Spain

Spain: United Left and Podemos seek to join forces

By Alejandro López, 21 August 2014

The coming together of these two groups demonstrates that they share the same social base and right-wing program.

Mass graves from Spain’s civil war uncovered

By Alejandro López, 18 August 2014

Four mass graves have been uncovered containing up to 400 victims of the fascists during the Spanish Civil War.

Spain: Pseudo-left Podemos party presents “a programme for the country’s salvation”

By Alejandro López, 21 July 2014

Podemos aims to occupy the vacuum left by the collapse of the establishment parties to prevent growing social opposition from developing into a conscious political movement threatening capitalism.

Spanish King Juan Carlos abdicates amid growing unpopularity of the monarchy

By Alejandro López, 4 June 2014

The new king Felipe will be crowned on June 18 as Spain faces the worst economic crisis since the 1930s.

Spain’s major parties hammered in European elections

By Alejandro López, 30 May 2014

The ruling right-wing Popular Party (PP) and the opposition Socialist Party (PSOE) both had their worst results since the first elections in post-Franco Spain.

Shooting of Spanish politician used to justify Internet crackdown

By Alejandro López and Paul Mitchell, 29 May 2014

The Spanish government’s response to intensifying social despair and anger is to “cleanse” the Internet.

Spain: United Left ends differences with PSOE in Andalucía coalition

By Paul Mitchell and Alejandro López, 5 May 2014

The Communist Party (PCE)-led United Left (IU) has reaffirmed its commitment to the coalition government with the Socialist Party (PSOE) in the Spanish region of Andalucía.

Spain’s new Podemos party a political fraud—Part two

By Alejandro López, 1 May 2014

This is the conclusion of a two-part comment on the formation of a new party, Podemos, by the pseudo-left in Spain.

Spain’s new Podemos party a political fraud—Part one

By Alejandro López, 30 April 2014

This is the first of a two-part comment on the formation of a new party, Podemos, by the pseudo-left in Spain.

Spanish Congress rejects Catalan independence referendum

By Alejandro López, 22 April 2014

The Spanish Popular Party government and the main opposition Socialist Party have rejected the request by the Catalan regional parliament to hold an independence referendum on November 9.

Spanish government attacks democratic rights

By Alejandro López, 15 April 2014

Madrid is escalating its attacks on democratic rights in response to widespread opposition to the social catastrophe produced by its austerity measures.

Artistic resistance to the US-backed juntas

Losing the Human Form: A seismic image of the 1980s in Latin America

By Armando Cruz, 10 April 2014

The exhibition, presented in Madrid in 2012 and recently in Lima, Peru, is a fascinating compilation of works from the 1980s that voiced opposition to the militarized regimes in Latin America.

Academic experts advise Spanish government to escalate attacks on the working class

By Alejandro López, 26 March 2014

Among the proposals from nine Spanish academics is a nearly 10 percent reduction in income tax on the richest sections of the population.

Spain: One million march in Madrid against austerity

By Alejandro López, 24 March 2014

A mass demonstration on Saturday in the Spanish capital Madrid protested growing austerity, evictions, unemployment and poverty.

Spanish government abolishes prosecutions under universal jurisdiction laws

By Alejandro López, 13 March 2014

As the result of a new Spanish law, dozens of investigations will be dropped into crimes against humanity, war crimes, genocide and torture.

New far-right party VOX launched in Spain

By Vicky Short, 25 February 2014

Although VOX’s manifesto contains some populist calls, the real message is reminiscent of Franco’s motto, “Spain One Great and Free.”

Spanish authorities lie about African migrant drownings

By Alejandro López, 22 February 2014

Fourteen migrant workers from sub-Saharan Africa died attempting to swim around the security fence surrounding the Spanish enclave and port-city of Ceuta in North Africa.

Hundreds of thousands evicted in Spain since 2008 crash

By Carlos Hernández and Alejandro López, 19 February 2014

Evictions have provoked widespread protests in defence of those unable to pay their rents or caught in the mortgage trap.

Mass protests in Madrid against new abortion reform

By Alejandro López, 3 February 2014

Daily protests have been taking place across Spain since the reactionary draft law on abortion was passed in late December.

