rule.

US-NATO war crimes in Libya

By Barry Grey, 23 January 2012

A report released last week by Middle East human rights groups presents extensive evidence of war crimes carried out in Libya by the United States, NATO and their proxy “rebel” forces.

The betrayal of Nigeria’s general strike

By Robert Stevens, 21 January 2012

The betrayal of the nationwide general strike by the Nigeria Labour Congress (NLC) and the Trade Union Congress (TUC) provides crucial lessons for workers and young people the world over.

Human rights groups charge NATO with war crimes in Libya

By Bill Van Auken, 21 January 2012

There is strong evidence that NATO carried out war crimes in its eight-month war for regime-change in Libya, according to a report released Thursday by Middle East human rights groups.

Social tensions rise as South African economy slows

By Zac Hambides, 17 January 2012

With real unemployment at 36 percent, social tensions are mounting in South Africa amid a marked economic slowdown.

Nigerian unions suspend general strike as army deploys in cities

By Robert Stevens, 17 January 2012

Nigeria’s two main trade union federations have called off the general strike against President Goodluck Jonathan as army units moved into cities around the country.

ElBaradei abandons Egyptian presidential candidacy

By Johannes Stern and Alex Lantier, 17 January 2012

On January 14 Mohamed ElBaradei, the most well-known representative of the liberal opposition in Egypt, announced he was abandoning his presidential candidacy.

Strikes resume in Nigeria after collapse of talks between unions and government

By Robert Stevens, 16 January 2012

Action against the Nigerian government of President Goodluck Jonathan continues as the Nigeria’s main trade union federations failed in their attempt to halt the general strike.

Protests in Tunisia greet one-year anniversary of Ben Ali’s overthrow

By Alex Lantier, 16 January 2012

Saturday marked the one-year anniversary of Tunisian President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali’s ignominious flight from Tunisia to exile in Saudi Arabia.

Nigerian unions suspend general strike

By Robert Stevens, 14 January 2012

Nigeria’s two main trade union federations suspended strike action, on the fifth day of a general strike against the government of President Goodluck Jonathan.

Libya: TNC releases anti-democratic draft electoral laws

By Will Morrow, 13 January 2012

The NATO-installed regime’s legislation features provisions preventing people nominating themselves as candidates.

Workers Struggles: Europe, Middle East & Africa

13 January 2012

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Nigerian general strike escalates as government steps up repression

By Robert Stevens, 12 January 2012

Hundreds of thousands have demonstrated throughout Nigeria over the past three days in an escalating general strike against the government of President Goodluck Jonathan.

South Africa’s ANC at 100: A balance sheet of bourgeois nationalism

By Bill Van Auken, 11 January 2012

The centenary celebration by South Africa’s ruling African National Congress provides a fitting occasion for a balance sheet on the character and fate of bourgeois nationalist movements.

General strike over fuel hike paralyzes Nigeria

By Bill Van Auken, 10 January 2012

Tens of thousands of Nigerians took to the streets Monday at the start of a nationwide general strike against the government’s lifting of subsidies, resulting in the doubling of fuel costs overnight.

The Egyptian Revolution, the Muslim Brotherhood and the apologetics of the Revolutionary Socialists

Part 3

By Jean Shaoul, 7 January 2012

This is the conclusion of a three part article on the political apologetics extended by the Revolutionary Socialists for the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt.

The Egyptian Revolution, the Muslim Brotherhood and the apologetics of the Revolutionary Socialists

By Jean Shaoul, 7 January 2012

Nine months after the fall of Hosni Mubarak, Islamist parties secured a majority in the first two rounds of Egypt’s parliamentary elections.

General strike called as protests spread in Nigeria against gas price hike

By Niles Williamson, 6 January 2012

As protests spread against cuts to state oil subsidies, Nigerian labour unions have called a general strike starting Monday if the cuts are not rescinded.

Workers Struggles: Europe, Middle East & Africa

6 January 2012

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The Egyptian Revolution, the Muslim Brotherhood and the apologetics of the Revolutionary Socialists

Part 2

By Jean Shaoul, 6 January 2012

This is the second in a three part article on the political apologetics extended by the Revolutionary Socialists for the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt.

