European Economy International finance capital and the strikes in France The aim of the “structural reforms” demanded by the IMF and the financial elites is the destruction of all the social gains of the European working class won in the past seven decades. Wed, 25 May 2016 06:00:00 GMT 2016-05-25T06:00:00Z Currency conflicts surface at G-7 meeting As with other major economic summits in the recent period, the weekend meeting of the G-7 could reach no agreement on co-ordinated measures to halt the stagnation of the global economy. Mon, 23 May 2016 06:00:00 GMT 2016-05-23T06:00:00Z IMF warns against British exit from EU IMF head Christine Lagarde warned that in the event of a vote to leave the European Union, the UK could enter into recession. Sat, 14 May 2016 05:00:00 GMT 2016-05-14T05:00:00Z Forty million Russians in debt Household debt has more than doubled in Russia since 2008, with the total currently $159 billion. Sat, 07 May 2016 05:00:00 GMT 2016-05-07T05:00:00Z Deepening contradictions within the global economy Just as the economics of the present period are increasingly resembling the 1930s, so are the politics. Thu, 05 May 2016 05:00:00 GMT 2016-05-05T05:00:00Z Eleven thousand jobs threatened at British Home Stores Pension obligations will be transferred to the taxpayer, while the corporate heads’ own tax obligations are wiped out, courtesy of debt-financed transactions and off-shore tax havens. Tue, 26 Apr 2016 05:00:00 GMT 2016-04-26T05:00:00Z Divisions grow over European Central Bank policy German criticism of the ECB’s negative interest rate regime is not the result of differences over monetary policy philosophy but is rooted in the political economy of German capitalism. Fri, 22 Apr 2016 05:00:00 GMT 2016-04-22T05:00:00Z Steel producers summit threatens stepped-up trade war against China The focus of the Brussels summit on the global steel crisis was “promoting structural adjustment” through job losses, deregulation and trade war measures against China. Wed, 20 Apr 2016 05:00:00 GMT 2016-04-20T05:00:00Z VW hands out massive bonuses to company executives The granting of bonuses to executives at VW illustrates how management is reacting to the exhaust emissions scandal, which has resulted in losses and potential fines. Mon, 18 Apr 2016 05:00:00 GMT 2016-04-18T05:00:00Z UK Brexit referendum campaigns officially begin The referendum on the UK’s membership in the European Union is taking place under conditions of a deepening crisis for the Conservative government of David Cameron. Sat, 16 Apr 2016 05:00:00 GMT 2016-04-16T05:00:00Z Conflicts over European financial policy point to coming attacks on workers Criticisms by German officials of easy-money policies at the European Central Bank were bitterly denounced by British, French, and US media and politicians. Sat, 16 Apr 2016 05:00:00 GMT 2016-04-16T05:00:00Z IMF to meet amid worsening stagnation and rising geo-economic tensions As global growth continues to slow, there are rising concerns that the negative interest rate policies of major central banks are worsening the situation. Tue, 12 Apr 2016 05:00:00 GMT 2016-04-12T05:00:00Z For international workers’ unity, not national unity with the corporations! The only way to fight the destruction of tens of thousands of steel jobs in the UK and Germany is a struggle for the international unity of the working class. Sat, 09 Apr 2016 05:00:00 GMT 2016-04-09T05:00:00Z European steel workers face massive attacks on jobs and pensions The proposed merger of Tata Steel and the steel division of Thyssen Krupp would be accompanied by an assault on jobs and pensions in the European steel industry. Fri, 08 Apr 2016 05:00:00 GMT 2016-04-08T05:00:00Z German report confirms poor die younger The link between income and “years lived in good health” is even clearer than the link between income and life expectancy. Mon, 04 Apr 2016 05:00:00 GMT 2016-04-04T05:00:00Z Forty thousand jobs threatened as Tata Steel announces end of UK operations Neither Labour leader Corbyn nor the trade union bureaucracy proposes any struggle by steel workers in defence of their jobs. Thu, 31 Mar 2016 05:00:00 GMT 2016-03-31T05:00:00Z Germany’s Deutsche Bahn to slash 