Southern Europe

Greek workers mount one-day strike against EU austerity package

By Alex Lantier, 18 May 2017

Workers mobilized Wednesday across Greece in a strike called by the trade unions against new austerity measures being imposed by the Syriza government.

Sánchez aims to save Spain’s Socialist Party from collapse

By Alejandro López, 17 May 2017

The faction backing Sánchez represents sections of the ruling class seeking to preserve the PSOE from being destroyed, like its social democratic counterparts in Greece and France.

Hundreds of migrants drown in Mediterranean

By Bill Van Auken, 9 May 2017

The deaths occurred during a spike in crossings spurred in part by a planned crackdown that would send migrants back to hellish conditions in Libya.

Spain: Architect of 1936 Franco uprising reinterred with full military honours

By Alejandro López, 26 April 2017

While the army, the Church and the PP call on the victims of fascism to forget and move on, they secretly glorify and pay homage to the fascist coup plotters.

Small turnouts for Podemos-led demonstrations in Spain

By Alejandro López, 11 April 2017

The pseudo-left party has come into ever more open conflict with the working class and youth, even as it steadily acquires lucrative positions in the capitalist state.

Spanish dockworkers threaten to strike

By Alejandro López, 24 February 2017

Dockers are facing a savage attack on their working conditions by the Popular Party-led government, port companies and the European Union.

Pablo Iglesias re-elected as Podemos general secretary at Vistalegre II congress

By Alejandro López, 13 February 2017

Pablo Iglesias won the internal leadership contest yesterday, amid a bitter faction fight pitting his supporters against those of former Political Secretary Íñigo Errejón.

EU summit approves sealing off the Mediterranean from refugees

By Martin Kreickenbaum, 6 February 2017

As European governments hypocritically denounce Trump’s anti-immigrant measures, the EU is planning to build up the Libyan coastguard and establish internment camps in North Africa to keep out refugees.

Spanish media promote Anticapitalistas’ and Podemos’ “back to the streets” campaign

By Alejandro López, 4 January 2017

The aim of the campaign is to trap escalating social anger behind Podemos and block the emergence of a politically independent struggle of the working class for socialism.

Paolo Gentiloni named as new Italian prime minister

By Marianne Arens, 13 December 2016

At the head of a transitional government, Gentiloni will continue the policies of his predecessor Matteo Renzi, particularly in dealing with the massive banking and debt crisis.

Italian Prime Minister Renzi resigns after defeat in constitutional referendum

By Alex Lantier and Mark Wells, 5 December 2016

The vote on Renzi’s referendum, which was rejected by a margin of 59 to 41 percent, expresses growing opposition to the institutions of European and world capitalism.

Vote no on the Italian constitutional referendum!

By Joint statement of the Socialist Equality Party (Britain), Parti de l'égalité Socialiste (France) and Partei für Soziale Gleichheit (Germany), 3 December 2016

The referendum would give the prime minister virtually unchecked powers to impose his party's agenda, in a major step towards authoritarian forms of rule.

EU fears ‘no’ vote in Italian referendum

By Marianne Arens, 28 November 2016

The constitutional reform, a step toward authoritarian rule, is the key element of the program of Prime Minister Renzi.

Over 300 refugees drown in Mediterranean

By Martin Kreickenbaum, 19 November 2016

Turning refugees away from Europe’s coasts and leaving them to drown in the Mediterranean is a crime that exposes the EU’s true brutality.

Trump’s election as seen from Europe

By Alex Lantier, 19 November 2016

Well before the content of Trump’s foreign policy has come into focus, it is clear that his election marks a historic shift in world affairs, raising the specter of global conflict.

Greek protests greet Obama’s last overseas tour as US president

By Alex Lantier, 16 November 2016

Obama aimed to reassure the European ruling classes that Donald Trump's election would not undermine their relations with the United States.

Syriza agrees to further austerity measures

By John Vassilopoulos, 18 October 2016

European Union commissioner Pierre Moscovici praised Syriza’s “tremendous work” in imposing all the attacks demanded against the working class.

Syriza government assaults Greek retirees

By Katerina Selin, 5 October 2016

On Monday, the Greek government mobilised the police to attack protesting retirees.

Spanish Socialist Party coup exposes Podemos

By Paul Mitchell and Alex Lantier, 4 October 2016

Podemos’ perspective was to form a government with the Socialist Party, which is now working to bring a right-wing government to power in Spain.

