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WSWS : v^W h` |@L;n : iNy` up-mh`Qpy

/ lAk`@V m#vrn cNd y` wv r @Q\p`ln klbg$ b> l phl kr

Election violence in Sri Lanka foreshadows further political turmoil

@K. rWn`yk
2001 @qs#MbR 5

p`lk @p` @prn h` p`R|k eKsW j`k pK;y (a#N) awr a#@ln kk sr#kM N a`Žpw&y qr` a# s 11k m#vrn v&`p`ryN anr#v, aq / l`Ak@y~ mh m#vrnyk cNqy p`C kr. m#vrny n`Akrny kr a# cNdWv@Y ihl mTtm mN @pNM @k@rN@N, yN pvWn` a`wN sh r@T @Q\p`ln sAS}`wy l v#@dn aRq@Y wWvy.

jn`Žp cNŒk` m`rAg m#vrny k#>@Y, py mh m#vrn@yN yNwM vsrK @g w#n yŸ a#@G a`Nv p`R@MN |v`s XAg @y~jn`vN s#k pr`jykt n mt nt @pr n y. em Nv vn`, py m#vrn@yN anr#v 12 msK S@S p#v @Vqn` shgw @Q\p`ln bl @p`ryk sh wm n&`y py y`vt @n`q#m b>v p`lk kv l n#@gn ashn@Y avsN p`wy y.

m`s gnn`vK S@S mh v&`p`k@y~ wm iLM @qkK -- r@T pvWn` Gg#@sn L Q[y avsN kr vS @bMv` @qml IlM K @k` (eLI) sA[`ny smg s`m s`kCc` a#rm sh j`w&Nwr l& arq@L v&hgwkrn iLM y`vt q#m -- g#n av[`ny @y` kr s j`k Ek`bQ[w` a`NvK wnn @ls @p` @prnt sh a#Nyt bl @M h` E s>h` em @qp`R|vy @p`lov` g#@M @y yh. @p` @prn a#Ny smg ek<w`vkt elmt asmWv E @vvt sh@y~gy s S@v~Wwmv` jnw` K @prn (j@p) @vw h#r# kl, vd`Wm blg v&`p`k @k`tS a`Nvt e@rv y`Wmk h. @j&t s`m`kyN p @q@n q a#lW @p` @pr @Q\p`lnyN gnn`vK m, p# m`r# kr s @p`lov l#@V, a`Nv p`R@MNv l wryK bvt pW kr.

m#vrn v&`p`ry r`m, a#N n`yk rL mAh, Qgk m`[&vl sh@y~gy a#v, uWs`h k@L, 1983 Q[y aro` q\kykt v# klK S@S m^g @ls ey iyt @gn y wWv`rK;k a#Ny s`m@Y pK;y @ls Nw`r# mt y. wmN m#vrn@yN jy gw @h`W, vh`m eLIy smg s`kCc` arxn bv mAh I@Y @r`tR v^W @Svyt p#v y. y whnm ivW m b> eLI@Y iLm g#n m kl o y` @Y, eLI@yN s`[y c`ryK l# vh`m wmN em kr#n g#n slk` bln bv.

@p` @pr@nN @vN a#, q#N eLIy smg ek<w`vK a# kr g s @h`>m m`[&y @ls a#Ny qn, @qml h` SM pqnmK sw pK; gnn`vk sh@y~gy @k@r q mAh bl`@p`@r`W wb` a#w. evN ek<w`vK vn`, Ahl h` @qml @k`tS awr bly @bq` g#@M s#l#SmK vn awr, `@Qy pqnmK mw wv blwl m[&gw kr a# evN s#l#SmK jnv`Rk @HqyN wv rtW \KmW mt @q a#w.

t @pr bl@Y sm@Y brpwl @ls apRyt pWv n a#Ny, yW blyt p#n g#m s Q[yt e@r mhjn @@vry gs`k$mt uWs`h kr. QglyN 3,000kt v# sAš&`vK @y`q`gN @k`lx |vq&`ly mN m$w p#v#W mw mmK mN @s`y` g#@N, iN yyt 77K g#m m @M @h`>m my @ls eLIy smg s`kCc`vNt sh`y @qn bv. sR@V sRC lAk` a`ywny mN krn lq mw mmkt av, a#Nyt pvWn` sh@y~gy py m`sy l yyt 40.4 t 43.5 qKv` n# @N, ey @p` @pr@N yyt 38.8t i@yN wb.

