Northern Africa

Civil war clashes erupt in Libya

By Marianne Arens, 10 September 2018

A fragile truce prevails in the Libyan capital of Tripoli following fierce fighting last week. The city’s Mitiga airport remains closed and fighting is continuing in the south of the city.

Egyptian dictator el-Sisi intensifies state repression

By Jean Shaoul, 25 June 2018

President el-Sisi has unleashed an extensive crackdown on all forms of dissent and political expression that far exceeds the worst excesses of Hosni Mubarak, who was overthrown by the mass uprising in February 2011.

Thousands march to mark anniversary of Ben Ali’s overthrow in Tunisia

By Alex Lantier and Kumaran Ira, 15 January 2018

The new wave of protests was prompted by anger over mass unemployment, corruption and the 2018 finance law.

Protests erupt in Morocco after two die working in abandoned mine

By Alex Lantier, 30 December 2017

Poverty and mass unemployment force thousands in eastern Morocco to risk their lives in abandoned coal mines, which Jerada residents call the “mines of death.”

Amnesty International report exposes EU role in mass torture of refugees in Libya

By Alex Lantier, 13 December 2017

The EU is helping build and equip a vast network of prison camps in which refugees are arbitrarily detained, beaten, tortured, sold into slavery and murdered.

Western powers move closer to new military intervention in Libya

By Marianne Arens, 19 February 2016

The main task of the national unity government in Libya will be to give the green light to a new military intervention in the oil rich North African country.

France gives €1 billion aid to Tunisia in bid to halt mass protests over jobs

By Kumaran Ira, 26 January 2016

Amid growing social unrest, Washington and Paris are boosting military aid to Tunisia to prepare to suppress social opposition in the working class.

UK to send troops to Somalia and South Sudan

By Jean Shaoul, 3 October 2015

The US and its European allies are engaged in a ferocious struggle with China for control of the oil resources in the Horn of Africa region.

US preparing new drone deployments to North Africa

By Thomas Gaist, 14 July 2015

The US military’s Africa Command is preparing to develop at least one new US drone and Special Forces base in North Africa.

Tunisian army called out after terror attack kills 23

By Bill Van Auken, 20 March 2015

In the final analysis, the atrocity in Tunis is the result of the catastrophes created by the US wars in Iraq and Libya and the proxy war Washington has waged in Syria.

Egyptian junta begins executions of Islamists

By Alex Lantier, 9 March 2015

The junta’s aim is to prevent a renewed revolutionary upsurge of the working class by stepping up its police-state terror against all opposition to the military.

Boko Haram escalates offensive in Nigeria’s Borno State

By Thomas Gaist, 12 January 2015

Boko Haram now controls 11 local governmental units, including some 20,000 square miles in the northern states of Yobe and Borno.

One year since the military coup in Egypt

By Johannes Stern, 5 July 2014

The coup revealed the essential problem of the Egyptian revolution: the chasm between the elemental anger of the Egyptian population and the absence of political leadership.

More questions than answers after US commandos seize Benghazi attack suspect

By Patrick Martin, 19 June 2014

Ahmed Abu Khattala has been living openly in his home district in Benghazi for the past two years, while denying any role in the attack on the US mission in which four died.

Libya plunging towards civil war

By Jean Shaoul, 27 May 2014

The coup bid by retired general Khalifa Hifter’s Libyan National Army killed at least 79 and wounded more than 140 in attacks in the eastern port city of Benghazi and the capital Tripoli.

CIA-linked general launches Libya coup bid

By Bill Van Auken, 20 May 2014

General Khalifa Haftar launched his armed actions as the Pentagon positioned a US Marine task force for a possible intervention.

Hundreds drown fleeing continued fighting in South Sudan

By Bill Van Auken, 15 January 2014

As many as 300 people drowned when an overloaded ferry that they had boarded to flee fighting in the city of Malakal sank Tuesday in the White Nile.

Attempt at ceasefire as military buildup continues in South Sudan

By Jean Shaoul, 28 December 2013

What is portrayed as a conflict within the world’s newest state is part of the imperialist balkanisation of Sudan to control its oil and mineral wealth.

Libyan prime minister abducted in retaliation for US raid on Tripoli

By Alex Lantier, 11 October 2013

The kidnapping highlighted the impotence of the neo-colonial regime set up by NATO after the war in Libya two years ago.

Libya destabilised by factional and military infighting

By Jean Shaoul, 14 June 2013

The massacre of 31 people by the Libya Shield Force, an Islamist militia, was the worst single death toll since the end of the 2011 NATO-led civil war.

Libya’s General National Council passes Political Isolation Law

By Jean Shaoul, 24 May 2013

Armed Islamist militias forced parliament to pass the Political Isolation Law, outlawing officials who had worked for Gaddafi from holding office.

Mass protests against referendum on new Egyptian constitution

By Chris Marsden, 12 December 2012

Over a hundred thousand people demonstrated in Cairo yesterday against a referendum scheduled for December 15 on an Islamist constitution that enshrines the authority of the military.

Mursi calls on military in Egypt crisis

By Patrick Martin, 10 December 2012

Army officers have been given the power to arrest civilians to maintain “public order.”

