Poland

Sixty thousand fascists march in Warsaw

By Clara Weiss, 14 November 2017

The fascist forces demonstrating in Warsaw have been strengthened and even armed by both right-wing governments in Europe, and US imperialism.

German conservative newspaper threatens Poland with territorial demands

By Peter Schwarz, 16 September 2017

The Frankfurter Allgemeine Sonntagszeitung warned the Polish government that its western border would no longer be recognised if it continues to insist upon reparations.

Polish government demands war reparations from Germany

By Clara Weiss, 22 August 2017

Especially since the inauguration of US president Donald Trump, the relations between Warsaw and Berlin have considerably deteriorated.

Polish President Andrzej Duda vetoes government’s judicial reform

By Clara Weiss, 27 July 2017

On Monday, Polish President Andrzej Duda vetoed two key aspects of the judicial reform of the governing Law and Justice Party, which would have given the government virtually unrestricted control over the judicial system.

After Trump visit to Poland: PiS government adopts new authoritarian measures

By Clara Weiss, 24 July 2017

Less than three weeks after Trump’s visit, the ruling PiS has pushed through legislation that will place the judicial system under its control.

Trump’s visit to Poland: A return to the pre-war Intermarium strategy

By Clara Weiss, 17 June 2017

Trump’s visit is a clear signal that the US is increasingly relying on an alliance with Eastern European countries in face of mounting tensions with Germany and France.

Bloodletting in Polish army leadership

By Clara Weiss, 30 March 2017

Some 92 percent of the cadre in the general staff and 82 percent of colonels have been replaced over the recent months, according to the Polish defence ministry.

Growing criticism of the EU in Poland after the re-election of Tusk

By Clara Weiss, 20 March 2017

At the EU summit, Poland was the only country to vote against Donald Tusk's re-election as president of the European Council.

Germany and Poland seek rapprochement

By Clara Weiss, 10 February 2017

German Chancellor Angela Merkel’s visit to Warsaw saw efforts on both sides to improve bilateral relations after they had deteriorated sharply under the Polish PiS government.

Poland “faces tragic decision” after Trump election

By Clara Weiss, 25 January 2017

According to the conservative newspaper Rzeczpospolita, Poland faces a “devilish decision” between allying itself either with the US or with Germany and the European Union.

US escalates Russia tensions on eve of Trump inauguration

By Bill Van Auken, 18 January 2017

The deployment of 300 Marines to Norway Monday was accompanied by a barrage of anti-Russian rhetoric from the outgoing Obama administration.

Parliamentary crisis in Poland deepens amid US troop deployment

By Clara Weiss, 18 January 2017

As 3,500 US troops deploy to Poland, escalating plans for war against Russia, the ruling Law and Justice Party continues its efforts to build up a dictatorial regime.

Amid anti-Russia media campaign

First permanent deployment of US troops on Russian border since Cold War

By Andre Damon, 16 January 2017

Some 4,000 US troops, together with tanks, artillery and armored vehicles, arrived in Poland over the weekend, further escalating tensions with Russia ahead of the inauguration of Trump.

Racist anti-immigrant riots in Poland

By Clara Weiss, 16 January 2017

Racist clashes broke out in the northeastern Polish town of Ełk at the New Year, following the murder of a 21-year-old Polish man.

New report documents extreme poverty in Poland

By Clara Weiss, 11 January 2017

The report reveals the miserable living conditions facing broad sections of the working class and the peasant population who lack access to basic elements of civilization.

The POLIN Museum of the History of Polish Jews in Warsaw—Part 2

From the Holocaust to present-day Poland

By Clara Weiss, 11 January 2017

The core exhibition at the recently opened POLIN Museum of the History of Polish Jews in Warsaw has now marked its second anniversary.

The POLIN Museum of the History of Polish Jews in Warsaw—Part 1

Jewish life in Poland before World War II

By Clara Weiss, 9 January 2017

The core exhibition at the recently opened POLIN Museum of the History of Polish Jews in Warsaw has now marked its second anniversary.

Polish government strips powers from parliament and constitutional court

By Clara Weiss, 29 December 2016

Encouraged by the electoral victory of Donald Trump in the US, the Polish ruling Law and Justice party (PiS) has stepped up its efforts to establish an authoritarian regime.

Police break up opposition-led blockade of Polish parliament

By Clara Weiss, 19 December 2016

With this latest stand-off, the constitutional crisis in Poland that began over a year ago following PiS’ accession to government has reached a turning point.