The Egyptian Revolution, the Muslim Brotherhood and the apologetics of the Revolutionary Socialists

Part 1

By Jean Shaoul, 5 January 2012

This is the first of a three part article on the political apologetics extended by the Revolutionary Socialists for the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt.

Egyptian military junta raids, shuts down political organizations

By Johannes Stern, 4 January 2012

Last Thursday Egypt’s public prosecutor, supported by armed military and police forces, closed 17 offices of non-governmental organizations (NGOs) in Cairo.

Workers Struggles: Europe, Middle East & Africa

30 December 2011

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Workers Struggles: Europe & Africa

23 December 2011

The World Socialist Web Site invites workers and other readers to contribute to this regular feature.

Thousands of women march in Cairo against military junta

By Barry Grey, 21 December 2011

Thousands of women marched in downtown Cairo Tuesday to protest against the deadly crackdown on demonstrators being carried out by the army and demand the resignation of the military junta.

Egyptian military cracks down on peaceful protesters

By Johannes Stern, 19 December 2011

Over the weekend, the US-backed military junta in Egypt launched another deadly crackdown on peaceful protesters, killing at least nine and wounding hundreds.

Workers Struggles: Europe, Middle East & Africa

16 December 2011

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US condemned for arming Egyptian regime

By Bill Van Auken, 9 December 2011

Documents obtained by Amnesty International show that Washington repeatedly shipped arms to the regime in Egypt even as it hypocritically deplored “excessive force” by police and troops.

Workers Struggles: Europe, Middle East & Africa

9 December 2011

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Low turnout for run-offs in first wave of Egyptian elections

By Alex Lantier, 7 December 2011

Voter turnout was minimal for run-off parliamentary elections in Egypt, amid expectations of an Islamist victory.

Former Tripoli Brigade leader Mahdi al-Harati outed as US asset

By Steve James, 3 December 2011

An article in Ireland’s Sunday World has drawn attention to relations between Mahdi al-Harati, former leader of the Tripoli Brigade of the National Transition Council, which played a central role in the NATO assault on Libya, and an unnamed US intelligence agency.

Workers Struggles: Europe, Middle East & Africa

2 December 2011

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First round of Egyptian parliamentary elections begins

By Alex Lantier, 30 November 2011

Voting in parliamentary elections began Monday and continued yesterday in nine of Egypt’s 27 governorates.

The Egyptian revolution turns against the military

By Johannes Stern, 28 November 2011

The renewed revolutionary upsurge in Egypt is the working class’s verdict on the Egyptian military’s claims to be leading a “democratic transition” away from the dictatorship of President Hosni Mubarak.

Millions demand downfall of US-backed Egyptian junta

By Johannes Stern, 26 November 2011

On Friday millions of workers and youth protested against military rule in Egypt and demanded the downfall of the US-backed Supreme Council of the Armed Forces (SCAF) junta.

Workers Struggles: Europe, Middle East & Africa

25 November 2011

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Mass protests intensify against Egyptian junta

By Alex Lantier, 24 November 2011

Clashes continued yesterday in cities across Egypt, on the fifth day of mass protests demanding the overthrow of the US-backed Egyptian military junta.

Millions protest to demand overthrow of US-backed Egyptian junta

By Johannes Stern, 23 November 2011

On Tuesday millions of workers and youth staged protests and strikes all over Egypt, demanding the downfall of Field Marshal Mohamed Hussein Tantawi and the US-backed Egyptian junta.

Gaddafi’s son captured in Libya

By Patrick O’Connor, 22 November 2011

The capture of Saif al Islam has raised the spectre of a drawn-out criminal trial in The Hague, with embarrassing details emerging of the intimate ties between the Gaddafi regime and Western powers.

Renewed uprising signals turning point in Egyptian revolution

By Bill Van Auken, 22 November 2011

The revolutionary upheavals that began in Egypt last January 25 have reached a crucial turning point in which the decisive question is the independent political mobilization of the working class in the struggle for power.

Egyptian military junta carries out deadly crackdown on protesters

By Johannes Stern, 21 November 2011

The US-backed military junta in Egypt carried out a violent crackdown on protesters over the weekend, killing several people and injuring more than 700.

The counterrevolutionary role of the Egyptian pseudo-left

By Alex Lantier and Johannes Stern, 21 November 2011

This article analyzes the role of the pseudo-left organizations in opposing a struggle by the working class to bring down the military junta in Egypt.

