East Africa

Trump escalates US drone war in Somalia

By Timotheos Gaist, 8 July 2017

Calls are growing in US ruling circles for wider war in the desperately impoverished, immensely strategic Horn of Africa nation.

“The measures we are taking are intended to safeguard the IMF program”

Zambian President Edgar Lungu seizes emergency powers

By David Brown, 7 July 2017

Lungu has enacted dictatorial measures in order to suppress social opposition to upcoming IMF austerity measures.

US-backed South Sudanese regime organizing genocidal crimes, UN report finds

By Thomas Gaist, 15 March 2017

The South Sudanese elites brought to power by Washington have been organizing ethnic repression on a genocidal scale, the UN human rights commission found.

South Sudan civil war causing widespread famine

By Thomas Gaist, 1 March 2017

Six years after the US-backed partition of Sudan, the newly autonomous, oil-wealthy South Sudan is beset by spreading famine and a raging civil war.

Famine threatens millions in the Horn of Africa as Washington prepares expanded war in Somalia

By Thomas Gaist, 21 February 2017

Starvation and malnutrition are menacing the lives of 10-15 million people in the Horn of Africa countries of Somalia, Ethiopia and Kenya.

Ethiopian government kills 100 civilians as protests sweep country

By Joe Williams, 26 August 2016

A protest at the Olympics by marathon runner Feyisa Lilesa drew attention to the ongoing government repression in Ethiopia.

US airstrike massacres 150 at al-Shabaab training camp in Somalia

By Joseph Kishore, 8 March 2016

The attack north of the Somali capital of Mogadishu marks a significant escalation of US operations in the Horn of Africa, which lies next to critical oil routes leading into the Indian Ocean.

US troops have secretly been deployed to Somalia since 2007

By Thomas Gaist, 5 July 2014

Officials made clear that the US intends to escalate its military intervention in the strategic Horn of Africa.

Hundreds drown fleeing continued fighting in South Sudan

By Bill Van Auken, 15 January 2014

As many as 300 people drowned when an overloaded ferry that they had boarded to flee fighting in the city of Malakal sank Tuesday in the White Nile.

Mau-Mau verdict exposes crimes of British imperialism in Kenya

By Jean Shaoul, 12 November 2012

It is estimated that more than 150,000 Kenyans were killed in the suppression of the Mau-Mau uprising that involved ethnic cleansing, concentration camps and widespread torture and murder.

US employs former child soldiers as mercenaries

By Sybille Fuchs, 31 October 2012

The US is increasingly using private security forces to wage its wars and maintain its occupation of countries after the withdrawal of regular troops.

Imperialist powers mourn death of Ethiopia’s Meles Zenawi

By Jean Shaoul, 4 September 2012

The state funeral of Ethiopian prime minister Meles Zenawi on Sunday in the capital, Addis Ababa, underscores the highly unstable character of political relations in Africa.

US threatens Rwandan President Kagame over support for Congolese rebels

By Eddie Haywood, 2 August 2012

The US Office of Global Justice warned the Rwandan government last week that it could face prosecution on war crimes charges.

Released papers reveal attempts to cover up Britain’s criminal past

By Jean Shaoul, 2 May 2012

The Foreign and Commonwealth Office has released thousands of files it previously claimed were “lost” after Britain withdrew from its former colonies.

Kony 2012 and the promotion of “humanitarian” wars

By Andre Damon, 21 March 2012

The central impulse behind US involvement in Uganda is the drive to dominate the region’s recently discovered oil reserves and its other natural resources, as part of the broader struggle for influence in Africa between the US, China and the former colonial European powers.

BP settles for $7.8 billion in Gulf blowout

By Tom Eley, 6 March 2012

Oil giant BP will pay only $7.8 billion to settle with victims of the 2010 Gulf oil blowout.

Britain considers air strikes against Somali insurgents

By Jean Shaoul, 5 March 2012

Britain is considering sending the helicopter carrier HMS Ocean to Somalia to conduct air strikes and commando raids against al-Shabaab and other Islamic groups fighting the Transitional Federal Government.

US-backed Kenyan forces invade Somalia

By Eddie Haywood, 26 October 2011

Kenya sent military forces into Somalia last week, vowing to fight al-Shabaab militants it blamed for a spate of abductions of foreign nationals.

