European Economy http://www.wsws.org/topics/economyCategory/European_Economy/ British university system faces collapse http://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2014/07/29/unis-j29.html Britain’s universities increasingly rely on private philanthropists for their funding. Tue, 29 Jul 2014 05:00:00 GMT http://www.wsws.org/asset/5236b33b-36fa-45ff-abf5-64d429c4eaeH/unis-j29.html 2014-07-29T05:00:00Z Serbian Parliament passes labour reforms http://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2014/07/28/serb-j28.html Official unemployment has risen to nearly 25 percent and is above 50 percent for youth while the average monthly wage remains extremely low at about €380 (US$515). Mon, 28 Jul 2014 05:00:00 GMT http://www.wsws.org/asset/5a37edf8-c852-43e8-862d-8e8a625923cF/serb-j28.html 2014-07-28T05:00:00Z Contradictions of capitalism underlie monetary policy dispute http://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2014/07/24/bank-j24.html A war of words over monetary policy has erupted between the Bank for International Settlements and major central banks. Thu, 24 Jul 2014 05:00:00 GMT http://www.wsws.org/asset/a2a06c8b-f6f7-4d44-aa43-412584955cdN/bank-j24.html 2014-07-24T05:00:00Z Spain: Pseudo-left Podemos party presents “a programme for the country’s salvation” http://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2014/07/21/pode-j21.html Podemos aims to occupy the vacuum left by the collapse of the establishment parties to prevent growing social opposition from developing into a conscious political movement threatening capitalism. Mon, 21 Jul 2014 05:00:00 GMT http://www.wsws.org/asset/febe8125-b029-4dbf-96d5-fe2e290f2e4G/pode-j21.html 2014-07-21T05:00:00Z The acquittal of HSH Nordbank: Capitalist class justice in Germany http://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2014/07/14/germ-j14.html The judgment in the HSH Nordbank trial shows how the capitalist judicial system serves the financial aristocracy. Mon, 14 Jul 2014 05:00:00 GMT http://www.wsws.org/asset/09f0aa6a-6b89-4cac-840c-d38e588ddefJ/germ-j14.html 2014-07-14T05:00:00Z EU summit in Ypres: National conflicts and militarism http://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2014/06/30/euro-j30.html The EU does not preserve European peace. It is a breeding ground for social inequality, nationalism and war. Mon, 30 Jun 2014 05:00:00 GMT http://www.wsws.org/asset/2a7ab5c1-8243-48a8-ab38-35c53552bb1E/euro-j30.html 2014-06-30T05:00:00Z New reports confirm economic stagnation in Europe http://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2014/06/25/euro-j25.html The economic crisis in Europe is increasingly shifting from the periphery to the core of the continent. Wed, 25 Jun 2014 05:00:00 GMT http://www.wsws.org/asset/46fc7f3e-7a5f-4a82-b448-cbf32f14011K/euro-j25.html 2014-06-25T05:00:00Z Poll spotlights British economic insecurity http://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2014/06/21/inse-j21.html Official statistics confirm that the UK’s economic “recovery” is benefiting only the super-rich, to the detriment of working people. Sat, 21 Jun 2014 05:00:00 GMT http://www.wsws.org/asset/3bb988f9-5601-4421-b172-649ec8fec9eK/inse-j21.html 2014-06-21T05:00:00Z Bank of England governor warns of threat to capitalism http://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2014/06/16/bank-j16.html Coming in the context of a series of reports on the astronomical levels of social inequality in Britain and internationally, Carney’s comments are a warning to ruling circles over the instability of their social order and the inevitability of mass social opposition. Mon, 16 Jun 2014 05:00:00 GMT http://www.wsws.org/asset/81f86dd8-ca25-4b34-9c99-6278014ba0fO/bank-j16.html 2014-06-16T05:00:00Z Budget cuts threaten scientific and cultural projects at London’s Kew Gardens http://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2014/06/11/gard-j11.html Due to years of budget cuts, Kew Gardens has a £5 million shortfall, leaving it ever more dependent on philanthropic and commercially generated funding. Wed, 11 Jun 2014 05:00:00 GMT http://www.wsws.org/asset/47db2a59-c82f-4f0f-98ee-35731232b7bD/gard-j11.html 2014-06-11T05:00:00Z Austerity forces British children into record levels of poverty http://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2014/06/10/chil-j10.html This will be the first decade since records began in 1961 that has not seen a fall in absolute child poverty in the UK. Tue, 10 Jun 2014 05:00:00 GMT http://www.wsws.org/asset/8fdd94c9-879b-4388-b7f6-70c9fa8c94eN/chil-j10.html 2014-06-10T05:00:00Z European Central Bank cuts interest rate below zero http://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2014/06/06/ecbr-j06.html The move is an expression of the fact that, nearly six years since the collapse of Lehman Brothers, the world economy remains in deep crisis. Fri, 06 Jun 2014 05:00:00 GMT http://www.wsws.org/asset/db562536-dc91-4582-af23-296173f2bc4E/ecbr-j06.html 2014-06-06T05:00:00Z Support for Portugal government nosedives http://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2014/06/02/port-j02.html