World Socialist Web Site

 

Mehring Books




 

 

WSWS : v^W h` |@L;n: @r~py

a#mk` cNq aRqy @g~y S}`vrWvyt wRjnyK vn bvt w`n& m`[& anr# h<v

S m`RSdN
2000 @qs#MbR 07

a@y~gyt lKv a# eKsW jnpq jn`Žpvrn pl b> w`n& m`[& a`vrny a#mk` m`[&yN l pvWn`K @mN pK;` h` a#w#M t @n` g#„r# q @V.

r$pT mR@d`V@G sN sh q tMS @mN m @tĴ`F, @D @ML sh @vnW vW pW b‹ qKn`Ak @k`NsRv#V v^W p pBkN jyhnyK @v@vN @p t a#w. sN @|; vs@yN, F@l~d` cNq v#rv gnN m v#l#Km arXy` @j~RJ dB. @G  kNd`ym q#r$ h#m uWs`hykt m shy N awr aL @g~R h` @m`Kv`N vAckN sh m#ryN @ls n n` @hl` @V y.

@mm vW pW sN[`ngw v@Y, a#mk`v l qKn`A\y @vw k# @p@nn n#„r#vK j`w&Nwr vs@yN @k`NsRv#V bl@Vg \KmW krw# yn |v`sy mw y. @|; vs@yN w`n& @Q\p`lny py q\k @qk l a#mk`v h` smg`v @Y y. qKn`A\y, KNtN sh B@ly`R awr m#q-qKn`Ak sh@y~w`vt e@rv gN h` w#cR g@y SvRnmy smy @vw a`p y`mK a@PK;` kr. mh v&`p`kN s kr s>h` B@ly`R@G mhW uWs`hyN p#v#yW oN py vsr py qN@N w#cR@G p`ln sm@y p#v#y` kMkr#vN@G vn wWvyNt e@r ašNd h`ryN mw p#n pb#SmK @ls .

w`n& @r~p` sAgmyt a`Rkv, @Q\p`lkv h` Q[myv sp @M @LbR a`N@V uWs`hyNt o blg @ls @r~[y pl kr. oN |v`s krN@N @G jn`ŽpWvy aWl`NK asLv#yN @q@qn` awr p#v p#r wl Q[ "@|; sMbN[w`v" nv kr gNnt avS}`vK lb` @q a#w# q emN y [`n @r~y -mLlvyN vn jRmyt h` Nsyt e@rv w`n&@Y hSwy \KmW @k@r a#w# q yNn y.

r#Q[ kr# @H @k`t @gn, @LbRbrL wv` vW pW aL @g~R@G @m`k jn`ŽpWvyt sh@y~gy qKvN@N ey "@wv# mg" l @Qh`r$p @Q\p`ln iqR\ny ašNdv pvWv`@gn y$@M m`RgyK @ls slk` y. 1980 gnNvl g#N v^w pN g#M kr` a`p y`mK sh q#N w`n&@Y [`n @vl> g@qkr#v` vn @r~py h` w`n&y awr sA‹y @n` h# @HqyK vR[ny m b>v o y @v. a#mk`v h` @r~py awr vR[ny vNn` mLlX`vyW pBkN p`lny @r~y y`k`rkM @k@rN Q[my @ls sMbN[ vn bvt k`w al`;yW slkn kL, oN wN@N  a|v`svNw r @ls . @mm slk` b#M @mN m, j`wNk y` @vw wl`@gn @prt y`@M pBkN al`;y q @l~k@Y [`n blvw`@G S}`vrX`vy sMbN[@yN e a#<M q b> uWkw`vN o k`\yt pW kr a#w.

