Spain

Calls grow in Madrid to ban Catalan nationalist parties

By Alejandro López, 11 October 2018

Banning parties that collectively receive millions of votes would mark a major escalation in the drive of the Spanish and European bourgeoisie to establish a police state.

Campaign grows inside Podemos for alliance with Spanish right

By Alejandro López, 2 October 2018

After figures in the Podemos leadership praised Italy’s far-right government, a movement for nationalism and appeals to right-wing parties is growing inside Podemos.

Dozens injured as Catalan separatists and regional police clash in Barcelona

By Alejandro López, 1 October 2018

A year after the Catalan independence referendum, none of the issues that led to the referendum crisis and the violent repression by Madrid have been resolved.

Spanish police harass, spy on Catalan separatist party

By Alejandro López, 27 September 2018

Police surveillance of the Candidatures of Popular Unity, revealed in a press conference last Thursday, is a blatant and illegal violation of basic democratic rights.

Anticapitalistas in Spain’s Podemos debate orienting to far-right Italian regime

By Alejandro López, 20 September 2018

While weakly criticising applause from Podemos of the Salvini government’s policies, the Pabloites are only concerned that it would expose them to criticism from the left.

Top Spanish pseudo-lefts hail Italian neo-fascist government

By Alejandro López, 18 September 2018

Weeks after Sahra Wagenknecht launched the anti-immigrant #Aufstehen movement, figures in Podemos are discussing alliances with right-wing forces.

Podemos proposes to “co-govern” with Spain’s Socialist Party government

By Alejandro López, 10 September 2018

Podemos is signaling to the banks that it will try to stabilize the current pro-austerity government, with which it has at most minor differences.

Podemos joins cover-up of Spanish army brass’ hailing of Franco dictatorship

By Alejandro Lopez and Alex Lantier, 1 September 2018

The concern of Podemos is to keep the exposure of the generals’ fascist sympathies from undermining the “humanitarian” pretenses of NATO imperialist wars.

Spanish Socialist Party government’s progressive veneer cracks

By Paul Mitchell, 23 August 2018

The PSOE’s programme is austerity for the working class and militarism in the service of Spain’s geo-strategic ambitions.

“I had to sell my cell phone to pay for food”

Spanish Amazon worker, fired for injury, faces prospect of homelessness

By Eric London, 13 August 2018

José Antonio Rueda Bermudez, his wife and young daughter, face homelessness due to Amazon's refusal to pay medical costs for his serious on-the-job injury.

Spanish army hails record of fascist dictator Francisco Franco

By Alejandro Lopez, 10 August 2018

A group of 181 retired Spanish army officers issued a statement hailing fascist dictator Francisco Franco for "saving" Spain during the Spanish Civil War.

Podemos backs state cover-up in Barcelona terror attack

By Alex Lantier, 9 August 2018

The pseudo-left party is demanding that the Spanish king be allowed to lead this year’s remembrance ceremony.

Spain’s conservative Popular Party shifts further to the right

By Alejandro López, 3 August 2018

Pablo Casado’s programme is a combination of ultra-Catholic demands, support for the dismantling of the welfare state and intensification of attacks on democratic rights.

Pursuit of rapper Valtònyc reveals widespread censorship in Spain

By Alejandro López, 26 July 2018

The unrelenting pursuit of rapper Josep Miquel Beltrán (stage name Valtònyc) is further evidence of the growing assault on free speech in Spain and throughout Europe.

Josep Valtònyc: “What’s happening to me could happen to anyone.”

By Alejandro López, 26 July 2018

“They put me on trial for telling true, objective facts, and that is because what is happening is scary. People are not going to be able to say what they think about those who are stealing public money from us, money taken out of our wages every month. We have the right to speak out, to criticize, to get angry.”

Spain abandons attempt to extradite Puigdemont from Germany

By Alex Lantier, 20 July 2018

Puigdemont had fled Catalonia last autumn during the brutal police crackdown launched by Madrid against the Catalan independence referendum he had organized.

