From the archives of the Revolution

From the archives of the Russian Revolution

On Slogans

By Vladimir Lenin, 2 September 2017

In “On Slogans,” written in July 1917, Lenin analyzes the shift in class and party relations following the counterrevolution against the July insurrection.

From the archives of the Russian Revolution

Letter to the Provisional Government

By Leon Trotsky, 31 July 2017

This is a new translation of an open letter Trotsky addressed to the Provisional Government on the arrest of Bolshevik leaders, which took place during the crackdown that followed the July Days.

From the archives of the Russian Revolution

Trying Days

By Leon Trotsky, 24 July 2017

This is a new translation of an article by Leon Trotsky, published in Vperiod (Forward), Number 6, on July 22 (9 O.S.), 1917. Trotsky wrote this article after the July Days and before his arrest by the Provisional Government.

From the archives of the Revolution

Declaration of the Bolshevik Faction at a session of the First All-Russian Congress of Soviets on the Question of the Offensive

By Leon Trotsky, 23 June 2017

This declaration, written by Trotsky but delivered by P. Pozern, warns the working class of the implications of the military offensive being prepared by the Provisional Government.

From the archives of the Revolution

Speech on a personal note at an evening session of the First All-Russian Congress of Soviets

By Leon Trotsky, 22 June 2017

This is a contemporary account of a speech delivered by Trotsky in which he addresses the slanders being spread by Miliukov and others that he and Lenin were agents of the German government.

From the archives of the Revolution

Speech on the question of war

By Leon Trotsky, 21 June 2017

This is a contemporary account of a speech delivered by Trotsky before a United Session of Social-Democratic Members of the First All-Russian Congress of Soviets held in Petrograd in June 1917.

From the archives of the Revolution

From the Kronstadt Sailors, Soldiers, and Workers—To the Revolutionary People of Petrograd and All Russia

By Leon Trotsky, 13 June 2017

This declaration by the Kronstadt Soviet was written by Trotsky after he met with the Kronstadt sailors in June to discuss how to respond to the many attacks by the Provisional Government and the bourgeois press against the naval base.

From the archives of the Revolution

Speech at an Emergency Session of the Petrograd Soviet on the Question of Kronstadt

By Leon Trotsky, 10 June 2017

This speech was delivered by Trotsky at an emergency session of the Petrograd Soviet dealing with attacks by the Provisional Government against the increasingly restive sailors at the Kronstadt naval base.

From the archives of the Revolution

Speech at a Session of the Petrograd Soviet on reports by the socialist ministers

By Leon Trotsky, 27 May 2017

This is a new translation of a speech delivered by Trotsky before the Petrograd Soviet on May 26, 1917 (May 13 O.S.).

From the archives of the Russian Revolution

Speech at a session of the Petrograd Soviet

By Leon Trotsky, 19 May 2017

This is a new translation of an abridged version of Trotsky’s speech before the Petrograd Soviet on May 18, 1917, in which Trotsky opposed the new coalition government formed with the support of the Mensheviks and the Socialist Revolutionaries.

Writings of Trotsky from 1917

War and the Revolution

By Leon Trotsky, 27 March 2017

In this article, translated for the first time into English, Trotsky writes on the significance of the moves by the US to enter World War I amidst the revolutionary convulsions in Russia.

Writings of Trotsky from 1917

Who Are the Traitors?

By Leon Trotsky, 25 March 2017

In this article, translated for the first time into English, Trotsky responds to claims that his denunciations of the war plans of the bourgeois provisional government make him a “Germanophile and traitor.”

Writings of Trotsky from 1917

From Whom and How to Defend the Revolution

By Leon Trotsky, 21 March 2017

In this article, Trotsky writes, ‘“The gentry’s lands, but not Constantinople!’—the soldier-proletarian will say to the soldier-peasant, explaining to him who is served by the imperialist war and what its aims are.”

Writings of Trotsky from 1917

War or Peace? (Internal Forces of the Revolution)

By Leon Trotsky, 20 March 2017

In this article, Trotsky writes, “The international struggle against world-wide slaughter and imperialism is now our task more than ever before.”

Writings of Trotsky from 1917

Two Faces (Internal Forces of the Russian Revolution)

By Leon Trotsky, 18 March 2017

In this article, Trotsky writes, “The masses have rebelled with demands for bread and peace. The appearance in power of a few liberals has neither fed the starving nor healed anyone’s wounds.”

Writings of Trotsky from 1917

The Growing Conflict

By Leon Trotsky, 18 March 2017

In this article, Trotsky writes, “An open conflict between the forces of the revolution, headed by the urban proletariat, and the anti-revolutionary liberal bourgeoisie, temporarily in power, is absolutely inevitable.”

Writings of Trotsky from 1917

Under the Banner of the Commune

By Leon Trotsky, 17 March 2017

In this article, Trotsky writes, “In the trenches overflowing with blood and mud, in the starving cities and villages, millions of hearts are filled with indignation, despair and rage. And these feelings, when combined with socialist thought, are turning into revolutionary enthusiasm.”

The Revolution in Russia

By Leon Trotsky, 16 March 2017

In this article, translated for the first time, Trotsky writes, “Our children, grandchildren and great-grandchildren will speak of these days as the beginning of a new epoch in the history of mankind.”

Unease in Europe

By Leon Trotsky, 15 March 2017

In this article, translated for the first time, Trotsky writes, “Every decisive action taken by the Russian proletariat against the most worthless of the worthless European governments will serve as a mighty stimulus for the workers in all other countries.”

From the archives of the Revolution

The Petrograd Soviet’s “Order No. 1”

By the Petrograd Soviet of Workers’ and Soldiers’ Deputies, 13 March 2017

At the demand of soldiers, the Petrograd Soviet on March 14 (March 1, O.S.) issued “Order No. 1,” which Trotsky described as “the single worthy document of the February revolution.”

On the Threshold of Revolution

By Leon Trotsky, 12 March 2017

This article was written by Leon Trotsky on March 13, 1917. An English translation appeared as “On the Eve of a Revolution” in the 1918 edition of Trotsky’s Our Revolution, edited and translated by M. J. Olgin.