Spain

Deadline looms for Catalonia to confirm or deny independence declaration

By Alejandro López, 16 October 2017

The secessionists led by Catalonia’s regional premier Carles Puigdemont have spent the past week seeking to strike a deal with Madrid, but no deal is on offer.

Threatening crackdown in Catalonia, Madrid whips up nationalism at military parade

By Alejandro López, 13 October 2017

Signaling its tacit support for bloody repression in Catalonia, the pseudo-left Podemos party for the first time sent representatives to the military parade for National Day.

Spain moves toward military rule in Catalonia

By Alex Lantier, 12 October 2017

As the Spanish army prepared to deploy armored units to Catalonia, Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy announced plans to suspend the Catalan regional government.

Podemos’ call for dialogue on Catalonia: A political trap with deadly consequences

By Paul Mitchell, 12 October 2017

With calls for ‘patriotism’ and national unity, the pseudo-left Podemos is seeking recognition as a potential saviour of Spanish capitalism at a time of acute crisis.

Catalan premier affirms right to independence from Spain, but delays formal declaration

By Alex Lantier, 11 October 2017

Regional premier Carles Puigdemont delivered his speech amid an unfolding Spanish military and police intervention into Catalonia and the looming threat of a bloody crackdown.

Spain's Popular Party threatens repression if Catalan authorities declare independence

By Alejandro López, 10 October 2017

Popular Party leaders warned Monday that national police and civil guards are ready to halt any unilateral declaration in the Catalan parliament.

As Spanish crackdown looms, France’s New Anti-capitalist Party promotes Catalan nationalism

By Alex Lantier, 10 October 2017

Rather than advance a principled policy to unite the Spanish and Catalan working class against Spanish state repression, the Pabloite New Anti-capitalist Party is lining up behind the Catalan bourgeoisie.

As crackdown looms in Catalonia, Spain’s Popular Party calls protest in Barcelona

By Alejandro López, 9 October 2017

The Catalan separatists are despised in broad sections of the working class for their austerity policies, which have seen major cuts in social expenditure.

Madrid prepares to deploy troops in Catalonia

By Alejandro López, 7 October 2017

Spain’s political establishment is openly talking of invoking Article 116 of the Spanish constitution, laying the basis for the imposition of martial law.

German government backs Spain’s violent crackdown on Catalonia

By Peter Schwarz, 7 October 2017

The German government has backed Madrid’s suppression of the Catalonian independence referendum because it, too, is preparing to crack down on social and political opposition at home.

Spain prepares military crackdown in Catalonia

By Alex Lantier, 6 October 2017

The European Union is supporting Madrid's plans for a bloody military-police intervention in Catalonia and to impose a state of emergency across Spain.

Amid Catalan crisis, Madrid prepares military rule across Spain

By Alejandro López, 6 October 2017

Voices in the Spanish press are calling for imposing various states of emergency that would suspend basic democratic rights and hand power to the army.

Spanish government sends troops to Catalonia

By Paul Mitchell, 5 October 2017

The Ministry of Defense has dispatched army units to support the Civil Guard and national police in a possible further crackdown on the Catalonian population.

After Madrid’s violent crackdown:

An independent class strategy for the Spanish and Catalan working class!

By Keith Jones, 5 October 2017

A struggle to rally workers and youth to an internationalist orientation can only be waged in uncompromising opposition to the violence unleashed by the Madrid government.

Defenders of imperialist “human rights” hail Spanish government’s crackdown in Catalonia

By Chris Marsden, 4 October 2017

The United States and the EU leapt to the defence of the Spanish government as it sent police to savagely beat and arrest anyone who dared to exercise their fundamental right to vote.

Spanish king demands new crackdown in Catalonia

By Alex Lantier, 4 October 2017

An open intervention by the Spanish king into public affairs is without precedent since the 1981 coup attempt in Spain.

Hundreds of thousands protest Madrid’s repression in Catalonia

By Alejandro López, 4 October 2017

Demonstrations took place in cities across Catalonia amid a “national work stoppage” backed by Catalan business groups, separatist parties, and trade unions.

EU hands Spain blank check for stepped-up police repression in Catalonia

By Alex Lantier and Alejandro López, 3 October 2017

After the mass repression in Catalonia Sunday, the European Commission issued a statement formally endorsing Madrid's handling of the Catalan independence crisis.

Millions defy brutal crackdown by Spanish police to vote in Catalan referendum

By Alejandro López and Alex Lantier, 2 October 2017

The Popular Party government of Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy sent some 16,000 police to Catalonia to shut down polling stations, seize ballot boxes and attack voters.

Oppose the state crackdown on the Catalan independence referendum!