Spain’s Socialist Party prepares new austerity budget, boosts military spending

By Alejandro López, 19 July 2018

The social democrats’ proposals to slow the pace of austerity reflect fear of a social rebellion by workers and youth amid a growing strike wave in Spain.

Police beat up Amazon strikers in Spain

By James Lerner and Paul Mitchell, 18 July 2018

Until the police attack, the Amazon workers and their supporters had been peacefully picketing as police escorted trucks and scabs into the warehouse.

As Jeff Bezos’ wealth reaches $150 billion

Unions strangle strike efforts by European Amazon workers on Prime Day

By Will Morrow and Genevieve Leigh, 17 July 2018

Prime Day is treated as a virtual public holiday by the corporate media, akin to Black Friday, but it is synonymous with increased exploitation for Amazon and other shipping workers.

German court authorises extradition of Catalan leader Carles Puigdemont to Spain on embezzlement charges

By Alejandro López, 16 July 2018

In Spain, the newly installed minority Socialist Party (PSOE) government announced it would abide by the ruling, although it is a rebuke to the party's line in the Catalan crisis.

The “anti-fascism” of Podemos: A cover for Spain’s anti-worker Socialist Party government

By Alejandro López, 9 July 2018

Spain’s minority Socialist Party government, backed by Podemos, is announcing symbolic measures targeting Francisco Franco’s fascist regime.

An interview with Mexican documentarian Juan Francisco Urrusti, director of In Exile: A Family Film

“The world should not be closing itself in—my father’s struggle was against all walls.”

By Kevin Mitchell, 2 July 2018

The WSWS spoke recently with the director of In Exile: A Family Film, a film about the Spanish Civil War and its consequences.

Podemos meets with Catalan nationalists on behalf of Madrid

By Alejandro López, 27 June 2018

The new, Podemos-backed government Madrid is seeking to put a more “democratic” face on last year’s brutal police crackdown in Catalonia.

Podemos: Midwife of Spain’s new PSOE government

By Alejandro López, 22 June 2018

Podemos is an indispensable prop of Spain’s new PSOE government, which is pledged to impose EU austerity on workers and hike military spending.

The dissolution of ETA: A political balance sheet of Basque nationalism—Part three

By Paul Mitchell and Alejandro López, 14 June 2018

This is the concluding part of a three-part series on the Basque separatist group ETA (Euskadi Ta Askatasuna—Basque Homeland and Freedom) announcing its dissolution.

The dissolution of ETA: A political balance sheet of Basque nationalism—Part two

By Paul Mitchell and Alejandro López, 13 June 2018

This is the second part of a three-part series on the Basque separatist group ETA (Euskadi Ta Askatasuna—Basque Homeland and Freedom) announcing its dissolution.

The dissolution of ETA: A political balance sheet of Basque nationalism—Part one

By Paul Mitchell and Alejandro López, 12 June 2018

This is the first part of a three-part series on the Basque separatist group, ETA (Euskadi Ta Askatasuna—Basque Homeland and Freedom), announcing its dissolution.

Spanish Socialist Party Prime Minister Sánchez appoints right-wing cabinet

By Alejandro López, 11 June 2018

The makeup of the new cabinet indicates a restructuring of bourgeois politics even further to the right.

Corruption crisis prompts demand for snap elections in Spain

By Alejandro López and Paul Mitchell, 30 May 2018

New elections in Spain would represent the third since December 2015, all of which produced hung parliaments.

Spain: Facebook to install its “Ministry of Truth” in Barcelona

By Alejandro López, 14 May 2018

The 500 new employees in Barcelona will join Facebook’s 20,000 censors working for the company’s “security” and “moderation” departments.

Podemos calls for alliance with right-wing Citizens Party in Spain

By Paul Mitchell, 11 May 2018

Errejón insists Podemos drop its “original sin” of rejecting agreements with other parties in favour of an alliance “democratic forces” in the PSOE and Ciudadanos.

El País warns Spanish unions of their loss of control over the working class

By Alejandro López and Paul Mitchell, 5 May 2018

Since the global capitalist crisis erupted in 2008, the CCOO and UGT have lost around 600,000 members.

