Europe

EU powers treat refugees as pawns

By Martin Kreickenbaum, 4 September 2015

In a sordid competition, almost all EU countries have tightened their asylum laws and repressive measures against refugees seeking escape from war-ravaged countries.

Disaffection with Syriza mounts in Greece ahead of election

By Robert Stevens, 4 September 2015

In the weeks leading to the election, Syriza and the rest of Greece’s bourgeois parties are seeking to cement alliances to implement devastating attacks on the working class.

Power sharing in Northern Ireland threatened with collapse

By Jordan Shilton, 4 September 2015

Both the Republican and Unionist parties consider the encouragement and manipulation of divisions essential in facilitating the intensification of their assault on workers.

Germany’s middle class shrinks

By Dietmar Henning, 4 September 2015

In spite of higher employment numbers, the German middle class shrank from 56 to 48 percent of the population between 1992 and 2013.

Thousands of refugees held at Budapest train station

By Markus Salzmann, 3 September 2015

Record numbers of refugees are fleeing Syria and other countries devastated by the intervention of the Western powers.

Spain increases its presence in Africa

By Alejandro López, 3 September 2015

There are currently around 1,000 Spanish soldiers in 10 land, air and naval missions on African soil.

German defence minister exploits refugee crisis to strengthen military

By Wolfgang Weber, 1 September 2015

Constraints on the domestic use of the German military, in place since the end of Nazi rule, are being wiped away.

UK Labour Party steps up purge of suspected Corbyn supporters

By Chris Marsden, 1 September 2015

The entire full-time staff of the Labour Party is now exclusively occupied in investigating those who have paid £3 to become labour supporters to vote in the leadership contest.

Neo-fascist rally exposes Finnish government’s ties to extreme right

By Jordan Shilton, 1 September 2015

The strengthening of the extreme right in Finland comes as the US seeks to integrate the Nordic countries in its drive against Russia.

London Underground unions call off strikes

By Michael Barnes, 29 August 2015

All four unions which had threatened to strike are now working out the formula with which to force 24-hour work upon their members.

The refugee crisis and the inhuman face of European capitalism

By Peter Schwarz, 28 August 2015

The horrors facing refugees are compounded by the day. On Thursday, two boats capsized near Libya, with hundreds feared dead. This follows the death of up to 50 Syrian refugees in a truck in Austria.

Workers Struggles: Europe, Middle East & Africa

28 August 2015

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Fifty refugees die in ship’s hold in new Mediterranean migrant tragedy

By Robert Stevens, 27 August 2015

Around 50 refugees and asylum seekers were found dead in the hold of a boat off the coast of Libya Wednesday morning.

Varoufakis documents Syriza's political treachery

By Robert Stevens, 24 August 2015

Varoufakis’ documentation of the reactionary, anti-socialist perspective of Syriza exposes the lies of the Left Platform and pseudo-left groups the world over.

Troops fire on refugees trying to enter Macedonia

By Bill Van Auken, 22 August 2015

The vicious assault unfolded amid a crisis over how to deal with the growing numbers fleeing to Europe to escape war and poverty.

In bid to ram through austerity package, Tsipras calls snap elections in Greece

By Alex Lantier, 21 August 2015

The snap election is a cynical attempt to boost Syriza’s vote before the austerity policies go into effect, in anticipation of a confrontation with the working class.

Capitalism and the global refugee crisis

By Robert Stevens, 21 August 2015

Millions have been made homeless and thrown into grinding poverty as a result of wars in Afghanistan, Iraq, Syria and Libya.

Workers Struggles: Europe, Middle East & Africa

21 August 2015

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German Army and NATO begin major military exercises against Russia

By Johannes Stern, 20 August 2015

One of the largest multinational exercises in years on German territory, “Swift Response”, began on Monday.

German parliament votes by a large majority for Greek austerity plan

By Peter Schwarz, 20 August 2015

The surrender by the Syriza government in Greece has clearly strengthened the Merkel government in Germany and the drive for austerity policies throughout Europe.

Jeremy Corbyn’s economic plan to rescue British capitalism

By Paul Mitchell and Chris Marsden, 20 August 2015

The programme advanced by Corbyn in his campaign for Labour Party leadership challenges neither the market economy, nor the major corporations and banks.