For working class unity! No to separatism in Spain!

Statement of the International Committee of the Fourth International, 30 September 2017

On the eve of the October 1 independence referendum in Catalonia, Spain is in the throes of its deepest political crisis since the fall of the fascist Franco regime.

Catalan secession crisis: Alongside Rajoy, Trump calls for a united Spain

By Paul Mitchell, 29 September 2017

The American ruling elite, like its European counterparts, are concerned the tensions between Madrid and Barcelona are provoking an explosive situation.

Spain’s crackdown on the Catalan secessionist referendum: Podemos looks for its “Syriza moment”

By Alejandro López, 29 September 2017

Podemos is presenting itself as the only alternative able to resolve the Catalan secessionist crisis without sparking social opposition.

Poverty, inequality on the rise in Spain as independence vote looms

By James Lerner, 26 September 2017

The growth in poverty and inequality is the intended product of the policies of the Spanish, Catalan, and European bourgeoisie.

Spanish government dispatches police reinforcements to Catalonia

By Paul Mitchell, 23 September 2017

Demonstrations continued in Catalonia yesterday as Madrid reinforced its police presence in the Eastern region.

Barcelona dockworkers boycott Spanish police ships sent against Catalan referendum

By Alejandro López, 22 September 2017

Dockworkers in Catalonia’s two main ports, Barcelona and Tarragona, are refusing supply services to vessels carrying riot police and paramilitary Civil Guard units.

Spanish police raid Catalan government buildings, arrest officials

By Paul Mitchell, 21 September 2017

Powerful sections of the Spanish ruling class are demanding that the Popular Party government crack down harder to block the October 1 Catalan independence referendum.

Spain threatens potential military takeover of Catalonia as referendum looms

By Alejandro López, 18 September 2017

Madrid’s inflammatory language and actions recall the thuggery of the Francoist dictatorship that ruled Spain from 1939 to 1978.

Spain suspends Catalan independence law, escalating conflict with separatists

By Alejandro Lopez, 15 September 2017

With the crisis over the Catalan independence referendum, the Spanish state system as it emerged from the post-1978 transition from fascist rule is collapsing.

Hundreds of thousands march in Catalonia as Madrid aims to block independence referendum

By Paul Mitchell, 12 September 2017

The march came amid an explosive political crisis in Spain, as Madrid mobilizes police and the courts to try to block the independence referendum.

Anger at war, government complicity with terrorism erupts at Barcelona march

By Alex Lantier, 28 August 2017

Protesters booed the King and denounced Spanish arms sales to the Middle East for aiding the Islamic State, which organized the August 17 Barcelona attack.

Terrorists’ visit to France points to state foreknowledge of Barcelona attack

By Kumaran Ira, 28 August 2017

The Islamic State terror cell in Barcelona was under close surveillance by multiple intelligence services in France, the United States, and Belgium.

Podemos joins Spanish Socialist Party in regional coalition

By Paul Mitchell and Alejandro López, 24 August 2017

Podemos is now indistinguishable from the PSOE in its pursuit of power in bourgeois institutions on a pro-capitalist programme and an imperialist foreign policy.

Spain deploys police as interior minister claims Barcelona terror cell dismantled

By Alejandro López, 21 August 2017

It is not credible to claim that the forces that organized the attack escaped the attention of the intelligence services.

Rajoy threatens to deploy army inside Spain after Barcelona attack

By Alex Lantier and Alejandro López, 19 August 2017

This would be the first time that the army was deployed inside Spain since the country was ruled by the fascist regime of Francisco Franco.

Thirteen dead, over 80 injured in Islamic State attack in Barcelona, Spain

By Alejandro López and Alex Lantier, 18 August 2017

Coordinated attacks apparently took place in several cities, and large-scale operations by police special forces were unfolding early this morning across Catalonia.

Pseudo-left Popular Unity Candidacy campaigns for Catalan separatism

By Alejandro López, 17 August 2017

Last week, the Catalan pseudo-left separatist Popular Unity Candidacy launched its campaign for the referendum on Catalan independence from Spain planned for October 1.

Barcelona airport security workers defy strike-breaking by paramilitary police

By Alejandro Lopez, 14 August 2017

Workers voted to reject demands from the regional government to end the strike despite the threat of intervention by the Guardia Civil.

Rescue Under Fire (Zona hostil): Propaganda in the service of Spanish militarism

By Alejandro López, 14 August 2017

The glorification of the military is a response to the growing inter-imperialist tensions and the drive to war, which have been intensified by the installation of an aggressively nationalist and protectionist administration in the US.