@k`lx |vq&`l mw mm mN wv rtW @s`y` g#@N. aqhS mmt lKkl ay@gN yyt 45K r@T ek w#n pL@vn a`Rky Q[yt vd` š |nyK @ls s#l bv. mAh, kMhL y v^w mt, ߿y` Rm`ny mt h` a`Rk vR[ny Rvny mt ` @qN -- @k@S q yNn p#v@mN @w`rv -- iv aLlN@N @mm uWkw`vN gs`k$mt y.

p# m`r# mN b#t k$mt lK @p` @prn pr`jy vlk`g#@M mAl` shgw yWnyk @y . 1994 eLIy smg s`kCc` mt h` Q[y avsN mt @p`@r`N @vN blyt p# m`rAg, e@hW k@L iKmNm em `v dyt qm` Q[y Vr m. vWmN m#vrn v&`p`ry l , s`KyK ipW @mN @w`rv, a`Nv mAht @c~qn` @k`t a#W@W, rt @bm s>h` eLIy smg rhS ek<w`vk n bvt. a#Nyt @~Wvy b>v @c~qn` krn gmNm, m`rAg q eLIy smg s`kCc` mNm K@p @k`t n#w. e@hW a#y av[`rny kr a#W@W, eLIyt pnv` a# whnm ivW @n` @k@rn awr @vnm @qml IlM r`j&yK g#n s`kCc`vK @n`p#v#W@vn bv.

rj@Y @SvkyN s>h` v#P h` œ`m v#P v# m, r#vr# h` ayM @SvkyN b>v` g#m sh usSM a#lW p#h# m#vrn aLlS m`l`vKm a`Nv N nm l#b @B. v&`p`k @k`tSvl W n`g#@M uWs`hyK @ls m`rAg avsN @m`@h`@W jn`Žp mNr@Y h`MN@G sA[`nvl SmK k#>v`, v#P @gm s>h` sh`y s a`ywnvlt r`j& shn`[`r @mN m as`[& wWv@Y pvn a#<M kRm`Nwy s>h` v&hgwkrn arqL q q`ny kl`y.

m#vrn cNd y`

@Q\p`ln pK; n n aRq@Y wrm b> MmK nM, oN v^wv [ a`k`r@Y m#r h` cNd y`vN@G ӵt @s`y` y$m. I@Y qKv` l @p`S v`Rw` mN @pNM @k@rn p, m#vrn-a`–w QŽvl 26 @q@nK y @g`S wvW 700kt pmn v`l @B. Qgk m#vrn K;kyNt av, mrn sAš&`v 41. pK; @qkt m p`w`l @l~k@Y m#ryN@gN h` t @s`Lq`vN@gN smNw Qgk m#r kL @B. r`j& a`rK;k hq` -- @p`y h` hq`v -- @y`q` g#m b>v q pK;y @p` @prnt @c~qn` kr a#w.

py iq`, ar`[r@Y @p` @pr @plp`yK m#q @@ND @b~MbyK @mN pv @p` @pr h` a#N a`[`rkr#vN awr g#M htg# awr e @q@q@nK {`wnyt lKv 13kt v`l y. @p`y, hq`@V q sh`y a#v, ngr@Y smhr @Q\vl n ymyK n#v a#‰ y p#nm s>h` yvr g. y s@Y, u@R y`pn aR[Qp@Y h`ryk , @qml pK;vl a`[`rkr#vN @q@qn {`wny @k wvW gnn`vK v`l l# y, @mm h`ry b>v @c~qn` eLl a#W@W, a`N@V sh`yk, IlM mhjn j`wN pK;@Y (IԬ) m#ryN @vw y.