Barcelona: Hundreds of thousands protest against jailing of Catalan independence leaders

By Paul Mitchell, 18 April 2018

The protest attracted considerable numbers of workers and youth who did not support secession but opposed the government’s repressive actions.

Spanish government promotes militarism in schools

By Alejandro López, 14 April 2018

The reactionary syllabus includes the need to respect the army, the police, the flag, the anthem and the King and to uphold the unity of Spain.

Spain: Mounting anger among Amazon workers exposes “victory” claims following March strike

By Alejandro López, 12 April 2018

The unions do not want to call for an indefinite strike and appeal to Amazon workers in Spain and Europe because they fear such a confrontation will win broad popular support.

Catalan nationalist Ponsatí appears in Scottish court to oppose extradition

By Steve James, 12 April 2018

The Rajoy administration’s resort to dictatorial measures is ultimately aimed at silencing all political dissent and intimidating the Spanish working class.

Swiss whistleblower Falciani arrested in Spain on order from Switzerland

By Marianne Arens, 11 April 2018

Hervé Falciani, who exposed thousands of cases of tax evasion, now faces extradition to Switzerland, in a deal that could include the extradition of two Catalonian politicians.

Spain responds to German court decision on Puigdemont with threats of stepped-up repression

By Alejandro López, 9 April 2018

The court’s decision is a setback for Madrid, which was confident Puigdemont would be returned to Spain and the possibility of 30 years in jail, with the German government’s tacit agreement.

Catalan leader Carles Puigdemont released from German prison

By Ulrich Rippert, 7 April 2018

Puigdemont may not leave Germany until further notice, had to post bail of €75,000 and must report weekly to the police.

German state prosecutor calls for extradition of former Catalan president Carles Puigdemont

By Ulrich Rippert, 4 April 2018

With this decision, the state prosecutor in Schleswig-Holstein is giving its backing to the Spanish government and adopting Madrid’s arguments.

Spanish parties unite to demand repression against Catalan nationalists

By Alejandro López and Paul Mitchell, 4 April 2018

The Catalan crisis is being used to criminalise all political and social opposition under conditions of intensification of the class struggle.

Explosive social conditions in Spain behind moves toward police state

By Vicky Short, 3 April 2018

Behind the police-state measures being enacted in Spain lie economic, political and social tensions that are also now finding expression in a growing movement of the working class.

Spanish police attack protests demanding release of Catalonian leaders

By Paul Mitchell and Alejandro López, 30 March 2018

Demonstrations broke out throughout Catalonia after Spain’s supreme court ordered the arrest of former Catalan President Carles Puigdemont.

Spanish judiciary accuses former Catalan President Puigdemont of “mobilising the masses”

By Peter Schwarz, 30 March 2018

If the German government extradites Puigdemont to Spain, it will set a precedent for the suppression of all forms of protest and opposition.

The arrest of Catalan President Carles Puigdemont: Another step toward a police state in Europe

By Peter Schwarz, 27 March 2018

The Europe-wide police-state structures, which emerged under the pretext of combatting terrorism and cracking down on refugees, are now being deployed against political opponents.

Germany and UK collude with Spanish extradition warrants against Catalan leaders Puigdemont and Ponsatí

By Steve James and Paul Mitchell, 27 March 2018

Puigdemont is expected to be detained in Germany for two to three months before a final decision is made on his extradition to Spain.

Deposed Catalan regional premier Carles Puigdemont arrested in Germany

By Alejandro López, 26 March 2018

The decision to arrest Puigdemont in Germany, whose own criminal code punishes attempts to secede with sentences of up to life in prison, facilitates his transfer to Spain.

Spain jails Catalan secessionist leaders, issues international arrest warrants

By Alejandro López, 26 March 2018

The Spanish ruling class is intent on “beheading” the secessionist movement.

German Socialist Equality Party demands immediate release of Carles Puigdemont

By the Sozialistische Gleichheitspartei, 26 March 2018

The arrest of Puigdemont by the German authorities is an arbitrary judicial act characteristic of an authoritarian regime.