Catalan independence referendum sparks growing concerns in Europe

By Alejandro López, 11 August 2017

On both sides of the Atlantic, sections of the ruling elite fear a confrontation between Barcelona and Madrid could spark a crisis engulfing Spain.

Barcelona train crash injures 56 during nationwide rail strike

By Paul Mitchell, 29 July 2017

The serious accident happened during a one-day strike by Spanish rail workers opposed to attacks on jobs and wages.

Divisions mount in Spain’s Podemos as Catalan independence referendum looms

By Alejandro López, 24 July 2017

From its creation Podemos has been an amalgam of forces with opposing views on regional nationalism.

New York Times backs calls for Catalan independence referendum

By Alejandro López, 6 July 2017

The Times’ main concern is that tensions between Madrid and Barcelona might provoke an explosive situation if Madrid uses repressive measures.

Sánchez re-elected as leader of Spain’s Socialist Party

By Alejandro López, 6 June 2017

As part of an effort to contain growing social discontent, the PSOE reinstated Pedro Sánchez after his ouster in an internal party coup last year.

Ex-Amazon worker in Spain speaks out: “My life has been destroyed by Amazon”

By Eric London, 2 June 2017

Thirty-year-old José Antonio Rueda Bermudez’s horror story shows how Amazon’s temporary workforce is exploited and abandoned by the corporate giant.

Sánchez aims to save Spain’s Socialist Party from collapse

By Alejandro López, 17 May 2017

The faction backing Sánchez represents sections of the ruling class seeking to preserve the PSOE from being destroyed, like its social democratic counterparts in Greece and France.

Podemos no-confidence vote in Rajoy aimed at preserving bourgeois rule in Spain

By Alejandro López and Paul Mitchell, 10 May 2017

The pseudo-left party Podemos is exploiting another scandal to divert popular anger into an appeal to the capitalist state to clean up its act, and to bolster illusions in the PSOE.

Leadership contest begins in Spain’s Socialist Party

By Alejandro López, 3 May 2017

Spain’s Socialist Party (PSOE) has announced the primary election for the party’s general secretary will be held on May 21.

Spain: Architect of 1936 Franco uprising reinterred with full military honours

By Alejandro López, 26 April 2017

While the army, the Church and the PP call on the victims of fascism to forget and move on, they secretly glorify and pay homage to the fascist coup plotters.

Small turnouts for Podemos-led demonstrations in Spain

By Alejandro López, 11 April 2017

The pseudo-left party has come into ever more open conflict with the working class and youth, even as it steadily acquires lucrative positions in the capitalist state.

Spanish ruling class closes ranks behind Washington’s attack on Syria

By Alejandro López, 10 April 2017

Spanish social democrats and their political and media allies are now lining up behind the Trump administration after it began bombing Syria.

Aggressive claims by Spain helped provoke Gibraltar flare-up with Britain

By Alejandro López, 6 April 2017

Sections of the Spanish ruling class have calculated that Brexit offers Spain an opportunity not only to reclaim Gibraltar but also to possibly become Washington’s new strategic ally in Europe.

Former UK Conservative Party leader Howard threatens war with Spain over Gibraltar

By Julie Hyland, 3 April 2017

Britain’s sabre-rattling over the strategic territory expresses the centrifugal national forces tearing apart the European and global geopolitical order.

Pseudo-left cover for dockworkers’ defeat in Spain

By Alejandro López and Paul Mitchell, 1 April 2017

A key role in covering up this treachery of the trade union bureaucracy was played by the pseudo-left groups, which intervened to prevent any independent mobilization of the dockworkers.

Spanish dockworkers’ unions accept wage cuts and job losses

By Alejandro López, 25 March 2017

The CETM trade union prevented the mobilization of the full force of the dockworkers which could have paralyzed the Spanish economy.

Spanish port workers prepare national strike against EU reforms

By Alejandro López and Alex Lantier, 27 February 2017

Spanish port workers unions have called nine days of strikes starting on March 6, as anger builds among workers against the Popular Party government’s port liberalization decree.

Spanish dockworkers threaten to strike

By Alejandro López, 24 February 2017

Dockers are facing a savage attack on their working conditions by the Popular Party-led government, port companies and the European Union.

Huge demonstration in Barcelona in defence of refugees and open borders

By Alejandro López, 20 February 2017

The EU’s anti-migrant policies led to the deaths of at least 4,500 people last year, most of whom drowned crossing the Mediterranean in small, overcrowded boats.

Pablo Iglesias re-elected as Podemos general secretary at Vistalegre II congress

By Alejandro López, 13 February 2017

Pablo Iglesias won the internal leadership contest yesterday, amid a bitter faction fight pitting his supporters against those of former Political Secretary Íñigo Errejón.