Popular support for Spain’s monarchy plummets

By Alejandro López, 30 January 2014

With over half of the Spanish people now favouring the abdication of Spanish king Juan Carlos, the legitimacy of a pillar of capitalist rule is crumbling.

Spain: Fascists intimidate plaintiffs in Franco-era crimes case

By Vicky Short and Paul Mitchell, 20 January 2014

Two hundred plaintiffs and their lawyers have been forced to fly to Argentina to give evidence in a lawsuit seeking an investigation of torture, executions and abductions.

Riots in Burgos, Spain reveal simmering social tensions

By Alejandro López, 18 January 2014

The unrest in Burgos is a foretaste of the next period under Spain’s explosive social conditions of mass unemployment and growing poverty.

Spanish government attacks abortion rights

By Alejandro López, 28 December 2013

With the new legislation, the Popular Party has accepted yet another demand of the Catholic hierarchy.

Catalan nationalist parties set date for independence referendum

By Alejandro López, 27 December 2013

The growth of Catalan nationalist sentiment is the result of the betrayals carried out by the Spanish trade unions, with the support of the pseudo-left parties, of repeated attempts by the working class to oppose austerity.

Relatives of Franco’s victims testify in Argentine courts

By Alejandro López, 17 December 2013

Since the end of the Franco dictatorship in Spain, not one Francoist official has been held responsible for the executions, torture, forced disappearances and abduction of babies that occurred under the fascist regime.

Spanish government clamps down on public protests

By Alejandro López, 30 November 2013

The anti-protest law is an attempt to criminalise political dissent.

Spanish government strengthens anti-migrant border fence

By Vicky Short, 29 November 2013

The 11.6 kilometre razor-wire fence separating Spain’s port of Melilla from the rest of Morocco was originally removed in 2007, after scores of people suffered horrific injuries trying to climb over it.

Unions end Madrid cleaners’ strike

By Alejandro López, 20 November 2013

The unions have ended a bitter strike by refuse workers in Madrid, signing a concessions agreement.

Madrid garbage collectors strike against lay-offs and wage cuts

By Alejandro López, 14 November 2013

Thousands of garbage collectors and gardeners have been on indefinite strike in Spain's capital Madrid since November 5.

Trade unions pave way for job and wage cuts at Spain’s largest bakery

By Alejandro López and Paul Mitchell, 26 October 2013

Spain’s largest bakery, Panrico, is preparing to sack nearly 50 percent of its 4,000 employees and cut wages by 30 percent, with the collusion of the trade unions.

Spain blocks Argentinian attempts to prosecute Franco-era fascists

By Alejandro López, 22 October 2013

Argentinian judge María Romilda Servini de Cubría has issued arrest warrants for four former Spanish fascists from the regime of dictator General Francisco Franco.

Spanish train companies implicated in rail crash that killed 79

By Carlos Hernández, 12 October 2013

The court orders point to a possible crime of “imprudence” for the “omission of cautionary elements” in the railway’s safety systems.

Spanish government approves pension “reform” and freezes public-sector pay

By Alejandro López, 30 September 2013

The ability of the Popular Party government to impose new attacks on civil servants and pensions, is entirely due to the collaboration of the trade unions.

Coverup of Spanish bank debt continues

By Paul Mitchell, 26 September 2013

Increasing numbers of companies and individuals are failing to keep up with payments on their loans and mortgages.

Spanish Socialist Party toes US line on Syria

By Alejandro López, 23 September 2013

The efforts by Spain’s Socialist Party (PSOE) to whip up support for US-led threats against Syria is aimed at distracting public attention from the social catastrophe for which it is responsible.

Worsening malnutrition amongst Spanish children

By Alejandro López, 28 August 2013

Due to deepening austerity measures, over a quarter of the Spanish population under 16—some 2.3 million children—are now at risk of malnutrition.

British navy sails for Gibraltar as tensions escalate with Spain

By Paul Mitchell, 14 August 2013

Spanish Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy said his government would “take the necessary measures to defend the interests of Spanish citizens.”

IMF calls for 10 percent wage cuts in Spain

By Alejandro López, 9 August 2013

The International Monetary Fund calls for a deepening of austerity in Spain, including an accord with the trade unions to lower wages even further.