“Walk-To-Work” protests shake Ugandan capital city

By Eddie Haywood, 19 October 2011

Tear gas and gunshots shook downtown Kampala as the “Walk-To-Work” protests resumed on Monday morning after a hiatus in April.

US deploys Special Forces troops to central Africa

By Eddie Haywood and Alex Lantier, 17 October 2011

US President Barack Obama has deployed roughly 100 special operations troops to central Africa, as part of an offensive targeting the leadership of the Lord’s Resistance Army.

Over 100 dead, others horribly maimed in Nairobi pipeline explosion

By Julie Hyland, 13 September 2011

More than 100 people have been killed, and scores horribly burned in Kenya, after a leaking fuel pipeline exploded Monday morning in a Nairobi slum.

Ugandan President Museveni proposes land giveaways to international business interests

By our correspondent, 10 September 2011

Museveni’s proposal for a massive giveaway of public lands to an international sugar conglomerate is the latest in a long string of policies that underscore the government’s corrupt subservience to global financial interests.

Police repress Ugandan protests

By a correspondent, 20 August 2011

On August 10 police in Masaka, Uganda assaulted a demonstration called against the rising cost of living.

US prepares for military intervention in Somalia

By Susan Garth, 6 August 2011

The Obama administration is preparing a new military intervention in Somalia under the pretext of humanitarian concern for starving drought victims.

Kenyans win right to sue UK government for colonial torture

By Joe Mount, 2 August 2011

Four Kenyans are to sue the UK government for the treatment they received during the suppression of the Mau Mau uprising during the early 1950s when Kenya was a British colony.

US-backed forces launch military offensive in Somalia as aid is used as a weapon of war

By Susan Garth, 30 July 2011

The African Union is propping up the Transitional Federal Government that was installed in Somalia by the US-backed Ethiopian invasion of December 2006.

Obama administration operates illegal torture compound in Somalia

By Tom Carter, 19 July 2011

The Obama administration is operating an illegal secret CIA prison compound in Somalia into which targeted individuals are “rendered” without trial to be tortured.

Former Taiwanese president indicted for embezzlement

By John Chan, 11 July 2011

The charges are another sign of the ongoing political battle in ruling circles over the island’s policy toward China.

Rwandan general sentenced for role in 1994 genocide

By Susan Garth, 24 May 2011

Augustin Bizimungu, head of the Rwandan army at the time of the 1994 genocide, has been sentenced to 30 years in prison by the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda.

Ugandan police open fire on protesters

By Susan Garth, 3 May 2011

Police have opened fire on protesters in Uganda and imprisoned many in recent days.

Anti-government action spreads to Djibouti

By Niall Green, 21 February 2011

The wave of popular protests in the Middle East and North Africa has reached the country of Djibouti.

Cables reveal how US and UK sought to plunder Zimbabwe’s resources

By Ann Talbot, 6 January 2011

The US diplomatic cables published by WikiLeaks contain revealing details of how the United States and Britain sought to further their commercial interests in Zimbabwe.

Plan to deploy British mercenaries in Somalia

By Ann Talbot, 1 December 2010

British mercenaries are to be deployed in Somalia, according to the London-based Sunday Telegraph.

Zambian miners shot by Chinese mine owners

By John Farmer, 22 October 2010

Eleven miners were shot at the Chinese-owned Collum Coal Mine, in the Sinazongwe District of southern Zambia on October 15, while protesting against low wages and poor conditions.

Poverty grows in Madagascar

By Barry Mason, 28 September 2010

A recent BBC Radio 4 programme showed that the Indian Ocean island of Madagascar is experiencing growing poverty under a regime of sanctions imposed by the US and Europe.

Food riots erupt in Mozambique

By David Walsh, 4 September 2010

Protests continued in Maputo, Mozambique’s capital city, for a third day on Friday in response to increased bread prices and the general rise in the cost of living. At least 10 people are dead, and more than 400 have been wounded.

Tensions emerge between Rwanda and Western backers

By Linda Slattery and Ann Talbot, 26 August 2010

Tensions began to emerge between President Paul Kagame and his Western backers in the course of the recent elections.

US backs plan to send more troops to Somalia

By Ann Talbot, 2 August 2010

The African Union Summit in Kampala agreed to send more troops to Somalia to support the Transitional Federal Government against the Islamist militia al-Shabaab.