Votes for the two right-wing government coalition partners collapsed to just 27.7 percent Mon, 02 Jun 2014 05:00:00 GMT http://www.wsws.org/asset/bbe19a06-cb6d-4666-832b-68f2a8e98bcO/port-j02.html 2014-06-02T05:00:00Z Spain’s major parties hammered in European elections http://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2014/05/30/spai-m30.html The ruling right-wing Popular Party (PP) and the opposition Socialist Party (PSOE) both had their worst results since the first elections in post-Franco Spain. Fri, 30 May 2014 05:00:00 GMT http://www.wsws.org/asset/4630d482-1ec3-481c-9cf0-981400c4672L/spai-m30.html 2014-05-30T05:00:00Z The new aristocracy in Britain http://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2014/05/23/pers-m23.html Britain’s super-rich elite now control wealth equivalent to one third of total economic output, or £519 billion. Fri, 23 May 2014 05:00:00 GMT http://www.wsws.org/asset/cc135068-4021-40ed-8c67-23392d2410fO/pers-m23.html 2014-05-23T05:00:00Z Britain has more than 100 billionaires, says Sunday Times Rich List http://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2014/05/13/rich-m13.html The <em>Times</em> figures show that the UK now has one billionaire for every 600,000—the highest concentration in the G8. Tue, 13 May 2014 05:00:00 GMT http://www.wsws.org/asset/d58043ba-2dc3-402b-9d28-4574fa96288O/rich-m13.html 2014-05-13T05:00:00Z Spain: United Left ends differences with PSOE in Andalucía coalition http://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2014/05/05/evic-m05.html The Communist Party (PCE)-led United Left (IU) has reaffirmed its commitment to the coalition government with the Socialist Party (PSOE) in the Spanish region of Andalucía. Mon, 05 May 2014 05:00:00 GMT http://www.wsws.org/asset/f2237869-c5a5-485d-b886-a131fa56c2eJ/evic-m05.html 2014-05-05T05:00:00Z Pointing to rise of neo-fascists, banks demand austerity in France http://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2014/04/30/fran-a30.html Financial markets are calling on the Socialist Party government of Prime Minister Manuel Valls to intensify attacks on the working class. Wed, 30 Apr 2014 05:00:00 GMT http://www.wsws.org/asset/9215dc37-81b7-4ce6-be78-a33d7d1a4c9A/fran-a30.html 2014-04-30T05:00:00Z Spanish Congress rejects Catalan independence referendum http://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2014/04/22/cata-a22.html The Spanish Popular Party government and the main opposition Socialist Party have rejected the request by the Catalan regional parliament to hold an independence referendum on November 9. Tue, 22 Apr 2014 05:00:00 GMT http://www.wsws.org/asset/0d46d010-2210-4e79-a316-ab2493efe5eF/cata-a22.html 2014-04-22T05:00:00Z France’s incoming government launches historic attack on working class http://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2014/04/21/fran-a21.html The PS is repudiating all the social concessions made to the working class after the fall of the Nazi collaborationist regime at the end of World War II. Mon, 21 Apr 2014 05:00:00 GMT http://www.wsws.org/asset/c71866b6-89af-4280-82f8-fe116353fc0M/fran-a21.html 2014-04-21T05:00:00Z European Union: From economic community to alliance of warmongers http://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2014/04/14/pers-a14.html In turning to an aggressive foreign and military policy, the ruling elite is responding to a profound crisis of European capitalism. Mon, 14 Apr 2014 05:00:00 GMT http://www.wsws.org/asset/1c167e8a-6638-4d34-94bf-eb7ab8c3361C/pers-a14.html 2014-04-14T05:00:00Z German chancellor visits Greece to prop up right-wing regime http://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2014/04/12/gree-a12.html German Chancellor Angela Merkel flew to Athens Friday to bolster the prospects of the right-wing government of Antonis Samaras in the forthcoming European elections. Sat, 12 Apr 2014 05:00:00 GMT http://www.wsws.org/asset/b1e32823-f91a-4bd3-ba26-f4cf0a4bd0fL/gree-a12.html 2014-04-12T05:00:00Z Top Greek state official resigns over collusion with fascist Golden Dawn http://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2014/04/08/gree-a08.html Panayiotis Baltakos was seen as the “No. 2” man in the government, co-ordinating its policies. Tue, 08 Apr 2014 05:00:00 GMT http://www.wsws.org/asset/fec7044d-52ae-479a-afe3-af51f499383P/gree-a08.html 2014-04-08T05:00:00Z Report: Thousands of Polish children go hungry http://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2014/04/01/pola-a01.html A recent report by the Central Statistical Office of Poland shows that more than half a million of the country’s children suffer from malnutrition. Tue, 01 Apr 2014 05:00:00 GMT http://www.wsws.org/asset/30f50a20-9e1e-49e0-9f92-62216a8ae68C/pola-a01.html 2014-04-01T05:00:00Z Greek parliament approves new attacks on workers http://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2014/04/01/gree-a01.html The latest agreement between the European Union-led troika and the Greek government includes measures to limit the right to strike. Tue, 01 Apr 2014 05:00:00 GMT