Tens of thousands of Spanish shipbuilding jobs at risk

By Alejandro López and Paul Mitchell, 3 August 2013

Spanish shipbuilding workers face mass unemployment under an illegal scheme of shipyard owners.

Spanish train crash driver accused of reckless homicide

By Alejandro López, 29 July 2013

The accepted legal position that someone is innocent until proven guilty has been all but brushed aside.

At least 80 killed in Spanish train crash

By Paul Mitchell, 26 July 2013

At least 80 people were killed and 140 injured Wednesday in Spain’s worst train crash in 40 years. The tragedy follows major cuts to the rail service, ahead of further major deregulation.

Demand grows for Spanish prime minister to resign

By Alejandro López, 23 July 2013

Secret hand-written ledgers covering the period 1990 to 2008 detail more than 30 donations to the ruling Popular Party that were illegal.

Spanish government imposes new tax hikes and austerity measures

By Alejandro López, 19 July 2013

Since the global economic crisis erupted in 2008 state revenue in Spain has slumped by nearly €200 billion.

Corruption scandal could bring down Spain’s government

By Carlos Hernández, 13 July 2013

The multi-millionaire former treasurer of Spain’s ruling Popular Party, Luis Bárcenas, has been refused bail and remanded in custody pending trial on charges of corruption and tax evasion.

Madrid court demands removal of International Brigades memorial

By Alejandro López, 4 July 2013

Soon after it was placed in the UCM’s gardens, the monument was daubed with graffiti calling the volunteers “murderers”.

Mass sackings increase in Spain following labour reforms

By Franci Vier, 3 July 2013

Following the passage of trade union-agreed labour reforms, making it easier for companies to sack Spanish workers, mass sackings are on the increase.

Major attack on pensions being prepared in Spain

By Vicky Short, 26 June 2013

The Spanish trade unions and opposition Socialist Party are collaborating with the Popular Party government in the destruction of the pension rights of millions of workers.

Bank of Spain calls for elimination of the minimum wage

By Alejandro López, 22 June 2013

The Bank of Spain has called for the elimination of the minimum wage, more flexibility in the labour market and other attacks on the working class.

Spanish Popular Party government seeks to turn back the clock on abortion rights

By Alejandro López, 4 June 2013

The right-wing Popular Party government is seeking to reform abortion laws, returning them to a state similar to that which existed under the fascist regime of General Franco.

Spanish government imposes more austerity measures

By Alejandro López, 30 May 2013

Spain’s Popular Party government has announced another raft of measures aimed at slashing the budget deficit to the European Union’s 3 percent target by 2016.

Popular Party government honours Spanish fascists in Hitler’s army

By Alejandro López, 23 May 2013

The government delegate in Catalonia of Spain’s Popular Party handed a diploma of honour to the Brotherhood of Combatants of the Blue Division, which served in the German army during the Second World War.

Spain’s Popular Party faces wave of strikes and demonstrations

By Alejandro López, 21 May 2013

A social explosion is brewing in Spain, where there have been at least 27 demonstrations since the beginning of the year.

Spanish government rejects unions’ pleas for anti-crisis pact

By Vicky Short, 18 May 2013

With 6.2 million out of work, the trade unions are appealing for unity with the right wing Popular Party government.

Spanish government announces more austerity as unemployment soars

By Alejandro López, 27 April 2013

The Spanish government has announced the first in a series of new austerity measures to be presented to the European Union.

Spain: Polls show support for all parties, unions and monarchy at record low

By Alejandro López, 24 April 2013

The huge decline in support for the political parties, trade unions, and the monarchy can only mean huge social struggles are on the horizon.

Mass evictions continue in Spain

By Franci Vier and Paul Mitchell, 23 April 2013

None of the main demands of the anti-evictions petition launched by the Mortgage Victims Platform have been included in a new law by the Popular Party.

Spain’s Socialist Party and trade unions profit from redundancy schemes

By Vicky Short, 22 April 2013

The Socialist Workers Party (PSOE) and the two main trade unions, Workers Commissions (CCOO) and General Workers Union (UGT), are embroiled in a fraud scandal.

Hundreds of thousands of defrauded small savers face loss of life savings in Spain

By Alejandro López, 12 April 2013

Over 700,000 Spanish bank depositors have been defrauded by the banks, including many who have lost their life savings.