Workers Struggles: Europe, Middle East & Africa

18 November 2011

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Tunisia delays forming government amid a new wave of strikes

By Kumaran Ira, 15 November 2011

Rising strikes in Tunisia underscore continuing popular opposition to the political establishment, which has still not succeeded in assembling a government after the latest elections.

Workers Struggles: Europe, Middle East & Africa

11 November 2011

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Protests mount against power grab by Egyptian military

By Patrick Martin, 8 November 2011

A growing popular movement has erupted against the attempt by the military council to entrench its rule.

Workers Struggles: Europe, Middle East & Africa

4 November 2011

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New Libyan prime minister installed by NATO-backed regime

By Peter Symonds, 3 November 2011

The main qualification of the relatively unknown Abdurrahim al-Keib for office is his acceptability to the NATO powers that waged a predatory war to oust Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi.

NATO declares formal end to criminal war on Libya

By Bill Van Auken, 1 November 2011

NATO formally ended its seven-month predatory war against Libya at midnight Monday, having achieved its aim of regime change and opened up the country to unrestrained exploitation of its huge energy resources by Western oil companies.

Islamists claim victory in Tunisia’s Constituent Assembly elections

By Kumaran Ira and Alex Lantier, 28 October 2011

Tunisia held elections Sunday to elect a 217-member Constituent Assembly, tasked with drafting a new constitution after mass protests toppled President Ben Ali this January.

US-backed Kenyan forces invade Somalia

By Eddie Haywood, 26 October 2011

Kenya sent military forces into Somalia last week, vowing to fight al-Shabaab militants it blamed for a spate of abductions of foreign nationals.

Mass killings, arbitrary detention under new Libyan regime

By Patrick O’Connor, 25 October 2011

The barbaric conclusion to the NATO military campaign in Libya underscores the fraud of the declared “liberation.”

US and NATO murder Muammar Gaddafi

By Bill Van Auken, 21 October 2011

The savage killing Thursday of deposed Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi served to underscore the criminal character of the war that has been prosecuted by the US and NATO over the past eight months.

The destruction of Sirte

By Patrick O’Connor, 19 October 2011

The atrocities now being committed in Sirte arise directly out of the nature and aims of the neo-colonial intervention itself.

“Walk-To-Work” protests shake Ugandan capital city

By Eddie Haywood, 19 October 2011

Tear gas and gunshots shook downtown Kampala as the “Walk-To-Work” protests resumed on Monday morning after a hiatus in April.

Sirte destroyed by NTC-NATO offensive in Libya

By Chris Marsden, 18 October 2011

The Libyan town of Sirte has been all but destroyed and its inhabitants turned into homeless refugees.

US deploys Special Forces troops to central Africa

By Eddie Haywood and Alex Lantier, 17 October 2011

US President Barack Obama has deployed roughly 100 special operations troops to central Africa, as part of an offensive targeting the leadership of the Lord’s Resistance Army.

Tunisians distrust upcoming Constituent Assembly election

By Kumaran Ira, 17 October 2011

The Constituent Assembly election in Tunisia, slated to draft a new constitution, is scheduled for October 23.

Sirte’s fall to usher in mass repression by Libya’s National Transitional Council

By Chris Marsden, 15 October 2011

The National Transitional Council has stated that the fight for control of Sirte is reaching “endgame,” with its forces having seized 80 percent of the city.

Egyptian junta defends massacre, launches fresh attacks on strikers

By Johannes Stern, 14 October 2011

Dozens of eyewitness reports and video footage on YouTube prove that the junta deliberately unleashed a brutal massacre, using live ammunition and armoured vehicles to kill and crush peaceful protesters.

Workers Struggles: Europe, Middle East & Africa

14 October 2011

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US-backed Egyptian junta massacres peaceful protesters

By Johannes Stern, 11 October 2011

The Egyptian military is attacking protests as mass opposition to the regime grows.

NATO and anti-Gaddafi forces in Libya step up bombardment of Sirte

By Patrick O’Connor, 10 October 2011

The crisis in Sirte underscores the grotesque nature of the claims made by the NATO powers and their political cheerleaders that the war on Libya was a “humanitarian” intervention.