Spain’s Podemos party on verge of split before Vistalegre II congress

By Alex Lantier and Alejandro López, 11 February 2017

The conflicts inside Podemos reflect the bankruptcy of that party’s populist, nationalist and pro-capitalist politics and its rapid turn to the right.

What is behind Podemos’ international “anti-fascist conference” in Spain?

By Alejandro López, 11 February 2017

Podemos has itself legitimized the deepening integration of far-right forces into mainstream European bourgeois politics, by hailing nationalism as progressive.

Divisions widen in Spanish ruling class over relations with US

By Alejandro López, 3 February 2017

Spain must come to terms with the fact that the new Trump administration is repudiating its previous role as the overseer of European integration.

Divisions widen in Spanish ruling class over relations with US

By Alejandro López, 2 February 2017

Spain must come to terms with the fact that the new Trump administration is repudiating its previous role as the overseer of European integration.

Spanish media promote Anticapitalistas’ and Podemos’ “back to the streets” campaign

By Alejandro López, 4 January 2017

The aim of the campaign is to trap escalating social anger behind Podemos and block the emergence of a politically independent struggle of the working class for socialism.

Spain’s Podemos aims to derail social anger through “back to the streets” campaign

By Alejandro López, 14 December 2016

If they are going “back” to the streets, it is because Podemos and the Spanish trade unions have held no significant protests for years, despite draconian austerity.

Putsch in Socialist Party exposes breakdown of Spanish democracy

By Alejandro López and Alex Lantier, 30 November 2016

The putsch in the PSOE led to the installation of an unpopular right-wing government.

New Spanish government makes austerity budget its first task

By Paul Mitchell, 7 November 2016

The European Union is insisting on a further €5.5 billion in cuts on top of those previously imposed by Spanish governments over the last decade.

After installation of Popular Party government

Podemos, pseudo-left prepare for political power in Spain

By Alejandro López, 25 October 2016

Faced with a weak right-wing government backed by the social democrats, Podemos is grooming itself to take power in order to continue the attacks on workers.

Podemos prepares to become the official bourgeois opposition in Spain

By Alejandro López, 15 October 2016

As the social democrats openly back the formation of a right-wing government, Podemos is signalling that it is also prepared to implement drastic austerity.

Spanish Socialist Party coup exposes Podemos

By Paul Mitchell and Alex Lantier, 4 October 2016

Podemos’ perspective was to form a government with the Socialist Party, which is now working to bring a right-wing government to power in Spain.

Spanish Socialist Party leader resigns to allow formation of right-wing government

By Alejandro López, 3 October 2016

The success of the inner-party putsch against Pedro Sánchez underscores how the ruling class uses parties like the Socialist Party (PSOE) to impose unpopular policies.

Adam Hochschild’s Spain in Our Hearts: A deeply felt work on the Spanish Civil War marred by its perspective

By Emanuele Saccarelli, 3 October 2016

Hochschild is the well-known author of several books on wide-ranging and important topics, including the brutality of Belgian colonialism in the Congo (King Leopold’s Ghost).

Push to install right-wing Spanish government splits Socialist Party

By Alejandro López and Alex Lantier, 30 September 2016

On Wednesday, half of the Spanish Socialist Party’s Federal Executive resigned, launching an inner-party putsch aiming to force the installation of a right-wing government.

Spain: Pseudo-left CUP reverses opposition to Catalan austerity government

By James Lerner, 14 September 2016

Nationalist demagogy conceals the real aim of the Catalan independence project: to create a mini-capitalist state offering cheap labor and low taxes to foreign investors.

The reasons behind the failure to form a government in Spain

By Alejandro López, 10 September 2016

The failure to form a government is not based on deep political differences, as all the contending parties are committed to austerity, the EU and NATO.

Spanish economic recovery through savaging workers’ living standards

By James Lerner, 9 September 2016

Millions have been plunged into poverty as the wealth of the elite has soared.

Third election looms as Spanish right fails to form a government

By Alejandro López, 1 September 2016

Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy failed to receive the necessary 176 votes in the 350-seat parliament.

Spain’s public debt reaches record levels

By Alejandro López, 31 August 2016

All the major parties—Popular Party, Socialist Party, Citizens and the pseudo-left Podemos—are committed to upholding the payment of the debt.

Spain: Pseudo-left Barcelona mayor persecutes migrant street vendors

By James Lerner, 25 August 2016

Under the Ada Colau administration, some 34,473 fines were levied against migrant and refugee street vendors in the first six months of 2016.