@D rR y vW p@w hwK r`, a`Nk`r  N mry qNdnyt lK krn lq QglyN@G c`y`r$p pl @k`t a#W@W, @l~k@Y iw`m blvW t yNn@Y [`y` bvt o pWy h# bv @pNv` @q. @Y R; p`y @Y @G a`@Lš&yK mw oBbn lq "m`r`Nk" yn w vcny .

e @qs#MbR 6 q` kl`p@Y kv#y @G jn`Žp p`lnyK b>v @m@S p#v yŸ "ur# ayRlNw@Y, p#r @g`Sl`y`@V @h~ aRq a#@ln @vnW S}`nvl o@G srn @sm apt av\& n#w. a aXv` @n` y W@w. e@hW cNq @~d`vN jn`Žp Qgly @k@r usS bl`@p`@r`W w#y @n` h# y."

g`RyN F@l`d` cNq@y akw` @h krN q "pBkN Nkr#vN" @hl` qN q gnn`vK pl @k`t a#w. uq`hrnyK vs@yN @n`v#MbR 28 q` ey @m@S anr# h#< yŸ "@M vn @wK m, @b`@h~ @sN uq`nWv@Y @g`@h`r#vk e sNNv n a#mk`vN pRnv r# v&vS}` aRqyk a@PK;`vt avs`n@Y av y y."

e @qs#MbR 4 q` kv#y pBkN cNq @~d`v v^wv m @hl` @V y. k cNqq`ykN m#vrn n@Y cNqy @mN w`mw` m vlk`m @mN m "v#r pqnM" mw "qhS gnN cNqq`ykN" ivW m s @mm vsr (2000) l cNqq`yk l#S m`lv @Rk kr q#mt F@l`d` pBkN r`j& @LkM k#wN h#S sh a`Nk`r @jB  q#r$ uWs`hyN q ey ut` q#K y. ey R@Q\ k@L aL @g~R "ar# a@y~gy X`r @gn h#S mhWy@G, @jB @G sh @vnW ay@G Rv m#vrn y`k`rkM b>v sp mR\nyk @y@qn @ls aŽkrn@yN iLl` y y. @m w q$ @qK asmWkm iKmvn awr m vd`W s^ @ls v@h`W ey L shgw y."

@n`v#MbR 18 q` iN@pNdND py @m@S anr# h#< yŸ "eKsW jnpqy q#N @Q\p`lkv, sm`yv, @g~yv sh v`Rkv a` h# h#m a`k`ryN m @b a#w. nv jn`Žpvry` py p#@lN a# a# awr, @k m smyN p vK kr y` gw @n` h#K@k @ls m`[& l av`vt lKv a#w; smhr t  mhw` b> k`rn@Y @k`Nsy smg @h`‰N v#d kl @n` h#, @Qy vs@yN aŽk`yK n# vK @n` qNn` jn`Žpvr@y @ls, av`vt lKv a#w."

n 10kt pv iN@pNdND vW pw wv rtW @m@S p#v yŸ "@Q\p`ln pQ[ y p#v#Wm u@qs` -- eKsW jnpq@Y pvWn`K @mN qvN pNnr g#Nn pQ[ pv` -- r#Q[ p`R|vyN am#@y k mTtmK mw r>` pv. em am#y q#N anr#q`yk @ls n#vNnt a`sNn y... a#mk`v, y @Q\p`ln p`wyt lAvW m, q#n g a#W@W jyhny y a#Ww vs@yN m h#m @qyK m @n` vn bv ; ey v#qgWkm aN y`k` v&vS}` pQ[yK mN iKmv` y a#w."

a#mk`@V j`w`Nk y`vy apR@Y @hmW e m#vrn aRq@yN p @Q\p`ln sh sm`j sMbN[w`vN an`gw gmN mgW b>v uWkw` k`\ krN@N, @LbR pK;yt wv` m`[& pmnK m @n` @V.

