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Capsized boats in Mediterranean leave 240 refugees dead

By Martin Kreickenbaum, 5 November 2016

At least 4,220 refugees have already died in the Mediterranean this year trying to reach Europe.

Hundreds feared drowned as migrant boat capsizes off Egypt

By Paul Mitchell, 23 September 2016

European governments and the European Union bear full responsibility for turning the Mediterranean into a watery grave.

More than 2,500 refugees drowned in Mediterranean so far this year

By Martin Kreickenbaum, 2 June 2016

The number of refugee deaths over the first five months of this year, up 35 percent from 2015, has hit a new record.

Sing Street from Ireland, A Bigger Splash from Italy: Neglected realities

By Joanne Laurier, 28 May 2016

John Carney’s Sing Street is a musical comedy-drama set in Dublin in the mid-1980s. Italian filmmaker Luca Guadagnino’s A Bigger Splash, based on a 1969 French thriller, takes its name from a painting by British artist David Hockney.

May Day 2016: The refugee crisis and the age of perpetual war

By Julie Hyland, 7 May 2016

Julie Hyland, assistant national secretary of the Socialist Equality Party (UK), delivered the following speech to the International Online May Day Rally.

Eighty-four migrants missing in new sinking off Libyan coast

By Alex Lantier, 2 May 2016

It is feared that dozens of innocent men, women, and children have again drowned in the Mediterranean, victims of the EU’s sinister and vindictive refugee policy.

UN refugee agency confirms mass drownings in Mediterranean

By Martin Kreikenbaum, 23 April 2016

The fatalities are looked upon as collateral damage by Europe’s ruling elite, which aims to deter refugees by sealing the EU’s borders and subjecting asylum seekers to violence, mass incarceration and deportation.

German Left Party strives for coalition with Social Democrats and Greens in Berlin

By Johannes Stern, 3 March 2016

Having shared power in coalition with the SPD in Berlin between 2001 and 2011 and overseen a social catastrophe, the Left Party is now preparing to carry out similar policies in a new coalition with the SPD and Greens.

A critique of Europe’s refugee policy: On the Berlinale’s Golden Bear for Fire at Sea

By Verena Nees and Bernd Reinhardt, 27 February 2016

This is the second in a series of articles on the recent Berlin international film festival, the Berlinale, held February 11-20, 2016.

The refugee tragedy and the European Union: The balance sheet for 2015

By Martin Kreickenbaum, 11 January 2016

The mistreatment of refugees fleeing to Europe has assumed proportions that would have been unthinkable twelve months ago.

Germany moves to seal external borders against refugees

By Christoph Dreier, 13 November 2015

The announcement that Germany will deport refugees to the first EU country they entered will have catastrophic humanitarian consequences and further intensify tensions within Europe.

The impact of the refugee crisis: Lampedusa by Anders Lustgarten at Liverpool’s Unity Theatre

By Joe Mount, 5 November 2015

Lustgarten’s play attempts to convey the lives and plight of ordinary people and avoids the self-absorption of many artists.

Fifty refugees die in ship’s hold in new Mediterranean migrant tragedy

By Robert Stevens, 27 August 2015

Around 50 refugees and asylum seekers were found dead in the hold of a boat off the coast of Libya Wednesday morning.

Scores of refugees die brutally in the Mediterranean

By Robert Stevens, 18 August 2015

At least 49 migrants died in the hold of an overcrowded fishing boat off the coast of Libya Saturday, thought to have asphyxiated after inhaling fumes from fuel.

EU begins military intervention in Mediterranean

By Martin Kreickenbaum, 25 June 2015

The military operation will use military force against refugee boats, particularly in Libya, and involves a massive expansion of intelligence and police powers.

European Union’s “migrant mission”: War plans in a humanitarian cloak

By Robert Stevens, 23 May 2015

The European Union is rapidly moving to further subordinate and plunder former imperialist colonies, under the guise of “solving the refugee problem.”

European powers seek to bomb Libya to stop migrants

By Patrick Martin, 11 May 2015

EU military intervention would be aimed at stopping refugees now seeking transport across the Mediterranean from even setting foot on board a ship—by destroying the ships.

European Union plans more aggressive measures against refugees

By Johannes Stern, 21 April 2015

The European powers are preparing to exploit the mass deaths in the Mediterranean to intervene militarily once again in the geostrategically important and resource-rich region.