Spain: Pseudo-left concedes to right wing over street name changes

By Alejandro López, 20 August 2016

The Stalinists, Socialist Party and the pseudo-left have strengthened the right’s efforts to rehabilitate Franco and his fascist regime.

Spain faces third general election in one year

By James Lerner, 18 August 2016

The Socialist Party (PSOE) is being called on by the media and other political parties to abstain in order to allow a minority Popular Party (PP) government to be formed.

Spain: Catalan regional parliament votes next steps to independence

By Alejandro López, 3 August 2016

The independence vote has deepened the political crisis in Spain, which has now been without a government for eight months.

Threat of third election looms in Spain

By Alejandro López, 29 July 2016

The situation in Spain is symptomatic of the crisis of the traditional bourgeois political system in Europe following the eruption of the 2008 global economic crisis.

EU demands more austerity after Spain and Portugal fail to cut deficits

By Alejandro López and Paul Mitchell, 19 July 2016

The EU’s unprecedented call for billions of euros in fines comes amid a major banking crisis in Italy and the Brexit crisis.

Podemos fractures after poor Spanish election result

By James Lerner and Paul Mitchell, 14 July 2016

Podemos’ poor election result reflects growing alienation from this pro-capitalist party, which repeatedly reassured the ruling class that it would protect their interests.

Spanish interior minister used state apparatus to topple opponents

By James Lerner, 30 June 2016

The “Fernándezgate” recordings, which show Interior Minister Jorge Fernández Díaz conspiring against political opponents, expose the disintegration of democratic forms of rule in Spain.

Amid mass abstention, right-wing PP wins Spanish elections

By Alejandro López, 27 June 2016

The result is particularly humiliating for the Unidos Podemos led by Pablo Iglesias, the coalition put together by the Stalinist-led United Left and Podemos.

Spain’s elections intensify crisis of bourgeois rule

By Alejandro López, 25 June 2016

Whatever unstable coalition of parties could emerge after the June 26 elections, it will be deeply hostile to the growing militancy in the European working class.

Unidos Podemos pulls ahead of Socialist Party in Spanish election campaign

By Alejandro López, 18 June 2016

The latest polls confirm the historic breakdown of the two party-system that has dominated Spanish politics since the end of the fascist dictatorship.

All parties in Spain general election committed to austerity

By James Lerner, 10 June 2016

Unidos Podemos’ programme calls for “renegotiating” the deficit, which is virtually indistinguishable from the programme of the right-wing Citizen’s Party.

Podemos, United Left form alliance for June elections

By Alejandro López, 14 May 2016

The purpose of the alliance is to prevent growing social opposition from developing into a conscious political movement against capitalism.

Second general election called in Spain

By Paul Mitchell, 9 May 2016

Opinion polls indicate that Spain’s ongoing political deadlock will continue.

Podemos pleads with Socialist Party to form a government in Spain

By Paul Mitchell, 22 April 2016

If a power-sharing agreement is not reached by May 2, new elections will be held on June 26.

Spain’s Podemos prepares for coalition talks with Socialist Party, Citizens

By Paul Mitchell, 4 April 2016

Podemos is playing the instrumental role in the possible formation of a PSOE-led government to continue imposing austerity on the workers in Spain.

Podemos helps strengthen “Fortress Europe” against migrants in Spain

By Carlos Hernández and Paul Mitchell, 2 April 2016

Since the Syrian refugee crisis erupted, the Popular Party government has stepped up its attempts to seal the country off from asylum seekers.

After the Brussels attack, Podemos defends “war on terror”

By Alejandro López, 31 March 2016

Podemos General Secretary Pablo Iglesias is falling in line with false arguments that intelligence agencies failed to “connect the dots” to prevent the Brussels attacks.

Spanish officer corps hears lecture justifying Franco coup and dictatorship

By Alejandro López, 22 March 2016

The glorification of a fascist coup is a warning that sections of the army brass have begun contemplating a military intervention into political life.

Spanish youth protest education reforms

By James Lerner, 21 March 2016

The protests targeted the “3+2 Decree,” which increases the amount of unpaid, in-company internship time required in university courses of study.

Podemos enters government talks with Spain’s social democrats, conservatives

By Alejandro López and Alex Lantier, 18 March 2016

The broaching of alliances between Podemos and openly right-wing parties is a warning sign that the ruling class is preparing deep new attacks against the workers.

Attempt to form PSOE-Citizens government coalition in Spain collapses

By Paul Mitchell, 7 March 2016

The social-democrats had appealed for “progressive” forces to support their alliance with the right-wing Citizens party.

Spain: Podemos supports sale of warships to Saudi Arabia

By Alejandro López, 3 March 2016

The pseudo-left parties in Spain have close ties to the armed forces.