http://www.wsws.org/asset/6b8051a6-2901-4a65-8a7a-0e6e043c0c5F/gree-a01.html 2014-04-01T05:00:00Z UK Labour Party proposes compulsory cheap-labour scheme http://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2014/03/27/jobs-m27.html Under Labour’s scheme, young people will be compelled to work for a six-month period at the minimum wage. Thu, 27 Mar 2014 05:00:00 GMT http://www.wsws.org/asset/61a6dd89-129e-4769-8568-08aa58204edG/jobs-m27.html 2014-03-27T05:00:00Z Academic experts advise Spanish government to escalate attacks on the working class http://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2014/03/27/spai-m26.html Among the proposals from nine Spanish academics is a nearly 10 percent reduction in income tax on the richest sections of the population. Wed, 26 Mar 2014 05:00:00 GMT http://www.wsws.org/asset/cbb28aba-f41c-4f69-984e-5cec5f9fbeaP/spai-m26.html 2014-03-26T05:00:00Z Spain: One million march in Madrid against austerity http://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2014/03/24/madr-m24.html A mass demonstration on Saturday in the Spanish capital Madrid protested growing austerity, evictions, unemployment and poverty. Mon, 24 Mar 2014 05:00:00 GMT http://www.wsws.org/asset/e78941da-8887-4c1c-b394-08c8405fe30A/madr-m24.html 2014-03-24T05:00:00Z Greece’s “The River” party: A populist fraud http://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2014/03/24/rive-m23.html Under the slogan “politics for everyone”, founder Stavros Theodorakis advances the conception that it is possible to achieve a national economic revival within the framework of the capitalist profit system. Mon, 24 Mar 2014 05:00:00 GMT http://www.wsws.org/asset/19b2419a-a258-4754-8208-c48a08935b0M/rive-m23.html 2014-03-24T05:00:00Z Massive budget cuts and labour reforms to follow Serbian election http://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2014/03/22/serb-m22.html In the fortnight leading up to the elections, the International Monetary Fund sent its latest mission to Serbia to drum home the precarious state of the economy. Sat, 22 Mar 2014 05:00:00 GMT http://www.wsws.org/asset/ea8bb225-0178-4ba3-8172-aa2bfc59c3fB/serb-m22.html 2014-03-22T05:00:00Z Cyprus parliament passes privatisation programme http://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2014/03/20/cypr-m20.html The sale of state-owned companies to international investors is anticipated to net the government €1.4 billion. Thu, 20 Mar 2014 05:00:00 GMT http://www.wsws.org/asset/b6392cda-3db0-47d2-809b-f77a95f0ccdF/cypr-m20.html 2014-03-20T05:00:00Z German President Gauck visits Greece http://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2014/03/11/gauc-m11.html The German president exhibited all of the dishonesty and hypocrisy that have become his political trademarks on his three-day trip to Greece. Tue, 11 Mar 2014 05:00:00 GMT http://www.wsws.org/asset/d5e759d1-0f50-43e2-8f90-512a883eca4P/gauc-m11.html 2014-03-11T05:00:00Z Rome at risk of Detroit-style bankruptcy http://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2014/03/04/ital-m04.html Italy’s new premier, Matteo Renzi, has approved a decree that prepares the framework for an unprecedented assault on public workers and services as well as the selloff of cultural assets. Tue, 04 Mar 2014 05:00:00 GMT http://www.wsws.org/asset/c10045fb-1fff-4e71-a86f-a3bd801165eC/ital-m04.html 2014-03-04T05:00:00Z Devastation of health care in Greece http://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2014/02/28/gree-f28-f28.html The closure of the entire state-run outpatient clinic network for one month to introduce the new Primary Healthcare Network could lead to thousands of job losses. Fri, 28 Feb 2014 05:00:00 GMT http://www.wsws.org/asset/8deff541-507d-4084-82d9-53b79fd8f8bD/gree-f28-f28.html 2014-02-28T05:00:00Z Czech government embarks on more austerity http://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2014/02/27/czec-f27.html The new Czech government is committed to a political course that is aligned to the European Union but abhorred by the population. Thu, 27 Feb 2014 05:00:00 GMT http://www.wsws.org/asset/7e4316ec-c93a-4f0a-b75f-978ecb74704N/czec-f27.html 2014-02-27T05:00:00Z Greek police enter schools, quiz children on political activities http://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2014/02/25/scho-f25.html One of the police raids took place at the Keratsini High School on February 8, where students questioned by police were singled out because they had participated in a protest occupation of the school in October. Tue, 25 Feb 2014 05:00:00 GMT http://www.wsws.org/asset/8a11e0fb-fff8-4494-b5a1-ee90966652fL/scho-f25.html 2014-02-25T05:00:00Z Serious concerns persist over helicopter safety in North Sea http://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2014/02/21/heli-f21.html A long delayed fatal accident inquiry into the crash of a Super Puma into the sea off the coast of Peterhead in 2009, killing all 16 on board, has finally begun. Fri, 21 Feb 2014 05:00:00 GMT http://www.wsws.org/asset/9105b1c0-402b-4ab7-ad03-af413b681f7E/heli-f21.html 2014-02-21T05:00:00Z Widespread abstention in UK’s