France

François Hollande declines to run for re-election as French president

By Kumaran Ira, 7 December 2016

This is the first time since the creation of the office of the French presidency in 1958 that a first-term incumbent has chosen not to run for re-election.

Fillon presidential bid in France exposes bankruptcy of NPA backing of Hollande

By Alice Laurençon, 29 November 2016

Responsibility for the rise of Fillon and the far right lies above all with organizations like the NPA, which have blocked opposition to the PS from the left.

France: Fillon wins presidential primary of right-wing parties

By Alex Lantier, 28 November 2016

Fillon’s victory as the candidate of The Republicans signifies a sharp shift to the right toward intensified austerity, nationalism and militarism.

French right’s presidential primary highlights shift far to the right

By Alex Lantier and Alice Laurençon, 25 November 2016

François Fillon and Alain Juppé, who will run Sunday in the second round of the French right’s presidential primary, held one last debate on Thursday night.

Former economy minister Macron announces French presidential election bid

By Anthony Torres, 23 November 2016

The election bid points to the advanced state of disintegration of François Hollande’s government and of the Socialist Party, which is anticipating a debacle in the elections.

France’s Jean-Pierre Chevènement hails US President-elect Trump

By Kumaran Ira, 22 November 2016

The former leader of the Republican and Citizen Movement is trying to assemble a political coalition, including the neo-fascist National Front, to pursue nationalist policies.

French crackdown on “youth delinquency” in New Caledonia

By John Braddock, 22 November 2016

Armed clashes between Kanak youth and police in the small French Pacific territory point to explosive social tensions.

Fillon, Juppé win first round of French right’s presidential primary

By Alice Laurençon, 21 November 2016

The media presented the Les Républicains primary as determining the candidate who will most likely run against Marine Le Pen of the neo-fascist National Front in the second round of the presidential elections next year.

Build the Socialist Equality Party (France)!

By , 15 November 2016

This statement was adopted as the historical and political basis for the founding of the Parti de l’égalité socialiste, the French section of the ICFI.

The International Committee of the Fourth International founds its French section

By our reporter, 15 November 2016

The International Committee of the Fourth International has recognized the Parti de l'égalité socialiste as its French section.

French prime minister calls for extension of state of emergency

By Alex Lantier, 14 November 2016

Coming just after Donald Trump’s election as US president, the announcement points to the accelerating collapse of democratic forms of rule on both sides of the Atlantic.

French government creates illegal database on over 60 million citizens

By Anthony Torres, 14 November 2016

By setting up a single database monitoring the entire French population, the Socialist Party government is arming the state with vast repressive powers.

After Calais camp closure

French neo-fascists step up calls for attacks on refugees

By Francis Dubois, 11 November 2016

Those calling for the persecution of refugees enjoy the more or less open support of the French political establishment.

Shock in Europe over Trump’s election victory

By Peter Schwarz, 10 November 2016

Europe’s ruling elites fear that the election of Trump will not only destabilise the United States, but also the rest of the world.

France’s New Anti-Capitalist Party covers up its support for Libya war

By Kumaran Ira, 10 November 2016

As the Libyan catastrophe produced by the 2011 NATO war exposes the NPA’s bankruptcy, it is trying to bury its own record of supporting imperialist war.

French police launch demolition of “Jungle” refugee camp in Calais

By Kumaran Ira and Alex Lantier, 25 October 2016

The Socialist Party government’s hailing of the police assault on the camp as a “humanitarian” operation designed to protect refugees is an odious political lie.

French presidential election 2017

Right-wing candidates’ debate advocates austerity, police-state measures

By Kumaran Ira, 24 October 2016

The French political establishment is unanimous that anti-Muslim hatred and police-state forms of rule are to become permanent features of political life.

Divisions grow at EU summit over trans-Atlantic trade, war drive against Russia

By Alex Lantier, 22 October 2016

The European Union is incapable not only of reaching agreement on policy, but of hiding the increasingly embittered tensions among its member states.

Police stage right-wing, law and order protest in France

By Francis Dubois, 22 October 2016

The Socialist Party government has cultivated the police as its main social base, and police are now aggressively advancing demands for more resources and powers.

France creates National Guard targeting the working class

By Anthony Torres, 17 October 2016

Adopting a neo-fascist proposal to create a National Guard, the Socialist Party is preparing for large-scale military operations inside France itself.