Spanish Socialist Party leader resigns to allow formation of right-wing government

By Alejandro López, 3 October 2016

The success of the inner-party putsch against Pedro Sánchez underscores how the ruling class uses parties like the Socialist Party (PSOE) to impose unpopular policies.

Italian Prime Minister Renzi announces constitutional referendum for December

By Marianne Arens, 1 October 2016

The referendum is a step towards authoritarian forms of rule and lays the basis for fierce attacks on Italian workers.

Push to install right-wing Spanish government splits Socialist Party

By Alejandro López and Alex Lantier, 30 September 2016

On Wednesday, half of the Spanish Socialist Party’s Federal Executive resigned, launching an inner-party putsch aiming to force the installation of a right-wing government.

Lesbos fire highlights tragic situation of refugees in Greece

By John Vassilopoulos, 27 September 2016

Around 60 percent of the camp was destroyed, including sleeping tents and clothing supplies.

Earthquake disaster aggravates social crisis in Italy

By Marianne Arens, 10 September 2016

Two weeks after the earthquake in central Italy on August 24, it is clear that the devastation and loss of life was not due to a “natural disaster” but corruption and government indifference.

Spain’s public debt reaches record levels

By Alejandro López, 31 August 2016

All the major parties—Popular Party, Socialist Party, Citizens and the pseudo-left Podemos—are committed to upholding the payment of the debt.

Death toll in Italian earthquake climbs to more than 250

By Marianne Arens, 26 August 2016

Italy’s civil defence organisation and volunteers continue to dig in the hope of saving those still buried alive.

Devastating earthquake hits Italy

By Marianne Arens, 25 August 2016

At least 200 have died, hundreds are still missing, thousands were injured and tens of thousands have been left homeless.

Appalling conditions in Greek refugee camps

By Katerina Selin, 23 August 2016

The mainstream media has gone silent on refugees in Greece, but the suffering of these people, fleeing war and poverty, continues without interruption.

EU demands more austerity after Spain and Portugal fail to cut deficits

By Alejandro López and Paul Mitchell, 19 July 2016

The EU’s unprecedented call for billions of euros in fines comes amid a major banking crisis in Italy and the Brexit crisis.

One year since Syriza’s betrayal in Greece

By Bill Van Auken, 15 July 2016

Syriza’s ceaseless collaboration in the implementation of brutal austerity measures has vindicated the warnings made by the WSWS even before the pseudo-left party came to power.

Head-on train collision near Bari, Italy kills at least 25

By our reporter, 13 July 2016

The single track where the trains collided has no automatic braking system similar to other areas in Italy’s poorer southern regions.

Spanish interior minister used state apparatus to topple opponents

By James Lerner, 30 June 2016

The “Fernándezgate” recordings, which show Interior Minister Jorge Fernández Díaz conspiring against political opponents, expose the disintegration of democratic forms of rule in Spain.

Unidos Podemos pulls ahead of Socialist Party in Spanish election campaign

By Alejandro López, 18 June 2016

The latest polls confirm the historic breakdown of the two party-system that has dominated Spanish politics since the end of the fascist dictatorship.

Setback for ruling Democratic Party in Italian municipal elections

By Marianne Arens, 9 June 2016

Poor results for Democratic Party candidates and gains for Grillo’s Five Star Movement are clear signs of dissatisfaction with the Renzi government.

Podemos pleads with Socialist Party to form a government in Spain

By Paul Mitchell, 22 April 2016

If a power-sharing agreement is not reached by May 2, new elections will be held on June 26.

Greece’s Syriza: Full partner in historic crime against refugees

By Bill Van Auken, 5 April 2016

The police-state measures and summary deportations employed by the Syriza government against refugees are of a piece with its relentless attacks on the Greek working class.

Spain’s Podemos prepares for coalition talks with Socialist Party, Citizens

By Paul Mitchell, 4 April 2016

Podemos is playing the instrumental role in the possible formation of a PSOE-led government to continue imposing austerity on the workers in Spain.

Spanish youth protest education reforms

By James Lerner, 21 March 2016

The protests targeted the “3+2 Decree,” which increases the amount of unpaid, in-company internship time required in university courses of study.

Podemos enters government talks with Spain’s social democrats, conservatives

By Alejandro López and Alex Lantier, 18 March 2016

The broaching of alliances between Podemos and openly right-wing parties is a warning sign that the ruling class is preparing deep new attacks against the workers.

The refugee crisis and the polarization of Europe

By Peter Schwarz, 11 March 2016

Large sections of the population look on the brutal conditions of refugees with horror and disgust, but the official political debate takes place within a narrow spectrum ranging from the right to the ultra-right.