2,100 rail freight transport jobs Works councillors and union functionaries have already indicated they are prepared to cooperate in implementing the cuts, the first step to a further wave of consolidations. Tue, 29 Mar 2016 05:00:00 GMT 2016-03-29T05:00:00Z Living standards fall and discontent rises in Russia In a sign of the population’s intense economic distress, retail trade levels in Russia have fallen to their lowest level in 40 years. Fri, 18 Mar 2016 05:00:00 GMT 2016-03-18T05:00:00Z Central banks confront unintended consequences Markets are awaiting decisions by the Bank of Japan and the US Fed on monetary policies as concerns grow over negative interest rates. Tue, 15 Mar 2016 05:00:00 GMT 2016-03-15T05:00:00Z European Central Bank cuts rates and pours more money into financial markets The ECB’s latest measures will do nothing to boost the real economy, but only lead to further financial speculation and increase the danger of a currency war. Fri, 11 Mar 2016 05:00:00 GMT 2016-03-11T05:00:00Z Report on German poverty refutes propaganda of social recovery Almost one in six in Germany were registered as poor in 2014. Sat, 05 Mar 2016 05:00:00 GMT 2016-03-05T05:00:00Z Bombardier adds to Northern Ireland manufacturing jobs massacre The corporation announced that 1,080 jobs would go at its plant in Belfast, Ireland, which makes the wings for its new C-Series plane. Tue, 01 Mar 2016 05:00:00 GMT 2016-03-01T05:00:00Z G-20 summit rules out coordinated stimulus Despite calls for fiscal stimulus by the International Monetary Fund, the only area in which the major economic powers are increasing their spending is on the military. Mon, 29 Feb 2016 05:00:00 GMT 2016-02-29T05:00:00Z Perplexity and divisions mark G-20 meeting The G-20 meeting in Shanghai is riven by the widening divisions between the major capitalist powers as the crisis of the global economy intensifies. Fri, 26 Feb 2016 05:00:00 GMT 2016-02-26T05:00:00Z Germany’s Deutsche Bank in crisis Fears of collapse and panic sell-offs on the stock market have halved Deutsche Bank’s value over the course of a year to €20 billion. Tue, 23 Feb 2016 05:00:00 GMT 2016-02-23T05:00:00Z European Steel unions demand trade war in Brussels The European trade unions, led by Germany’s IG Metall, demonstrated last Monday in Brussels for trade war measures against Russia and China. Sat, 20 Feb 2016 05:00:00 GMT 2016-02-20T05:00:00Z OECD downgrades global growth forecast The Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development said global growth has “practically flat-lined” and financial instability risks are on the rise. Fri, 19 Feb 2016 05:00:00 GMT 2016-02-19T05:00:00Z Stock market panic risks new financial crisis The global sell-off expresses growing fears that the trillions pumped into the financial system since 2008 have done nothing to improve its underlying health, and may have sown the seeds for a crash on an even greater scale. Fri, 12 Feb 2016 05:00:00 GMT 2016-02-12T05:00:00Z A new stage in the global economic breakdown The growing financial crisis in China, marked by capital flight and mounting concerns over debt levels, is accompanied by increasing doubts about the stability of the entire global banking system. Tue, 09 Feb 2016 05:00:00 GMT 2016-02-09T05:00:00Z Global manufacturing continues to fall The Chinese steel industry recorded a loss of more than $9 billion for 2015, in the clearest expression of China’s economic slowdown. Tue, 02 Feb 2016 05:00:00 GMT 2016-02-02T05:00:00Z Global slowdown to deepen attacks on jobs Stock markets recovered some of their losses at the end of the last week, but the underlying trend in the world economy is slower growth and outright recession. Mon, 25 Jan 2016 05:00:00 GMT 2016-01-25T05:00:00Z The political significance of the global economic turmoil The turmoil on global markets is an expression of the breakdown of the mechanisms and structures that have sustained world capitalism over the past quarter-century. Thu, 21 Jan 2016 05:00:00 GMT 2016-01-21T05:00:00Z Major companies announce job cuts across Europe The assault on the European working class comes amid mounting signs that the world economy is nearing another major crisis. Tue, 19 