Europe

Workers Struggles: Europe, Middle East & Africa

19 December 2014

The World Socialist Web Site invites workers and other readers to contribute to this regular feature.

German court stops prosecution of SS soldier involved in French war crime

By Elisabeth Zimmermann, 17 December 2014

A Cologne court announced it will not initiate proceedings against a man who was part of an SS regiment that murdered the inhabitants of a French village in 1944.

Xenophobic campaign in Germany leads to burning of refugee homes

By Christoph Dreier, 17 December 2014

Right-wing gangs are being encouraged by the reactionary immigration policies of the government and leading politicians.

France’s Socialist Party pushes free-market deregulation with Macron Law

By Kumaran Ira, 17 December 2014

In the name of boosting “growth and economic activity”, the bill aims to impoverish the working class and sections of the petty-bourgeoisie in the interests of financial capital.

General strike against austerity hits Belgian government

By Alex Lantier, 16 December 2014

The strike brought the country to a standstill amid mass opposition in the working class to the reactionary Michel government's austerity agenda.

French neo-fascist National Front defends CIA torture

By Alex Lantier, 13 December 2014

The neo-fascists decided to overlook their anti-American rhetoric and leap to the defense of CIA torturers.

UN agency calls Mediterranean Sea deadliest route for refugees

By Martin Kreickenbaum, 13 December 2014

In the first eleven months of the year, 207,000 refugees have sought to reach Europe across the Mediterranean Sea. Over 3,400 have died in the process.

US torture report exposes European powers’ involvement in CIA crimes

By Alex Lantier, 12 December 2014

Officials across Europe are reacting to confirmation of CIA torture by insisting that they should enjoy total immunity for their role in the program.

Workers Struggles: Europe, Middle East & Africa

12 December 2014

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Rolling Stone magazine and the University of Virginia rape allegations

By David Walsh, 11 December 2014

The unraveling of the Rolling Stone feature story sheds a good deal of light on the upper-middle class individuals and groups obsessed with identity politics.

Protests erupt in Rome against attack on job protection

By Marc Wells, 5 December 2014

Protests broke out in Rome against the Renzi government’s Jobs Act, a labor reform that removes basic workers’ rights and guarantees.

Workers Struggles: Europe, Middle East & Africa

5 December 2014

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Lufthansa pilots in Germany walk out again

By Dietmar Henning, 4 December 2014

Pilots and other workers are fighting company plans to expand operations of its low-cost subsidiaries and slash jobs and wages.

Munich police evict refugees from protest camp

By Martin Kreickenbaum, 3 December 2014

Refugee protests have been met with violence from Munich police.

Low turnout in Italian regional elections

By Marc Wells and Marianne Arens, 2 December 2014

In regional elections in Emilia-Romagna and Calabria, nearly two thirds of the electorate abstained from voting.

Britain joins campaign to revoke passports

Political dissidents to be rendered stateless

By Julie Hyland, 27 November 2014

Once again, under the guise of the “war against terror”, the state is accruing authoritarian powers, including the ability to effectively render a British citizen stateless.

Germany: ThyssenKrupp returns to profitability and steps up its cuts program

By Elisabeth Zimmermann, 26 November 2014

ThyssenKrupp is using the international economic crisis to drastically intensify the exploitation of its workforce.

Netherlands covers up secret pact controlling investigation of MH17 crash

By Alex Lantier, 22 November 2014

The imperialist powers have exploited the tragedy as a propaganda exercise for the purpose of threatening Russia.

Greek riot police attack protesters

By John Vassilopulos, 22 November 2014

Athens was placed on virtual lockdown by an enormous police presence just days after tens of thousands gathered to mark the military junta’s crushing of a student uprising 41 years ago.

Right-wing protests against the Czech president

By Markus Salzmann, 22 November 2014

At celebrations of the 25th anniversary of the so-called Velvet Revolution supporters of the Ukraine regime denounced President Zeman.