UK-Poland summit reveals growing national antagonisms in Europe

By Clara Weiss, 14 December 2016

Theresa May’s government hosted a summit November 28 between Great Britain and Poland aimed at fostering a strategic political and military alliance between the two countries.

Polish parliament approves creation of paramilitary militia

By Clara Weiss, 6 December 2016

The Polish parliament gave its approval for the creation of an army for territorial defence in mid-November.

Polish bourgeoisie divided over US election

By Dorota Niemitz and Clara Weiss, 15 November 2016

Sharp divisions in the reaction to Donald Trump’s election victory exposed differences over foreign policy among Poland’s ruling elites.

Polish government prepares legal action against EU council president Donald Tusk

By Clara Weiss, 31 October 2016

The Polish government is preparing legal action against the president of the European Council, Donald Tusk.

Tensions rise between Poland and France after failed arms deal

By Clara Weiss, 17 October 2016

Relations between France and Poland have worsened substantially after the Polish government pulled out of an arms deal with Airbus that had been planned for years.

Poland: PiS government beats retreat on antiabortion law

By Clara Weiss, 7 October 2016

The government is preparing for more fundamental attacks on the living standards of the working class and an escalation of the military buildup against Russia.

Poland: Tens of thousands protest proposed anti-abortion bill

By Clara Weiss, 5 October 2016

If passed, the bill would implement a ban on abortions, including for minors and victims of rape.

Polish Parliament approves ban on abortion

By Clara Weiss, 28 September 2016

The latest ban on abortions is deeply reactionary and represents an attack on the democratic and social rights of the working class.

Polish government strengthens the far right

By Clara Weiss, 21 September 2016

Since the Law and Justice Party took over in government last autumn, the number of xenophobic attacks has reached its highest level since 1989.

Polish and British governments exploit attacks on Polish immigrants

By Clara Weiss, 15 September 2016

Attacks on Polish immigrants in the UK are being exploited by the Polish and British ruling class to strengthen their alliance, amid deepening divisions within the EU.

Polish and Ukrainian governments use World War II war crimes to promote nationalism

By Jason Melanovski, 5 September 2016

Relations between Poland and Ukraine have soured in recent months, as their respective right-wing governments promote ethnic nationalism, anti-communism, and militarism.

Polish PiS government encourages anti-Semitism

By Clara Weiss, 29 August 2016

The government in Warsaw is promoting a revision of history that downplays Polish nationalist participation in anti-Semitic crimes.

Atlantic Council proposes to develop Poland as a stronghold for war with Russia

By Clara Weiss, 10 August 2016

The American think tank has published a 25-page strategy paper titled “Arming for Deterrence” calling for a massive NATO military build-up against Russia.

Polish government puts Warsaw under effective martial law for NATO summit

By Dorota Niemitz, 9 July 2016

The government has put Warsaw under terrorist alert, allowing for implementation of the harsh security measures previously possible only under the martial law.

Issues raised by the “Labor Relations” exhibition at the Wrocław Contemporary Museum

By Dorota Niemitz, 21 June 2016

Labor Relations at the Wrocław Contemporary Museum in Poland is drawn from the museum’s international art collection.

NATO orders four additional battalions to Russian border

By Thomas Gaist, 14 June 2016

The deployments are among the most provocative actions taken by the NATO high command in the course of its anti-Russian buildup, now well into its second year.

Tensions mount in Poland in run-up to NATO summit

By Dorota Niemitz, 9 June 2016

Six former ministers of national defense published an open letter attacking the current defense minister, Antoni Macierewicz, and demanding his resignation.

Ninety years since the coup of Piłsudski

The Strategy of the Intermarium—Part 4

NATO’s preparations for war with Russia

By Clara Weiss, 3 June 2016

This is the final part of a series reviewing the history of the Intermarium, which was developed as a bourgeois nationalist antipode to the United Socialist States of Europe as proposed by Leon Trotsky.

Ninety Years Since the Coup of Piłsudski

The Strategy of the Intermarium—Part 3

The Intermarium and Poland’s integration into the US war alliance against Russia

By Clara Weiss, 2 June 2016

This is the third part of a series reviewing the history of the Intermarium, which was developed as a bourgeois nationalist antipode to the United Socialist States of Europe as proposed by Leon Trotsky.

Ninety years since the coup of Piłsudski

The Strategy of the Intermarium—Part 1

The Intermarium and the Russian Revolution

By Clara Weiss, 31 May 2016

This is the first part of a series reviewing the history of the Intermarium, the main basis of which emerged in the period leading up to World War I, as a bourgeois nationalist antipode to the United Socialist States of Europe as proposed by Leon Trotsky.