Costs of UK’s colonial war in Libya spiral

By Joe Mount, 7 October 2011

The neo-colonial intervention into Libya has cost the UK around £1.75 billion so far, seven times the figure originally stated.

Workers Struggles: Europe, Middle East & Africa

7 October 2011

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Another NATO-backed interim government in Libya

By Will Morrow, 5 October 2011

The new government is composed almost entirely of ministers of the previous government, after the NTC admitted it could not come to a unified decision over who would take control of the key ministries.

NATO assault on Sirte inflicts more Libyan civilian casualties

By Patrick O’Connor, 4 October 2011

Tens of thousands of civilians remain trapped in the area, and are being subjected to indiscriminate rocket, mortar and missile attacks.

The slaughter in Sirte

By Patrick O’Connor, 3 October 2011

In their frenzied drive to crush all resistance in the north African state, NATO and its proxy militia forces are unleashing indiscriminate military force, killing civilians and destroying buildings and infrastructure.

Listeria outbreak claims 15 lives in US

By Naomi Spencer, 3 October 2011

In the deadliest food poisoning outbreak in the US in over a decade, at least 15 people have died of listeriosis linked to Colorado-grown cantaloupes.

Egypt’s “independent” unions seek to end strikes, prop up junta

By Johannes Stern, 1 October 2011

The renewed upsurge of the Egyptian working class sparked by the disastrous social conditions and a deepening economic crisis is sending shock waves through the Egyptian ruling elite.

Libya: “the jewel in the crown”

By Bill Van Auken, 30 September 2011

In a recent teleconference with US businessmen, Washington’s ambassador to Libya let slip a telling phrase, referring to the North African nation’s oil reserves as “the jewel in the crown”.

Australia to shut northern TB clinics

By John Mackay, 29 September 2011

The planned closures have been strongly condemned by Australian health professionals and the World Health Organisation who fear that it will lead to an increase in multi-drug resistant or MDR-TB, already prevalent in PNG.

Mass killing and humanitarian disaster in NATO siege of Sirte

By Bill Van Auken, 29 September 2011

Refugees from the Libyan coastal city report that thousands have died as a result of relentless NATO bombardment and shelling by the the Western-backed “rebels.”

The political tasks arising from the Egyptian Revolution

By Johannes Stern, 29 September 2011

On September 17, the Partei für Soziale Gleichheit (Socialist Equality Party—PSG) held a European workers rally against racism, war and social cutbacks at the conclusion of the party’s election campaign in Berlin.

Egyptian elites demand end to strikes

By Johannes Stern, 28 September 2011

Bourgeois politicians, trade union leaders and journalists are demanding an end to strikes in Egypt and are warning of the threat of “another revolution”.

US, European corporations rush to secure cut from Libyan war

By Patrick O’Connor, 26 September 2011

From the outset, the NATO intervention was bound up with geo-strategic calculations across North Africa and economic interests in Libya’s oil-rich territory.

Bourgi affair exposes French imperialism’s criminal activities in Africa

By Anthony Torres, 22 September 2011

A prominent French lawyer, Robert Bourgi, has revealed he was the go-between for the secret financing of the main political parties in France by African heads of state.

NATO powers indifferent to Libyan refugees

By the Bill Van Auken, 21 September 2011

The same NATO countries that waged war on Libya in the name of “protecting civilians” have given “an abysmal response to the plight” of refugees from this conflict.

As Libyan “rebel” offensive stalls, NATO bombs kill hundreds

By Alex Lantier, 19 September 2011

NATO bombed cities across Libya over the weekend as fighting continued in Sirte and Bani Walid.

Britain and France lead the colonial charge into Libya

By Peter Symonds, 17 September 2011

The visit by Cameron and Sarkozy to Libya recalls all the sordid and bloody traditions of imperialism: rank hypocrisy, economic plunder and the ruthless use of force to attain its ends.

Sarkozy and Cameron in Tripoli: Scramble for Libya is on

By Bill Van Auken, 16 September 2011

With their surprise visit to Tripoli Thursday, Sarkozy and Cameron signaled that the scramble by the major powers for control of Libya’s oil wealth is in full swing.