European parliaments move to back austerity measures for Greece

By Peter Schwarz, 19 August 2015

There is no serious opposition in a single European parliament to the brutal cuts being imposed on Greece, which mean untold misery for millions of workers and youth.

Scores of refugees die brutally in the Mediterranean

By Robert Stevens, 18 August 2015

At least 49 migrants died in the hold of an overcrowded fishing boat off the coast of Libya Saturday, thought to have asphyxiated after inhaling fumes from fuel.

Eurogroup approves austerity deal with Syriza-led Greek government

By Robert Stevens, 15 August 2015

Eurogroup President Jeroen Dijsselbloem welcomed Syriza’s passage of measures that will cut the living standards of millions of workers and further devastate the economy.

Greek parliament votes for new round of austerity measures

Syriza’s Tsipras set to call vote of confidence

By Christoph Dreier and Chris Marsden, 14 August 2015

The measures backed by the Syriza-led government, in line with the demands of the European banks, are a further assault on Greek workers and youth, following years of brutal austerity measures.

Sweden drops some allegations against Julian Assange but US-backed persecution continues

By James Cogan, 14 August 2015

The passing of five years has not dampened Washington’s vindictive pursuit of the WikiLeaks editor.

German companies profit from the new “refugee industry”

By Sven Heymann, 14 August 2015

Thousands of people who seek refuge in Germany from poverty, war and dictatorship find catastrophic conditions upon their arrival.

Danger mounts of US/NATO war with Russia

By Patrick Martin, 13 August 2015

An expert analysis of this year’s NATO and Russian military exercises suggests that the two sides are moving closer to outright war.

Syriza agrees to full list of EU austerity demands in new bailout plan

By Robert Stevens, 12 August 2015

The proposed deal, which accepts all the main demands of the "troika," will have catastrophic consequences for Greece’s already impoverished population.

Who is the new German Attorney General Peter Frank?

By Wolfgang Weber, 12 August 2015

The new attorney general will oversee the attack on democratic rights, an expansion of the security apparatus and the creation of the framework of a police state in Germany.

Germany: Layoffs at gourmet chain Karstadt/Perfetto

By Jan Peters and Marianne Arens, 12 August 2015

German department store group Karstadt is closing more branches and sacking hundreds of staff.

Italian pseudo-left supports Syriza’s betrayal

By Marianne Arens, 11 August 2015

Italian pseudo-left politician Nichi Vendola is dissolving his SEL organisation and preparing to establish a new “political subject” modelled on Syriza.

London Tube workers carry out 24-hour strike

By Paul Mitchell, 8 August 2015

Although deliberately limited by the unions, the walkout brought the capital city of 8.63 million people to a virtual standstill.

London Tube worker describes issues in struggle

By our correspondent, 8 August 2015

London Underground worker explains how the introduction of night work would set the precedent for further attacks on conditions.

Background to the government attack on Netzpolitik.org

German court in 1992 upheld 1931 treason conviction of Carl von Ossietzky

By Andreas Kunstmann, 8 August 2015

The BGH judges in 1992 made the decisive factor the legal opinion of judges who later became supporters of the Nazi state.

Hundreds dead as refugee boat sinks in Mediterranean

By Martin Kreickenbaum, 7 August 2015

The US and European powers bear responsibility for the mass deaths of refugees trying to escape the terrible conditions in their home countries.

UK teachers leave profession in record numbers

By Tania Kent, 7 August 2015

Applications for teaching jobs have declined by 27,000 in the last 12 months.

Workers Struggles: Europe, Middle East & Africa

7 August 2015

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German government fires prosecutor over treason charge against Internet blog

By Ulrich Rippert, 5 August 2015

The attack by the intelligence services on Netzpolitik.org has provoked a major political crisis.

International Viewpoint, Syriza and the fraud of Greece’s “Truth Committee” on debt

By Robert Stevens, 4 August 2015

Syriza’s initial support for a debt audit was merely a diversion to prevent any mobilisation of the working class against the EU and the Greek ruling class.

Calls for deployment of German army to deal with refugees

By Martin Kreikenbaum, 4 August 2015

A leading Social Democrat has called for the army to operate German refugee reception centres.

London Underground workers set to hold second 24-hour strike

By Daniel O’Flynn, 4 August 2015

LU workers are involved in a political struggle with the employers and government, which want to reorganise the transport system on behalf of global capital.