Mass drownings in the Mediterranean: A crime of imperialism

By Patrick Martin, 20 April 2015

The horrific death toll in the Mediterranean Sea is a direct consequence of the militaristic policies of the US government, backed by its European allies, in the Middle East and Africa.

Another 400 refugees feared dead in latest Mediterranean Sea disaster

By Stefan Steinberg, 16 April 2015

As desperate migrants increasingly seek refuge in Europe, the EU is transforming the Mediterranean into a no-go zone, resulting in a string of horrific tragedies.

Over 300 migrant workers perish off Italian coast

By Paul Mitchell, 12 February 2015

The toll is the biggest loss of life since October, 2013, when a boat carrying migrants from Libya to Italy sank off the island of Lampedusa.

The European Union uses death to deter immigrants

By Martin Kreickenbaum, 5 November 2014

Under pressure from the EU, the Italian government has ended its Mare Nostrum rescue program and will permit tens of thousands of refugees to drown in the Mediterranean Sea.

European Union ends rescue mission for refugees

By Martin Kreickenbaum, 6 October 2014

The EU is shelving any measures to rescue refugees from drowning on their way to Europe.

“Abu-Ghraib-like” torture of refugees exposed in Germany

By Christoph Dreier, 1 October 2014

Reports from various German refugee facilities have revealed that residents are subjected to systematic torture and humiliation at the hands of security staff.

European Union responsible for drowning of refugees in Mediterranean

By Martin Krieckenbaum, 19 September 2014

More than 25,000 refugees have died trying to enter Europe since 2000.

Mediterranean shipwrecks leave over 700 refugees dead, many fleeing Mideast wars

By Bill Van Auken, 16 September 2014

Underlying the desperate attempts of refugees to reach Europe is the chaos that multiple imperialist interventions have inflicted upon the Middle East and Africa.

France: Calais mayor demands crackdown on migrants, threatens to block port

By Stéphane Hugues, 6 September 2014

Natacha Bouchart is demanding that Britain help fund the repression of migrants trapped in Calais as they seek to reach Britain.

Italian government sends weapons to northern Iraq

By Marianne Arens, 25 August 2014

Italy’s dispatch of weapons to the Kurdish Peshmerga in Iraq is part of a wider aggressive policy pursued by Germany and the EU.

European Union spends billions on war against refugees

By Sybille Fuchs, 19 July 2014

The EU is investing billions to keep out desperate refugees and to send them back to poverty, civil war or certain death.

Dozens of refugees suffocate in boat off the coast of Italy

By Martin Kriekenbaum, 7 July 2014

On June 30, the Italian Coast Guard discovered the bodies of 45 refugees in an overcrowded fishing boat.

Green Party hypocrisy over protests by refugees in Berlin

By Berndt Reinhardt, 2 July 2014

Refugees in Berlin are demanding the democratic right to be free to choose where they live, work and raise a family.

Death toll of migrants seeking to enter Europe via Mediterranean mounts

By Robert Stevens, 9 June 2014

The number of migrants arriving in Italy in 2014 increased by 823 percent over the same period last year.

Death toll of refugees in the Mediterranean continues to rise

By Martin Krieckenbaum, 21 May 2014

The fact that the European Union, now home to about 500 million people, is unwilling and unable to absorb a few tens of thousands of refugees exposes its historical bankruptcy.

SEP European Election campaign: Oppose the assault on immigrants and asylum seekers

By SEP candidate Danny Dickinson, 21 April 2014

The Socialist Equality Party (UK), together with the Partei für Soziale Gleichheit in Germany, is standing candidates for the elections to the European Parliament.

Thousands of refugees intercepted off the coast of Sicily

By Martin Kreickenbaum, 26 March 2014

The Italian authorities’ boasting about the recent rescue of refugees in the Mediterranean is a cynical cover for their anti-refugee policies.

Survivors say Greek policy caused deaths of 12 migrants in Aegean Sea

By Robert Stevens, 25 January 2014

Afghan and Syrian refugees were allegedly “pushed back” towards Turkey.

German social democrats pursue law-and-order policies in Hamburg

By Christoph Dreier, 15 January 2014

Over the past week, Hamburg police declared entire areas “danger zones” where basic democratic rights were curtailed, citing violence against police officers.

Against the European Union, for the United Socialist States of Europe!