Wythenshawe by-election http://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2014/02/17/wyth-f17.html With a turnout of just 28.5 percent, there is no disguising the widespread alienation of the overwhelming majority of the population from the existing setup. Mon, 17 Feb 2014 05:00:00 GMT http://www.wsws.org/asset/3d3527b8-1a06-4199-91c8-5604407f50bE/wyth-f17.html 2014-02-17T05:00:00Z French automaker PSA plans to slash jobs at Poissy, shift production to Asia http://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2014/02/11/psap-f11.html PSA is intensifying the exploitation of its work force, relying on speedup and job cuts in Europe while preparing a major production shift towards Asia. Tue, 11 Feb 2014 05:00:00 GMT http://www.wsws.org/asset/fec9de84-1d4c-493d-80bc-c755be0869cB/psap-f11.html 2014-02-11T05:00:00Z SYRIZA’s pose of opposition to Greek austerity unravels http://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2014/02/10/syri-f10.html The SYRIZA coalition has acknowledged that if it came to power, it would pay back the vast bulk of the country’s debt. Mon, 10 Feb 2014 05:00:00 GMT http://www.wsws.org/asset/7400c19c-49aa-4f94-820c-f89bf8cb4e3N/syri-f10.html 2014-02-10T05:00:00Z Deflationary tendencies intensify in Europe as unemployment remains at record levels http://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2014/02/05/euro-f05.html The human misery resulting from the policies of the European elite finds its sharpest expression in the growth of mass unemployment and resulting poverty. Wed, 05 Feb 2014 05:00:00 GMT http://www.wsws.org/asset/7eb6e6c9-ef9f-4982-bf29-c3315a8948bG/euro-f05.html 2014-02-05T05:00:00Z European Union demands more austerity in Greece http://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2014/01/29/gree-j29.html Demands for further austerity come after the Council of State ruled previous wage cuts to the armed forces, police, coast guard and firemen unconstitutional. Wed, 29 Jan 2014 05:00:00 GMT http://www.wsws.org/asset/1e89ebec-a349-4c39-a855-b51acdab1abB/gree-j29.html 2014-01-29T05:00:00Z UK housing benefit changes threaten mass evictions http://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2014/01/22/hous-j22.html The New Year saw one of the largest landlords in Kent, Fergus Wilson, announce he will no longer rent his houses to benefit recipients and plans to evict 200 tenants. Wed, 22 Jan 2014 05:00:00 GMT http://www.wsws.org/asset/3acbfc45-1525-4536-bbdd-46950f8aff4J/hous-j22.html 2014-01-22T05:00:00Z Spain: Fascists intimidate plaintiffs in Franco-era crimes case http://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2014/01/20/fasc-j20.html Two hundred plaintiffs and their lawyers have been forced to fly to Argentina to give evidence in a lawsuit seeking an investigation of torture, executions and abductions. Mon, 20 Jan 2014 05:00:00 GMT http://www.wsws.org/asset/d5f69d6c-df3d-4b2a-9992-66e2e1f89b5P/fasc-j20.html 2014-01-20T05:00:00Z Riots in Burgos, Spain reveal simmering social tensions http://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2014/01/18/burg-j18.html The unrest in Burgos is a foretaste of the next period under Spain’s explosive social conditions of mass unemployment and growing poverty. Sat, 18 Jan 2014 05:00:00 GMT http://www.wsws.org/asset/93f7dd19-c410-4bf8-ac56-8e9da6e1ff0F/burg-j18.html 2014-01-18T05:00:00Z Bankruptcy of German publishing firm Weltbild threatens 6,800 jobs http://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2014/01/18/welt-j18.html The bankruptcy is bound up with the global offensive against the wages and rights of the working class. Sat, 18 Jan 2014 05:00:00 GMT http://www.wsws.org/asset/2f56d42a-a545-4ddd-ac44-628c4e585a8A/welt-j18.html 2014-01-18T05:00:00Z Germany: The Left Party defends the EU http://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2014/01/15/left-j15.html The Party of the European Left recently held an event in Berlin in preparation for the upcoming European Parliament elections. Wed, 15 Jan 2014 05:00:00 GMT http://www.wsws.org/asset/d874f1f0-b797-4517-85d9-6b5f7707abeL/left-j15.html 2014-01-15T05:00:00Z Over 400 jobs cut in Ireland as Lufthansa subsidiary shuts plant http://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2014/01/13/irel-j13.html Lufthansa Technik announced the closure of a facility near Dublin. Mon, 13 Jan 2014 05:00:00 GMT http://www.wsws.org/asset/9f2120db-55e3-4462-a249-379a4701fbdM/irel-j13.html 2014-01-13T05:00:00Z Poverty in Germany hits new high http://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2014/01/06/germ-j06.html The latest report by the Joint Welfare Association refutes the official propaganda that Germany is a haven of prosperity in Europe. Mon, 06 Jan 2014 05:00:00 GMT http://www.wsws.org/asset/93abde84-937c-4702-ba50-dcc2ca9d4d3M/germ-j06.html 2014-01-06T05:00:00Z Report reveals the new face of UK poverty http://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2014/01/04/pove-j04.html Figures for 2011-2012 show 13 million people in the UK are in poverty. Sat, 04 Jan 2014 05:00:00 GMT http://www.wsws.org/asset/e1d05940-7145-4886-8007-278f46963a6E/pove-j04.html 