Attempt to form PSOE-Citizens government coalition in Spain collapses

By Paul Mitchell, 7 March 2016

The social-democrats had appealed for “progressive” forces to support their alliance with the right-wing Citizens party.

Popular Unity Candidacy votes ensure passage of Catalan austerity budget

By Alejandro López, 16 February 2016

The vote exposes the CUP’s reactionary role and that of all the parties in Spain and internationally that have promoted its false “anti-capitalist” pretensions.

Italy hit by banking crisis

By Marianne Arens, 9 February 2016

Stock markets across the world experienced a sharp downturn at the beginning of 2016, with the stock exchange in Milan affected particularly severely.

Italian steel work faces closure or sell-off

By Marianne Arens, 8 February 2016

On January 11, 500 steel workers occupied the city hall in Genoa to protest the likely loss of their jobs.

New Catalan premier installed on pro-austerity platform of secession from Spain

By Alejandro López, 12 January 2016

The regional parliament has elected Carles Puigdemont as regional premier for the Together for Yes coalition, with the support of the pseudo-left CUP.

Spain: CUP supports a pro-austerity, separatist Catalan government

By Alejandro López, 12 January 2016

The Popular Unity Candidacy and the pro-austerity separatist parties of the Together for Yes coalition have joined to elect a new Catalan premier.

Podemos considers forming government with Spanish social democrats

By James Lerner and Alejandro López, 11 January 2016

The purpose of such a government, like Syriza in Greece, would be to enforce more unpopular austerity measures on working people and the entire population.

Spain: Elections anticipated after CUP refuses to back Catalan government

By Alejandro López, 6 January 2016

The petty-bourgeois Candidatures of Popular Unity have refused to invest Catalan President Artur Mas, whose party they have backed in parliament.

Portugal’s new Socialist Party government bails out another bank

By Paul Mitchell, 29 December 2015

The bailout of Banif was only possible because of the actions of the Left Bloc and the Communist Party, whose support brought the minority PS government to power last month.

Spanish political system in turmoil over hung parliament

By Paul Mitchell, 23 December 2015

Sunday’s elections resulted in a historic collapse of the two-party system that has dominated Spanish politics since the fascist Franco dictatorship fell in 1977.

Spanish political establishment shifts to right in run-up to general election

By Alejandro López and Paul Mitchell, 19 December 2015

While the Podemos and Citizens parties have emerged to rebrand parts of Spain’s discredited ruling establishment, neither speaks to workers’ social aspirations.

Murder trial implicates leadership of fascist Golden Dawn in Greece

By Robert Stevens, 13 October 2015

Nikos Michaloliakos and other Golden Dawn officials are accused of being part of a criminal organisation.

Varoufakis documents Syriza's political treachery

By Robert Stevens, 24 August 2015

Varoufakis’ documentation of the reactionary, anti-socialist perspective of Syriza exposes the lies of the Left Platform and pseudo-left groups the world over.

In bid to ram through austerity package, Tsipras calls snap elections in Greece

By Alex Lantier, 21 August 2015

The snap election is a cynical attempt to boost Syriza’s vote before the austerity policies go into effect, in anticipation of a confrontation with the working class.

German parliament votes by a large majority for Greek austerity plan

By Peter Schwarz, 20 August 2015

The surrender by the Syriza government in Greece has clearly strengthened the Merkel government in Germany and the drive for austerity policies throughout Europe.

European parliaments move to back austerity measures for Greece

By Peter Schwarz, 19 August 2015

There is no serious opposition in a single European parliament to the brutal cuts being imposed on Greece, which mean untold misery for millions of workers and youth.

Syriza agrees to full list of EU austerity demands in new bailout plan

By Robert Stevens, 12 August 2015

The proposed deal, which accepts all the main demands of the "troika," will have catastrophic consequences for Greece’s already impoverished population.

Italian pseudo-left supports Syriza’s betrayal

By Marianne Arens, 11 August 2015

Italian pseudo-left politician Nichi Vendola is dissolving his SEL organisation and preparing to establish a new “political subject” modelled on Syriza.

International Viewpoint, Syriza and the fraud of Greece’s “Truth Committee” on debt

By Robert Stevens, 4 August 2015

Syriza’s initial support for a debt audit was merely a diversion to prevent any mobilisation of the working class against the EU and the Greek ruling class.