Spain’s Amazon workers call first ever strike at Madrid hub

By Alejandro López, 19 March 2018

For more than a year, Amazon has been negotiating with the unions to impose a new agreement that would drastically reduce workers’ rights.

Spain: Podemos support plummets after rightward lurch

By Paul Mitchell, 24 February 2018

A major factor in the decline of Podemos has been the experience of workers and middle-class people with the party in numerous town halls and city halls.

New round of attacks across Spain’s auto industry

By Alejandro López and Gabriel Labarthe, 20 February 2018

The auto industry in Spain is utilising the full conversion of plants to produce electric cars, claims of lower expectations of profits last year—combined with threats to move production offshore—to impose attacks on wages and work conditions.

Spain to double its military spending

By Alejandro López, 8 February 2018

The Spanish government is attempting to straddle the contradictions of supporting both the German-led PESCO and US-led NATO.

Spain’s Constitutional Court attempts to block Catalan premier’s investiture

By Alejandro López, 29 January 2018

The decision by the Constitutional Court means that if ousted regional premier Carles Puigdemont does not attend the swearing-in session in person, his election will be annulled.

Catalan nationalists struggle to form government

By Paul Mitchell, 25 January 2018

Spain’s Popular Party government is threatening to re-impose Article 155 and direct rule of the autonomous region by Madrid.

Direct Spanish rule to continue if exiled Catalan leader tries to govern from Belgium

By Alejandro López and Paul Mitchell, 17 January 2018

The Spanish government is preparing to extend Article 155 of the Constitution, invoked to take control of Catalonia.

Spanish PM Rajoy seeks to prevent Catalan nationalists from forming government

By Alejandro López and Paul Mitchell, 10 January 2018

The Supreme Court is planning to issue writs against a further 11 people linked to the deposed Catalan government for their part in organising last October’s independence referendum.

Political turmoil in Spain following Catalan election

By Paul Mitchell, 23 December 2017

Spanish Prime Minister Rajoy is under pressure from some quarters to consider negotiations, but there is no indication of a climbdown on his part.

Catalan nationalists win narrow majority in crisis elections

By Alex Lantier and Alejandro López, 22 December 2017

The result puts paid to hopes in Madrid that elections would rapidly resolve the conflict between the Spanish and Catalan regional governments.

Crisis election in Catalonia

No to dictatorship and national separatism! For the Unity of Catalan and Spanish workers!

By Alex Lantier, 21 December 2017

With today’s election, Madrid aims to provide a “democratic” veneer to the drive for police-state regimes and the rehabilitation of far-right forces across Europe.

Spanish ruling elite lays out imperialist ambitions in new National Security Strategy

By James Lerner and Alejandro López, 11 December 2017

Spain is currently involved in no fewer than 19 military operations on four continents under the aegis of one imperialist alliance or another.

Catalan election campaign begins amid Popular Party government repression

By Paul Mitchell and Chris Marsden, 6 December 2017

The common concerns of workers and youth, Spanish and Catalan, have been buried under an avalanche of divisive nationalist rhetoric.

Spain accuses Russia of interference in the Catalan crisis

By Alejandro López, 29 November 2017

In the space of just two months, El Pais has published 47 articles linking Russia to the Catalan crisis, five of which are editorials.

Leader of Barcelona terror attack was Spanish intelligence informant

By Alex Lantier, 20 November 2017

The terrorist leader was apparently an “old acquaintance” of the security forces, who protected him due to his ties to Al Qaeda and the Islamic State.

Canada backs Spain’s crackdown on Catalan independence referendum

By Roger Jordan and Keith Jones, 18 November 2017

The Trudeau government’s support for Spain’s suppression of the Catalan independence referendum makes clear it would be ready to use similar methods to uphold the integrity of the Canadian state.

Scottish National Party backs European Union over Catalonia

By Steve James, 14 November 2017

The SNP has avoided any criticism of EU support for the brutal crackdown by the Spanish government against the Catalan national movement.

Tens of thousands protest in Catalonia against moves towards authoritarian rule in Spain

By Alex Lantier, 9 November 2017

Tens of thousands of people protested yesterday in Catalonia against the detention of Catalan nationalist politicians as political prisoners by Madrid.