By , 10 January 2014

The Partei für Soziale Gleichheit and Socialist Equality Party (UK) seek to mobilise a mass political and social movement of the European working class against big business, its parties and its governments.

German police declare parts of Hamburg “no-go zone”

By Christoph Dreier, 8 January 2014

For the first time in Germany’s post-war history, police have declared large parts of a major city to be a “no-go zone.”

Doctors condemn conditions in Australian refugee camp

By Mike Head, 24 December 2013

A 92-page “letter of concern” sheds further light on the inhuman conditions in the country’s detention facilities.

European Union increases border controls against asylum seekers

By Martin Kreickenbaum, 20 December 2013

The response of the European Union to the recent asylum-seeker tragedy in Lampedusa has been to intensify immigration controls.

Survivors of Lampedusa tragedy among refugees brutalised in Italian camp

By Robert Stevens, 19 December 2013

Migrants at a camp on the island of Lampedusa were forced to strip naked, in mixed company, and then hosed down by staff.

Twelve more migrants die off Greek coast

By our reporter, 16 November 2013

At least 12 more migrants, reportedly fleeing the Syrian civil war and seeking to enter Europe, have drowned off the Greek island of Lefkada.

German state parliament persecutes refugees

By Denis Krasnin and Dietmar Henning, 29 October 2013

The Hamburg state Senate has assumed a leading role in the persecution of refugees, building up the powers of the state for use against the working class as a whole.

EU border agency Frontex guilty of massive breach of human rights

By Martin Kreickenbaum, 28 October 2013

The European Union has responded to the refugee crisis in Lampedusa by hermetically sealing its borders and expanding the police apparatus used to repel refugees.

NSA wiretapping scandal dominates European Union summit

By Christoph Dreier, 26 October 2013

The EU summit in Brussels on Thursday and Friday was dominated by discussion of the NSA bugging of German Chancellor Angela Merkel’s cell phone.

Refugees in Berlin call off hunger strike

By our correspondents, 24 October 2013

Refugees have been protesting in Berlin against inhumane living conditions. Many came to Germany after suffering from EU austerity policies in Greece and the NATO war against Libya.

German Social Democrats’ convention backs coalition talks with conservative parties

By Ulrich Rippert, 23 October 2013

The SPD has dropped the reformist demands it raised during the election campaign to signal its readiness to cooperate with the conservative parties.

Italian government adopts austerity budget

By Mariane Arens, 21 October 2013

The so-called stability law 2014 mandates spending cuts of close to €12 billion and tax cuts for business of €3.7 billion.

Asylum seekers set up camps in German cities

By Sven Heymanns and Stefan Steinberg, 18 October 2013

Politicians of all stripes are viciously persecuting survivors who have managed to cross the borders of “Fortress Europe”.

Lampedusa migrant deaths: The real face of the European Union

By Peter Schwarz, 17 October 2013

From the outside, the EU is like a fortress before whose walls thousands of migrants lose their lives, while inside it resembles a prison, with rising poverty and exploitation.

EU tightens barriers against migrants after Lampedusa tragedy

By Martin Kreikenbaum, 16 October 2013

In the immediate wake of the Lampedusa tragedy, the EU has adopted the Eurosur programme aimed at preventing immigrants from entering Europe.

Asylum seekers in Berlin on hunger strike

By Berndt Reinhardt and Stefan Steinberg, 16 October 2013

Asylum seekers in Berlin have declared they are prepared to sacrifice their lives should the German government fail to respond to their demands.

Middle East wars drive refugee flows, Mediterranean migrant deaths

By Robert Stevens, 15 October 2013

Many refugees who have died off the Italian island of Lampedusa are fleeing imperialist wars in countries like Libya, Syria and Somalia.

Fifty dead as another migrant ship sinks off Italy

By Alex Lantier, 12 October 2013

This shocking tragedy brings renewed attention to the toll in lives from the European Union’s reactionary Frontex anti-immigrant legislation.

Fortress Europe’s rising death toll

By Robert Stevens, 11 October 2013

After the loss of 300 lives in the boat disaster off Lampedusa, the EU is demanding even more measures against immigrants fleeing poverty and war.

Protests mount as Lampedusa migrant death toll expected to hit 400

By Robert Stevens, 9 October 2013

The Italian government is responsible for the deaths of up to 400 migrants off the southern island of Lampedusa.