Workers Struggles: Europe, Middle East & Africa

21 November 2014

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Right-wing minority government formed in Bulgaria

By Anna Rombach and Markus Salzmann, 15 November 2014

The formation of a far-right minority government led by Prime Minister Boyko Borisov and his party will intensify the crisis in the European Union’s poorest member state.

Still The Enemy Within: The 1984-85 British miners’ strike according to the pseudo-left

By Paul Mitchell, 15 November 2014

The central problem with the documentary is its promotion of the state capitalist Socialist Workers Party’s perspective, which lets the Labour Party and the unions entirely off the hook for the betrayal of the miners.

German intelligence agency plans major expansion of spying powers

By Johannes Stern, 14 November 2014

In an attempt to catch up with US and UK spy agencies, the BND is implementing a major upgrade.

German train drivers face political struggle

By Ulrich Rippert, 14 November 2014

By shutting down the train drivers strike, the leadership of the GDL union signaled its readiness to collaborate with the government.

Workers Struggles: Europe, Middle East & Africa

14 November 2014

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Catalan independence poll mobilises core nationalist vote

By Paul Mitchell, 11 November 2014

Turnout for a poll that was heralded as decisive for the future of Catalonia was just 37 percent.

Students occupy hundreds of schools throughout Greece

By John Vassilopulos, 11 November 2014

Students protested a new testing regime that pits schools and students against one another in competition for education resources.

German GDL union shuts down train drivers’ strike

By our correspondents, 10 November 2014

The strike, which interrupted two-thirds of the country’s rail transport, was shut down even as the courts refused to grant Deustche Bahn a back-to-work order.

UK postal workers take unofficial strike action

By Zach Reed, 10 November 2014

The walkouts are a result of work speedups and job cuts at Royal Mail.

German train drivers continue strike

By our correspondents, 8 November 2014

Along with freight service, passenger service has been affected by the strike since Thursday.

Germany: Left Party attacks striking train drivers

By Johannes Stern, 8 November 2014

The statements by the party chairman and its daily newspaper make clear where the Left Party stands in the escalating conflict—not on the side of the workers, but in solidarity with the German government.

Mass protest strike against austerity staggers new Belgian government

By Alex Lantier, 8 November 2014

Over 100,000 workers from Belgium’s Flemish- and French-speaking regions marched in one of Belgium’s biggest protests since the 1960-1961 general strike.

Twenty five years since the fall of the Berlin Wall: A balance sheet

By Peter Schwarz, 8 November 2014

Contrary to the official myths, the initiative to restore capitalism in the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe came from the ruling Stalinist bureaucracy itself.

Further job cuts in European auto industry

By Jan Peters, 7 November 2014

Thousands of job cuts are taking place at major assembly plants and in the parts industry.

German train drivers strike in first day

By our correspondents, 7 November 2014

There is widespread support among passengers and coworkers for the train drivers strike.

Workers Struggles: Europe, Middle East & Africa

7 November 2014

The World Socialist Web Site invites workers and other readers to contribute to this regular feature.

Film director Roman Polanski questioned, released in Poland

By David Walsh, 3 November 2014

Washington’s vindictive effort is the latest episode in a campaign to return the director to the US based on his having pled guilty in 1977 to having sex with an underage girl.

Woman wearing a niqab forced to leave Paris Opera

By Antoine Lerougetel, 31 October 2014

This anti-democratic and discriminatory action is the product of constant anti-Muslim agitation by the French political establishment.

Mine disaster deepens crisis of Turkish government

By Isaac Finn, 30 October 2014

The mining disaster in Turkey led to the cancellation of celebrations of a national holiday.

Ukraine’s recession continues to deepen

By David Levine, 30 October 2014

National elections were held in Ukraine on Sunday as social conditions in the country continued a steep decline.

Germany: Final stage in dismantling of Karstadt department store chain

By Ludwig Weller, 30 October 2014

Last Friday, Karstadt announced that six stores would be shut down by the middle of 2015.