2014-01-04T05:00:00Z Berlin Senate passes new austerity budget http://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2013/12/30/berl-d30.html With the two-year budget for 2014/2015, the social democratic-conservative Senate in Berlin is paving the way for further austerity in coming years. Mon, 30 Dec 2013 05:00:00 GMT http://www.wsws.org/asset/7292db46-c241-4e4a-9219-05bc1d05d20C/berl-d30.html 2013-12-30T05:00:00Z EU summit: Berlin calls for stricter budgetary discipline http://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2013/12/23/summ-d23.html The new German grand coalition, which enjoys an overwhelming parliamentary majority, was even more aggressive in its posture toward the EU than the government it replaced. Mon, 23 Dec 2013 05:00:00 GMT http://www.wsws.org/asset/a3b32263-3eb5-4487-9cf0-7da9c7b6f87N/summ-d23.html 2013-12-23T05:00:00Z Mass opposition blocks Portuguese pension reform http://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2013/12/23/port-d23.html The largest budget cuts in over 30 years provoked widespread strikes and protests in Portugal. Mon, 23 Dec 2013 05:00:00 GMT http://www.wsws.org/asset/c21633e4-951f-4199-8fb5-08ed46b160dL/port-d23.html 2013-12-23T05:00:00Z EADS to cut 5,800 jobs across Europe http://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2013/12/13/eads-d13.html The mass layoffs at aerospace and defence firm EADS are part of a new round of attacks on the European working class. Fri, 13 Dec 2013 05:00:00 GMT http://www.wsws.org/asset/e1289daa-b7bb-49b3-a295-986e791e752G/eads-d13.html 2013-12-13T05:00:00Z Unions capitulate on pensions at Irish energy supplier http://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2013/12/13/irel-d13.html The dispute arose over a €1.6 billion deficit in the pension scheme and the company’s decision to change from a defined benefit to a defined contribution system. Fri, 13 Dec 2013 05:00:00 GMT http://www.wsws.org/asset/3a98458d-85b9-44a7-9898-efec52036dfM/irel-d13.html 2013-12-13T05:00:00Z Greek girl dies from carbon monoxide poisoning after utility shut-off http://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2013/12/12/gree-d12.html The death of a 13 year old girl in Greece, from carbon monoxide poisoning, is the latest of many social tragedies resulting from years of brutal austerity. Thu, 12 Dec 2013 05:00:00 GMT http://www.wsws.org/asset/c4cab1f2-f398-4606-90b9-ab809d8d3d2F/gree-d12.html 2013-12-12T05:00:00Z EU announces token fines on banks caught rigging global rates http://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2013/12/07/libo-d07.html The fines amount to a slap on the wrist for banks that have long since factored such sums into their accounts. Sat, 07 Dec 2013 05:00:00 GMT http://www.wsws.org/asset/2706658a-1db6-44f9-8626-f3efe60b11fC/libo-d07.html 2013-12-07T05:00:00Z Portuguese government deepens attacks in 2014 budget http://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2013/12/02/port-d02.html The finance minister was adamant that the government’s austerity measures would continue long after the bailout programme comes to an end next summer. Mon, 02 Dec 2013 05:00:00 GMT http://www.wsws.org/asset/3fcb9e3b-6d4d-4be7-a5f8-245d358f6b4A/port-d02.html 2013-12-02T05:00:00Z One million in German metal and electronics industries working on temporary contracts http://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2013/12/02/germ-d02.html The IG Metall union commissioned a study on the expansion of work contracts because it felt its role in the spread of contract labour had been overlooked by the political and business elite. Mon, 02 Dec 2013 05:00:00 GMT http://www.wsws.org/asset/dd79817a-dd0b-4853-81de-3908efebf22P/germ-d02.html 2013-12-02T05:00:00Z European youth unemployment: “A public health time bomb waiting to explode” http://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2013/11/21/unem-n21.html A new report on social inequality in Europe confirms that adverse health conditions are determined by power, money and resource inequities. Thu, 21 Nov 2013 05:00:00 GMT http://www.wsws.org/asset/cfbe5976-7317-4536-aa75-4cc40ea2ebbK/unem-n21.html 2013-11-21T05:00:00Z German energy firm RWE to cut 6,700 jobs http://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2013/11/21/rwe-n21.html Germany’s second-largest energy company plans to eliminate one in ten jobs by 2016. Thu, 21 Nov 2013 05:00:00 GMT http://www.wsws.org/asset/25a63cbf-e047-47c9-bc73-64655509de5F/rwe-n21.html 2013-11-21T05:00:00Z Berlusconi’s party splits in Italy http://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2013/11/19/ital-n19.html While Berlusconi announced on Saturday his party’s return to the name Forza Italia, Angelino Alfano unveiled a new party. Tue, 19 Nov 2013 05:00:00 GMT http://www.wsws.org/asset/50397e83-97ec-4fc5-9804-64fb6827151A/ital-n19.html 2013-11-19T05:00:00Z Europe tilts back towards recession http://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2013/11/15/euro-n15.html Financial markets are pushing for austerity measures that have devastated southern and eastern Europe to be imposed in the