Tensions rise between Poland and France after failed arms deal

By Clara Weiss, 17 October 2016

Relations between France and Poland have worsened substantially after the Polish government pulled out of an arms deal with Airbus that had been planned for years.

French President Hollande cancels Paris meeting with Russian President Putin

By Anthony Torres, 13 October 2016

The cancellation of the Russian President’s visit to France is part of a dangerous explosion of military tensions between NATO and Russia over Syria.

Britain and France prepare military escalation in Syria

By Robert Stevens, 12 October 2016

The British parliament met in an emergency three-hour session Tuesday to accuse Russia of war crimes in Syria.

France calls for its own “pivot to Asia” amid US war drive against China

By Kumaran Ira, 10 October 2016

French imperialism is laying out an aggressive military strategy in the Asia-Pacific as Washington intensifies its war drive against China.

France’s sale of Rafale jets to India stokes Indo-Pakistani war tensions

By Senthooran Ravee, 5 October 2016

The Rafale deal is one of India’s largest-ever arms purchases

Britain attacks plans for European military union at Bratislava summit

By Johannes Stern and Alex Lantier, 28 September 2016

British officials see German and French plans to militarise the European Union as an intolerable threat to the NATO alliance and Europe's relations with the United States.

French right-wing candidate Alain Juppé warns of rising anti-Muslim hysteria

By Kumaran Ira, 26 September 2016

Juppé’s party played a major role in stoking anti-Muslim sentiment, and his statement that it has placed France on the verge of “civil war” is a damning self-indictment.

Germany and France press ahead with a European military union

By Johannes Stern, 23 September 2016

A joint paper by the German and French defence ministers calls for the development of an independent European military and great power policy.

Neo-fascist Marine Le Pen launches 2017 French presidential election bid

By Kumaran Ira, 22 September 2016

Le Pen's emergence as a contender for power, amid a state of emergency imposed by the Socialist Party, points to the accelerating collapse of French democracy.

Hundreds of thousands march in new protest against French labour law

By V. Gnana and Stéphane Hugues, 16 September 2016

Deep popular opposition remains to the law, even after trade unions halted the protests over the summer holidays.

Germany, France propose EU military alliance before post-Brexit summit

By Alex Lantier, 13 September 2016

In response to Brexit, Berlin and Paris aim to transform the EU into a military alliance capable of waging major wars abroad and large-scale repression at home.

French unions join far-right movement against refugees in Calais

By Anthony Torres, 12 September 2016

The CGT is inciting nationalist hatred to divide the workers and disorient their opposition to the wars and social cuts of the French government, which it helped elect.

Greek PM Tsipras promotes nationalism, austerity at Southern European conference

By Alex Lantier, 9 September 2016

Amid protests against its austerity policies in Greece, Syriza is boosting the EU and trying to divert social anger along nationalist lines, inciting anti-German sentiment.

Left Front promotes French regime-change operation in oil-rich Gabon

By Stéphane Hugues, 7 September 2016

Mélenchon joined a demonstration that implicitly called for a military intervention by France, the former colonial power, to topple incumbent President Ali Bongo.

France pushes for regime change after contested elections in Gabon

By Stéphane Hugues and Alex Lantier, 2 September 2016

Well before investigations of the election returns have begun, Paris is demanding that incumbent President Ali Bongo immediately hand over power.

France demands end to trade talks with US amid rising US-EU tensions

By V. Gnana and Alex Lantier, 31 August 2016

As France demanded an end to talks on the TTIP trade deal, the EU said it would levy a €13 billion fine on Apple, a move the US Treasury said could damage US-EU ties.

Sarkozy launches French presidential bid based on anti-Muslim hysteria

By Kumaran Ira, 29 August 2016

The former French president called for returning to universal military service and imposing measures that would turn France’s Muslim population into second-class citizens.

French woman arrested, fined for wearing Muslim headscarf on Cannes beach

By Anthony Torres, 29 August 2016

In an unprecedented attack on freedom of religion and on France’s Muslim community, local police are moving to effectively criminalize the wearing of Muslim headscarves.

Divisions rise inside EU at summit between Germany, France and Italy

By Alex Lantier, 23 August 2016

Amid the escalating crisis unleashed by the Brexit vote, the remaining major EU powers barely succeeded in papering over the divisions between them.

After brawl in town of Sisco, France launches campaign to ban burkini

By Kumaran Ira, 18 August 2016

Seizing on an ethnic brawl, the French political establishment is hysterically accusing Muslim women wearing burkinis of promoting terrorism.