NATO’s client regime in Libya confronts divisions as military offensives stall

By Peter Symonds, 15 September 2011

The fragility of the new regime in Tripoli was underscored by its announcement yesterday that it would remain in Benghazi until after the seizure of the remaining pro-Gaddafi strongholds.

Italy moves to secure its share of the booty in Libya

By Marianne Arens, 14 September 2011

Italian business and political circles take for granted their right to decide on the future of the oil and gas wealth of the country’s former colony, Libya.

Political tasks of the Egyptian Revolution

By Johannes Stern, 13 September 2011

In recent days a new wave of strikes and protests against the US-backed military junta has swept over Egypt.

Over 100 dead, others horribly maimed in Nairobi pipeline explosion

By Julie Hyland, 13 September 2011

More than 100 people have been killed, and scores horribly burned in Kenya, after a leaking fuel pipeline exploded Monday morning in a Nairobi slum.

Western media accuse China of selling arms to Gaddafi

By John Chan, 12 September 2011

The purpose of the allegations against Beijing is transparent: to justify excluding China from future economic relations with Libya, above all in the oil industry.

Egyptian junta declares state of alert after storming of Israeli embassy

By Johannes Stern, 12 September 2011

The US-backed military junta in Egypt has responded with large-scale violence after protesters stormed the Israeli embassy in Giza, near Cairo.

Mass protests in Egypt against US-backed military junta

By Johannes Stern, 10 September 2011

Egyptian workers and youth mounted mass protests in cities across Egypt yesterday, after a new wave of strikes swept the country in recent days. In Cairo tens of thousands of protesters gathered in iconic Tahrir Square, one of the epicenters of the Egyptian revolution.

Ugandan President Museveni proposes land giveaways to international business interests

By our correspondent, 10 September 2011

Museveni’s proposal for a massive giveaway of public lands to an international sugar conglomerate is the latest in a long string of policies that underscore the government’s corrupt subservience to global financial interests.

NATO-backed Libyan regime persecutes black Africans

By Peter Symonds, 9 September 2011

The racist abuse and killing of black foreigners and Libyans is a devastating refutation of claims by the US and its European allies to be waging a war for democracy and the defence of civilian lives.

Egyptian military junta deepens ties to NATO-backed Libyan opposition

By Johannes Stern, 9 September 2011

In recent weeks, the US-backed military junta in Egypt has increased its support for Libya’s National Transitional Council (NTC).

Workers Struggles: Europe & Africa

9 September 2011

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Libyan humanitarian disaster deepens as NATO, opposition continue offensive

By Alex Lantier, 7 September 2011

Libya’s humanitarian crisis is deepening as NATO-backed forces of the National Transitional Council continue their offensive to crush forces loyal to Colonel Muammar Gaddafi.

Libyan opposition lays siege to pro-Gaddafi strongholds

By Peter Symonds, 6 September 2011

The NATO-backed National Transitional Council comprises a shaky alliance of ex-Gaddafi ministers, CIA assets and Islamist militants whose political influence beyond Benghazi in questionable.

“Friends of Libya” meet in Paris for imperialist carve-up

By Bill Van Auken, 2 September 2011

The “Friends of Libya” conference hosted by French President Sarkozy and British Prime Minister Cameron signaled the beginning of the imperialist carve-up of the oil-rich North African country.

NATO prepares bloodbath in Sirte

By Bill Van Auken, 1 September 2011

With its siege of the Libyan city of Sirte, NATO is carrying out precisely the kind of military assault on a civilian population center that it claimed its intervention was designed to prevent.

Divisions emerge among Libya’s NATO-led “rebels”

By Bill Van Auken, 31 August 2011

With the US and its European allies set to install a puppet regime based on the Benghazi-based National Transitional Council, deep divisions have emerged among the NATO-led “rebels”.

Tripoli faces humanitarian crisis

By Bill Van Auken, 30 August 2011

Tripoli is on the brink of a severe humanitarian crisis, its 2 million residents facing a lack of water, electricity, food and medical care while fighting continues in parts of the capital and elsewhere in Libya.

Germany: Foreign Minister Westerwelle under fire for abstention in Libya war

By Peter Schwarz, 30 August 2011

The German Foreign Minister Guido Westerwelle has come under heavy attack following the conquest of the Libyan capital, Tripoli, by NATO-backed rebels.