@G jn`ŽpWvyt sh@y~gy qKvn vd` b#r#M k`\n q oNt ek a#w. uq`hrnyK vs@yN @n`v#MbR 25 q` i@k`nST s<r`v, "F@l`d` cNqy n#vw gnN m vt` pvWn` v`w`vrny Sy` SvX`vykt pWm" sthN kr gN, "ap`w k`Ndk g#mK h` y h# v&vS}`my aRqyK @qst h#mK" b>v pBkNv`Nt phr g#@V, F@l`d` "`Nw v&vS}`q`yky h` @k`Nsy l y @Q\p`ln bly" @y`q` gNnt wRjny m "j`wNv`qy > q#mK" sh "@l~ky r` @vnW s`@PKwv ayhpW j`wNv` rtvlt a#mk`v b> ayhpW yK" ipW mK @ls y.

n$N;L tMS vn` @l~ky r` m L p`k sAš&`vK sw w`n& l mh v&`p`kyN@G W n`gW k`\ny . eb‹ wWvyK l a#mk`v lW j`w&Nwr vs@yW Mvl blp$m wK@Sr# @m l` ey upmy iKmv` @b`@h~ q$ @k`t a#w.

a#mk`@V @Q\p`ln wy arby` @n`v#MbR 23 q` n$N;L tMS kl`py @m@S s>hN k@L yŸ "py s py l , kw` @@\y, r@T v`m`A\@Y h` qKn`Ak aNwv`N@G p m`vNt oB@bN s`m`n&@yN @n` a# aNq@M kRk\ SvX`vyK @gn a#w. aqhS mv`r#@V sr#X`vy r@T @Q\p`ln a`ywn @klsNnt wRjny kr@Y @q~;`@y~g n`tk@y pK;`WvytW vd` nrk aNq."

ey wv rtW @m@S k`\ krŸ "Il< jn`Žpvry`t p`lny krNnt v a#W@W ‹ @k`NsyK smg y... o@G |nk` @W pWm i k`lvl m`[&@V X`gvl sh @k`NS m`Ndk X`gvl pv` ;y bvt pWv a#w. @k`Ns@y pK; @q@K m s`m`kyN |v`s krN@N, kvr a@PK;k@y vW y a`sn sAš&`v wv ar# @qkN p#v#W@vn aNwRv`k m#vrn@Y Ķ y a# bv . @b`@h~ aR} \`SyN |v`s krn p, lbn vs@R qs v`Rk a`Rk v&`Py nvw` q#mt @H y h# v#@dn l& a|wX`vy mN vR[ny @k@rn a‹r# a`Rk pmK l aW jn`Žpvry` v#d X`r g a#w. e@hW jnv`@Y o v#d X`r gNn` t, Il< jn`Žpvry` aŽkrny l @k@rn, jy`hky`t yLl a vn, n`\k` arglyK @v@vN y vn` @Q\p`ln `G[n@yN \`l @k`tsK E vn tW n# n`S kr @gn a#w."

@n`v#MbR 12 q` n$N;L tMS "Rvl sh a`rK;k jn`ŽpWvyk" j`w&Nwr pl wK@Sr# @M yWnyk @y . ey anr# a#<@Y, "a#mk`v @l~k@Y w blvw` @ls as`m`n& @ls mm krn @k`t @my @qK a#mk`vt pmnK @n` v ap yLlNt m ayhpW" bv .

@k@S @vwW, n$N;L tMS wv rtW p#h# k@L, wm uWkw` @qK a#mk`v Rvl v a#w yNn b>v pmnK @n` v ey @r~p@Y av\&w`vNt ihN wm av\&w` whr# kr g#mt vd vd`W q`nMv yn kr#n b>v q bv . @M @Hv s`, @G jn`Žp p`lnyK @l~k@Y [`n blvN awr vd`W \`l g#mkt @q a#w. o @m@S k`\ krŸ "wl Q[@Y avs`n@Y ptN @M qKv` y vR;yK p`s` a`Rk, w`K;k h` a`rK;k kr#vl a#mk`@v aŽpX`vy v# vs@yN k`wv a#w. @m`#K p`KkyN y mLlv pBkNv`N @hl` qNnt X`w` krn vcny qkl`v`qy vW ihw @vw evN qkl`v`qyK Rm`ny @k`t n#w. ey jw @k`t a#W@W Ekp`R|yv`qy . y hLkr#vNt yNt a# @qyt svN @qNnt a#mk`vt p#h#v m av\& n#w."