French Socialist Party plans to scrap post-World War II job security rules

By Kumaran Ira, 28 October 2014

Valls is proposing to eliminate long-term job contracts in order to boost French competitiveness by allowing businesses to hire and fire at will.

Anti-terror law passed by the French Senate attacks democratic rights

By Anthony Torres, 28 October 2014

The bill is an attack on freedom of movement as defined by international law and vastly expands the state’s ability to censor political speech.

One million protest in Rome against Renzi’s labor “reforms”

By Stefan Steinberg, 28 October 2014

Saturday’s mass demonstration was called by the trade unions to preempt any effective action against the government and cover up the role of the unions in developing the new legislation.

Workers Struggles: Europe, Middle East & Africa

24 October 2014

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Turkish government seeks new police state powers

By Jean Shaoul, 21 October 2014

According to Deputy Prime Minister Bulent Arinc, the Homeland Security Reform Bill would “give the upper hand to the police” and “more space to resort to new tools and measures.”

France, Germany hold talks on EU approval of France’s 2015 budget

By Kumaran Ira and Alex Lantier, 21 October 2014

Paris and Berlin are working on a behind-the-scenes deal for intensified, long-term austerity measures against the working class.

Tens of thousands march in London against low wages

By Paul Mitchell, 20 October 2014

At Saturday’s rally, the trade union leaders spoke as if they have had nothing to do with the onslaught on living standards and declining wages.

Europe’s police target refugees in operation Mos Maiorum

By Martin Kreikenbaum, 18 October 2014

Intensified checks at major traffic spots, borders and airports are aimed at identifying refugees without valid residency permits.

From pseudo-left to New Right: The trajectory of France’s Jean-Luc Mélenchon

By Alex Lantier and Kumaran Ira, 18 October 2014

Terrified by the global capitalist crisis, Mélenchon is denouncing socialism and building ties with the periphery of the neo-fascist National Front.

Workers Struggles: Europe, Middle East & Africa

17 October 2014

The World Socialist Web Site invites workers and other readers to contribute to this regular feature.

Who is responsible for the Ebola virus case in Spain?

By Kelly Taylor, 16 October 2014

Last Friday, nurses protested against the risks they face in treating Ebola patients.

German train drivers and pilots take strike action

By Dietmar Henning, 16 October 2014

The GDL and pilots’ union Cockpit are being deliberately provoked by Deutsche Bahn and Lufthansa.

Drone flying “Greater Albania” flag provokes soccer riot in Serbia

By Paul Mitchell, 16 October 2014

The violence at the UEFA qualifying match happened on the eve of Russian President Vladimir Putin’s visit to Belgrade to mark the 70th anniversary of the city’s liberation from Nazi occupation in World War II.

European Union threatens to veto France’s 2015 budget

By Stéphane Hugues and Alex Lantier, 14 October 2014

The French ruling class is considering even more ferocious austerity measures in response to the demands of the banks and the European Commission.

Swiss referendum rejects single public health insurance fund

By Stefan Gfeller, 14 October 2014

The Swiss Social Democrats’ proposed public health insurance scheme would not have improved the present anti-social system.

German media attacks train drivers’ right to strike

By Dietmar Henning, 13 October 2014

The attacks on the train drivers’ right to strike will extend to all other workers defending their wages and social gains.

Germany: Nine-hour strike by train drivers

By our reporters, 11 October 2014

The nationwide strike brought most long-distance, regional, freight and commuter trains to a halt.

Germany: Left Party bangs the drum for military action against the Islamic State

By Johannes Stern, 10 October 2014

Fourteen leading Left Party politicians have issued a statement titled "Save Kobani!"

UK unions begin to demobilise their own pathetic protest strike

By Robert Stevens, 10 October 2014

Strikes were called to give undeserved credibility to the Trades Union Congress’s (TUC) October 18 “Britain Needs a Pay Rise” march and rally in London.

Authors weigh in on the Amazon-Hachette war

By Christine Schofelt and Fred Mazelis, 10 October 2014

The ongoing e-commerce dispute raises fundamental questions about culture and how—and by whom—the immense advances in technology will be used and controlled.