Union calls off District line action prior to London Underground strike

By Ross Mitchell, 3 August 2015

Seven drivers, members of ASLEF, were suspended by LUL management for refusing to take out trains as part of union-initiated industrial action.

The political bankruptcy of Syriza’s Left Platform

By Alex Lantier, 1 August 2015

By giving Tsipras a green light to negotiate more EU austerity, Syriza’s Central Committee has exposed the Left Platform’s claims that there is broad opposition to austerity within Syriza.

German federal prosecutor investigates blog for treason

By Ulrich Rippert, 1 August 2015

If a similar procedure were implemented in the US it would mean that any journalist who wrote on the material exposed by Edward Snowden would be liable for prosecution.

Workers Struggles: Europe, Middle East & Africa

31 July 2015

The World Socialist Web Site invites workers and other readers to contribute to this regular feature.

Russia vetoes MH17 tribunal push by US allies

By Mike Head, 30 July 2015

The UN Security Council resolution demanded an international criminal court despite no evidence being produced of Russian involvement in the plane’s downing.

Siemens boss Joe Kaeser calls for strong “leadership” and glorifies a dictator

By Ulrich Rippert, 27 July 2015

The international press is once again gripped by the question of how Germany can be kept under control and prevented from dominating Europe.

Tata Steel to sack 720 workers in England

By Danny Richardson, 23 July 2015

The plan to shut down three steel bar manufacturing plants is part of a six-year long business restructuring strategy.

After Berlin dictates EU bailout of Greece

French ruling elite debates how to deal with Germany

By Kumaran Ira and Alex Lantier, 21 July 2015

While the French bourgeoisie supports harsh attacks on Greek workers, it is shocked by Berlin’s threat to unilaterally expel Greece from the euro zone.

Tsipras expels critics of EU austerity deal from Greek cabinet

By Alex Lantier, 18 July 2015

The cabinet reshuffle aims to stabilize the Syriza government while it negotiates a new austerity memorandum with the European Union.

Auschwitz bookkeeper Gröning sentenced to four years in prison

By Sybille Fuchs, 18 July 2015

For decades, the German judicial system showed little interest in prosecuting those who participated in the murder machinery of the Nazis.

German auto workers condemn austerity deal imposed on Greece

By our correspondents, 17 July 2015

Workers at GM-Opel’s Rüsselsheim plant denounced the brutal austerity measures imposed on Greece last weekend by the German government.

Workers Struggles: Europe, Middle East & Africa

17 July 2015

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Lessons from Greece: The pseudo-left in power

By Joseph Kishore, 15 July 2015

Syriza’s betrayal is all the more brazen because it occurred within days of a popular repudiation of EU ultimatums in a referendum called by the government itself.

Syriza government campaigns for Greek parliament to pass EU austerity package

By Alex Lantier, 15 July 2015

Greek Premier Alexis Tsipras criticized the plan he agreed upon with the EU, yet called on the Greek parliament to vote for it anyway.

Defend the Greek workers! Oppose the diktat of Schäuble and Merkel!

By Partei für Soziale Gleichheit, 14 July 2015

The PSG (Socialist Equality Party) in Germany calls on workers throughout Europe to declare their solidarity with the workers in Greece and resist the German government and EU.

WikiLeaks email release reveals hacking by governments worldwide

By Mike Head, 13 July 2015

At least 46 countries are identified as seeking Hacking Team software to secretly access and monitor computers and smart phones.

Germany: Outokumpu steel plant closes in Bochum

By Philipp Frisch, 10 July 2015

The shutting of the plant followed a well-known script, with the unions seeking to keep employees quiet with vague promises of job security, while the plant was closed in installments.

Workers Struggles: Europe, Middle East & Africa

10 July 2015

The World Socialist Web Site invites workers and other readers to contribute to this regular feature.

German Ver.di trade union sells out postal workers strike

By Gustav Kemper, 9 July 2015

After a four-week strike and a high degree of militancy by German postal workers, the Verdi trade union has accepted a contract that is directly opposed to workers’ interests.

Netherlands: Crackdown after police kill immigrant worker

By Stefan Steinberg, 7 July 2015

The recent protests in The Hague are a response to the poverty and years of police harassment prevailing in impoverished regions in the Netherlands.