More than 130 dead after boat capsizes off the southern Italian island of Lampedusa

By Robert Stevens, 4 October 2013

Over the past months, there has been a vast increase in the numbers of asylum seekers attempting to enter Europe via this route.

Council of Europe report makes NATO responsible for the death of 63 refugees

By Martin Kreickenbaum, 9 April 2012

NATO bears a high degree of responsibility for the deaths of 63 refugees, who died of thirst last spring in the Mediterranean as they travelled from Libya to Italy.

Italian government closes refugee camp on Lampedusa

By Marianne Arens, 10 October 2011

The recent closure of the refugee camp on the Italian island of Lampedusa will lead to more deaths added to the list of hundreds who have died trying to escape war-torn Libya.

Italy moves to secure its share of the booty in Libya

By Marianne Arens, 14 September 2011

Italian business and political circles take for granted their right to decide on the future of the oil and gas wealth of the country’s former colony, Libya.

NATO allows Libyan refugees to drown in the Mediterranean

By Peter Schwarz, 13 August 2011

NATO has allowed hundreds of refugees from Libya war to drown at sea.

Charges mount of NATO war crimes in Libya

By Patrick Martin, 6 August 2011

NATO forces are charged with allowing refugees to drown and deliberately targeting civilian journalists for bombing.

Italy’s role in the war on Libya

By Marianne Arens, 14 May 2011

Italian fighter jets take off regularly from the Birgi Trapani air force base in Sicily and from the aircraft carrier Garibaldi, to drop their deadly cargo over the former Italian colony.

NATO ships, planes left African refugees stranded in Mediterranean to die

By Barry Grey, 10 May 2011

The British Guardian newspaper published an investigative report Monday documenting the case of African refugees who were left to die by NATO and European authorities in the early days of the war against Libya.

European Union steps up measures to ward off refugees

By Martin Kreickenbaum, 2 May 2011

EU member states plan to reintroduce border controls within the EU, while upgrading surveillance along its external borders.

Italy plans to step up its participation in the war against Libya

By Marianne Arens, 20 April 2011

As the bombing of Libya enters its fourth week, Italy is looking for ways to participate more actively in the war.

European Union divided over refugee question

By Martin Kreickenbaum, 18 April 2011

The landing of North African refugees landing on the Italian island of Lampedusa and on Malta has unleashed a series of violent disputes within the EU.

One hundred and fifty feared dead in Mediterranean boat tragedy

By Stefan Steinberg, 7 April 2011

Coast guards reported that the straits between the island of Lampedusa and the North African coast were the scene of yet another tragedy, after a boat capsized in stormy seas with many lives lost.

The alliance between the EU and Libya in the persecution of refugees

By Martin Kreickenbaum, 5 March 2011

For years the European Union has collaborated closely with the dictatorships in Libya and Tunisia to stop refugees breaching the perimeter of “Fortress Europe”.

I am Love and The Leopard: Italian cinema new and old

By Joanne Laurier, 27 July 2010

Numerous critics argue that director Luca Guadagnino’s I am Love represents something of a revival of Italian cinema, and compare the new film favorably to Luchino Visconti’s 1963 masterpiece, The Leopard.

San Francisco International Film Festival 2010 Part 6: Luchino Visconti’s Senso—drama and history

By David Walsh, 3 June 2010

Senso, the 1954 film directed by Luchino Visconti about the Italian national unification struggle in the nineteenth century, is a beautiful and important work.

Prosecuted for saving the lives of refugees

By Stefan Steinberg, 9 October 2009

The scandalous treatment of Bierdel and his crew is a direct result of the criminal immigration policy adopted by the EU aimed at turning Europe into a fortress.

Italy: Xenophobic immigration policy leads to hundreds of deaths in the Mediterranean

By Marianne Arens, 27 August 2009

The Italian government of Silvio Berlusconi has led a contemptible months-long campaign against African refugees and is quite prepared to accept the deadly consequences of its policy.

Who is responsible for the Libyan refugee boat tragedy?

By Martin Kreickenbaum, 8 April 2009

On March 31 several hundred refugees drowned when their boat capsized off the coast of Libya. A large measure of responsibility for this tragedy rests with the European Union and its anti-immigration policy.

More than 230 migrants drown off Libyan coast

By Barry Mason, 7 April 2009

Over 230 migrants were feared drowned at the end of last month when their overcrowded boat capsized in high winds around 30 miles off the coast of Libya.