Jan 2016 05:00:00 GMT 2016-01-19T05:00:00Z Wave of selling hits US markets The sharp downturn in US markets has come amid a series of statements by banking officials that the conditions for a new financial crisis are rapidly developing. Thu, 14 Jan 2016 05:00:00 GMT 2016-01-14T05:00:00Z Global markets continue to fall The impact of events in China points to the worsening situation facing major Western corporations. Sat, 09 Jan 2016 05:00:00 GMT 2016-01-09T05:00:00Z Stock markets continue to plunge amidst growing signs of economic crisis The continued sell-off points to growing fears of a divergence between stock market values, which have been rising for nearly six years, and the slowdown of the world economy. Fri, 08 Jan 2016 05:00:00 GMT 2016-01-08T05:00:00Z Global financial turmoil continues on fears of slower growth The fall in oil prices to their lowest level in 11 years points to deepening recessionary trends that increase the risk of defaults in high-risk, high-yield bonds. Thu, 07 Jan 2016 05:00:00 GMT 2016-01-07T05:00:00Z Syriza presents plan for drastic pension cuts Based on Syriza’s record in government, workers must assume that its assurances that it is seeking to protect pensions as much as possible are outright lies. Thu, 07 Jan 2016 05:00:00 GMT 2016-01-07T05:00:00Z IMF head warns of slow growth and economic “shocks” in 2016 IMF Managing Director Christine Lagarde wrote that global economic growth next year would be “disappointing” and the outlook for the medium term had also deteriorated. Thu, 31 Dec 2015 05:00:00 GMT 2015-12-31T05:00:00Z A New Year’s sense of foreboding over the global economy Economic developments in 2015 were dominated by intensifying recessionary trends throughout the world economy. Wed, 30 Dec 2015 05:00:00 GMT 2015-12-30T05:00:00Z WTO buries Doha Round: Another rupture in the post-war order The decision to end the Doha Round signifies the end of the multilateralism that formed a crucial foundation of post-World War II economic expansion. Tue, 22 Dec 2015 05:00:00 GMT 2015-12-22T05:00:00Z A new tipping point in the global economic crisis Corporate defaults are on the rise, not only in the energy sector hit by falling prices, but across the board. Thu, 10 Dec 2015 05:00:00 GMT 2015-12-10T05:00:00Z Expansion of Russian-German Nord Stream pipeline exacerbates tensions within the European Union At the end of November, several Eastern European members of the EU urged the European Commission to stop the Nord Stream 2 pipeline project. Wed, 09 Dec 2015 05:00:00 GMT 2015-12-09T05:00:00Z BIS warns of sudden end to “uneasy” financial calm Junk bonds are heading for their first losses since the global financial crisis, indicating the present stock market boom may be living on borrowed time. Tue, 08 Dec 2015 05:00:00 GMT 2015-12-08T05:00:00Z UK government outlines unprecedented public spending cuts In just 10 years, from 2010 through 2020, government spending as a percentage of GDP is projected to fall by 10 percent, with disastrous consequences for millions of people. Thu, 26 Nov 2015 05:00:00 GMT 2015-11-26T05:00:00Z Global markets cheer dismal economic figures Global stock markets are surging as negative economic news makes interest rate cuts by central banks more likely. Tue, 03 Nov 2015 05:00:00 GMT 2015-11-03T05:00:00Z Deutsche Bank to cut up to 35,000 jobs The Ver.di trade union is cooperating with the Deutsche Bank management to lay off tens of thousands of workers. Mon, 02 Nov 2015 05:00:00 GMT 2015-11-02T05:00:00Z Social crisis dominates municipal elections in Ukraine Nearly 21 months after the coup that overthrew President Viktor Yanukovych the country is in social and economic free-fall. Mon, 02 Nov 2015 05:00:00 GMT 2015-11-02T05:00:00Z Perplexity and gloom dominate IMF-World Bank meeting A report issued on the eve of the IMF-World Bank meeting said that emerging market economies had over-borrowed by $3 trillion over the past decade. Mon, 12 Oct 2015 05:00:00 GMT 2015-10-12T05:00:00Z Organizers promote economic nationalism at Berlin demonstration against transatlantic trade agreement While many demonstrators sought to express opposition to inequality and war, the demonstration's organizers advanced