A landslide “no” to EU austerity in Greece

By Alex Lantier, 6 July 2015

Yesterday’s “no” vote in Greece is a massive popular repudiation of the EU and the austerity agenda it has pursued across Europe since the 2008 economic crisis.

Ver.di ends strike at Berlin’s Charité hospital

By Markus Salzmann, 6 July 2015

The Ver.di trade union is fraudulently celebrating the agreement at the Charité as a great breakthrough.

On the spot report from Athens

Mass demonstration opposes austerity in Greece

By Robert Stevens and Christoph Dreier, 4 July 2015

Tens of thousands of people took part in a demonstration Friday evening in Athens in opposition to the austerity programme of the European Union and International Monetary Fund.

On eve of referendum

Rumbles of military coup as Greek workers demand end to EU austerity

By Alex Lantier, 4 July 2015

Statements by retired military officers calling for a “yes” vote in Sunday’s Greek referendum carry the implied threat of a coup.

French president rejects bid to assist WikiLeaks founder

By Patrick Martin, 4 July 2015

President Hollande has rebuffed calls to grant asylum to Assange in the wake of revelations by Wikileaks of illegal NSA spying on several French leaders.

German train drivers’ union agrees to strike ban effective until 2020

By Dietmar Henning, 4 July 2015

Hidden within a new agreement with Deutsche Bahn, the GDL has agreed to a “binding arbitration settlement”—in effect, a strike ban—for the life of the contract.

Workers Struggles: Europe, Middle East & Africa

3 July 2015

The World Socialist Web Site invites workers and other readers to contribute to this regular feature.

Tsipras’s surrender rejected as Berlin pushes for regime-change in Greece

By Chris Marsden, 2 July 2015

Senior German officials said that no matter what terms Athens offered, Berlin would seek to force a change of government in Greece.

On the spot report from Athens

Protests grow as Greek referendum nears

By Robert Stevens and Christoph Dreier, 2 July 2015

While the more wealthy layers of society defend austerity and support a “yes” vote, workers and poor people want to vote “no.”

“Syriza disregarded the wishes of the Greek population”

Workers speak out against austerity in Greece

By Robert Stevens and Christoph Dreier, 1 July 2015

Workers interviewed by a WSWS reporting team in Athens, Greece, spoke out against austerity and attacks on democratic rights.

Germany: IG Metall union suppresses opposition at ThyssenKrupp

By Dietmar Henning, 1 July 2015

IG Metall at Thyssen Krupp is trying to stifle all opposition and erect a sophisticated system aimed at policing workers at the factory.

UK: Another £22 billion in “savings efficiencies” in National Health Service

By Ajanta Silva, 30 June 2015

The government’s claim that the second round of “efficiency savings” will be accomplished through better procurement and efficient rostering of staff is fraudulent.

European energy firms agree to expand Nord Stream pipeline with Gazprom

By Clara Weiss, 30 June 2015

Differences within the European Union, as well as between the EU and the US, are emerging over energy policy and relations with Russia.

Protests continue in Armenia

By Andrea Peters, 30 June 2015

Demonstrators demanding a permanent reversal of electricity rate hikes remain on the streets in the capital of Armenia, a key ally of Russia in the Caucasus.

Syriza’s fraudulent capital controls

By Nick Beams, 30 June 2015

Billions of euros have been taken out of Greece by wealthy individuals and corporations in order to make a financial killing if the country goes back to the drachma.

UK unions abandon strike threat at Tata Steel

By Danny Richardson, 29 June 2015

A spokesman for Tata Steel indicated that the company believes it has made gains at workers’ expense.

Ver.di seeks to impose sellout of German childcare workers strike

By Marianne Arens, 27 June 2015

Many workers who had placed great hopes in the strike are incensed over Ver.di’s behaviour.

US, NATO powers intensify preparations for nuclear war

By Thomas Gaist, 26 June 2015

NATO officials revealed plans for a more aggressive nuclear strategy to counter “Russian aggression,” just days after US war planners called for a new generation of nuclear weapons.

German child care strike delegates rebuff union president

By Marianne Arens, 26 June 2015

The arbitration proposal brought by the ver.di leadership to end the month-long child care workers strike would amount to a freeze in real wages for 240,000 workers.

