The European Union
By Gary Alvernia, 12 July 2017
Despite being hyped as a victory over protectionism, the FTA signals the growth of competing trade blocs and the rising danger of conflict and war.
By Johannes Stern, 8 July 2017
The aggressiveness with which the ruling class has targeted protesters and the entire population of Hamburg must be taken as a warning.
By Ulrich Rippert, 30 June 2017
Just days prior to the G20 summit in Hamburg, the EU Commission imposed a record fine on US internet firm Google.
By Johannes Stern, 24 June 2017
At the center of this week’s EU summit in Brussels were far-reaching measures aimed at militarisation at home and abroad.
By Julie Hyland, 22 June 2017
Conservative Prime Minister Theresa May set out her government’s legislative agenda yesterday in the Queen’s Speech, which was widely acknowledged to be her first and last one.
By Chris Marsden, 20 June 2017
Britain’s Brexit Secretary David Davis and Michel Bernier of the European Union launched negotiations Monday on the terms of Britain’s exit from the trade bloc.
By Nick Beams, 10 June 2017
Structural changes in the European economy mean low wages along with part-time and casual employment are becoming the “new normal.”
By Johannes Stern, 9 June 2017
Under growing transatlantic tensions and the departure of Britain from the EU, the 27 remaining member states are pushing ahead with the establishment of an independent military policy.
By Peter Schwarz, 3 June 2017
Merkel and Macron are seeking to build up the EU to make it a global power capable of competing with the US for markets, investment opportunities and strategic influence.
By Johannes Stern, 2 June 2017
The cooperation between Berlin and Beijing on economic and foreign policy issues is bound up with fraying Transatlantic relations, a cornerstone of German foreign policy for 70 years.
By Alex Lantier, 2 June 2017
The rapid shifts in international politics since President Trump’s visit to Europe point to the disintegration of institutions that have shaped global politics for decades.
By Peter Schwarz, 15 May 2017
Enthusiasm for Emmanuel Macron has not lasted long in Germany. His calls for more financial leeway from the European Union are meeting fierce opposition in German government and business circles.
By Bill Van Auken, 9 May 2017
The deaths occurred during a spike in crossings spurred in part by a planned crackdown that would send migrants back to hellish conditions in Libya.
By Steve James, 8 May 2017
The European Union position on Ireland is a challenge to British imperialism on the territory of its oldest colony.
By Martin Kreickenbaum, 3 May 2017
Following the latest disaster, the number of refugees drowned on the central Mediterranean route from Libya to Italy this year rose to almost 1,150.
By Robert Stevens, 1 May 2017
Under the guidelines, discussions on trade between the EU and the UK can only proceed after the divorce payment and agreement on other terms of Britain’s EU exit.
By Julie Hyland, 27 April 2017
Britain’s right-wing media are concerned that Macron will be unable to enforce his agenda under conditions of widespread political alienation and hostility to the ruling elite.
By Alejandro López, 6 April 2017
Sections of the Spanish ruling class have calculated that Brexit offers Spain an opportunity not only to reclaim Gibraltar but also to possibly become Washington’s new strategic ally in Europe.
By Chris Marsden, 30 March 2017
The centrifugal forces tearing apart the EU reveal the failure of any attempt to overcome, within the framework of the capitalist system, the national antagonisms that gave rise to two world wars.
By Alex Lantier, 27 March 2017
The European Union is responding to Britain’s exit by seeking to convert itself into an aggressive military bloc rivaling the United States.
By Robert Stevens, 27 March 2017
The "Remain in the European Union" camp of Britain’s ruling elite promulgates a nationalist agenda just as much as the "Leave" faction does.
By our reporters, 27 March 2017
WSWS reporters spoke to some of those attending Saturday’s Unite for Europe protest in London.
No to British nationalism and the European Union!
By Chris Marsden, 25 March 2017
Brexit, Trump and the ongoing fracturing of the EU along national lines are all rooted in the irreconcilable contradiction of capitalism that twice in the 20th century plunged Europe and the world into war.
By Nick Beams, 20 March 2017
While attempts were made by G20 finance ministers to downplay the significance of the breach with the US, the decision to drop resistance to protectionism is a significant step towards a global trade war.
