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WSWS : v^W h` |@L;n: iNy` up-mh`Qpy

p` @Mw` iNy` pt a[&Kk`vt r#Q[ N aNwv` h`ryt e@r v

kRw^ mNdly
2000 @pbrv` 28

p` @Mw`@G aWm pty @v~tR (jly) p`qny v#l#Km s>h` iNy` N aNwv`N N yW kr a# v&`p`ry @hl` qn @l~k sm`jv` @vB ady j`wN aNt e@r @mm h`ryt r#Q[v j`w&Nwr vs@yN rsrv n# n @ls nm` LN@gN q @s kl`kr#vN@gN q QŽmN@gN q v#d krn jny`@gN q iLl` . X`ry jnw` pK;y (@J) smg b#‹ N aNwv`N@G hlK N pt@Y nyNt h` LNt e@rv q`mk h`r, l[`v` @k~pkrn sh \`k wRjnyN @n` nvWv` m kr @gn yn lq w l @v~tR p`qny a#nmt @Mw`t y. iNy`@V p`lk sX`g@Y [`n pK;y @Jy y. ey `Nw gnn`vk q bly qr` .

1930 gnNvl N @k~lK a`–wv vW KpW v#Nq„vN@G wWvy r<qKvn @v~tR, uWwr @Q| v`r`n` ngr@Y jnv` 30 q` p gwmt ywv . en `@Qy @J @Q\p`lkyN N @m@hyvn lq N aNwv`N@G k#rk` h`ryK pt@Y pwl s#k#Sm n`\ krN @d`lR 650,000k al`XyK k@L y. @m`N y` @Y @mm py iNy` v#Nq„vNt δh krn bvW, N XKyt e@r Sy` mNnyK bvW y.

pty L s`my kdmkt @q a#w# syK l @qvw`vK m e kt vlKv`l l# p @Mw` py @pbrv` 6 q` uWwR @Q\@yN ivW v` y. wm` @Mw`t py Rm`ny mt a# ay a`rK;` krN@N y y` p` n agm# awL h` vJp`, @mm h`ry vlKv`mt yvrK @gn @n`m#w; a#Ww vs@yN m @mm h`ry sks lbN@N j`gnv` kNd`ym smg eK uWwR @Q\@Y @J `Nw a`Nv N m y. vJp` q Sv@Q\ kt X`r a#m eL.@K. aQv` q m`nv sMpW a#m r m@n~hR @j~ q 1948 mh`Wm` g`NŽ {`wnyt sMbN[ aNw-qKn`Ak sA[`ny vn r`y SvyA @SvK sAG (a`ReSeS) y`vv s`m`k@y~ y. aQv` sh @j~, 1992 @qs#Mbr@Y a@y~[&` bB mSQ pLy n`\ kl v&`y`m@Y n`yk@y~ h.

em y`v 1947 iNy`v @b@mN pv a# k#rvN @m`b iNy`@V a# cNd j`gnv` k#rvlt lr#@V y. X`ry jnw` pK; a`Nvt bQ[ aNw Nv` |v N p;`Q (eC) sA[`ny q f#ST vRg@Y sA[`nyK vn V@Sn` sA[`ny q p` @Mw` iNy`@vN elv` qmNnt Vr` . @v~tR pty p`qny m v#l#Km s>h` @Mw` mr` qmNnt v q smhr N j`gnv` sA[`n sp} kr .

1996 aG (Fire), 1998 p^ (Earth) yn pt @qk ud N aNwv`N smg g# n @Mw`, wm` yt pW mt @mm wRjnyN smW @n` vn bvW, @mm h`ry vn` "pty p`qny mt q @pr m#ryN N atvn lq v`rnyK" bvW y` y` y. pty vlk`ln lQ@Q nM eN "iNy`@V j`wNv`q@Y" avs`ny N v a#w# a#y eK vW pwkt y` y` y.

@mm anr# h#<M brpwlv gnN gw y. N aNwv`N N @Mw`@G pty p`qny vlKv`mt @gn y lbn yWny vn` iNy`v l qKn`Ak N XKy mw pqnMv j`v` r`j& q^v`qyK a#tmt q#@rn yWnyk @k`ts. jnw`v@gN amhW v# @k`tsk vn wWvyN eNn eNnm vd`W phw v#@tN @p`@h`sN h` PpN awr ag`[y wvwvW plL @vN pvWn` w l, X`ry jnw` pK;y iNy` jnw`v l h` a`gk @vW ud @bq`m s>h` j`gnv` h#M av`@M kWvy @Jy N g l#b a#w.

iNy`v l nm`v blg y`kl`pyK i kr. @M s`m @Jy q e N aNwv` hLkr#@v~ q iNy` sm`j@Y aA\yN @Vcn`Wmkv pK;` krn nm`kr#vNv rr#v h`ryt lK kr a#w.