Workers Struggles: Europe, Middle East & Africa

10 October 2014

The World Socialist Web Site invites workers and other readers to contribute to this regular feature.

Germany to deploy combat troops in Ukraine

By Christoph Dreier, 7 October 2014

The German government is planning to send troops into Ukraine for the first time since the Second World War.

Italian prime minister targets protection against layoffs

By Marianne Arens, 7 October 2014

The goal of the new jobs act is the creation of a labour market in which companies can hire and fire workers as they please, and exploit them for the lowest wages.

CGT union convicted of embezzling funds of France’s biggest works committee

By Pierre Mabut, 7 October 2014

The details of the case underscore how the French Communist Party and corrupt union bureaucracies long ago lost any base in the working class.

German train drivers vote to strike

By Ulrich Rippert, 6 October 2014

Deutsche Bahn cut its workforce from 350,000 to 190,000 between 2002 and 2012, which has led to constant overtime working.

In response to exposure of abuses, German interior minister attacks refugees

By Christoph Dreier, 4 October 2014

Thomas de Maizière blamed refugees for overcrowding in the camps, the lack of basic hygiene and the inhuman conditions in which they live.

Elections in Bulgaria take place amidst political and economic crisis

By Markus Salzmann, 4 October 2014

It is already clear that the second general election in 18 months will not bring stability to Bulgaria.

Workers Struggles: Europe, Middle East & Africa

3 October 2014

The World Socialist Web Site invites workers and other readers to contribute to this regular feature.

Britain begins bombing in Iraq

UK Conservatives pledge further attacks on democratic rights

By Robert Stevens, 2 October 2014

Home Secretary Theresa May announced that if the Conservatives are returned to power in 2015, they will fully implement the “snoopers charter.”

French government prepares to slash family, health benefits

By Stéphane Hugues, 2 October 2014

The cuts now being implemented will hit broad sections of the working class and the middle classes.

“Poisonous” economic combinations preparing new international crisis

By Nick Beams, 1 October 2014

According to the latest Geneva Report, with debt at historically elevated levels, any part of the world economy could set off a new financial crisis.

UK Tories outline next phase of their war on working class

By Robert Stevens, 1 October 2014

The Conservative Party’s plan to freeze welfare benefits will leave low-income families with children between £350 and £500 a year worse off.

German media and politicians promote rearmament

By Christoph Dreier, 29 September 2014

The demand for major increases in the military budget has moved to the center of German war propaganda.

Germany’s new war minister and Stern magazine

By Denis Krassnin, 29 September 2014

Germany’s defence minister and Stern news magazine both trace political roots to the Nazi era.

Britain’s parliament votes for war in Iraq, and also Syria

By Robert Stevens, 27 September 2014

Prime Minister David Cameron told parliament there was “no legal barrier” to Britain extending parliament’s approval for bombing Iraq to cover similar action in Syria.

German government sends arms to Iraq and backs US air strikes in Syria

By Johannes Stern, 27 September 2014

The German government plans to deliver weapons worth around 70 million euros to Iraq in the coming days.

French Prime Minister Valls denounces striking Air France pilots

By Stéphane Hugues, 27 September 2014

The head of the Socialist Party government denounced pilots as “selfish” as public support grows for the strikers.

Britain prepares to join US-led war in Iraq and Syria

By Paul Mitchell, 26 September 2014

Both the Conservatives and Labour Parties back British involvement in the US-led war, which is aimed at reasserting military dominance in Iraq and throughout the Middle East.

Air France pilots’ strike hardens despite government climbdown

By Antoine Lerougetel, 26 September 2014

The government’s decision, faced with the pilots’ strike, to force Air France to abandon plans for a new low-cost subsidiary signals a major political crisis in France.

Lufthansa insists on pension cuts for pilots

By Dietmar Henning, 26 September 2014

At talks Monday there was no indication of a deal as Lufthansa refuses to budge from its original plans to cut pilots’ retirement provisions.