Reports reveal rapid pauperisation of the Spanish working class

By Alejandro López, 2 April 2013

Recent statistical surveys attest to the massive drop in working class living standards in Spain since the onset of the global financial crisis.

Spain: Sacked Delphi workers confront trade unions

By Vicky Short, 29 March 2013

Sacked Delphi workers in Cadiz clashed with trade union officials during an official celebration called by the Socialist Party-Communist Party regional government.

More evidence emerges of torture by Spanish troops in Iraq

By Alejandro López, 28 March 2013

A video posted by the daily El País provides more evidence of the involvement of Spanish soldiers in mistreatment of detainees during the Iraq war.

Spain’s Iberia airline strike betrayed by unions

By Alejandro López, 14 March 2013

The five unions representing the majority of workers at Spanish airline Iberia have accepted a deal to end the three-month dispute.

Corruption scandals engulf Spain’s monarchy

By Vicky Short, 12 March 2013

The Urdangarin scandal has raised questions over the future of the monarchy in Spain.

Strikes and demonstrations rock Spain

By Alejandro López, 27 February 2013

Mass protests and strikes continue in Spain against the austerity regime of Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy.

Spain’s Popular Party makes U-turn on eviction petition

By Alejandro López, 22 February 2013

Last week, Spain’s ruling Popular Party executed an about-face over foreclosures and evictions.

Iberia airline strikers clash with Spanish police

By Alejandro López, 20 February 2013

On Monday, striking workers at the Spanish airline Iberia paralysed Barajas international airport in the capital Madrid.

Spanish unions collude in mass unemployment and wage cuts

By Alejandro López, 18 February 2013

Spanish workers have suffered a steep rise in unemployment, lower wages and worsening labour conditions, while the employers have reaped the rewards.

New charges in Spain’s Popular Party corruption scandal

By Alejandro López, 14 February 2013

The scandal has outraged a population already suffering from mass unemployment, low wages and the destruction of social services.

Record unemployment adds to Spain’s social crisis

By Michael Gardner and Paul Mitchell, 4 February 2013

Six million workers are now unemployed in Spain, a huge increase on the 1.7 million unemployed in 2007.

Spanish Popular Party government launches assault on public education

By Alejandro López, 28 December 2012

Last Friday, the Spanish Popular Party government approved a new draft education law that slashes funding for public education.

The political economy of the Spanish bank bailout

By Nick Beams, 11 December 2012

The initial measures are widely regarded as the prelude to a full-scale bailout of the Spanish state and the establishment of a financial dictatorship of the kind now in place in Greece.

Spanish bank bailout paves way for new attacks on working class

By Alex Lantier, 7 December 2012

On Monday night euro zone finance ministers approved a bailout requested for Spain’s banking sector.

Spanish government prepares repressive measures against social opposition

By Vicky Short and Alejandro López, 6 December 2012

Mariano Rajoy’s Popular Party government is preparing to impose €90 billion in budget cuts over the next two years.

Protests grow against evictions in Spain

By Francisca Vier, 1 December 2012

Three suicides related to evictions within a month have highlighted the brutality of the government and banks in Spain.

Separatist parties dominate Catalan election results

By Paul Mitchell, 27 November 2012

The Catalan parliamentary election held November 25 resulted in a significant vote for parties calling for independence from Spain.

Spanish unions abandon miners prosecuted during 2010 strikes

By Vicky Short, 16 November 2012

Seven Spanish miners who faced charges of public disorder and “attacks on authority” after the 2010 strike saw their sentences suspended in exchange for a two-year probationary period.

Mass demonstrations in Spain, Portugal, Italy against austerity and unemployment

By our reporters, 15 November 2012

Hundreds of thousands of workers took to the streets Wednesday in a number of European countries to demonstrate against rising unemployment and the austerity measures dictated by the European Union and the IMF.

En Lucha’s Andy Durgan: Historical distortions to justify political betrayal of Spanish workers

Part three

By Dave Hyland, 9 November 2012

This is the conclusion of a three-part article on En Lucha’s Andy Durgan’s distortions of the lessons from Spanish history.

En Lucha’s Andy Durgan: Historical distortions to justify political betrayal of Spanish workers

Part two

By Dave Hyland, 8 November 2012

This is the second of a three-part article on the distortions of the lessons of Spanish history by En Luncha’s Andy Durgan.