a right-wing agenda of economic nationalism. Mon, 12 Oct 2015 05:00:00 GMT 2015-10-12T05:00:00Z Syriza budget implements dictates of European banks Greek Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras said that austerity was the “only way” out of the country’s crisis, declaring, “we have to tighten our belts.” Tue, 06 Oct 2015 05:00:00 GMT 2015-10-06T05:00:00Z Global recessionary trends intensify The crisis of mining giant Glencore, whose shares plunged by 30 percent this week, is only one expression of the slump gripping the global economy. Thu, 01 Oct 2015 05:00:00 GMT 2015-10-01T05:00:00Z Thousands more jobs to go across all sectors in UK Local authorities in the UK face more devastating cuts, after already having their budgets slashed to pay for the bailout of the super-rich following the 2008 economic crisis. Sat, 19 Sep 2015 05:00:00 GMT 2015-09-19T05:00:00Z Seven years since the Wall Street crash Seven years after the eruption of the crisis, financial parasitism has reached unprecedented heights while the global economy stagnates. Tue, 15 Sep 2015 05:00:00 GMT 2015-09-15T05:00:00Z Global Ponzi scheme threatens to implode The global stock market selloff reflects the inability of governments and central banks to address the fundamental contradictions of the capitalist system that led to the Wall Street crash of 2008–2009. Mon, 24 Aug 2015 05:00:00 GMT 2015-08-24T05:00:00Z Global markets plunge amid signs of deepening slump US stocks fell by the largest amount since February 2014, as fears of a world economic slowdown mixed with concerns over global exchange rate instability and geopolitical conflict. Fri, 21 Aug 2015 05:00:00 GMT 2015-08-21T05:00:00Z World capitalism “toboggans toward catastrophe” Seven years after the Wall Street crash, fears are growing within ruling circles internationally that the world capitalist economy is descending into depression. Wed, 19 Aug 2015 05:00:00 GMT 2015-08-19T05:00:00Z German financial supervisor implicates Deutsche Bank in Libor manipulation Anshu Jain, who recently resigned as co-chair of Deutsche Bank, was involved much more deeply in the manipulation of Libor than previously known. Tue, 28 Jul 2015 05:00:00 GMT 2015-07-28T05:00:00Z A landslide “no” to EU austerity in Greece Yesterday’s “no” vote in Greece is a massive popular repudiation of the EU and the austerity agenda it has pursued across Europe since the 2008 economic crisis. Mon, 06 Jul 2015 05:00:00 GMT 2015-07-06T05:00:00Z Workers speak out against austerity in Greece Workers interviewed by a WSWS reporting team in Athens, Greece, spoke out against austerity and attacks on democratic rights. Wed, 01 Jul 2015 05:00:00 GMT 2015-07-01T05:00:00Z Bank closures impose deepening misery on Greek people Retirees were unable to obtain their pension benefits as a weeklong bank holiday began amid warnings of fuel and medicine shortages. Tue, 30 Jun 2015 05:00:00 GMT 2015-06-30T05:00:00Z Syriza’s fraudulent capital controls Billions of euros have been taken out of Greece by wealthy individuals and corporations in order to make a financial killing if the country goes back to the drachma. Tue, 30 Jun 2015 05:00:00 GMT 2015-06-30T05:00:00Z Greek collapse, global turbulence loom as Syriza imposes capital controls The decision followed Sunday’s announcement by the European Central Bank that it would not increase its emergency funding for Greek banks. Mon, 29 Jun 2015 05:00:00 GMT 2015-06-29T05:00:00Z Greek crisis comes to a head The decision of European financial authorities to terminate the bailout of Greece and limit the flow of credit to banks has brought the country to the brink of an economic and financial meltdown. Mon, 29 Jun 2015 05:00:00 GMT 2015-06-29T05:00:00Z OECD report documents growth of financial parasitism Financial parasitism is leading to the destruction of the productive forces upon which the livelihoods of the world working class depend. Mon, 29 Jun 2015 05:00:00 GMT 2015-06-29T05:00:00Z Thousands of jobs lost in UK Following the loss of 90,000 public-sector jobs in the last parliament, a further 100,000 jobs are set to go over the next five years. Sat, 27 Jun 2015 05:00:00 GMT 2015-06-27T05:00:00Z Political issues