Adama Traoré’s autopsy undermines French police’s account of his death

By Kumaran Ira, 2 August 2016

Police banned a peaceful rally protesting the death in police custoday of 24-year-old Adama Traoré after a new autopsy contradicted initial police accounts.

Two ISIS supporters shot dead after slaying a priest in France

By Kumaran Ira, 27 July 2016

The two attackers were summarily executed by elite police units as they left a church, where they had slit the throat of an 86-year-old priest.

Three French soldiers killed during secret military operations in Libya

By Anthony Torres, 27 July 2016

The incident underscores the illegal character of the ongoing military operations in Libya, which are being carried out behind the backs of the French people.

French president, British prime minister meet to discuss Brexit crisis

By Alex Lantier, 23 July 2016

Hollande shifted towards a more accommodating position, giving Britain more time to negotiate the exit and reaffirming Britain’s role as a key military ally of France.

Riots spread after Adama Traoré’s death in police custody near Paris

By our reporter, 22 July 2016

Traoré’s family and friends are disputing police claims that he died of a heart attack while in police custody, alleging that he was beaten to death by police.

France’s permanent state of emergency

By Alex Lantier, 21 July 2016

Amid a deep crisis of bourgeois democracy and seething social tensions across Europe, the ruling elite aims to transition from democratic to dictatorial forms of rule.

After Nice attack, French government calls up military reserves

By Alex Lantier, 18 July 2016

Well before the political character of the mass killing in Nice has been clearly established, the French government is pushing for military escalation inside and outside France.

German Left Party and Greens: Warmongering after the attack in Nice

By Johannes Stern, 18 July 2016

Seizing on the murderous attack in southern France, two leading members of the German Left and Green parties demanded an intensified military intervention in Syria and Iraq.

Dozens murdered in possible terrorist attack in Nice, France

By Oscar Grenfell, 15 July 2016

French President Francois Hollande invoked the horrific attack to justify expansion of the “state of emergency” for another three months.

NATO convenes summit in Warsaw to make war preparations against Russia

By Johannes Stern, 8 July 2016

The measures to be decided on by the western military alliance in the Polish capital will further escalate the threat of war in Europe.

French parliamentary report on terror attacks calls for new police powers

By Alex Lantier, 8 July 2016

The report, which evades the role of the imperialist war in Syria in creating the Islamist networks that carried out the attacks, is awash with contradictions and evasions.

Amid protests, French government uses emergency powers to impose draft labor law

By Alex Lantier, 6 July 2016

The use of the constitution’s Article 49-3 to impose a redraft of the law without a vote in the National Assembly testifies to the Socialist Party’s contempt for democracy.

Courts persecute opponents of French labour law in Amiens

By Antoine Lerougetel, 2 July 2016

Two anti-El Khomri law protesters, Manon Chelmy and high school student Jules, 18, were sentenced to 90 hours of community service.

French president pushes for labor law vote as unions try to defuse protests

By Stéphane Hugues and Alex Lantier, 1 July 2016

Having already threatened to ban protests against the law under the state of emergency, the PS government is working with the union bureaucracies to wind down opposition.

Mass protests follow failed attempt to ban opposition to French labor law

By Alex Lantier, 24 June 2016

Having pulled back from its attempt to ban demonstrations, the Socialist Party is proposing to outlaw left-wing parties that it considers opposed to the French state.

French government backs down from ban on protest against labor law

By Alex Lantier, 23 June 2016

Trade union officials told the Socialist Party government they feared large numbers of people would defy any ban on today's protest in Paris.

Despite mounting opposition, French unions signal concessions on labor law

By Alex Lantier, 20 June 2016

The Stalinist General Confederation of Labor has indicated that it may be open to negotiating firm-level contracts under the new law that violate the national Labor Code.

French government threatens ban on protests against labor law

By V. Gnana and Alex Lantier, 16 June 2016

Shaken by rising working class opposition, the Socialist Party is signaling that it is prepared to shred basic democratic rights and institute a police state regime to impose austerity.

Opposition mounts to French labor law in new national day of action

By Anthony Torres, 15 June 2016

Despite the government’s efforts to smash strikes and demoralize workers, marches in several cities were noticeably larger than in previous mobilizations.