Deposed Catalan premier hands himself in to Belgian police

By Alex Lantier, 6 November 2017

Criticisms of Spain’s handling of the Catalan crisis from within European ruling circles reflect concerns that Madrid’s actions could provoke explosive popular opposition.

Spanish army threatens to intervene in Catalonia as ministers are jailed

By Paul Mitchell and Alex Lantier, 3 November 2017

According to the chief of the Spanish army, his plans to intervene in Catalonia are part of similar planning by the NATO countries across Europe.

Catalan, Spanish workers face grave dangers from Madrid’s repression

By Paul Mitchell and Chris Marsden, 2 November 2017

The attempt by Madrid and the EU to impose a dictatorial regime, whether or not this is sanctioned by imposed elections, must be opposed by the entire Spanish and Catalan working class.

Catalan premier appeals to EU as opposition mounts to Madrid’s crackdown

By Alex Lantier, 1 November 2017

Puigdemont asked the EU to broker a deal between the Spanish government and the Catalan authorities based on the December 21 election imposed on Catalonia by Madrid.

EU backs Madrid’s imposition of authoritarian regime in Catalonia

By Francis Dubois, 31 October 2017

Fearing the eruption of mass struggles against austerity, the European financial oligarchy is backing the imposition of an authoritarian regime in Catalonia.

Catalan Premier Puigdemont flees to Belgium as Spain asserts direct rule over Catalonia

By Alejandro López, 30 October 2017

The Catalan nationalist parties are bitterly hostile to a political intervention in the crisis by the working class.

Spain imposes military rule in Catalonia to preempt independence bid

By Alex Lantier and Alejandro López, 28 October 2017

The Senate vote marks a historic collapse of democratic forms of rule in Western Europe and a return to authoritarianism, posing an urgent threat to the working class.

As protests mount against Madrid, Catalan parliament declares independence

By Alejandro López, 28 October 2017

The Catalan regional parliament on Friday voted a resolution for independence from Spain and the start of a “constituent process” to draft a new constitution.

Madrid's talks with Catalan premier collapse as Spain threatens military rule

By Alejandro López, 27 October 2017

Carles Puigdemont withdrew an offer to hold snap elections in Catalonia after Madrid reportedly refused to free Catalan political prisoners.

Catalonia announces plan for independence as Madrid threatens military rule

By Alejandro López, 26 October 2017

Madrid’s turn toward military dictatorship in Catalonia and across Spain is intended to strangle popular opposition to the European Union and the banks.

Catalan government in turmoil over Spain’s suppression of autonomy

By Paul Mitchell, 24 October 2017

The anti-democratic measures imposed under Article 155 are leading to a violent conflict with the Catalan population.

Move to Spanish military rule in Catalonia exposes bankruptcy of Podemos

By Alejandro López and Alex Lantier, 24 October 2017

Despite winning 5 million votes, Podemos neither wanted nor sought to mobilize opposition to the turn to authoritarian rule by Madrid, backed by the European Union.

Spain annuls Catalan self-government, prepares military rule from Madrid

By Alex Lantier, 23 October 2017

Madrid’s claim, supported explicitly by the EU, that military rule is the only possible response to the Catalan independence referendum is an absurd lie, drenched in imperialist hypocrisy.

EU summit endorses Spain’s threat of police-military occupation of Catalonia

By Alex Lantier, 21 October 2017

EU heads of state applauded Spanish Prime Minister Rajoy’s moves to impose dictatorial rule in Catalonia because they are preparing similar attacks on the working class across Europe.

Spanish Socialist Party demands new elections in Catalonia

By Paul Mitchell, 21 October 2017

The Spanish Socialist Party is working closely with Spain’s right-wing government to extra-legally oust the current regional government in Catalonia.

Spanish government vows to impose military-backed regime in Catalonia

By Alex Lantier, 20 October 2017

Spanish ministers will meet tomorrow to prepare to invoke Article 155 and suspend Catalan regional self-rule after the region's October 1 independence referendum.

