Portugal

Portuguese nurses strike against an 11-year pay freeze

By Ajanta Silva and Paul Mitchell, 20 September 2017

Despite Socialist Party government threats, some 85 percent of the 70,000 nurses in the country took part in the strike, bringing services to a halt.

Dozens die in Portugal’s worst-ever forest fire

By Paul Mitchell, 20 June 2017

Portugal has the highest proportion of forest area in Europe, most of which is in private hands and poorly managed, abandoned or planted with acres of highly flammable Eucalyptus trees.

Portugal’s response to forest fires undermined by austerity

By Alejandro López, 6 September 2016

In 2014, Portugal spent just €70 million on firefighting and €20 million in fire prevention, which pales in comparison to the country’s €2.1 billion military spending.

Portuguese government prepares second austerity package

By Paul Mitchell, 22 February 2016

The Eurogroup welcomed the commitment of the Socialist Party/Left Bloc/Communist Party coalition to comply with the EU’s austerity demands.

Portugal’s Socialist Party agrees to impose further austerity

By Paul Mitchell, 8 February 2016

The Left Bloc, Communist Party and Greens have enabled the Socialist Party government to impose one pro-capitalist measure after another in the short time it has been in power.

Working-class opposition to Socialist Party grows in Portugal

By Paul Mitchell, 3 February 2016

The Portuguese Stalinists and pseudo-left gave their support to the Socialist Party, knowing full well that it is a pro-business, pro-austerity party.

Financial markets press Portugal to intensify austerity

By Paul Mitchell, 22 January 2016

The Socialist Party has already made clear that it is committed to the troika’s demands, offering to cut the budget deficit by more than it previously suggested.

Portugal’s new Socialist Party government bails out another bank

By Paul Mitchell, 29 December 2015

The bailout of Banif was only possible because of the actions of the Left Bloc and the Communist Party, whose support brought the minority PS government to power last month.

Portugal’s Left Bloc backs pro-austerity Socialist Party government

By Paul Mitchell, 5 December 2015

The Left Bloc, which promoted itself in the general election as an alternative to austerity, has stepped forward to defend Portuguese and European capitalism.

Portugal: Left Bloc tries to justify its support for Socialist Party government

By Paul Mitchell, 14 November 2015

The Left Bloc has effectively ditched its own programme in return for an alliance with the pro-austerity Socialist Party and subordination to the dictates of the EU.

Portugal’s right-wing government falls after no confidence vote

By Paul Mitchell, 11 November 2015

Having brought down the conservatives, the Socialist Party and its allies aim to continue the EU’s agenda of austerity.

Socialist Party’s bid to form government unleashes political crisis in Portugal

By Paul Mitchell, 24 October 2015

Faced with rising social anger among working people, the PS is trying, like Syriza in Greece, to prepare a government to give a “left” face to continued austerity.

Mass disaffection in Portuguese elections

By Paul Mitchell, 7 October 2015

The Socialist Party (PS) failed to overtake the ruling PSD-CSD-PP.

Moves for a “left alliance” government accelerate in Portugal

By Paul Mitchell, 25 May 2015

With the Socialist Party unable to significantly capitalize on the disaffection with the government, smaller pseudo-left parties could hold the balance of power.

Former Portuguese Prime Minister Sócrates held on corruption charges

By Paul Mitchell, 26 November 2014

The timing and manner of Sócrates’ arrest suggest motivations of a right-wing character.

European elections

Support for Portugal government nosedives

By Paul Mitchell, 2 June 2014

Votes for the two right-wing government coalition partners collapsed to just 27.7 percent

Portuguese government tries to auction 85 works by Joan Miró

By Sybille Fuchs, 8 February 2014

Portugal’s right-wing government is attempting to sell off works of art rightfully belonging to the Portuguese people.

Mass opposition blocks Portuguese pension reform

By Jordan Shilton, 23 December 2013

The largest budget cuts in over 30 years provoked widespread strikes and protests in Portugal.

Portuguese government deepens attacks in 2014 budget

By Jordan Shilton, 2 December 2013

The finance minister was adamant that the government’s austerity measures would continue long after the bailout programme comes to an end next summer.

Portuguese public sector workers strike

By Jordan Shilton, 14 November 2013

A strike of Portuguese public sector workers, in opposition to further austerity cuts of €3.9 billion, including wage cuts of up to 12 percent, received the support of 70 percent of the workforce.

