Marxism and the Fundamental Problems of the 20th Century

The Communist Manifesto

By Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, 14 October 2008

The manifesto, written in the months prior to the revolutionary wave of 1848 and distributed throughout Europe, is the first definitive statement of the methods and aims of the Communist movement. It introduces the materialist conception of history and of the class struggle, explaining how bourgeois society, having sprung up amid the formation of a world market, simplifies and intensifies class antagonisms by creating the proletariat, a class which has no property aside from its own ability to labor. It explains and refutes objections to the basic demands of the Communist movement, and offers remarkably concise yet profound statements of many of the fundamental tenets of Marxism -- for instance, the state as a "committee for managing the affairs of the entire bourgeoisie," internationalism ("workingmen have no fatherland"), and the role of the political party: "Every class struggle is a political struggle." It closes with an analysis and criticism of other parties, socialist ideologies, and oppositional tendencies.

Declassified grand jury transcripts confirm frame-up of Ethel Rosenberg

The trial of Julius and Ethel Rosenberg

By Tom Eley, 13 September 2008

The recent release of previously secret grand jury transcripts has revealed that crucial testimony was perjured in the conviction and 1953 execution of Julius and Ethel Rosenberg for conspiracy to commit espionage on behalf of the Soviet Union.

1968: The general strike and the student revolt in France

Part 8—The centrist line of the OCI (4)

By Peter Schwarz, 8 September 2008

This is the eighth and final part in a series of articles dealing with the events of May/June 1968 in France.

1968: The general strike and the student revolt in France

Part 6—The centrist line of the OCI (2)

By Peter Schwarz, 5 September 2008

This is the sixth in series of articles dealing with the events of May/June 1968 in France.

1968: The general strike and the student revolt in France

Part 5—The centrist line of the OCI (1)

By Peter Schwarz, 4 September 2008

The Organization Communiste Internationaliste (OCI) officially broke with the International Committee of the Fourth International in 1971, but the political course it pursued in 1968 was already far removed from the revolutionary perspective it had defended, along with other ICFI sections, against Pabloite revisionism at the beginning of the 1950s.

Hegel, Marx, Engels, and the Origins of Marxism

A review of Marx After Marxism: The Philosophy of Karl Marx by Tom Rockmore

By David North, 3 May 2006

The following is second of a two-part series. The first part can be read here.

Hegel, Marx, Engels, and the Origins of Marxism

A review of Marx After Marxism: The Philosophy of Karl Marx by Tom Rockmore

By David North, 2 May 2006

The following is the first of a two-part series. The second part will be posted tomorrow.

International school examines the century’s central problems of history, politics and culture 

By the, 31 October 1998

The International Summer School held in early January by the International Committee of the Fourth International and the Socialist Equality Party of Australia represented a milestone in the revival of classical Marxism. Entitled "Marxism and the Fundamental Problems of the Twentieth Century," the school, held in Sydney from January 3 to 10, was the first such international symposium organized by the world Trotskyist movement.

International school examines the century's central problems of history, politics and culture

By the, 31 January 1998

The International Summer School held in early January by the International Committee of the Fourth International and the Socialist Equality Party of Australia represented a milestone in the revival of classical Marxism. Entitled "Marxism and the Fundamental Problems of the Twentieth Century," the school, held in Sydney from January 3 to 10, was the first such international symposium organized by the world Trotskyist movement.

Castroism and the Politics of Petty-Bourgeois Nationalism

By Bill Van Auken, 7 January 1998

This lecture was delivered on January 7, 1998 to the International Summer School on Marxism and the Fundamental Problems of the 20th Century, organised by the Socialist Equality Party (Australia) in Sydney, from January 3-10, 1998.

Stalinism in Eastern Europe: the Rise and Fall of the GDR

By Peter Schwarz, 6 January 1998

ICFI Secretary Peter Schwarz explains the historical origins of the East German state and demonstrates that Stalinism, not socialism, existed there.

The Significance and Implications of Globalisation

A Marxist Assessment

By Nick Beams, 4 January 1998

The globalisation of production has prepared a new period of social revolution. This is the inevitable outcome of the vast changes in the structure of world capitalist economy over the past two decades -- the culmination of processes stretching back over 200 years.

The Aesthetic Component of Socialism

By David Walsh, 3 January 1998

Art expresses things about life, about people and about oneself that are not revealed in political or scientific thought. To become whole, human beings require the truth about the world, and themselves, that art offers.