200,000 protest jailing of Catalonian nationalist leaders in Barcelona

By Paul Mitchell, 19 October 2017

The jailing of Jordi Sànchez and Jordi Cuixart marks the first incarceration of Spanish political prisoners since the end of the fascist dictatorship of General Francisco Franco.

Jailing of separatist leaders sparks protest demonstrations in Catalonia

By Alejandro López and Paul Mitchell, 18 October 2017

The High Court ruling is an indication of the dictatorial measures the Spanish Popular Party regime is prepared to carry out.

Madrid rejects Puigdemont’s call for talks in Catalan referendum crisis

By Alex Lantier and Alejandro López, 17 October 2017

With Spanish military forces and thousands of police preparing for action, Spain is teetering on the brink of martial law and a bloody crackdown in Catalonia.

Deadline looms for Catalonia to confirm or deny independence declaration

By Alejandro López, 16 October 2017

The secessionists led by Catalonia’s regional premier Carles Puigdemont have spent the past week seeking to strike a deal with Madrid, but no deal is on offer.

Threatening crackdown in Catalonia, Madrid whips up nationalism at military parade

By Alejandro López, 13 October 2017

Signaling its tacit support for bloody repression in Catalonia, the pseudo-left Podemos party for the first time sent representatives to the military parade for National Day.

Spain moves toward military rule in Catalonia

By Alex Lantier, 12 October 2017

As the Spanish army prepared to deploy armored units to Catalonia, Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy announced plans to suspend the Catalan regional government.

Podemos’ call for dialogue on Catalonia: A political trap with deadly consequences

By Paul Mitchell, 12 October 2017

With calls for ‘patriotism’ and national unity, the pseudo-left Podemos is seeking recognition as a potential saviour of Spanish capitalism at a time of acute crisis.

Catalan premier affirms right to independence from Spain, but delays formal declaration

By Alex Lantier, 11 October 2017

Regional premier Carles Puigdemont delivered his speech amid an unfolding Spanish military and police intervention into Catalonia and the looming threat of a bloody crackdown.

Spain's Popular Party threatens repression if Catalan authorities declare independence

By Alejandro López, 10 October 2017

Popular Party leaders warned Monday that national police and civil guards are ready to halt any unilateral declaration in the Catalan parliament.

As Spanish crackdown looms, France’s New Anti-capitalist Party promotes Catalan nationalism

By Alex Lantier, 10 October 2017

Rather than advance a principled policy to unite the Spanish and Catalan working class against Spanish state repression, the Pabloite New Anti-capitalist Party is lining up behind the Catalan bourgeoisie.

As crackdown looms in Catalonia, Spain’s Popular Party calls protest in Barcelona

By Alejandro López, 9 October 2017

The Catalan separatists are despised in broad sections of the working class for their austerity policies, which have seen major cuts in social expenditure.

Madrid prepares to deploy troops in Catalonia

By Alejandro López, 7 October 2017

Spain’s political establishment is openly talking of invoking Article 116 of the Spanish constitution, laying the basis for the imposition of martial law.

German government backs Spain’s violent crackdown on Catalonia

By Peter Schwarz, 7 October 2017

The German government has backed Madrid’s suppression of the Catalonian independence referendum because it, too, is preparing to crack down on social and political opposition at home.

Spain prepares military crackdown in Catalonia

By Alex Lantier, 6 October 2017

The European Union is supporting Madrid's plans for a bloody military-police intervention in Catalonia and to impose a state of emergency across Spain.

Amid Catalan crisis, Madrid prepares military rule across Spain

By Alejandro López, 6 October 2017

Voices in the Spanish press are calling for imposing various states of emergency that would suspend basic democratic rights and hand power to the army.

Spanish government sends troops to Catalonia

By Paul Mitchell, 5 October 2017

The Ministry of Defense has dispatched army units to support the Civil Guard and national police in a possible further crackdown on the Catalonian population.

After Madrid’s violent crackdown:

An independent class strategy for the Spanish and Catalan working class!

By Keith Jones, 5 October 2017

A struggle to rally workers and youth to an internationalist orientation can only be waged in uncompromising opposition to the violence unleashed by the Madrid government.