ISIS-linked operative murders police commander and his wife near Paris

By Alex Lantier, 15 June 2016

As in the Charlie Hebdo and November 13 shootings in Paris last year, and the March 22 Brussels attack, the alleged murderer was well-known to the intelligence services.

French unions boost pressure to end strike movement against labor law

By Anthony Torres, 13 June 2016

The union bureaucracy is isolating workers, industry by industry, while preparing new talks with the Socialist Party government.

French government threatens to crush strikes as Euro 2016 football cup starts

By Alex Lantier, 11 June 2016

Workers also faced criticism from union officials, who pushed for an end to the strike with claims that striking during the Euro cup would reflect badly on their image.

Strikes against austerity in France and Belgium defy union pressure for sellout

By Alex Lantier, 9 June 2016

Garbage workers took strike action in several cities across France, joining rail, port and oil workers in France and rail workers in Belgium.

France’s New Anti-capitalist Party hails CWA sellout of Verizon strike

By Kumaran Ira, 9 June 2016

The NPA's position on the Verizon strike is a warning that it will also support a sellout of the strike movement against the French government's austerity policies.

Striking rail workers speak out on movement against French labor law

By Alex Lantier and V. Gnana, 6 June 2016

WSWS reporters spoke to striking rail workers and students mobilized in solidarity with their strike at railway stations across Paris.

A dozen dead, tens of thousands displaced as floods hit Germany and France

By our reporter, 4 June 2016

Floods claimed between 12 and 18 lives, according to initial reports, and it is feared that the death toll could climb higher.

Strikes in France elicit support from German workers

By Verena Nees, 3 June 2016

Sympathy from workers and young people, anger and resentment in the media—this is how Germany is reacting to the strikes in France.

Strike wave against labor law spreads in France

By Kumaran Ira, 2 June 2016

As the trade union bureaucracy prepares to sell out an escalating strike wave, opposition to the Socialist Party’s “El Khomri” labor reform is mounting in the working class.

French strike movement exposes bankruptcy of New Anti-capitalist Party

By Alex Lantier, 2 June 2016

The emergence of the working class as the central force in struggle against France's Socialist Party government refutes the anti-working class perspective of the NPA.

The return of the “grand narrative”

By Andre Damon, 1 June 2016

The resurgence of the class struggle is undermining the intellectual charlatanry that underpinned the ideological dominance of various forms of anti-Marxism over the past half-century.

Belgian public sector goes on strike in run-up to French rail walkout

By Ross Mitchell and Alex Lantier, 1 June 2016

Workers are mobilising across national borders in Europe against the reactionary austerity policies that the entire European Union has imposed since the 2008 crash.

Video: Striking oil workers speak out against anti-worker French labor law

By Alex Lantier and Johannes Stern, 30 May 2016

Over the weekend, WSWS reporters visited the Total refinery in Grandpuits, which is on strike to protest the Socialist Party government’s anti-worker labor law.

CGT union tries to block general strike against French labor law

By Alex Lantier, 30 May 2016

On the BFM-Politique show, CGT General Secretary Philippe Martinez said he was in back-channel talks with the government over its unpopular labor law.

Amid strikes, French President Hollande pledges to impose labor law

By Alex Lantier, 28 May 2016

Hollande is manoeuvring to use the trade union bureaucracy to contain social anger among workers against his reactionary labor law reform.

The El Khomri law in France and the Schröder-Blair Paper

By Peter Schwarz, 28 May 2016

Over the past decade and a half, the social democratic parties, working with the trade unions, have led the drive to impose austerity on the working class.

As strikes spread, mass protests demand withdrawal of French labor law

By Alex Lantier and Johannes Stern, 27 May 2016

Hundreds of thousands of people marched throughout France Thursday in the eighth nationwide protest against the anti-worker law implemented earlier this month.

French workers speak out against labor law

By Alex Lantier and Johannes Stern, 27 May 2016

WSWS reporters spoke to workers during Thursday’s demonstrations in Paris against the “El Khomri” labor reforms.

Strike wave against austerity spreads in France, Belgium

By Kumaran Ira, 26 May 2016

Police repression of anti-austerity protests in France and Belgium is enraging workers and driving broader layers of the working class into struggle.

French Socialist Party’s labor reform boosts far-right National Front

By Francis Dubois, 26 May 2016

The far-right party can only profit from the Socialist Party’s ruthless austerity policy due to the reactionary role of the pseudo-left organisations.

Mobilize European workers to defend French strikers!