Tunisian UGTT union calls one-day national strike

By Antoine Lerougetel, 10 December 2012

The UGTT union has called a one-day national strike for December 13, amid rising working class protests and clashes with right-wing Islamist groups.

Protests spread throughout Egypt against Islamist dictatorship

By Johannes Stern, 8 December 2012

Mass protests against the US-backed Islamist government of President Mohamed Mursi spread throughout Egypt yesterday.

Egypt’s US-backed president Mursi deploys army, prepares massive repression

By Johannes Stern, 7 December 2012

Fearing mass protests, the Mursi regime deployed the army around the Presidential Palace in Cairo.

US-backed Muslim Brotherhood unleashes bloody crackdown in Cairo

By Johannes Stern, 6 December 2012

With Washington’s tacit support, the Islamists are seeking to crush strikes and protests and re-establish untrammeled dictatorial rule in Egypt.

Mursi’s crackdown exposes counter-revolutionary role of Egyptian Revolutionary Socialists

By Johannes Stern, 6 December 2012

Mursi’s bloody crackdown against protesters opposing his power grab exposes the counterrevolutionary character of the Revolutionary Socialists’ support for him.

Mass anti-Mursi protests, clashes with police in Cairo

By Chris Marsden, 5 December 2012

Protests Tuesday against the dictatorial powers assumed by Egyptian President Mohamed Mursi and his efforts to ram through a new constitution culminated in a massive march on the presidential palace.

Mass opposition to Tunisian repression of anti-poverty protests

By Antoine Lerougetel, 4 December 2012

Police have brutally repressed protests against the scrapping of programmes against poverty and unemployment in the town of Siliana in Tunisia.

Mass protests as Egyptian government seeks to push through constitution

By Joseph Kishore, 1 December 2012

The new constitution enshrines the domination of the military over Egyptian society.

Egypt’s proposed constitution enshrines dictatorial powers and military rule

By Chris Marsden, 30 November 2012

The rushing through yesterday of Egypt’s new constitution by the Constituent Assembly is an aggressive move by the Muslim Brotherhood and President Mohammed Mursi.

Mass protests against Egyptian President Mursi

By Johannes Stern, 28 November 2012

Hundreds of thousands protested in Cairo'’s Tahrir Square and throughout Egypt against Islamist president Mohamed Mursi and the Muslim Brotherhood (MB).

Mass protest against Mursi set for Egypt’s Tahrir Square

By Chris Marsden, 27 November 2012

Rival mass protest will be staged today, provoked by President Mohamed Mursi’s decree granting himself virtually dictatorial powers.

Mass protests erupt in Egypt against Mursi’s antidemocratic decrees

By Johannes Stern, 24 November 2012

Mass protests against Egyptian President Mohamed Mursi and the ruling Muslim Brotherhood erupted throughout the country on Friday.

US spy agencies edited Benghazi “talking points”

By Patrick Martin, 24 November 2012

Their purpose was to conceal the connections between the US intelligence apparatus and gunmen linked to Al Qaeda.

Egypt’s President Mursi claims vast new executive powers

By Johannes Stern, 23 November 2012

The main target of the declaration is working class opposition to Mursi and the ruling Muslim Brotherhood.

Egyptian Revolutionary Socialists ally with Sawiris tycoon, ex-Mubarak officials

By Johannes Stern, 30 October 2012

The misnamed Revolutionary Socialists have established a de facto alliance with members of Egypt’s financial aristocracy and elements of the old Mubarak-regime.

Sudan accuses Israel of bombing military factory in Khartoum

By Johannes Stern, 26 October 2012

Early Wednesday morning, an explosion hit the Yarmouk Military Industrial Complex in the Sudanese capital, Khartoum.

Egyptian liberal, pseudo-left groups demonstrate against Mursi

By Johannes Stern, 23 October 2012

Last Friday various liberal and pseudo-left groups protested against the ruling Muslim Brotherhood and Egypt's Islamist president, Mohamed Mursi, on Tahrir Square in Cairo.

US prepares military strikes as Libya crisis deepens

By Bill Van Auken, 17 October 2012

The White House is considering drone strikes and Special Forces raids in retaliation for the fatal September 11 attack on US facilities in Benghazi, Libya.

Egyptian Islamists clash with liberals and pseudo-left groups on Tahrir Square

By Johannes Stern, 15 October 2012

Clashes erupted between followers of the ruling Islamist Muslim Brotherhood and the pseudo-left opposition on Tahrir Square in Cairo on Friday.

Egyptian pseudo-left parties form new anti-working class alliance

By Johannes Stern, 8 October 2012

The formation of the DRC is the latest maneuver by the Egyptian pseudo-left parties to tie the Egyptian working class politically to the bourgeoisie.

Attack in Libya disrupted major CIA operation

By Bill Van Auken, 25 September 2012

The September 11 attack that claimed the life of the US ambassador to Libya and three other Americans disrupted a major CIA operation in the North African country.

US blames Libya attack on Al Qaeda-linked forces it previously backed

By Alex Lantier, 22 September 2012

US officials believe the Benghazi attack is the work of Al Qaeda-linked forces backed by Washington during last year’s war in Libya.