Mass protests in Portugal against new budget cuts

By Jordan Shilton, 6 November 2013

As unemployment and poverty grow, thousands protested against new austerity measures of the Portuguese government.

Portugal’s “National Salvation” pact fails

By Paul Mitchell, 24 July 2013

In a televised speech, Portuguese President Cavaco Silva declared that the country was in a national emergency, but rejected new elections.

Portuguese government continues austerity following ministerial resignations

By Paul Mitchell, 8 July 2013

The governing coalition faced crisis last week with the resignation of the Finance Minister and Foreign Minister.

General strike in Portugal

By Paul Mitchell, 28 June 2013

Many Portuguese workers participated in a general strike Thursday, the fourth in two years against austerity.

European Union demands cuts after Portuguese court rules bailout unconstitutional

By Paul Mitchell, 9 April 2013

The Portuguese Constitutional Court’s ruling against EU budget cuts reveals the politically criminal and illegal basis of the pan-European onslaught on the working class.

Mass opposition to austerity in Portugal

By Paul Mitchell, 13 March 2013

The announcement that Portugal may be given an additional year to pay back the €78 billion bailout comes amid fears of economic meltdown and growing concern at the depth of public opposition.

EU discusses restructuring of Irish and Portuguese bailouts to deepen austerity

By Jordan Shilton, 13 March 2013

The EU finance ministers have agreed in principle to examine ways to restructure the bailout programmes of Ireland and Portugal.

Unions isolate Portuguese dockworkers’ struggle against European port restructuring

By Paul Mitchell, 27 December 2012

Portuguese dockworkers have struck against the restructuring plans of the right-wing Social Democratic Party/Popular Party coalition government.

Demands for restructuring of public sector follow approval of Portuguese budget

By Paul Mitchell, 3 December 2012

Portugal’s National Assembly last week approved the country’s harshest-ever budget.

Mass demonstrations in Spain, Portugal, Italy against austerity and unemployment

By our reporters, 15 November 2012

Hundreds of thousands of workers took to the streets Wednesday in a number of European countries to demonstrate against rising unemployment and the austerity measures dictated by the European Union and the IMF.

Thousands demonstrate against new budget in Portugal

By Paul Mitchell, 18 October 2012

Thousands demonstrated in Lisbon outside the National Assembly and the prime minister’s residence, as the government announced the harshest budget proposals in decades on Monday.

Tens of thousands protest austerity policies in Portugal, Spain

By Patrick Martin, 1 October 2012

Tens of thousands of workers, young people, unemployed and retirees demonstrated in major cities of Portugal and Spain Saturday.

“Largest-ever” demonstrations in Portugal

By Paul Mitchell, 22 September 2012

Hundreds of thousands of people took part in demonstrations in 40 cities across Portugal organized under the slogan “To hell with the troika, we want our lives back.”

Portugal enforces labour reforms but more demanded

By Paul Mitchell, 6 August 2012

On August 1, Portugal’s new labour reforms came into force, dictated virtually word for word by officials from the European Union, International Monetary Fund and European Central Bank.

Portugal paralysed by general strike as second bailout looms

By Paul Mitchell, 23 March 2012

Portugal was paralysed by a general strike yesterday, as workers demonstrated against austerity measures and labour reforms.

Portugal’s labour reforms provoke mass opposition

By Paul Mitchell, 18 February 2012

Reform of Portugal’s labour laws and the right-wing coalition government’s austerity measures are provoking mass opposition.

Portuguese workers hit by massive austerity package

By Paul Mitchell, 12 December 2011

The recent budget, together with earlier cuts, will reportedly cut public sector take-home pay by 27 percent next year compared to 2010.

Default looms as Portugal’s bonds downgraded to “junk” status

By Paul Mitchell, 8 July 2011

The downgrading of Portuguese bonds to junk status has provoked bitter recriminations from European Union leaders, who fear for the stability of the entire continent.

Portugal and the collapse of European social democracy

By Chris Marsden, 10 June 2011

The defeat of Portugal’s Socialist Party government in the June 5 election has brought forth a plethora of articles on the rout suffered by Europe’s social democratic parties.

Socialist Party routed in Portuguese general election

By Chris Marsden, 7 June 2011

Portugal’s general election has ended in defeat for the ruling Socialist Party (SP) of Jose Sócrates and victory for the centre-right opposition Social Democrats (PSD).