q#ntm pvWn` iNy` yt av, rt l pt Rm`ny mt ipW vn @Q\ arqL lW nm`kr#vN wmN@G tpW amy s>h` m[&m a`Nvt ipW kl y. pty amw kr l#@V nM pty p`qn@Y ym aA\ aK;ny mt a`Nv sMbNkrn l[`y pW kr. amw p`vN twt pty @y` vn bvK @p@N nM, ey nvWv` q#mt sMbNkrn l[`y`t bly @B.

iNy`v l pt p`qn@Y m` p#n@vN@N @qK @Qy nm`kr#vNt pmnK @n` @V. m`rWnM, r` n`yR, sh @kR kR a# iNy` nm`kr#@v~ gnn`vK m wm pt p`qny @M q Ev` ipW @M q a`N@V v`rnyt h` aNwv` k#rvlt @g`r# kr l#h. @mvN h`r @qK pt p`qkyNt pmnK m` @n`m#w. @Mw`t e@r h`ry vn` py q\ky l X`ry jnw` pK;@Y n#mW smg uWsNn a# kl`kr#vNt h` QŽmNt e@r h`r m`l`vN ek.

LNt e@r q`mk @r~[w` v&`p`r a@rN iN iw`m m$w ek nM iNy`@V [`nwm L@y vn eM.eF. @SNt e@rv eLl krn lq h`ry . @SN srSv h` @_p yn @Qvw`yN r#vWv Nw`r# k@L y yn @c~qn`v y ot eLl krn lQ@Q. E smg m m[&m h` `Nw a`N l @J bl@Vg a[&`pn pQ[y "Nkrny" kl y ym krN p`sLvl p`m`l` q p`dM @p`W q @vnS krv` a#w.

uWwR @Q\@yN p` @Mw` elv` q#mt n pykt p @J-a`ReSeS bl@Vg iNy` @eh`k pR@Y;n mNdl@Y bly awt @gn [`n @p@L ih`syN a`c`Ry mW sRk`R sh mh`c`Ry @K.eN. pKk`R N sMp`qny mt yw @vM hyk iNy` ih`s k^yN }m @vM @qk pl m whnM klh.

@Jy "wm f#ST v#d@vlt av" awy aN h#dg#Smt uWs`h qrn bv sRk`R m`[&yNt y; iNy`v l j`wNv`qy "t` q#mt uWs`hyK" a#w# pKk`R y. @Jy uWs`h krN N@N iNy`@V smSw a[&`pn pQ[ym, wmNt uvmn` @ls mN m @vnS mt h` a[&`pn p`m`l`v p`lny mt y pKk`R anr# h#< y. o jvhRl`L @Nr# srs@Y @eh`k @Lšn`g`r@Y sX`p q @v.

a`N h` aNwv` bl@Vg N kl`kr#vN q QŽmN q @Q\p`ln vs@yN yg#Nm iNy`vt pmnK m` n#w. ey vn` iNy` upmh`Qpy l iw` lX bvt pWv @bn wWvyK b> Wk`vn uq`hrny -- em wWvy nM @Q\p`ln r#Q[w` \Bq mt j`gnv` bl@Vg av` m y.

bAGl`@Q\@Y @Lk` wSm` nSN er@T "iSl`M [Rm@Y s@r" @ls h‹Nv lbN y; e a#@G @p`W whnM kr l#b a#w. a`gM Q@r~h@Y, @c~qn`, rN vhL kr l#b n a#yt eLl @B. iSl`K aNwv`@y~ a#yv {`wny mt wRjn kr . py vs@R iSl`K aNwv`Nt ;MR rhmN nM bAGl`@Q| ky` n`\ kr q#mt b# @Y yNw. oV ot @p`@r`vN phr Nh. iNy`@V iq j`w&Nwr RyK lW sLmN r, o N yn lq Satanic Verses (s`wN@G pq&) nM uph`s`Wmk k^y s` ov mr` q#y y y SMvr#Nt SM jk ayLl` @k`@m N W krn lq fTv` a``vt wvmW n . ir`n@Y aNwv` kNd`ymK vn @k~Rd$D-15, r mr` qmN@nt @d`lR 25 lK;yk w$GgK nm` .

@k`wrM @>n q# v @h`W @m`n m @VcnyK vW qr` gw @n` h# wWvykt pWv n lAk`@V @p` @pr a`Nv mrn wRjn, @vS lt @b~Mb qm` g#M, phr wl` q#M, wmNt e@r sAwyN, nvN a# kl`kr#vNt eLl kr a#w.