Danish Socialist Workers Party supports imperialist war in the Middle East

By Christoph Dreier, 26 September 2014

The Danish section of the United Secretariat, the Socialist Workers Party, joined the vote to send an Air Force Hercules transport plane carrying arms to Iraq.

Workers Struggles: Europe, Middle East & Africa

26 September 2014

The World Socialist Web Site invites workers and other readers to contribute this regular feature.

Brutal police provocation at Greek protest over fascist murder of rapper

By John Vassilopoulos, 24 September 2014

Greek police carried out mass arrests and attacked demonstrators at a protest marking the first anniversary since the killing of rapper Pavlos Fyssas by a fascist Golden Dawn member.

Air France management threatens pilots as strike enters second week

By Kumaran Ira, 23 September 2014

Air France is demanding deep cuts in wages, benefits, and working conditions.

Former French President Nicolas Sarkozy returns to politics

By Alex Lantier and Stéphane Hugues, 22 September 2014

Sarkozy’s hour-long prime time TV interview painted a stark picture of political crisis in France and across Europe.

Spain’s most powerful banker warned of “radicalisation”

By Vicky Short, 22 September 2014

Four days before his death on September 10, Emilio Botín invited Spanish journalists to a dinner at which he revealed his fears about the “radicalisation” of Spain.

Air France pilots strike against low wages

By Antoine Lerougetel, 20 September 2014

Seventy-five percent of Air France pilots have been on strike since Monday.

Google report documents surge in electronic surveillance requests by governments worldwide

By Thomas Gaist, 20 September 2014

Google complies with at least 84 percent of US government data requests, which have risen by 250 percent during the past five years.

France’s New Anti-capitalist Party orients to Socialist Party critics of Hollande

By Stéphane Hugues and Alex Lantier, 20 September 2014

The NPA complacently dismisses the idea of a political crisis in France to justify its continuing orientation to the Socialist Party (PS) amid the PS’ ongoing collapse.

Workers Struggles: Europe, Middle East & Africa

19 September 2014

The World Socialist Web Site invites workers and other readers to contribute to this regular feature.

Troika demands further austerity in Greece

By Robert Stevens, 13 September 2014

Greece has to demonstrate that it has imposed the necessary attacks on workers living standards and will match an agreed timetable for further measures to receive additional loans.

Spain: Catalan separatist leader declares Scottish vote “an example for us”

By Alejandro López, 12 September 2014

The separatists in Catalonia and Scotland invoke a false historical narrative that depicts each region as an oppressed nation.

Workers Struggles: Europe, Middle East & Africa

12 September 2014

The World Socialist Web Site invites workers and other readers to contribute to this regular feature.

Germany: Union leader condemns train drivers’ strike

By Dietmar Henning, 11 September 2014

The new chairman of the German Trade Union Federation, Reiner Hoffmann, has sided with corporate management against the strikers.

Dutch report into Ukraine jetliner disaster continues cover-up

By Robert Stevens, 10 September 2014

The Dutch Safety Board’s preliminary report into the crash of Malaysia Airlines Flight 17 is being portrayed by imperialist governments as confirmation that anti-Kiev rebels in eastern Ukraine shot down the plane.

France’s new government shaken by early ministerial resignation

By Anthony Torres, 10 September 2014

The Elysée presidential palace announced the resignation of Thomas Thévenoud, the minister for foreign trade, tourism, and overseas Frenchmen.

Germany: Official report speaks of “deliberate sabotage” by secret service in NSU case

By Sven Heymann, 10 September 2014

The final report of the Thuringia state parliamentary committee of inquiry into the series of murders by the far-right National Socialist Underground makes serious allegations against the state security authorities.

US, EU intensify military threats against Russia

By Kumaran Ira, 10 September 2014

The US and the EU are escalating military threats against Russia, while preparing a raft of new economic sanctions targeting key sections of the Russian economy.