By Clara Weiss, 20 March 2017
At the EU summit, Poland was the only country to vote against Donald Tusk's re-election as president of the European Council.
By Peter Schwarz, 18 March 2017
The defeat of Geert Wilders in the Dutch election has not stopped the growth of nationalism and xenophobia; it has amplified it in the establishment parties.
By Dietmar Henning and Daniel Woreck, 14 March 2017
A WSWS reporting team visited the Dutch town of Venlo in the run-up to Wednesday’s national election.
By Johannes Stern, 11 March 2017
The European Union is responding to the deepest crisis since its founding by further militarizing the continent and preparing for an economic showdown with the United States.
By Johannes Stern, 10 March 2017
Germany has responded to Washington’s increasingly belligerent rhetoric by attempting to consolidate the EU as a military and economic power under its own leadership.
By Johannes Stern, 10 March 2017
The move is part of a plan by the EU to develop a foreign and security policy independent of NATO and the United States.
By Alex Lantier, 4 March 2017
Facing an unprecedented social, economic, and geopolitical crisis, the EU has nothing to propose but militarism and social counterrevolution.
By Marianne Arens, 25 February 2017
Sinistra Italiana has been formed out of Nichi Vendola’s SEL. Its role is to defend bourgeois rule, the European Union and the euro in their deepest crisis to date.
By Alex Lantier, 22 February 2017
European politicians and media reacted favorably to US Vice President Mike Pence’s statements in Europe as an opportunity to mend ties with the Trump administration.
By Bill Van Auken, 18 February 2017
Trump's defense secretary, James Mattis, sounded a warning to the conference aimed at justifying a further escalation of US and NATO militarism.
By Chris Marsden, 17 February 2017
European officials present at the summit responded with their own calls for military rearmament targeted against Russia.
By Peter Schwarz, 10 February 2017
All of the tensions, conflicts and contradictions that the Treaty of Rome, laying the foundations of the European Union, was supposed to have overcome 60 years ago are emerging once again.
By Martin Kreickenbaum, 6 February 2017
As European governments hypocritically denounce Trump’s anti-immigrant measures, the EU is planning to build up the Libyan coastguard and establish internment camps in North Africa to keep out refugees.
By Johannes Stern, 4 February 2017
At the EU summit in Malta, several European heads of state, including the German chancellor and the French president, sharply criticized the policies of the Trump administration.
By Alex Lantier, 2 February 2017
In response to Trump’s protectionist threats against Europe and criticisms of the euro, Germany and its closest allies are preparing a major military and police buildup.
By Robert Stevens, 25 January 2017
While the Supreme Court came down in favour of Parliament, nothing has been resolved politically by its verdict.
By Chris Marsden, 23 January 2017
UK Prime Minister Theresa May has made Trump’s election the cornerstone of her post-Brexit strategy, adapting to a yet-more open embrace of Trump by the anti-EU right-wing of her party.
By Chris Marsden, 19 January 2017
Never before has a US president set as his explicit goal the breakup of the European Union.
By Johannes Stern, 18 January 2017
At the heart of the programme is the Left Party’s desire to assume government responsibility at the federal level in coalition with the SPD and Greens, two parties of austerity and war.
In interview with British and German press
By Peter Schwarz, 17 January 2017
Leading German politicians have responded to Trump’s remarks by asserting Germany’s own economic and geopolitical claims.
By Marianne Arens, 16 January 2017
The European Parliament deputies of Italy’s Five Star Movement were to have shifted from a euroskeptic to a pro-European group. But they now find themselves back in the euroskeptic camp.
By Chris Marsden, 10 January 2017
The row over what relationship the UK will have with the European Union takes place under conditions where its very survival is threatened.
By Julie Hyland, 5 January 2017
Divisions within the US over foreign policy are mirrored within and between national ruling elites across Europe.
By Martin Kreickenbaum, 31 December 2016
The dramatic rise was a direct result of the European Union’s brutal deterrence policy—in particular the reinforcement of the EU’s external borders.
By Peter Schwarz, 23 December 2016
The recent congress elected Gysi the president of the Party of the European Left, following a strong recommendation by Syriza’s Alexis Tsipras.