pK; n`ykyN cNdWvy @y`q` g#m amw kr @B. @n`v#MbR 15 q` Ssmh`r`m@Y p#v mhjn yk m`rAg @k~pk` @ls @m@S p#vv` yŸ "a@P e@kK mr uN@g e@kKv m#r#vt kmK n#h#." a#Ny @vw p# m`r# kl ihl @p@L @p` @pr n`yky eS.. s`n`yk, @n`v#MbR 22 q` kt yN@G Smk @m@S pvsN E a`k`r@yN m c`r qKyŸ "cNq mA@k`Ll@Y @y@qn e@kK @qN@nK m#r#v`m a@nK ay wvW [cNq] mA@k`Ll@Y @y@qn ekK n#h#."

v&`p`k kv l, m#vrny mN s‹mK @n` l#@b a#w# yNn b> uWkw` v#@dN pv. a#Ny jy g a#w# yNn b> bl`@p`@r`W@vN m$w svl @k`tS l gnN yyt 25N ihl n#m mN @pNM @k@rn p, a#Ny @v@vN p#h# mn`pyK pv. e@hW a#Ny sh e sgyN p#h# p`R@MN bwryK lb` gWwW, m`rAg 2005 vn r# bl@Y a# awr s#ly [`yk blwl q K ‰ a#w.

mAh, jn`Žp h` agm# @vnS pK;vN pW y h# Ns @Q\p`ln my av[`nyt @y` krN, a#Ny m`rAg smg v#d mt q`nM bv a<v` @B. "apt a#yv bl@yN ph mt av\& n#w" y o p#v y. "a#yt a#Ww vs@yN m n`k [`y @ls mt h# awr smhr t @Q\ @vw v# @QvL b> vgm X`r gw h# y. e@hW a a`Nv @gn yN@n."

@k@S @vwW, m`rAg n`k [`y@G wWvyt -- @my s#ly v&vS}`my sA@\~[nyK av\& @qy -- l mt q`nM n#w. a#Ny jy gNn` wWvyk , @Q\p`ln g#mK s>h` m`vwK a#y q#ntmW sks` a#w. a#y @r`tR vW @Svyt @m@S k`\ kl` yŸ "mt oN@G @vW smg v#d kl @n` h# y."

m#vrn@yN anr#v wv rtW @Q\p`ln aL yL p#vm b> idkd h@V, smhr v&`p`k n`ykyN j`k Ek`bQ[w` a`NvK s>h` k#>m y aW kr @B. rjy s lAk` b#A@V sX`p @kN b`@LN, m#vrny v t , @m@S aqhS q#K yŸ "rt @v@vN kl h# @h`>m @qy nM y pK;vl j`k a`Nv. e@S @n` @V nM @mm aS}`vrWvyt avs`nyK @n` @b a#w."

lAk` mNW djST (eLeM) s<r`v vd` brpwl anr# a#<mK W k@L yŸ "a`Rky, vn yqm, sh pvWn` Q[y (n#w @h`W s`m @pr@N rm) v&`p`kyN@G h` s`m`n& jny`@G W l ek @ls ihN m pvWn` k`rn`vN y. Ev`t av[`ny @y` mt vK @k@rN@N n# nM, v&`p`kyN@G h` mhjny`@G h’vL / jyvR[nrt [a`N@V m[&S}`ny] iKmNm yv a# pdy nM @myŸ p`R@MNv eLl!" (av[`rny L k^@Y).