continent's main economies. Fri, 15 Nov 2013 05:00:00 GMT http://www.wsws.org/asset/21d21a22-202b-476a-9eba-1bd0aaf8bd4G/euro-n15.html 2013-11-15T05:00:00Z Madrid garbage collectors strike against lay-offs and wage cuts http://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2013/11/14/spai-n14.html Thousands of garbage collectors and gardeners have been on indefinite strike in Spain's capital Madrid since November 5. Thu, 14 Nov 2013 05:00:00 GMT http://www.wsws.org/asset/8b9eac1d-5410-408d-85b0-7552d83a637O/spai-n14.html 2013-11-14T05:00:00Z Portuguese public sector workers strike http://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2013/11/14/port-n14.html A strike of Portuguese public sector workers, in opposition to further austerity cuts of €3.9 billion, including wage cuts of up to 12 percent, received the support of 70 percent of the workforce. Thu, 14 Nov 2013 05:00:00 GMT http://www.wsws.org/asset/31cf5eed-61ee-43b6-8b69-9e26a3fdeedO/port-n14.html 2013-11-14T05:00:00Z UK Prime Minister David Cameron proclaims austerity cuts to be “permanent” http://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2013/11/14/came-n13.html British Prime Minister David Cameron used the annual speech at the Lord Mayor’s Banquet to declare that the devastating austerity being imposed by his government will be “permanent.” Wed, 13 Nov 2013 05:00:00 GMT http://www.wsws.org/asset/e0dcbbff-817c-461f-b94a-49785095222E/came-n13.html 2013-11-13T05:00:00Z Vote of no confidence in Greek government fails http://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2013/11/13/gree-n13.html A vote of no confidence in the Greek government initiated by the largest opposition party, Syriza (Coalition of the Radical Left), failed by a wide margin on Sunday. Wed, 13 Nov 2013 05:00:00 GMT http://www.wsws.org/asset/3251f5cb-5698-4ca2-b46a-a6448005ca4D/gree-n13.html 2013-11-13T05:00:00Z Referendum in Switzerland to place upper limit on salaries http://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2013/11/11/swis-n11.html On November 24, Switzerland will hold a referendum on whether the wage gap between lowest and highest earners at a company should be limited to a ratio of 1 to 12. Mon, 11 Nov 2013 05:00:00 GMT http://www.wsws.org/asset/4bb5c483-6ec2-4076-a53d-fdec201e31dI/swis-n11.html 2013-11-11T05:00:00Z Widespread child poverty in Germany http://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2013/11/09/pove-n09.html Around 10 percent of German children live in families whose income lies below the poverty line. Sat, 09 Nov 2013 05:00:00 GMT http://www.wsws.org/asset/573d55f6-c6f6-4991-a901-fed38e0aa74J/pove-n09.html 2013-11-09T05:00:00Z Euro zone officials: No let-up in economic stagnation, mass unemployment http://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2013/11/07/euro-n07.html Continuing stagnation and mass layoffs across the euro zone’s devastated economies constitute a condemnation of the economic irrationality of capitalism. Thu, 07 Nov 2013 06:00:00 GMT http://www.wsws.org/asset/b976874f-7b0a-460d-af59-d5267da5b30F/euro-n07.html 2013-11-07T06:00:00Z Mass protests in Portugal against new budget cuts http://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2013/11/06/port-n06.html As unemployment and poverty grow, thousands protested against new austerity measures of the Portuguese government. Wed, 06 Nov 2013 05:00:00 GMT http://www.wsws.org/asset/68bc89df-e0ff-4f08-9afb-1455cbcce36L/port-n06.html 2013-11-06T05:00:00Z European unemployment hits new high http://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2013/11/02/euro-n02.html According to new figures issued by the Eurostat data agency, unemployment across the 17-country euro zone hit a record 12.2 percent in September. Sat, 02 Nov 2013 05:00:00 GMT http://www.wsws.org/asset/ce14c898-f20f-4ebf-9607-744c96df62cI/euro-n02.html 2013-11-02T05:00:00Z EU border agency Frontex guilty of massive breach of human rights http://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2013/10/28/fron-o28.html The European Union has responded to the refugee crisis in Lampedusa by hermetically sealing its borders and expanding the police apparatus used to repel refugees. Mon, 28 Oct 2013 05:00:00 GMT http://www.wsws.org/asset/b40d30b5-382c-48d4-9442-979f5ac7513P/fron-o28.html 2013-10-28T05:00:00Z Italian government adopts austerity budget http://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2013/10/21/ital-o21.html The so-called stability law 2014 mandates spending cuts of close to €12 billion and tax cuts for business of €3.7 billion. Mon, 21 Oct 2013 05:00:00 GMT http://www.wsws.org/asset/b5817836-0bf0-4bf4-98c4-7c7398afe4aO/ital-o21.html 2013-10-21T05:00:00Z Lampedusa migrant deaths: The real face of the European Union http://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2013/10/17/pers-o17.html From the outside, the EU is like a fortress before whose walls thousands of migrants lose their lives, while inside it resembles a prison, with rising poverty and exploitation. Thu, 17 Oct 2013 05:00:00 GMT http://www.wsws.org/asset/4e37e4a5-dd69-4500-a48c-71387fa55c2H/pers-o17.html 