Syriza’s fraudulent capital controls

By Nick Beams, 30 June 2015

Billions of euros have been taken out of Greece by wealthy individuals and corporations in order to make a financial killing if the country goes back to the drachma.

Political issues in the Greek debt crisis

By Alex Lantier, 26 June 2015

Having built its entire policy around denying the possibility of socialist revolution, Syriza is proposing ever deeper attacks on the working class under the EU’s direction.

Syriza offers last-ditch concessions prior to EU summit on Greek debt

By Robert Stevens, 22 June 2015

Greek Prime Minister Tsipras heads to the summit under the threat of a deliberately imposed economic catastrophe and expulsion from the eurozone.

In Brussels talks, Greece moves closer to austerity deal with EU

By Robert Stevens and Alex Lantier, 4 June 2015

The Syriza-led government is trying to work out the details of its capitulation to the austerity program demanded by the European Union and the banks.

Mass abstention in Italian regional elections

By Marianne Arens, 4 June 2015

The right-wing Lega Nord was the main beneficiary as Italy’s governing Democratic Party lost significant support amid low voter turnout.

EU steps up police and military operations against refugees after special summit

By Johannes Stern, 24 April 2015

The special summit of the European Union yesterday in Brussels was dedicated to the construction of “Fortress Europe” and the efforts of the European powers to recolonize Africa.

Another 400 refugees feared dead in latest Mediterranean Sea disaster

By Stefan Steinberg, 16 April 2015

As desperate migrants increasingly seek refuge in Europe, the EU is transforming the Mediterranean into a no-go zone, resulting in a string of horrific tragedies.

Syriza leader issues nationalist appeal in speech to Greek parliament

By Nick Beams, 9 February 2015

British Chancellor George Osborne has indicated the UK government has made preparations for the Greek exit from the euro zone.

Tsipras rushes to reassure EU, banks on Greek debt

By Robert Stevens, 2 February 2015

If Greece fails to reach an agreement with its creditors on €3.5 billion due in February and March, funding could be withdrawn from its banks.

Thousands march against water charges in Dublin and other Irish cities

By our reporters, 2 February 2015

The water charges are supported by the Dublin government as part of the multi-billion euro bailout programme concluded with the Troika in 2010.

The election in Greece and the political tasks of the working class

By Peter Schwarz, 24 January 2015

Despite its left-wing facade, Syriza is a bourgeois party that rests on affluent layers of the middle class.

Greek election: SYRIZA leader calls for “new patriotic alliance”

By our reporters, 24 January 2015

Alexis Tsipras promised that, should his party come to power, it would guarantee the existing political and social order.

SYRIZA’s “anti-oligarch” policy: A call to global finance to raid Greece

By Robert Stevens, 16 January 2015

The Financial Times is trumpeting SYRIZA’s policy because it offers rich pickings for the global financial oligarchy

The collapse of the Greek government

By Alex Lantier, 31 December 2014

With all of the principal parties of bourgeois rule deeply discredited, the ruling class is turning to SYRIZA, the “Coalition of the Radical Left,” in an effort to head off a revolutionary crisis.

Greek presidential election goes to third round

By Robert Stevens, 24 December 2014

If parliament fails to elect a head of state on December 29, general elections will be triggered.

UN agency calls Mediterranean Sea deadliest route for refugees

By Martin Kreickenbaum, 13 December 2014

In the first eleven months of the year, 207,000 refugees have sought to reach Europe across the Mediterranean Sea. Over 3,400 have died in the process.

Low turnout in Italian regional elections

By Marc Wells and Marianne Arens, 2 December 2014

In regional elections in Emilia-Romagna and Calabria, nearly two thirds of the electorate abstained from voting.

Greek riot police attack protesters

By John Vassilopulos, 22 November 2014

Athens was placed on virtual lockdown by an enormous police presence just days after tens of thousands gathered to mark the military junta’s crushing of a student uprising 41 years ago.

Catalan independence poll mobilises core nationalist vote

By Paul Mitchell, 11 November 2014

Turnout for a poll that was heralded as decisive for the future of Catalonia was just 37 percent.

Students occupy hundreds of schools throughout Greece

By John Vassilopulos, 11 November 2014

Students protested a new testing regime that pits schools and students against one another in competition for education resources.

One million protest in Rome against Renzi’s labor “reforms”

By Stefan Steinberg, 28 October 2014

Saturday’s mass demonstration was called by the trade unions to preempt any effective action against the government and cover up the role of the unions in developing the new legislation.