Sy` aNwv`N q a@nW wWv`rK;k kNd`yM q blvWv n [np rtvl q aqhS k`\ @M qhst e@r h`r yWv a#w. py s#Pw#Mbr@Y eKsW jnpq@Y V@y~K ngr@Y ngr`Žp y` b^^KN @k_k`g`r@Y w`n& kl`kr#vN@G @sN@S;N nm# qR\ny "k@w~k-@r~" h` a`gM @r~ y y` whnM mt uWs`h k@L y. iN s pykt p ɦgN vr, aŽk` @`T kl` sAS}`@V smk`n qR\nyK vs` q# y.

@n`v#MbR ag , OS@y` j`k kl` g#ly, @sN@S;N qR\ny b> r#Q[Wvy k`\ krn gnn`vK l# p, em qR\ny nvw` wWv`rK;k @h`v`RD a`Nv smg s`kCc`vkt b#sgW@W y. OS@y`@V nm`kr#@v~ q vd` q# p v`rn p#tmt qrn r`j& uWs`hyNt n .

py vR;@Y bRN @p`y sMX`v&y sh a`RT hS nm`v b> @|;w`vyK q#K @y~ pt yt @qn sm`gmkt kd` v# eyt ayW pt aWpW kr gW@W y.

kl`Wmk k`\n qhs @mvN brpwl h`rykt lKv a#W@W a#? ey, @l~k pm`nv @p~sN h` PpN awr v#@dNn` asm`nw`v mN a# kr @bn sm`j a`wNt q em y}`R}y eqrV mt q`nM ay \Bq kr q#mt p`lkyNt pvWn` av\&w`vt q sMbN[ y. nm`kr#vN q @s kl`kr#vN q awr n vd`Wm b#r#M ay wmN vt` pvWn` @l~ky g@V;ny kr. @mm Rm`n`Wmk sNwy pvWn` blvNt aNwr`y. mNq? y avAk kl` k^ wmN@G œ`vky vt` pvWn` sm`j y}`R}y q e {ww` q vd`W p@rSsN pK;ny mt @y` krn @h.

On$m pAcyK kl`Wmkv pK;ny @M k ay , Rm`n`Wmk qhs, wmN@G m pr`gw aqhS h` @Q\p`ln, sm`j-a`Rk v#d@vl sm`jy mw p#tmt yWn qrNnNt wRjny.

wmN@G m ih`sy q, sm`j aN q b>v s`nk q#vW jnk`yK w&` mw[` h` @n` q#vW jnk`ykt vd` @b@hN blg @Q\p`ln w&k@y.

iNy`@V p` @Mw`t e@r vWmN aNwv` v&`y`my mwkyt nAvN@N 1930 gnNvl n`N, wm p`ln wNyt @n` g#l@pn @p`WpW qhS gnN w#mt f#ST m#ryN @y s# y. 19 vn yv@S hNK hn nM jRmN ky` @pr p, "@p`W w#n, uN aNmt yN@N N w#mt y". @Mw`t e@r aNwv` bl g#Nm em aNwr`yN m m krn awr eyt e@rv aŽ`nvW c`ryK q#Ky y.

nm` kl`@V Kw y @qn` q y kl`kr#vN q @LškyN q skl v#d krn jnw`v q p` @Mw` a`rK;` mt vh`m ipW y y @l~k sm`jv` @vB ady y` . j`wN h` kl`Wmk aNt e@r @mm u vn h`ryt r#Q[ y y. @mm N aNwv`N@G v&`p`ryt a@y~g@yN @w`rv iyt y`mt id N@n`W s$m w#nkm @mvN kNd`yM iN y lb a#w. @Q\p`ln a#  g#Mvlt X`jn kr l# kL q&`Wmk pR@Y;nyN iyt y` @n` h#K@K yM @S q e@S m s#b$ kl`Wmk Rm`nyNt q pRn pR@Y;n h` k`\n qh@sN @w`rv vR[ny gw @n` h#vN@N m y.

y @r~[w`Ÿ

Atal Bihari Vajpayee,
Prime Minister of India,
South Block, Raisina Hill,
New Delhi, India-110011.
Fax: 91-11-3019545 / 91-11-3016857.

Shri Ram Prakash Gupta,
Chief Minister,
Uttar Pradesh 5,
Kalidas Marg Lucknow, India.
Fax: 91-522-239234 / 91-522-214876.
Email: cmup@upindia.org & cmup@up.nic.in

@r~[w` k`\vl y tpW @l~k sm`jv` @vB adyt (E-mail: editor@wsws.org) sh sm`jv` sm`nw` pK;yt (ssp) l#@bNnt slSvNn.

a@P nyŸ
sm`jv` sm`nw` pK;y,
aAk 90, 1 vn m`g`kNq pmg,
@k`lx 10.
E-mail: seplanka@lanka.ccom.lk


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