Poland adopts new anti-communist law

By Dorota Niemitz, 14 May 2016

The so-called “de-communization” law is an attempt by the country’s right-wing government to rewrite the history of the Twentieth Century.

Tens of thousands demonstrate against Polish government

By Clara Weiss, 12 May 2016

Under the slogan “We are and will remain in Europe,” tens of thousands demonstrated in Warsaw last Saturday against the Law and Justice Party (PiS) government.

Lech Wałęsa: A Stalinist agent in the Solidarity movement

By Dorota Niemitz, 3 May 2016

The Institute of National Remembrance has published secret documents showing that the former Solidarity leader and president of Poland was a Stalinist informer.

Poland’s Patriot Act: PiS government proposes new anti-terrorism law

By Dorota Niemitz, 27 April 2016

Cynically utilising the recent terrorist attacks in Brussels, the Polish government is hastily introducing its own version of the USA Patriot Act.

Constitutional crisis in Poland continues

By Clara Weiss, 17 March 2016

The move to the right by the Polish government has exacerbated the crisis in the EU and led to growing tensions with Germany.

Polish government expands police state powers

By Clara Weiss, 25 February 2016

Since assuming power last autumn, the right-wing nationalist PiS government has enacted a series of authoritarian laws.

German economics minister seeks to smooth relations with Poland

By Clara Weiss, 4 February 2016

The Nord Stream pipeline, which supplies gas from Russia to Germany across the Baltic Sea, is one of the most important issues of dispute between Berlin and Warsaw.

Polish government intensifies military build-up

By Dorota Niemitz, 28 January 2016

The US and Britain have promised Poland more troops to strengthen the “eastern flank of NATO” against “Russian aggression.”

Poland placed under EU supervision amid escalating Polish-German tensions

By Dorota Niemitz and Clara Weiss, 15 January 2016

The European Commission has initiated a monitoring of “the rule of law” in Poland.

German politicians and media agitate against Poland

By Clara Weiss, 12 January 2016

Representatives of German imperialism and its servants in the media have absolutely no right to lecture any country about “democracy” and “tolerance.”

Right-wing Polish government takes control of public media

By Dorota Niemitz and Clara Weiss, 4 January 2016

In another step towards establishing authoritarian rule, the Law and Justice government has adopted a bill to subordinate public broadcast services to its right-wing agenda.

Notes on a visit to Łódź, Poland

By Clara Weiss, 24 December 2015

Few cities in Eastern Europe have played as great a role in the history of the working class movement as Łódź.

Poland: Anti-government rallies continue as Lech Wałęsa warns of civil war

By Dorota Niemitz and Clara Weiss, 22 December 2015

As the constitutional crisis drags on, thousands took to the streets to oppose the new Polish government for the second week in a row.

Tens of thousands march in Warsaw against constitutional coup

By Dorota Niemitz, 16 December 2015

Some 50,000 people marched Saturday through the streets of Warsaw, Poland to protest against the unconstitutional actions of the newly formed Law and Justice (PiS) government.

Polish government signals interest in hosting US nuclear weapons

By Thomas Gaist, 7 December 2015

Poland would become the sixth country in Europe to host US nuclear forces as part of the NATO “nuclear sharing” program.

Poland: New government moves quickly to disempower constitutional court

By Dorota Niemitz, 5 December 2015

The appointment of five new judges to Poland’s highest court is an integral part of the new PiS government’s campaign to introduce an authoritarian state.

Polish government cracks down on culture

By Dorota Niemitz, 2 December 2015

A key aim of the newly elected conservative PiS government is to transform the public media into a nationalistic institution under state control.

Constitutional coup in Poland

By Clara Weiss, 1 December 2015

The right-wing nationalist PiS is attempting to consolidate its power with assistance from the judiciary, intelligence agencies and a co-opted media.

New right-wing, anti-Russian government takes power in Poland

By Clara Weiss, 25 November 2015

The new Polish government advocates an aggressive foreign policy and attacks on the social and democratic rights of the population.

Poland will not extradite Roman Polanski to the US

By Dorota Niemitz, 31 October 2015

American authorities sought Polanski’s deportation to the US during the director’s visit to attend the opening ceremony of the museum on the history of Polish Jews in October 2014.

The shift to the right in Poland and the crisis of the EU

By Peter Schwarz, 29 October 2015

The European Union, touted by the political establishment as the embodiment of European unity, peace and prosperity, is today a hotbed of nationalism, inequality, dictatorship and war.

Right-wing nationalist party wins Polish parliamentary elections

By Clara Weiss, 28 October 2015

The outcome of the Polish election will mean an intensification of national conflicts within the European Union and a continuation of Warsaw’s militarist policy towards Russia.