By Dietmar Henning, 22 December 2016
As poverty levels grow in Germany the Social Democratic Party is fostering xenophobia.
By Peter Schwarz, 17 December 2016
Following the Brexit, the election of Donald Trump as US president, and the rise of right-wing nationalist forces in many European countries, the EU is paralyzed and divided.
By Alex Lantier, 17 December 2016
A month before Donald Trump’s inauguration as US president, tensions are already emerging with the European powers over his “America first” program.
By Julie Hyland, 17 December 2016
Labour’s Keir Starmer called for a “national consensus on Brexit,” with freedom of movement restrictions central to negotiations with the European Union.
By Alejandro López, 14 December 2016
If they are going “back” to the streets, it is because Podemos and the Spanish trade unions have held no significant protests for years, despite draconian austerity.
By Halil Celik, 9 December 2016
After the NATO-backed coup of July 15 and rising tensions with the European Union, the Turkish government is threatening that it might ally with Russia and China.
By Marianne Arens, 8 December 2016
Italy’s Senate voted in favour of the budget and thus cleared the way for Renzi’s resignation.
By Robert Stevens, 8 December 2016
Prime Minister Theresa May originally opposed the motion, but was forced to accept it as between 20 and 40 pro-EU Tory rebels were pledged to back Labour.
By Alex Lantier and Mark Wells, 5 December 2016
The vote on Renzi’s referendum, which was rejected by a margin of 59 to 41 percent, expresses growing opposition to the institutions of European and world capitalism.
By Christoph Vandreier, 2 December 2016
In the wake of Donald Trump’s election as US president, the European powers are pushing ahead rapidly with plans for military rearmament.
By Markus Salzmann, 29 November 2016
Just days before the presidential election, the Austrian Social Democratic Party has paved the way for cooperation with the Freedom Party.
By Elisabeth Zimmermann, 29 November 2016
According to the latest study by the Bertelsmann Foundation, 118 million people live in poverty in the EU. This equates to one in four EU citizens.
By Chris Marsden, 26 November 2016
Support for a second referendum on the UK’s European Union membership has only minority support in Parliament but cuts across existing party divisions.
By Verena Nees, 22 November 2016
The Left Party has responded to Donald Trump’s election victory by shifting further to the right on domestic and foreign policy.
By Alex Lantier, 19 November 2016
Well before the content of Trump’s foreign policy has come into focus, it is clear that his election marks a historic shift in world affairs, raising the specter of global conflict.
By Alex Lantier, 16 November 2016
Obama aimed to reassure the European ruling classes that Donald Trump's election would not undermine their relations with the United States.
By Johannes Stern and Alex Lantier, 15 November 2016
Geostrategic, economic, and political conflicts between US and European capitalism are reasserting themselves with enormous force.
By Martin Kreickenbaum, 5 November 2016
At least 4,220 refugees have already died in the Mediterranean this year trying to reach Europe.
By Robert Stevens, 5 November 2016
The High Court ruling that only parliament may trigger Britain’s exit from the EU has spurred collaboration between pro-remain forces committed to overturning the referendum vote to leave.
By Clara Weiss, 31 October 2016
The Polish government is preparing legal action against the president of the European Council, Donald Tusk.
By Martin Kreickenbaum, 27 October 2016
According to UN data, 3,740 refugees drowned at sea in the first ten months of 2016, more than the total for all of last year.
By Jordan Shilton, 27 October 2016
Whether or not the deal is ultimately ratified, the conflicts over CETA have again starkly exposed the advanced state of decomposition of the European Union.
By Alex Lantier, 22 October 2016
The European Union is incapable not only of reaching agreement on policy, but of hiding the increasingly embittered tensions among its member states.
By Francis Dubois, 22 October 2016
The Socialist Party government has cultivated the police as its main social base, and police are now aggressively advancing demands for more resources and powers.
By Clara Weiss, 17 October 2016
Relations between France and Poland have worsened substantially after the Polish government pulled out of an arms deal with Airbus that had been planned for years.
By Martin Kreikenbaum, 29 September 2016
The conference has underscored the inhumane and reactionary content of German Chancellor's Merkel’s refugee policy.
By Johannes Stern and Alex Lantier, 28 September 2016
British officials see German and French plans to militarise the European Union as an intolerable threat to the NATO alliance and Europe's relations with the United States.