n$N;L tMS uq`hrnyK vs@yN @gn h#r p`N@N @v`Ntn@Y s#lMgw j`k sl a`rK;k v#d@vl . ey, em vW pw Swr krN@N "a#mk`vt @c_r r`j&yN eLl krn aNwR mh`Qk b#l#SK slvlt e@rv a`rK;` gw h# y h` a`rK;` gw y yn p|c`W w`rk` Q[ sAkLpyK" vs@y. ey @m@S s>hN kr. "a#mk`@v n#@t~ rN yLl n#nM v# @q@nK em j`k sl a`rK;k v#d@vl @k@r g#„N m s#k krN@N, ey nv a wr<yK q` h a#w# yn y s`" vW " j`k sl a`rK;k v#d@vlt q# @ls k#p N@N, @my a`rK;k yqM v# @M y al`;y b> sA@KwyK @ls y. aL @g~R mhw` vd`W s#k sw y. o@G up@Q\k@y~ @b . e@hW @q@qn`m E s>h` avsry m arXy` @pNtgn@Y sh a`rK;k kRm`Nw@Y dnyt lKv a#w."

v#rtW v@h`W, "s`m s`[n ktvl mGnm @k@r a#mk`@v g`d akm#WwK pv. @b~LkN kl`p@yN ivW vn @ls t @h~ @g~Rt q# blp$mK eLl v a#w. e@hW @v`Ntny eK p`R|vyK gw @h`W -- uq`hrnyK vs@yN @k`@s~@v~ qhst sh@y~gy qKvN -- emN kl`py yW vw`vK aS}`vr y h# y.

"e@S n#nM ny w`v`ny awr nv g#mK a#n @h`W mK @Vq? mLlv kNd`yM awr v#@nN n a#mk` jn`Žpvr@yt kl h#K@K g#t nrk wWvykt pW m pm."

@mvN aqhS q#KM -- p@rSsM shgwv @k@rN@N nW -- mN k`\yt pW @k@r@Y, i k`ly l @r~py sh a#mk`v awr ht g#mt id a# @Q\p`ln g#Mvl @Rš`vN y. @my W wb` gW kL w`n& p`lk pN@Y vd`W qKn`Ak @k`tS @G jn`ŽpWvy n#m# wmNt av\& @qy lb` gWw q ont E b>v pw# vNnt v a#w.

@Q\p`ln sMyK a# kr g s, @m`#K p`KkyN y k#@nTvt a# kr gN oN smg sb>w` @g`dng` g#mt  h#m yWnyK m q#m n$N;L tMS h` i@k`@n`ST yn k`\nvl mhW av[`rnyt lKv a#w. t e@r mhjn h`ryK @H @k`t @gn, evN yWn @n`m# kl, @G "jyhny" pr`jykt sm`n jyK bvt oP v a#w# o anr# a<v. oN@G aqhS q#Km a\N m p@rSsM shgw y.

@mm anr# ipW krN@N vsr @qkN p#v#W@vn @k`NS m#vrn@Y @m`#K pK;y jyhny mK vs@y. e@hW p#h# a#<m vN@N, "ap`w p`Kkv` Q[y" ذN gt m p#v# m, sMq`k Qp`Kk pQ[@Y a#lmA l r>v` w#y @n` h# v a# @Q\p`ln g#M q` h#@M wRjny m krN, smSw a#mk`-sm`jym wv rtW #krny krn bv .

aq`l @vnW

ih`s@yN p`dMŸ 2000 a#mk` m#vrny sh "ytpW kl @n`h# aW g#m" -- |n sh s`kCc`v
2001 jnv` 09

eKsW jnpq m#vrn aRq@Y @Q\p`ln aR}X`ry sh @eh`k gm&@y~
2001 jnv` 02

@q~\`pc`r@Y t @k@l m#vrnyktŸ
j`wNv` aNt e@r mNn gtm

2000 @qs#MbR 05

@j~RJ dBV. Ÿ a@PK;ky` aO @ls
2000 a@g~S 23


e-mail.



Copyright 1998-99
World Socialist Web Site
All rights reserved