Polish ruling class divided over foreign policy in run-up to general election

By Clara Weiss, 24 October 2015

A central point of contention between the two leading parties, the right-wing Law and Justice Party and the ruling Civic Platform, is Poland's relationship with Germany.

Politicians stoke racism against refugees in run-up to Polish elections

By Clara Weiss, 17 October 2015

Ahead of parliamentary elections on October 25, political parties are using the refugee crisis to stoke racism and push Polish politics further to the right.

Right-wing parties monopolize Polish parliamentary election

By Dorota Niemitz, 10 October 2015

Just two weeks before parliamentary elections, tensions between Poland’s leading right-wing parties grow as they strive to lure voters with populist appeals.

Poland rearms against Russia

By Clara Weiss, 24 August 2015

Poland's president is demanding permanent NATO military bases in Eastern Europe.

Polish government plagued by spying scandal

By Markus Salzmann, 20 June 2015

Only a few months before parliamentary elections this autumn, new revelations about a spying scandal have plunged the conservative Civic Platform into crisis.

Conservative wins presidential election in Poland

By Markus Salzmann, 27 May 2015

The result points to the possible outcome of the parliamentary election this autumn in which the right-wing Law and Justice party hopes to take power.

Polish presidential election expresses growing hostility towards Russia

By Markus Salzmann, 9 May 2015

The campaign has been characterised by agitation against Russia and the promotion of a military build-up.

Poland builds up military against Russia

By Markus Salzmann, 25 April 2015

Poland is increasing its defence spending and planning to build six watchtowers on the border with the Russian enclave of Kaliningrad.

Military court clears four Polish soldiers of war crimes in Afghanistan

By Dorota Niemitz, 25 March 2015

A Polish squad from the 18th storm trooper battalion fired mortar shells into a wedding party in an Afghan village in 2007, killing eight civilians.

Poland increases military spending

By Sonja Bach, 25 February 2015

Poland will spend the equivalent of two percent of its GDP on its defence budget by 2016, fulfilling NATO’s minimum requirements for military spending.

Polish trade unions end miners’ strike

By Markus Salzmann, 20 February 2015

Strikers showed enormous militancy during the course of the two-week-long struggle involving clashes with police wielding teargas and rubber bullets.

Closure of coal mines in Poland threatens 5,000 jobs

By Markus Salzmann, 17 January 2015

Miners are resisting the Polish government’s plans to restructure the coal industry and lay off thousands of workers.

Former Polish president confirms existence of secret CIA torture prison

By Konrad Kreft, 18 December 2014

The publication of the US Senate report on torture has proven the existence of a clandestine CIA prison in Poland and the close collaboration between European and US governments.

Violent clashes erupt at Poland Independence Day rally

By Dorota Niemitz, 13 November 2014

More than 270 people were arrested as far-right protesters battled riot police.

Excavation of gas chamber at Nazi Sobibor concentration camp completed

By Elisabeth Zimmermann, 16 October 2014

The Sobibor, Belzec and Treblinca concentration camps were designed to carry out the systematic extermination of Jews and Roma living in those parts of Ukraine and Poland occupied by the Wehrmacht.

Poland announces formation of joint military unit with Ukraine and Lithuania

By Niles Williamson, 20 September 2014

Ukraine’s participation in a joint military brigade with Poland and Lithuania, both members of NATO, is part of a reckless campaign of militarization in Eastern Europe instigated by the US and targeting Russia.

Polish Prime Minister Tusk to become new EU Council president

By Christoph Dreier, 4 September 2014

The appointment of Tusk as EU Council president is a provocative signal of plans to escalate the confrontation with Russia.

Bugging affair unleashes government crisis in Poland

By Sonja Bach and Christoph Dreier, 25 June 2014

Just weeks after celebrations marking the 25th anniversary of the 1989 elections, which saw the Solidarity movement defeat the Communist Party, the Polish government faces a serious crisis.

Obama backs state terror against eastern Ukraine

By Bill Van Auken, 5 June 2014

Meeting with billionaire President-Elect Poroshenko, Obama backed the regime’s “anti-terrorism operation” and offered military supplies and training to carry it out.

Obama escalates NATO confrontation with Russia

By Bill Van Auken, 4 June 2014

Amid an increasingly bloody offensive by the Kiev regime in eastern Ukraine, Obama began talks in Poland Tuesday aimed at ratcheting up military pressure on Russia.