in the Greek debt crisis Having built its entire policy around denying the possibility of socialist revolution, Syriza is proposing ever deeper attacks on the working class under the EU’s direction. Fri, 26 Jun 2015 05:00:00 GMT 2015-06-26T05:00:00Z After Syriza’s concessions, EU demands more austerity at Greek debt summit While approving Syriza’s capitulation to its demands for deep cuts in pensions and health care, the EU called for further austerity measures as a precondition for a deal on Greek debt. Tue, 23 Jun 2015 05:00:00 GMT 2015-06-23T05:00:00Z Syriza offers last-ditch concessions prior to EU summit on Greek debt Greek Prime Minister Tsipras heads to the summit under the threat of a deliberately imposed economic catastrophe and expulsion from the eurozone. Mon, 22 Jun 2015 05:00:00 GMT 2015-06-22T05:00:00Z EU threatens to push Greece into bankruptcy after collapse of debt talks Even as he denounced the EU, Greek Prime Minister Tsipras signaled that he is still seeking a deal on the basis of imposing more austerity on the Greek population. Wed, 17 Jun 2015 05:00:00 GMT 2015-06-17T05:00:00Z IMF and ECB walk out of Greek debt talks with Syriza The talks centre on new austerity measures to be carried out by Syriza. Sat, 13 Jun 2015 05:00:00 GMT 2015-06-13T05:00:00Z Mass layoffs in French nuclear energy industry threaten 6,000 jobs worldwide Electricité de France, which is acquiring nuclear energy firm Areva and threatening mass layoffs, is sitting on cash reserves of tens of billions of euros. Wed, 10 Jun 2015 05:00:00 GMT 2015-06-10T05:00:00Z OECD cuts global growth forecast amid growing financial turbulence The downgrade follows what the OECD called the worst quarter for global economic growth since the 2008 financial crash. Fri, 05 Jun 2015 05:00:00 GMT 2015-06-05T05:00:00Z In Brussels talks, Greece moves closer to austerity deal with EU The Syriza-led government is trying to work out the details of its capitulation to the austerity program demanded by the European Union and the banks. Thu, 04 Jun 2015 05:00:00 GMT 2015-06-04T05:00:00Z Surprise move by European Central Bank to speed up debt purchases The accelerated ECB purchase of sovereign debt is another indication of increasing nervousness in global financial markets. Wed, 20 May 2015 05:00:00 GMT 2015-05-20T05:00:00Z Siemens announces massive job cuts worldwide The new job cuts were agreed upon between the trade union, works council and management. Tue, 12 May 2015 05:00:00 GMT 2015-05-12T05:00:00Z Bond market sell-off signals mounting financial crisis In the last two weeks an estimated $2 trillion has been wiped off share and bond markets. Fri, 08 May 2015 05:00:00 GMT 2015-05-08T05:00:00Z Spain: Rebound in employment based on wage cuts and increased job insecurity More than 3.5 million jobs had been eliminated in Spain between 2008 and 2013. Tue, 05 May 2015 05:00:00 GMT 2015-05-05T05:00:00Z Workers Struggles: Europe, Middle East &amp; Africa The <em>World Socialist Web Site</em> invites workers and other readers to contribute to this regular feature. Fri, 24 Apr 2015 05:00:00 GMT 2015-04-24T05:00:00Z IMF head Christine Lagarde praises UK for austerity measures Warnings by the IMF undermine claims by the Labour Party that it would achieve a balanced budget by 2020, should it win power on May 7. Mon, 20 Apr 2015 05:00:00 GMT 2015-04-20T05:00:00Z Banking group HGAA stokes conflict between Vienna and Munich The decision of the Austrian government to no longer pay the debts of banking group HGAA has provoked conflicts in Bavaria. Sat, 18 Apr 2015 05:00:00 GMT 2015-04-18T05:00:00Z IMF loans $17 billion to Ukraine to repay banks, loot economy The International Monetary Fund formally signed off yesterday on a $17.5 billion, four-year loan to the far-right regime in Kiev. Fri, 13 Mar 2015 05:00:00 GMT 2015-03-13T05:00:00Z Workers Struggles: Europe, Middle East & Africa The <em>World Socialist Web Site</em> invites workers and other readers to contribute to this regular feature. Fri, 13 Mar 2015 05:00:00 GMT 2015-03-13T05:00:00Z Danish government expands surveillance powers following Copenhagen shootings Plans were already well advanced prior to the Copenhagen shootings to further