Growing opposition to Italian government’s xenophobic campaign

By Marianne Arens, 29 January 2009

Residents of the island of Lampedusa are opposing the chauvinist campaign of the Italian Berlusconi government to scapegoat refugees.

Spanish government uses tragedy of African boat people to strengthen anti-immigration policies

By Paul Stuart, 22 July 2008

Once again, Spain has been gripped by horrific images of boats drifting from Africa to its shores overflowing with the traumatized and exhausted bodies of migrant workers lying motionless amongst the dead. It is estimated that over the last few years up to 3,000 migrants have died en route to Spain. But this year Francisco Vicente, the head of the Red Cross in the Spanish port of Almería declared that, “In five years, this is the worst I have ever seen.”

Spanish government uses tragedy of African boat people to strengthen anti-immigration policies

By Paul Stuart, 21 July 2008

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More migrant deaths as Europe tightens border controls

By Marcus Morgan, 13 October 2007

A recent study conducted by the International Organisation for Migration (IOM), estimates that up to 3,000 migrants have died attempting to cross from West Africa into Europe.

African leaders agree to European demands for tough anti-immigration measures

By Paul Mitchell, 16 August 2006

African leaders have agreed to demands to strengthen immigration controls after European Union leaders promised to give more aid. Efforts to strengthen “Fortress Europe” were at the centre of discussions last month when 57 European and African countries took part in the first Euro-African Ministerial Conference on Migration and Development in the Moroccan capital Rabat.

Canary Islands boat people: European Union creates new border patrol

By Paul Mitchell, 14 June 2006

The European Union has used the Canary Islands boat people tragedy to create a new border patrol. The deputy prime minister of Spain, María Teresa Fernández de la Vega, had asked for EU help in curbing the number of boats landing on the Spanish territory, which is situated off the western coast of Africa, 50 miles from Morocco. She praised the decision of the EU to create the new patrol as “a common policy on frontier control for the first time on the part of the European Union.”

European Union agrees to set up holding camps for refugees

By Martin Kreickenbaum, 9 November 2005

The following is the first of a two-part article.

Italy carries out mass deportation of refugees

By Martin Kreickenbaum, 9 October 2004

While the European Union is still discussing how to circumvent international law in order to establish camps for refugees in North Africa, the Italian government is creating facts on the ground. In defiance of existing national laws and international agreements, last weekend it summarily deported to Libya up to 1,000 refugees who had reached Italy’s Mediterranean island of Lampedusa. They were expelled from the country without being allowed to apply for asylum.

European governments make an example of Cap Anamur refugees

By Martin Kreickenbaum, 22 July 2004

On June 20, the rescue ship Cap Anamur picked up 37 African refugees from a sinking inflatable boat in the Mediterranean Sea, near the Italian island of Lampedusa. When the Cap Anamur tried to dock at Empodocle, the nearest port in Sicily, Italian navy frigates and helicopters as well as the Coast Guard were sent to force it back to sea.

Italian government takes tougher line on refugees

By Martin Kreikenbaum, 25 July 2003

Two ships packed with refugees on their way to Italy capsized on June 16 and 20, resulting in the deaths of an estimated 250 people. The response of the Italian government to this tragedy, however, has been to vilify refugees, announce tougher measures to fend off incoming refugees and force states bordering the European Union (EU) to do the same.

Thousands of refugees perish on European Union borders

By Martin Kreickenbaum, 23 July 2003

While heads of government at the European Union (EU) summit in Thessaloniki, Greece, last month resolved on further measures to restrict refugees, more than 250 were estimated to have drowned in the Mediterranean in two shipping incidents. According to a study undertaken by United, an anti-racism network, documented deaths directly attributable to the border security measures and the consolidation of Fortress Europe rose to a total of more than 4,000 in the last 10 years.

“But there is a great deal more to say”

By Joanne Laurier, 23 May 2003

This is the second of three articles on the recent San Francisco International Film Festival. The third article will be posted next week.

Favorite artists, works and performers of the twentieth century: a survey of WSWS contributors

By , 30 December 1999

The World Socialist Web Site editorial board asked a number of contributing writers and readers to list their favorite artists, works and performers of the century in several categories. The contributors, including artists and critics, have collectively spent a good many years thinking about aesthetic questions.