Prime Minister Tusk calls for more NATO troops in Poland

By Christoph Dreier, 11 April 2014

In an interview with the weekly Die Zeit, Polish Prime Minister Donald Tusk spoke out in favour of a common European energy, foreign and military policy under German leadership, in order to “stop Russian expansionism”.

Report: Thousands of Polish children go hungry

By Dorota Niemitz, 1 April 2014

A recent report by the Central Statistical Office of Poland shows that more than half a million of the country’s children suffer from malnutrition.

Large demonstration in Poland against government austerity policies

By Markus Salzmann, 23 September 2013

Demonstrations in Poland are directed against the increase of the retirement age to 67, the expansion of precarious working conditions and other austerity measures of the Tusk government.

Polish government plans new attacks on the working class

By Christoph Dreier, 1 March 2012

Despite modest economic growth, the Polish government led by Donald Tusk is preparing renewed attacks on workers.

Death toll rises to 600 in European cold snap

By Markus Salzmann, 14 February 2012

The spate of cold weather that has lasted for weeks in many parts of Europe has now claimed at least 600 lives.

Poland: Tusk government begins second term

By Christoph Dreier, 12 October 2011

The ability of the ruling Civic Platform to remain in office—the first Polish government to be re-elected since 1989—has less to do with its own strength, but rather in the complete lack of alternatives and the bankruptcy of the political establishment.

Poland: Outcome uncertain in Sunday’s election

By Christoph Dreier, 8 October 2011

After weeks in which the ruling Civic Platform (PO) led in opinion polls, the outcome of Poland’s parliamentary election on Sunday now seems uncertain.

Polish presidential election: Komorowski’s victory augurs massive social attacks in Poland

By Marius Heuser, 6 July 2010

Bronislaw Komorowski, the candidate of the governing conservative Civic Platform (PO) party was able to win 52.6 percent of the vote in the second round of the Polish presidential election held on Sunday.

Following death of Kaczynski, great powers vie for influence in Poland

By Stefan Steinberg, 19 April 2010

There is an element of the grotesque in both the domestic and international efforts to sanctify the figure of deceased Polish President Lech Kaczynski.

Polish president Lech Kaczynski (1949–2010)—from Solidarity advisor to right-wing politician

By Marius Hauser, 13 April 2010

Poland’s late president Lech Kaczynski, who died Saturday in a plane crash, was a loyal representative of the country’s ruling elite and sought to establish authoritarian forms of rule based on reactionary Polish chauvinism.

Polish President Lech Kaczynski dies in plane crash

By Alex Lantier, 12 April 2010

Polish President Lech Kaczynski and dozens of other government officials died Saturday in a plane crash near Smolensk in western Russia, where they were traveling to a joint commemoration of the 70th anniversary of the World War II Katyn massacre.

Poland: Government escalates privatisation drive

By Peter Kloze, 18 September 2009

Confronted by a ballooning budget deficit, the Polish government has decided to intensify its drive to privatise key sectors of state-owned industry.

Poland: Last shipyards in Gdansk threatened with closure

By Marius Heuser, 29 May 2009

Ceremonies currently taking place marking the 20th anniversary of the collapse of the Stalinist regime in Poland have been overshadowed by shipyard workers protests in Gdansk.

Olivier Besancenot in Poland

By Ulrich Rippert, 23 May 2009

Olivier Besancenot’s participation in the European election congress of the Polish Party of Labour (PPP) last weekend makes clear the real aims of his newly founded Anti-Capitalist Party (Parti Anticapitaliste).

Besancenot in Poland

Polish PPP congress marks lurch to the right by the new European left

By Marius Heuser and Tadeusz Sikorski, 22 May 2009

In a speech given in Katowice, Poland, the head of the NPA (New Anti-capitalist Party) justified his alliance with a group that has no connection with socialism and which includes openly right-wing forces.

Poland: 21 die in homeless shelter fire

By Stefan Steinberg, 17 April 2009

A fire at a homeless shelter in Poland last Sunday night killed 21 people and left many other residents badly injured. The three-storey building in Kamien Pomorski, housing 77 homeless people, including women and children, was turned into a charred skeleton.

Polish economy tumbles as global investors take flight

By Marius Heuser, 4 March 2009

Twenty years after the restoration of capitalism, the Polish economy is facing economic collapse as foreign capital flows out of the country.

Workers Struggles: Europe & Africa

7 November 2008

The World Socialist Web Site invites workers and other readers to contribute to this regular feature.

Eastern European economies face bankruptcy

By Niall Green, 23 October 2008

The economies of central and eastern Europe are being rocked by the crisis of world capitalism, compounded by the corrupt and pro-big business policies of their local elites.