En Lucha’s Andy Durgan: Historical distortions to justify political betrayal of Spanish workers

Part one

By Dave Hyland, 7 November 2012

This is the first of a three-part article on the distortions of the lessons of Spanish history by En Lucha’s Andy Durgan.

The dead-end of Catalan independence

Part two

By Alejandro López and Paul Mitchell, 2 November 2012

This is the conclusion of a two-part article. Part one was published November 1.

The dead-end of Catalan independence

By Alejandro López and Paul Mitchell, 1 November 2012

Workers and young people should reject all claims that their interests are served by calls for Catalan independence, which have gained momentum with the economic crisis.

A quarter of Spain now unemployed

By Alejandro López, 31 October 2012

The Spanish ruling class is committed to a policy of class war, backed by police violence and state repression.

Separatist parties gain in Spanish regional elections

By Vicky Short and Paul Mitchell, 31 October 2012

The collapse in support for the governing Socialist Workers Party benefited separatist parties in regional elections in the Basque Country and Galicia.

Poverty, hunger and inequality grow in Spain

By Alejandro López, 30 October 2012

The European recession has increased suffering among the Spanish people.

Poverty, hunger and inequality grow in Spain

By Alejandro López, 24 October 2012

There has been a dramatic rise in poverty, hunger and inequality across Spain since the outbreak of the economic crisis in 2008.

Exhibition of photographer Agustí Centelles in Barcelona: Many unanswered questions about the Spanish Civil War

By Paul Mitchell, 22 October 2012

A comment on an exhibition of photographs of the Spanish Civil War (1936-1939) at the Fundació Vila Casas in Barcelona.

Barcelona’s unemployed detail social tragedy engulfing Spain

By our reporters, 5 October 2012

Since the outbreak of the economic crisis in 2008, Spanish unemployment has risen from 8 percent to nearly 25 percent, over double the European Union average.

Santiago Carrillo, butcher of the Spanish Revolution

By Vicky Short, 4 October 2012

The ex-General Secretary of the Stalinist Communist Party of Spain, Santiago Carrillo, died on Tuesday September 18 at the age of 97.

Barcelona workers and youth discuss austerity

By a WSWS reporting team, 3 October 2012

Spain’s right-wing Popular Party government has secured a €100 billion bailout of the banks and is likely to ask for more money soon.

Tens of thousands protest austerity policies in Portugal, Spain

By Patrick Martin, 1 October 2012

Tens of thousands of workers, young people, unemployed and retirees demonstrated in major cities of Portugal and Spain Saturday.

Catalonia plans referendum on independence from Spain

By Alejandro López, 29 September 2012

On Thursday, the Catalan regional parliament passed a resolution to hold a referendum on self-determination.

Spain’s anti-cuts protest violently broken up by police

By Alejandro López, 27 September 2012

Tens of thousands of demonstrators marched Tuesday to surround the Spanish parliament.

Thousands demonstrate in Madrid against austerity

By Alejandro López, 18 September 2012

On Saturday, firefighters, doctors, nurses, postal employees and others suffering the austerity measures being imposed by the Popular Party government marched through Spain’s capital.

Catalan separatism whipped up in Spain

By Alejandro López, 11 September 2012

The ruling class in Catalonia wants to pressure the central government in Madrid for more control over revenues amid rising social tensions.

Spain restricts aid to long-term unemployed

By Alejandro López, 31 August 2012

The Spanish government will impose new restrictions on aid to 600,000 long-term unemployed workers.

Spain: Forest fire outbreaks worsened by budget cuts

By Alejandro López, 21 August 2012

Wildfires in Spain this summer have so far claimed the lives of nine people and laid waste to 132,399 hectares, three times more than last year.

Spanish trade union plays Robin Hood with supermarket raids

By Alejandro López, 18 August 2012

Protest actions by members of the Andalusian Workers Trade Union and others are little more than stunts.

The betrayal of Spain’s miners strike and the silence of the fake left

By Alejandro López, 10 August 2012

The two main trade unions, the CCOO and UGT, have called miners back to work in the regions of Aragon, León and Asturias after 67 days of strike action.