By Alex Lantier, 26 May 2016

The most powerful ally of workers struggling against pro-austerity governments in France, Belgium and Greece is the European and international working class.

International finance capital and the strikes in France

By Nick Beams, 25 May 2016

The aim of the “structural reforms” demanded by the IMF and the financial elites is the destruction of all the social gains of the European working class won in the past seven decades.

French government seeks to crush strikes against labor law

By Alex Lantier, 25 May 2016

A number of strikers were wounded when security forces assaulted workers blockading oil installations at the Fos-sur-Mer port near Marseille.

Workers speak on police crackdown against oil protest in France

By Anthony Torres, 25 May 2016

Dockworkers and students described a "war scene" as hundreds of riot police attacked demonstrators in Marseillaise with tear gas and batons.

Oil workers mobilise against French labour law

By Kumaran Ira, 23 May 2016

The Socialist Party is sending riot police to break up refinery strikes as they cause fuel shortages across France.

While cause of Egypt Air crash remains unknown, terror scare mounts

By Thomas Gaist, 21 May 2016

The US and Europe are seizing on the incident to justify an escalation of their military operations.

A resurgence of class struggle

By Barry Grey, 21 May 2016

The revival of the class struggle is finding political expression in the turn by workers against all of the parties of the official “left” that are backed by the trade unions.

French parliament extends state of emergency amid rising protests

By Alex Lantier, 20 May 2016

Contrary to official claims, the state of emergency is not aimed at Islamist terrorism, but at growing opposition in the working class to social austerity and military and police violence.

French government backs neo-fascist protest against opposition to labor law

By Alex Lantier, 19 May 2016

Wednesday’s protest, organised by a police union close to the neo-fascist National Front, was aimed at intimidating broad popular opposition to the Socialist Party's labor reform.

Defying police repression, protests continue against French labour law

By Stéphane Hugues, 18 May 2016

In the run-up to a rail strike planned for Wednesday, sections of truck drivers joined youth protesting the reactionary French labour law imposed by the Socialist Party government.

French government escalates repression of protests against labor law

By Stéphane Hugues, 17 May 2016

Even though this illegitimate and regressive law has technically been passed, a majority of the French people want protests against it to continue.

Paris meeting addresses war danger in Asia, bankruptcy of Tamil nationalism

By Kumaran Ira, 16 May 2016

Socialist Equality Party (Sri Lanka) assistant secretary Deepal Jayasekera explained the necessity for an internationally-unified socialist movement to stop war.

Air France announces pay cuts for pilots

By Anthony Torres, 14 May 2016

The cuts at the airline are the product of the betrayal of the 2014 pilots strike by the National Union of Airline Pilots.

French police attack demonstrations against regressive labor law

By Alex Lantier, 13 May 2016

Tens of thousands of people demonstrated across France yesterday against the Socialist Party’s efforts to impose far reaching reforms without a vote in the National Assembly.

A new strategy is needed to fight French labor law

By Alex Lantier, 13 May 2016

The most politically conscious and advanced layers of workers and youth must prepare themselves not only for the mass struggles that will erupt, but for socialist revolution.

Protests erupt in France against regressive labor law

By Alex Lantier, 12 May 2016

Protesters clashed violently with police and sacked the headquarters of the ruling Socialist Party in several cities across France.

How #UpAllNight seeks to block opposition to French labour law

By Francis Dubois, 12 May 2016

Occupations of public squares led by activists closely tied to the trade unions and the petty-bourgeois left are a dead end for working class opposition to austerity.

French Socialist Party uses special powers to impose unpopular labour law reform

By Alex Lantier, 11 May 2016

For two months, millions of workers and youth have been protesting the El Khomri Law, to which three-quarters of the French population are opposed.

French government presents labour law to the National Assembly

By Alex Lantier, 5 May 2016

The law has provoked nearly two months of protests against the austerity policies of France’s Socialist Party government.

Meeting in Paris May 15

The socialist struggle against war and the bankruptcy of Tamil nationalism

By , 3 May 2016

SEP (Sri Lanka) Assistant Secretary Deepal Jayasekera will speak at a May 15 meeting in Paris on the struggle against imperialist war.

Protests shrink as police attack fourth day of action against French labour law

By Alex Lantier, 29 April 2016

The protesters are coming up against the absence of a viable strategy for mounting a political struggle to defend basic social rights against a reactionary Socialist Party government.