2013-10-17T05:00:00Z Irish government unveils new austerity budget http://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2013/10/17/irel-o17.html The Fine Gael-Labour coalition has outlined new austerity measures, including €1.6 billion in spending cuts aimed at the most vulnerable. Thu, 17 Oct 2013 05:00:00 GMT http://www.wsws.org/asset/45164138-0d30-40d6-b507-fde021217e2G/irel-o17.html 2013-10-17T05:00:00Z Social conflicts intensifying in Greece http://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2013/10/14/gree-o14.html The Greek government is increasingly resorting to authoritarian methods to enforce planned redundancies in the face of mounting working class resistance. Mon, 14 Oct 2013 05:00:00 GMT http://www.wsws.org/asset/20cb97a0-361b-4790-ab9a-51f63180134N/gree-o14.html 2013-10-14T05:00:00Z New reports warn of mass poverty and social decline in Europe http://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2013/10/12/eurp-o12.html The social crisis in Europe is being consciously exploited by the continent’s political elite to affect a major redistribution of wealth from the bottom of society to the top. Sat, 12 Oct 2013 05:00:00 GMT http://www.wsws.org/asset/93b9ff67-0be7-4b64-ad4c-ce95a293b4dP/eurp-o12.html 2013-10-12T05:00:00Z Foxconn imposes Chinese-style sweatshop conditions in Europe http://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2013/10/10/foxc-o10.html Working conditions tantamount to modern slavery are being introduced into Europe by the notorious Foxconn corporation. Thu, 10 Oct 2013 05:00:00 GMT http://www.wsws.org/asset/a1864cdb-c8d8-461a-912d-73203f2a1aeP/foxc-o10.html 2013-10-10T05:00:00Z French austerity budget raises taxes on workers http://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2013/10/10/fran-o10.html The French austerity budget slashes social spending and increases taxes for workers while companies get tax breaks. Thu, 10 Oct 2013 05:00:00 GMT http://www.wsws.org/asset/913b562e-daf9-4d67-bf45-02810a1f2a0N/fran-o10.html 2013-10-10T05:00:00Z German firm Siemens intensifies job cuts http://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2013/10/09/siem-o09.html The announcement by Siemens’ management that 15,000 jobs will be axed worldwide is the prelude to further cuts. Wed, 09 Oct 2013 05:00:00 GMT http://www.wsws.org/asset/bd6a5320-2f53-40a4-bc09-0be74500c2fB/siem-o09.html 2013-10-09T05:00:00Z Manoeuvres between Greece’s major parties accompany clampdown on Golden Dawn http://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2013/10/07/gree-o07.html The arrest of fascist Golden Dawn party leaders was a long-planned operation, carried out amid escalating opposition to Greece’s coalition government. Mon, 07 Oct 2013 05:00:00 GMT http://www.wsws.org/asset/d5c26498-14d1-4c40-84f8-df9c143fb4bB/gree-o07.html 2013-10-07T05:00:00Z An additional 25 million Europeans face poverty http://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2013/10/07/euro-o07.html Almost 1 in 10 working households in Europe now lives in poverty. Mon, 07 Oct 2013 05:00:00 GMT http://www.wsws.org/asset/fcc6d767-259e-4009-bc4d-451822b384aA/euro-o07.html 2013-10-07T05:00:00Z Germany: Orchestra musicians protest against job and pay cuts http://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2013/10/07/orch-o07.html In the past two decades, 37 of 168 orchestras in Germany have been closed, and 2,315 musicians’ jobs cut. Mon, 07 Oct 2013 05:00:00 GMT http://www.wsws.org/asset/ac1c3c01-369f-4b0c-ad8e-2685bf19590N/orch-o07.html 2013-10-07T05:00:00Z The return of the Euro crisis http://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2013/10/04/pers-o04.html The financial and political crisis in Europe has re-emerged with renewed intensity after the German federal elections. Fri, 04 Oct 2013 05:00:00 GMT http://www.wsws.org/asset/079873ce-3e15-4f7c-bda1-bc525c7760bL/pers-o04.html 2013-10-04T05:00:00Z Greek authorities release three fascist Golden Dawn deputies from custody http://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2013/10/04/gree-o04.html Yesterday, Greek authorities released three of the fascist Golden Dawn deputies arrested after the murder of anti-fascist hip-hop musician Pavlos Fyssas. Fri, 04 Oct 2013 05:00:00 GMT http://www.wsws.org/asset/ed47b521-105f-410c-85d8-7cbc670cfc9N/gree-o04.html 2013-10-04T05:00:00Z Italian government survives confidence vote http://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2013/10/03/ital-s03.html Rather than a “historic day for Italian democracy,” Wednesday’s confidence vote was a closing of ranks within the ruling class for a fresh assault on the working class. Thu, 03 Oct 2013 05:00:00 GMT http://www.wsws.org/asset/a3b02e77-eece-4e99-85ed-870882e64efJ/ital-s03.html 2013-10-03T05:00:00Z Greek pseudo-lefts support state ban on fascist Golden Dawn http://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2013/10/02/gree-o02.html Fearing that workers will begin to take the struggle against the fascists into their own hands, the Greek government has arrested leading members of Golden Dawn to bolster the credibility of the state. Wed, 02 Oct 2013 05:00:00 