Brutal police provocation at Greek protest over fascist murder of rapper

By John Vassilopoulos, 24 September 2014

Greek police carried out mass arrests and attacked demonstrators at a protest marking the first anniversary since the killing of rapper Pavlos Fyssas by a fascist Golden Dawn member.

The European election in Greece

By Christoph Dreier, 29 May 2014

The results of the election for the European Parliament in Greece reflect the population’s hostility to the government and the EU’s austerity policies.

The Balkan floods and the break-up of Yugoslavia

By Paul Mitchell, 20 May 2014

The severity of the floods has been compounded by the fall-out from the break-up of the former Yugoslavia, the Bosnian War (1991-95) and the NATO bombardment of Serbia in 1999.

Greek ruling coalition takes losses in local elections

By Stefan Steinberg, 20 May 2014

The central government in Athens suffered a blow in central populated areas of Greece in the regional and municipal elections held on Sunday.

On eve of Merkel visit, massive anti-austerity strike in Greece

By Patrick Martin, 10 April 2014

The strike call was widely observed, but few workers attended rallies called by the two main union confederations, which have helped implement deep social cuts.

The rightward gallop of the Bosnian pseudo-left

By Ognjen Markovic, 5 April 2014

The pseudo-left in Bosnia treat major historical issues with contempt and associate with forces with longstanding counterrevolutionary records.

Greek students face prosecution for protests

By Katerina Selin, 13 March 2014

Students in Greece protesting for the right to an education are facing prosecution and possible imprisonment.

Rome at risk of Detroit-style bankruptcy

By Marc Wells, 4 March 2014

Italy’s new premier, Matteo Renzi, has approved a decree that prepares the framework for an unprecedented assault on public workers and services as well as the selloff of cultural assets.

US seeks to hijack Bosnia protests

By Ognjen Markovic and Paul Mitchell, 27 February 2014

Washington has grown increasingly dissatisfied with the intransigence of local politicians and the EU’s failure to resolve the quagmire.

European Union demands more austerity in Greece

By Robert Stevens, 29 January 2014

Demands for further austerity come after the Council of State ruled previous wage cuts to the armed forces, police, coast guard and firemen unconstitutional.

Survivors say Greek policy caused deaths of 12 migrants in Aegean Sea

By Robert Stevens, 25 January 2014

Afghan and Syrian refugees were allegedly “pushed back” towards Turkey.

Trade unions pave way for job and wage cuts at Spain’s largest bakery

By Alejandro López and Paul Mitchell, 26 October 2013

Spain’s largest bakery, Panrico, is preparing to sack nearly 50 percent of its 4,000 employees and cut wages by 30 percent, with the collusion of the trade unions.

Greece: Thousands protest attack on KKE by fascist Golden Dawn

By John Vassilopoulos, 16 September 2013

Thousands protested in Greece after Golden Dawn supporters attacked Greek Communist Party (KKE) members, wounding nine.

Euro zone hatches plan to wring further billions from Greece

By Robert Stevens, 6 September 2013

According to a report, the EU, ECB and IMF sent an email to the Greek government “insisting on liquidating state enterprises and dismissing their employees without compensation.”

Fascist Golden Dawn makes visit to Greek shipyards

By John Vassilopoulos, 14 August 2013

The visit by Greece’s fascist Golden Dawn party to Perama shipyard workers is an indictment of the trade union bureaucracy.

Protests at Greek detention camp highlight state violence against immigrants in Europe

By Stefan Steinberg, 13 August 2013

The EU’s agency for the protection of European borders, Frontex, has worked with the Greek state to set up centres that are characterized by subhuman conditions.

Obama, Greek premier stress close military and intelligence ties

By Christoph Dreier, 12 August 2013

During Antonis Samaras’ trip to Washington last week, Obama made clear that the US is prepared to back military repression to deal with increasing social opposition in Greece.

Berlusconi’s party threatens to bring down Italian government

By Marianne Arens, 5 August 2013

Following the conviction of Silvio Berlusconi, his People of Freedom party is threatening to pull its ministers out of the coalition government led by the Democratic Party.

Tens of thousands protest closure of public television in Greece

By Christoph Dreier, 14 June 2013

Tens of thousands of workers protested the closure of the Greek public broadcaster on Thursday, defying threats of arrest.

Alter-Summit in Athens: A pseudo-left response to growing social opposition in Europe

By Christoph Dreier, 11 June 2013

Trade unions and pseudo-left groups organized a so-called Alter-Summit in Athens, backing the European Union institutions that impose austerity throughout Europe.