Dortmund: Steelworkers protest against plant closure

By Philipp Frisch, 26 June 2015

Workers denounced management and demanded strike action at a workplace meeting at the Hoesch sheet steel works (HSP) earlier this month.

Political issues in the Greek debt crisis

By Alex Lantier, 26 June 2015

Having built its entire policy around denying the possibility of socialist revolution, Syriza is proposing ever deeper attacks on the working class under the EU’s direction.

Workers Struggles: Europe, Middle East & Africa

26 June 2015

The World Socialist Web Site invites workers and other readers to contribute to this regular feature.

EU rejects Syriza’s austerity proposals at euro group summit

By Robert Stevens, 25 June 2015

The EU is demanding even deeper cuts, beyond the austerity measures Syriza agreed to over the weekend after capitulating to the EU’s previous demands.

Striking Berlin hospital workers denounce austerity, staffing cuts

By our correspondents, 25 June 2015

Several hundred nurses and care workers gathered at the Ministry of Health on the second day of the strike at Berlin’s Charité Hospital, Europe’s largest health facility.

Pentagon chief outlines war preparations against Russia

By Niles Williamson, 24 June 2015

The announcement by the US that it will deploy heavy military equipment and soldiers to Eastern Europe is a further step on the road to a US-NATO war against Russia.

The role of Ver.di and the Left Party in the Berlin health workers strike

By Markus Salzmann and Ulrich Rippert, 24 June 2015

The precondition for a successful struggle at Berlin’s Charité is a break with Ver.di and its workplace organization.

After Syriza’s concessions, EU demands more austerity at Greek debt summit

By Alex Lantier, 23 June 2015

While approving Syriza’s capitulation to its demands for deep cuts in pensions and health care, the EU called for further austerity measures as a precondition for a deal on Greek debt.

Far right makes major gains in Danish elections

By Jordan Shilton, 23 June 2015

The sharp shift to the right by the Social Democrats has prepared the way for the emergence of xenophobic and nationalist forces.

Germany arrests Al Jazeera journalist on warrant issued by Egyptian junta

By Alex Lantier, 22 June 2015

The arrest of Ahmed Mansour is a signal from Berlin that it views repressive measures by military dictatorships as politically legitimate.

Syriza offers last-ditch concessions prior to EU summit on Greek debt

By Robert Stevens, 22 June 2015

Greek Prime Minister Tsipras heads to the summit under the threat of a deliberately imposed economic catastrophe and expulsion from the eurozone.

NATO rapid reaction force exercises in Poland target Russia

By Christoph Dreier, 22 June 2015

Germany has taken the lead in the latest in a series of military training exercises in Eastern Europe aimed at escalating the war threat against Moscow.

Ukrainians testify to a life of poverty and violence under US-backed government

By Jason Melanovski, 22 June 2015

The WSWS recently spoke with Ukrainian workers and students on the current state of social and economic conditions under the right-wing regime of Petro Poroshenko.

Nurses strike at Berlin Charité clinic in Germany

By Ute Reissner, 22 June 2015

Nurses and other caregivers at the largest university hospital in Europe are walking out against understaffing and the sacrifice of patient care for profit.

European Central Bank extends credit on fears of Greek bank collapse

By Robert Stevens, 20 June 2015

The brinksmanship of the EU and ECB threatens not only the decimation of the Greek economy, but a potential domino effect that could impact on the entire European economy.

Belgian and French authorities move to seize Russian assets

By Andrea Peters, 20 June 2015

Implementing a ruling handed down by the Hague, law enforcement officials are working to seize billions of dollars of Russian assets in Europe and around the world.

German Left Party on course to join the government

By Christoph Dreier, 20 June 2015

The naming of Wagenknecht and Bartsch to the leadership of the Left Party fraction in parliament is another step towards participation in a federal coalition government.

Polish government plagued by spying scandal

By Markus Salzmann, 20 June 2015

Only a few months before parliamentary elections this autumn, new revelations about a spying scandal have plunged the conservative Civic Platform into crisis.

Why the German media refuses to report Humboldt University students’ defense of Münkler-Watch

By Johannes Stern, 20 June 2015

Not a single article has appeared in the German press noting the IYSSE resolution passed June 11 by the student parliament of Humboldt University.