Claims of African economic growth hide stark divisions of rich and poor

By Barry Mason, 25 June 2010

Recent reports show growth of a stark divide between rich and poor in Africa.

Tobacco companies profit from child labour in Malawi

By Barry Mason, 3 June 2010

A recent Channel 4 Television programme, “Unreported World”, highlighted the ongoing use of child labour in tobacco harvesting in Malawi.

French President Sarkozy’s visit to Rwanda

By Anthony Torres, 12 April 2010

French President Nicolas Sarkozy paid a brief visit on February 25 to the Rwanda capital Kigali, to meet Rwandan president Paul Kagamé. This visit took place 15 years after the 1994 genocide of the Tutsis by Hutu tribal forces, supported by France, which claimed 800,000 victims.

Somalia: US backs puppet government’s planned military offensive

By Brian Smith, 12 March 2010

The United States’ military is working closely with its Somali counterparts in planning a major military offensive against Islamist militias, who control the bulk of the country, including almost all of the capital, Mogadishu.

Somalia: Troop surge in support of US-backed puppet government

By Brian Smith, 25 February 2010

The Washington-backed Transitional Federal Government of Somalia is reported to be preparing a major offensive against Islamist rebels who control the bulk of the country.

United States halts food aid for Somali women and children

By Barry Mason, 28 September 2009

The World Food Programme has closed twelve feeding centres for women and children in Somalia as a result of US restrictions on aid to areas that are under the control of groups designated as terrorists.

US assassination in Somalia

By Brian Smith, 21 September 2009

United States commandos from the Pentagon’s Joint Special Operations Command launched a helicopter raid last week in Somalia, close to the border with Kenya, and killed a key Islamist suspect.

Somalia: Obama administration sends arms to prop up Islamist government

By Brian Smith, 3 August 2009

The Obama administration has been sending weapons to Somalia to support the Transitional Federal Government against a rebel insurgency that threatens to overwhelm the government.

Somalia: Conflict rages in Mogadishu

By Brian Smith, 8 June 2009

In the past few weeks, rebels from Al Shabaab and Hizbul Islam have routed government forces in Mogadishu.

Why did France resort to violence off the coast of Somalia?

By Olivier Laurent, 1 May 2009

The use of force in April to recover five French hostages held off the Somali coastline, on the yacht, the Tanit, demonstrates the contempt of the Nicolas Sarkozy government for the lives of the French hostages and the Somali pirates, as well as for French and Somali public opinion.

Obama administration ends Somali pirate standoff with lethal force

By Joe Kishore, 13 April 2009

The hostage-taking in the Indian Ocean was quickly transformed into an opportunity for the Obama administration to reassert US military power and demonstrate Obama’s willingness to use military force.

Somalia: US policy shift towards Islamists after Ethiopian pullout

By Brian Smith, 25 March 2009

Somali MPs have elected Sheikh Sharif Sheikh Ahmed, leader of the Djibouti-based Alliance for the Re-liberation of Somalia (ARS), as the country’s new president.

Zimbabwe: Cholera death toll rises

By Chris Talbot, 30 December 2008

The cholera epidemic in Zimbabwe has now infected up to 24,000 people with nearly 1,200 deaths, according to the official figures from UNICEF.

More military vessels dispatched to Somalia

By Brian Smith and Chris Talbot, 3 December 2008

The increased militarisation of the oil-rich region represents a major danger to the peoples of the region and the entire world. Warships from Britain, France, Germany, India, Malaysia, Russia and the US are all currently operating off the Somali coast.

Workers Struggles: Europe & Africa

7 November 2008

The World Socialist Web Site invites workers and other readers to contribute to this regular feature.

Half of the Zimbabwe population faces starvation

By Barry Mason, 5 November 2008

Aid charities and the UN estimate that 5 million people in Zimbabwe face starvation.

NATO warships head to Somalia

By Brian Smith, 4 November 2008

NATO warships from across the globe are converging on the Gulf of Aden, off the coast of Somalia, ostensibly to tackle piracy and to escort ships through the Gulf. Russia is also sending a warship.

Ethiopia threatens to withdraw from Somalia

By Brian Smith, 22 September 2008

Ethiopian Prime Minister Meles Zenawi has warned that he is prepared to withdraw his country’s troops from Somalia, where they are propping up the US-backed Transitional Federal Government (TFG), even if the latter was not in control of the country.