By Johannes Stern and Alex Lantier, 17 September 2016
Italian Prime Minister Matteo Renzi refused to attend a joint press conference after the summit and publicly attacked EU proposals on economic and refugee policy.
By Johannes Stern, 15 September 2016
Two days before Friday's post-Brexit summit in Bratislava, Jean-Claude Juncker warned that the EU faces “an existential crisis” and called for police-state build-up and war.
By Clara Weiss, 15 September 2016
Attacks on Polish immigrants in the UK are being exploited by the Polish and British ruling class to strengthen their alliance, amid deepening divisions within the EU.
By Alex Lantier, 14 September 2016
Donald Tusk warned that the British exit from the European Union had unleashed a historic crisis of the EU threatening the survival of democracy in Europe.
By Alex Lantier, 13 September 2016
In response to Brexit, Berlin and Paris aim to transform the EU into a military alliance capable of waging major wars abroad and large-scale repression at home.
By Alejandro López, 10 September 2016
The failure to form a government is not based on deep political differences, as all the contending parties are committed to austerity, the EU and NATO.
By Marianne Arens, 10 September 2016
Two weeks after the earthquake in central Italy on August 24, it is clear that the devastation and loss of life was not due to a “natural disaster” but corruption and government indifference.
By Julie Hyland, 5 September 2016
President Obama made plain Washington’s opposition to the UK leaving the EU, while Tokyo warned that Japanese corporations would leave the UK if it went ahead with the move.
By Steve James, 5 September 2016
Ireland, a centre for tax dodging by leading US-based transnational corporations, is uniquely vulnerable to the deepening divisions between the US and the European Union.
By Alejandro López, 1 September 2016
Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy failed to receive the necessary 176 votes in the 350-seat parliament.
By Peter Schwarz, 27 August 2016
This week the German chancellor met with 15 of the 27 EU leaders to set out the EU’s future course and ensure that Germany dictates the proceedings.
By Alex Lantier, 23 August 2016
Amid the escalating crisis unleashed by the Brexit vote, the remaining major EU powers barely succeeded in papering over the divisions between them.
By Verena Nees, 8 August 2016
The Berlin Senate wants the distressing images of refugees on city’s streets to be forgotten ahead of the state election.
By Robert Stevens, 6 August 2016
Denying that a split is in the cards has become the central theme of Corbyn’s leadership campaign, even as the Blairite wing of the party continues to seek his removal.
By Ulrich Rippert, 30 July 2016
In a press conference, Merkel proclaimed a “war on terrorism” and a sweeping increase in state powers.
By Alex Lantier, 23 July 2016
Hollande shifted towards a more accommodating position, giving Britain more time to negotiate the exit and reaffirming Britain’s role as a key military ally of France.
By Peter Schwarz, 19 July 2016
The angry denunciations of the Erdogan government by the United States and Germany make clear that they had hoped for the success of the military coup.
By Bill Van Auken, 15 July 2016
Syriza’s ceaseless collaboration in the implementation of brutal austerity measures has vindicated the warnings made by the WSWS even before the pseudo-left party came to power.
By Alex Lantier, 14 July 2016
EU officials are pointedly refusing to endorse US and Filipino claims against China in the South China Sea, as laid out in Tuesday’s court ruling in The Hague.
By Peter Symonds, 13 July 2016
Yesterday’s tribunal ruling branding China’s actions in the South China Sea as “illegal” provides another pretext for the US to ramp up its military expansion in Asia.
By Johannes Stern, 13 July 2016
Two years after German officials announced plans to remilitarise the country, media outlets are warning of preparations for “total war.”
By Steve James, 12 July 2016
While the Brexit crisis centres on British relations with the EU, the unanticipated debacle is also threatening to destabilise relations between and within all the EU’s component countries.
By Alex Lantier, 11 July 2016
NATO is planning a major military escalation, based on plans for a perpetual state of war in the Middle East and preparations for all-out war with Russia in Europe.
By Martin Kreickenbaum, 11 July 2016
At their latest meeting in the Slovakian capital Bratislava, EU interior ministers agreed on speedier deportation of refugees and closer cooperation with African dictatorships.