Portugal’s ruling elite plans social offensive after election

By Paul Mitchell, 4 June 2011

The ruling elite in Portugal are planning a social counter-revolution following the general election on Sunday June 5.

Draconian austerity measures a condition of Portuguese bailout

By Paul Mitchell, 6 May 2011

Early indications are that a terrible assault on the living standards of the working class is being launched in a society where unemployment is already at a record high 11 percent.

Class issues in the Portuguese bailout

By Alex Lantier, 14 April 2011

The Portuguese bailout is a reactionary, anti-democratic charade aimed at blocking a political challenge by the working class to austerity policies.

Portugal’s bailout: European banking crisis deepens

By Nick Beams, 9 April 2011

The aim of the Portuguese bailout, expected to total at least €80 billion, is to prop up the European banks by imposing major cuts to the living standards and social conditions of the working class.

Portugal: Massive austerity measures to follow bailout

By Paul Mitchell, 9 April 2011

The European Union is demanding massive austerity measures in return for a multi-billion euro bailout requested by the Portuguese government on Thursday.

Portugal requests EU-IMF bailout

By Stefan Steinberg, 8 April 2011

In a new escalation of the euro crisis, Portugal became the third European country to ask the European Union and the International Monetary Fund for a loan.

Portugal edges towards bailout as borrowing rate hits record high

By Paul Mitchell, 31 March 2011

Portugal edged closer to seeking a financial bailout this week, as the cost of government borrowing hit record highs.

Portuguese Prime Minister resigns amid rising social protests

By Paul Mitchell and Alex Lantier, 24 March 2011

Portuguese Prime Minister José Sócrates resigned yesterday, amid rising strikes and protests and attempts by the ruling class to find a broader political coalition to force social cuts on the workers.

Portugal: Hundreds of thousands demonstrate against youth unemployment

By Paul Mitchell, 15 March 2011

Hundreds of thousands of people demonstrated against youth unemployment in 11 cities across Portugal on Saturday. Noticeable by their absence were political parties and trade unions.

A reply to a defender of Portugal’s Stalinist trade unions

5 March 2011

WSWS journalist Paul Mitchell replies to a letter sent by a reader from Portugal.

Portugal under mounting pressure to accept financial bailout

By Paul Mitchell, 15 January 2011

Portugal is under mounting pressure from other euro zone countries to accept an international financial bailout.

Cables show Portugal’s role in secret CIA prisoner flights

By Patrick Martin, 17 December 2010

The Portuguese government agreed to make an Azores air base available for CIA flights, while keeping the arrangement secret from its own people.

General strike brings Portugal to a halt

By Paul Mitchell, 25 November 2010

Yesterday’s general strike in Portugal brought the country to a halt, as millions of workers from the public and private sector stayed away from work ahead of a vote in Congress on the government’s budget and austerity measures.

Portugal: General strike ahead of Congress budget vote

By Paul Mitchell, 24 November 2010

In what has become a pattern across Europe, the unions in Portugal have called a one-day general strike today, November 24, in advance of a budget vote in Congress on Friday.

Portugal’s Socialist Party government imposes new round of austerity

By Paul Mitchell, 18 May 2010

Portugal’s Socialist Party government has agreed with the opposition Social Democrats on further austerity measures to cut the deficit in half—from 9.4 percent of GDP to 4.6 percent by next year.

Left Bloc offers its services to Portuguese capitalism

By Paul Mitchell, 27 March 2010

The petty-bourgeois political grouping, the Left Bloc (Bloco Esquerda), is offering its services to Portuguese capitalism as it faces renewed pressure from international financial institutions and speculators.

Portuguese public sector workers in 24-hour national strike

By Julie Hyland, 5 March 2010

A 24-hour strike by Portugal’s 500,000 public sector workers Thursday caused widespread disruption.

500,000 Portuguese public sector workers set to strike

By Paul Mitchell, 4 March 2010

Portugal’s half a million public sector workers are expected to take part in Thursday’s one-day strike against the austerity programme being imposed by the Socialist Party government.

Portugal: Public sector workers protest pay freeze

By Paul Mitchell, 8 February 2010

Last Friday, tens of thousands of Portugal’s public sector workers demonstrated in Lisbon against a planned wage freeze.