@mm aqhS q#KM vn`, p`lk kv l q#N @vN pvWn` s`kCc`v b> anr# a#<M y. m#vrny @Q\p`ln rm Šmt asmW v @h`W, p`lk @k`tS q`nM vN@N, p`R@MNv p@sk qm` vd` v^w a``q`yk Ž m hrh` y n&`y py y`vt q#mt y.

pvWn` @Q\p`ln aRqy Qgk al`;yN@G h` pK; sr#kMvl p`wyK @n` v, vd` g#„r# @r~[w`vN@G ƒv. w`n&N@gN Sv`nWvy lb` g#@mN pv @M qKv` vsr 50kt aŽk k`ly S@S, @k`lx smSw @Q\p`ln sAS}`wy m, kMkr# pNy @Hq m h` wmN@G m wWvyt r#lK lb` g s Ahl S@v~Wwmv`q@Y ӵt @s`y` @bn awr ey vn` 1983 Q[y @ls iSmWwt p# y`q`my.

mh v&`p`kyN Q[y avsN krn @ls q#N iLl` N@N, / lAk`@V l`X œmy r`k$m s @g~y a`@y~jn a`kR;ny krg#@M y s#lMvlt b`[`vK bvt ey pWv a# s` y. e@hW @p` @prn vW a#Ny vW eLIy smg ek<w`vkt p#mt asmWv a#W@W oN @q@g`Ll m Ahl S@v~Wwmv`qy l g#„Nm e n b#. Q[y avs`nykt @gn E@M s`kCc` s>h` eK pK;yK N g lbn On$m yvrK @n`v#l#Ky h# @ls m @qN@N, a@nK pN eLl vn @~Wvy b> @c~qn`vNt y. a#Ny h` @p` @prn Ek`bQ[v s`kCc` p#v#Wm s>h` ekt eKmt asmWv a#W@W, e@S @mN wmN@G pqnM [ Ahl aNwv` pK; @vw Ķ y a#w# yn @yN oN @p@ln b#.

@k`lx SKky l a@PK;kyN 24k@G l#SvK ipW krN wr< krn sm`jv` sm`nw` pK;y, y a`k`r@Y j`kv`qyN h` S@v~Wwmv`qyN brpwl @ls K@p krn sm`jv` h` j`w&Nwrv` y`m`RgyK mw pqnM vn ekm pK;y. ssp a#F{Sw`n@Y eKsW jnpq n`ykWv@yN W Q[yt ek @hl`m r#Q[ a# awr, eKsW jnpq a`mnyt @s pK; @qn sh@y~gy oN@G kMkr# pN @r~ SvX`vy b> m qR\ky bvt anr# a<v` @B. / lAk`@V Q[y nwr mt h` sm`jv` @vW mw sm`jy sA[`ny mt kMkr# pN@Y Sv`n @Q\p`ln v&`p`ryK @g`dn#m s>h` ssp a@PK;k@y~ uQ@{~;ny kr @B.

ssp Q[y avsN @M ekm sk& y`m`Rgy ipW krŸ enM, u@rN h` n#@gn@rN / lAk` hq` @k`N@Q rwv ivW m sh j`wN aN b> kt |n g#n s`kCc` kr s mhjnw`v@G s^ h` j`wN cNq@yN @W pWvn @y~wyN@gN smNw v&vS}` sMp`qk mNdlyK k#>m. ssp, iNy` up-mh`Qp@Y h` j`w&Nwrv sm`jv` sh`N sAgmyk @k`tsK @ls / lAk` IlM sm`jv` sh`NvK s>h` uQ@{~;ny kr.

aq`l @vnW

ssp uQ@{~;k@y~ / lAk` m#vrn@Y cNqq`ykyNt kw` kr
2001 @qs#MbR 05

/ lAk` a`Nv cNq gr`g#m s>h` v`s v&`p^y wy@M v^w kr
2001 @qs#MbR 05

/ lAk`@V sm`jv` sm`nw` pK;y m#vrn SmK pvWv
2001 @qs#MbR 03


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