GMT http://www.wsws.org/asset/dae59b0b-5b97-4f84-b4f7-b7efd9ee431P/gree-o02.html 2013-10-02T05:00:00Z Crackdown on Golden Dawn in Greece http://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2013/09/30/gree-s30.html On Saturday, 18 leading members of Golden Dawn, including the chairman of the party, Nikos Michaloliakos, were arrested. Mon, 30 Sep 2013 05:00:00 GMT http://www.wsws.org/asset/3c49f263-dcd9-4387-b3f0-dd96c07bf93D/gree-s30.html 2013-09-30T05:00:00Z New government crisis in Italy after resignation of five ministers http://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2013/09/30/ital-s30.html The Italian government is set to collapse just five months after taking office. Mon, 30 Sep 2013 05:00:00 GMT http://www.wsws.org/asset/c11d7c1b-7ae5-4235-85eb-4aca7e557f6L/ital-s30.html 2013-09-30T05:00:00Z Spanish government approves pension “reform” and freezes public-sector pay http://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2013/09/30/spai-s30.html The ability of the Popular Party government to impose new attacks on civil servants and pensions, is entirely due to the collaboration of the trade unions. Mon, 30 Sep 2013 05:00:00 GMT http://www.wsws.org/asset/4f6fa0d6-24b5-4c66-bc64-08b255452a8P/spai-s30.html 2013-09-30T05:00:00Z Political issues in the struggle against the threat of fascism and dictatorship in Greece http://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2013/09/28/pers-s28.html Golden Dawn has been deliberately built up by the ruling class to spearhead the violent suppression of the working class. Sat, 28 Sep 2013 05:00:00 GMT http://www.wsws.org/asset/b2f1915d-72de-4b1a-a492-4028113ffb9A/pers-s28.html 2013-09-28T05:00:00Z Protests continue against social cuts and fascist terror in Greece http://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2013/09/25/gree-s25.html As new evidence of official support for the neo-Nazi Golden Dawn group emerges, unions and pseudo-left parties are trying to politically subordinate protests to the state. Wed, 25 Sep 2013 05:00:00 GMT http://www.wsws.org/asset/5378f47f-16e7-4535-8a5a-c5c6fa8b9ebK/gree-s25.html 2013-09-25T05:00:00Z Spanish Socialist Party toes US line on Syria http://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2013/09/23/spai-s23.html The efforts by Spain’s Socialist Party (PSOE) to whip up support for US-led threats against Syria is aimed at distracting public attention from the social catastrophe for which it is responsible. Mon, 23 Sep 2013 05:00:00 GMT http://www.wsws.org/asset/31505ca7-7777-404d-9f88-d69b973909bG/spai-s23.html 2013-09-23T05:00:00Z Protests shake Greece after fascist murder of musician Pavlos Fyssas http://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2013/09/20/gree-s20.html On Thursday thousands again took to the streets in Greece to protest social cuts and the fascist murder of musician Pavlos Fyssas. Fri, 20 Sep 2013 05:00:00 GMT http://www.wsws.org/asset/fc594f4b-ac5d-4353-866c-18e6f3e10cfO/gree-s20.html 2013-09-20T05:00:00Z Suicides rise sharply in Greece http://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2013/09/20/suic-s20.html The increase in suicides in Greece highlights the social decline which has taken place under the diktat of the European Union. Fri, 20 Sep 2013 05:00:00 GMT http://www.wsws.org/asset/aac2b5b0-2a19-4625-8ea1-98ce5b0c515J/suic-s20.html 2013-09-20T05:00:00Z JPMorgan receives wrist slap fine for hiding derivatives loss http://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2013/09/20/jpmo-s20.html JPMorgan Chase, the largest US bank, settled charges related to its multi-billion-dollar trading loss Thursday with four regulators, paying a total of $920 million in fines. Fri, 20 Sep 2013 05:00:00 GMT http://www.wsws.org/asset/7fb08172-8d31-4310-ba65-b50534b22e7M/jpmo-s20.html 2013-09-20T05:00:00Z Greek workers demonstrate against mass sackings, fascist violence http://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2013/09/19/gree-s19.html Protests were held in all major Greek cities Wednesday against the austerity measures of the Greek government and the European Union. Thu, 19 Sep 2013 05:00:00 GMT http://www.wsws.org/asset/2b5b408f-c41e-4f9b-b0fb-7a7f705cc50L/gree-s19.html 2013-09-19T05:00:00Z Ireland: Homeless worker dies in a Dublin waste truck http://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2013/09/13/home-s13.html The circumstances of Henryk Piotrowski’s life and brutal death express in a particularly cruel form the impact of the Irish and European ruling class’s austerity policies on the most vulnerable sections of working people. Fri, 13 Sep 2013 05:00:00 GMT http://www.wsws.org/asset/52611010-64f7-43df-b932-8355a1ff76cK/home-s13.html 2013-09-13T05:00:00Z Worsening malnutrition amongst Spanish children http://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2013/08/28/spai-a28.html Due to deepening austerity measures, over a quarter of the Spanish population under 16—some 2.3 million children—are now at risk of malnutrition. Wed, 28 Aug 2013 05:00:00 GMT http://www.wsws.org/asset/0813ca7f-4eb4-49e9-84e0-08a990b0105J/spai-a28.html 2013-08-28T05:00:00Z