undermine democratic rights, with only the appropriate pretext being required. Tue, 03 Mar 2015 05:00:00 GMT 2015-03-03T05:00:00Z Stock markets rise after Greece signs new austerity agreement The financial aristocracy celebrated the Syriza government’s abject capitulation to the European Union’s demands for renewed austerity. Tue, 24 Feb 2015 05:00:00 GMT 2015-02-24T05:00:00Z Greek Finance Minister Yanis Varoufakis’ mission to save capitalism Varoufakis’ essay on becoming an “erratic Marxist” is a damning exposure of the political role of the new Syriza-led government in Greece and the social layer that it represents. Sat, 21 Feb 2015 05:00:00 GMT 2015-02-21T05:00:00Z A comment from a reader: The peculiar socialism of Syriza The <em>World Socialist Web Site</em> received this comment from a reader in Greece on the nature of the new Syriza-led government. Sat, 21 Feb 2015 05:00:00 GMT 2015-02-21T05:00:00Z Schäuble’s arrogance towards Greece and the class divide in Germany Schäuble's arrogant attack on Greece is primarily directed at opposition to austerity in the working class in Germany and across Europe. Sat, 21 Feb 2015 05:00:00 GMT 2015-02-21T05:00:00Z Siemens unveils another round of job cuts in Germany and worldwide The German electronics firm is cutting 7,800 jobs globally, 3,300 of them in Germany, with the collaboration of the IG Metall trade union. Sat, 14 Feb 2015 05:00:00 GMT 2015-02-14T05:00:00Z Greece’s Syriza government pledges to serve the EU In the talks with the EU, the Syriza government is preparing to implement new austerity measures and "respect the European rules." Fri, 13 Feb 2015 05:00:00 GMT 2015-02-13T05:00:00Z IMF announces new $17 billion loan agreement for Ukraine The latest multi-billion dollar loan agreement is a prelude to further attacks on the living standards of the working class throughout Ukraine. Fri, 13 Feb 2015 05:00:00 GMT 2015-02-13T05:00:00Z Syriza capitulates to the European Union Syriza leaders are traveling across Europe to assure governments they can rely on the party to push through “deep reforms." Sat, 07 Feb 2015 05:00:00 GMT 2015-02-07T05:00:00Z Germany demands Greek austerity as Syriza pledges “frenzy of reasonableness” At a press conference with his German counterpart, Greece’s new finance minister pleaded with the European powers to “use us to implement the European programme.” Fri, 06 Feb 2015 05:00:00 GMT 2015-02-06T05:00:00Z EU foreign ministers toughen sanctions against Russia In the first foreign policy action of the new Syriza government, Greece agreed to new measures to step up the US-EU economic war against Moscow. Fri, 30 Jan 2015 05:00:00 GMT 2015-01-30T05:00:00Z Germany moves into deflation as global bond prices point to deepening slump The potential consequences of falling consumer prices and money flooding into bond markets threaten to outweigh even those of the 2008 financial crisis. Fri, 30 Jan 2015 05:00:00 GMT 2015-01-30T05:00:00Z The election in Greece and the political tasks of the working class Despite its left-wing facade, Syriza is a bourgeois party that rests on affluent layers of the middle class. Sat, 24 Jan 2015 05:00:00 GMT 2015-01-24T05:00:00Z Financial markets celebrate European Central Bank launch of €1 trillion quantitative easing program The measure will have little or no impact on the real economy. Rather, it is aimed at making available further supplies of ultra-cheap cash for financial speculation. Fri, 23 Jan 2015 05:00:00 GMT 2015-01-23T05:00:00Z Workers, youth in Athens discuss upcoming election Tens of thousands of Greeks now rely on food handouts and soup kitchens as a consequence of devastating austerity measures. Thu, 22 Jan 2015 05:00:00 GMT 2015-01-22T05:00:00Z European Central Bank appears set to introduce quantitative easing European stock markets rose to seven-year highs this week in anticipation that the ECB will decide tomorrow to start purchasing sovereign bonds. Wed, 21 Jan 2015 05:00:00 GMT 2015-01-21T05:00:00Z Closure of coal mines in Poland threatens 5,000 jobs Miners are resisting the Polish government’s plans to restructure the coal industry and lay off thousands of workers. Sat, 17 Jan 2015 05:00:00 GMT 2015-01-17T05:00:00Z