Egyptian President Mursi cracks down after US embassy protests

By Johannes Stern, 20 September 2012

Egypt’s US-backed Islamist president, Mohamed Mursi, is launching a crackdown against workers and youth after protests at the US embassy in Cairo last week.

The US embassy protests

By Alex Lantier, 14 September 2012

Protests at US embassies against an anti-Islamic video are a devastating popular verdict on the policies of the US government in the Middle East.

“The Quiet American”: the death of J. Christopher Stevens

By Bill Van Auken, 14 September 2012

The death of the U.S. ambassador to Libya is a consequence of the bloody and murderous role of imperialism in that region and throughout the world.

US sends Marines to Libya after ambassador’s killing

By Bill Van Auken, 13 September 2012

The killing of Ambassador Christopher Stevens and three other US personnel in the storming of the US consulate in Benghazi is by all appearances a case of the chickens coming home to roost.

Islamist thugs attack Tunisian unemployed workers’ protest in Sidi Bouzid

By Antoine Lerougetel, 29 August 2012

Police stood aside last week as hundreds of Salafist thugs attacked workers and youth in Sidi Bouzid, the starting point of the Tunisian Revolution and the Arab Spring.

Egyptian President Mursi seeks IMF loan

By Johannes Stern, 27 August 2012

On August 22 the Egyptian government officially requested a $4.8 billion loan from the International Monetary Fund.

US backs Egyptian president as he claims dictatorial powers

By Johannes Stern, 21 August 2012

Egyptian President Mohamed Mursi’s move to take over the dictatorial powers of the Egyptian military junta was closely monitored and approved by Washington.

Strikes and protests sweep Tunisia

By Jean Shaoul, 17 August 2012

On Tuesday, several thousand workers demonstrated in Sidi Bouzid.

Egyptian President Mursi claims military junta’s dictatorial powers

By Alex Lantier, 13 August 2012

On Sunday, Egyptian President Mohamed Mursi sought to assume the dictatorial powers of the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces (SCAF) and force its leaders to retire.

Egypt launches Sinai crackdown in collusion with Israel

By Jean Shaoul, 9 August 2012

Egypt’s Muslim Brotherhood government has launched a crackdown in response to an armed raid at the Rafah border checkpoint.

New Egyptian government sworn in by Islamist president Mursi

By Johannes Stern, 3 August 2012

Yesterday the Egyptian cabinet was sworn in by Mohamed Mursi, the Islamist president of Egypt.

Egyptian workers mount mass strikes against US-backed junta

By Johannes Stern, 18 July 2012

Since the beginning of the week a new wave of strikes and protests has spread over Egypt.

Clinton backs Egyptian military junta, Islamist president

By Johannes Stern, 16 July 2012

Over the weekend US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton met with the leader of Egypt’s Supreme Council of the Armed Forces (SCAF) junta.

The real significance of Libya’s elections

By Jean Shaoul and Chris Marsden, 11 July 2012

The elections for a new General National Congress in Libya are an attempt to provide a “democratic” façade for an authoritarian and undemocratic government, subservient to the interests of the major Western powers, corporations and banks.

Egyptian Islamists accept army dissolution of parliament

By Johannes Stern, 11 July 2012

Amid increasing tensions between the Egyptian army junta and the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt, the Brotherhood signaled its acceptance of the army coup that dissolved the parliament.

NATO-installed regime seeks “democratic” cover in Libyan elections

By Jean Shaoul, 7 July 2012

Libya goes to the polls today to choose a 200-seat General National Congress to replace the National Transitional Council (NTC).

Islamist President Mursi takes office in Egypt

By Johannes Stern, 4 July 2012

Mohamed Mursi, Egypt’s first president after the revolutionary ouster of dictator Hosni Mubarak, reassured the US-backed military junta that he will not threaten its control of the state.

Egypt: Islamist president takes symbolic oath of office in Tahrir Square

By Johannes Stern, 30 June 2012

Mohamed Mursi, the first Egyptian president since the revolutionary ouster of long-time dictator Hosni Mubarak last year, took a symbolic oath of office in Cairo's Tahrir Square on Friday.

Tunisian ruling seeks to exonerate Ben Ali police officials

By Anthony Torres, 27 June 2012

On June 14 former President Ben Ali, along with 22 Interior Ministry officials, stood trial of for the massacres in Thala and Kasserine during the Tunisian revolution.

The Egyptian election

By Bill Van Auken, 26 June 2012

The naming of the Muslim Brotherhood’s presidential candidate Mohamed Morsi as Egypt’s president is the outcome of a reactionary deal with the military aimed at crushing the revolutionary movement of the Egyptian working class.

Protests in Sudan against austerity

By Jean Shaoul, 26 June 2012

Hundreds of university students have taken to the streets of the capital Khartoum for seven consecutive days to protests soaring inflation, corruption and the National Congress Party’s austerity programme.

Egyptian junta installs Islamist Mursi as figurehead president

By Barry Grey, 25 June 2012

Egypt’s electoral commission declared Mohamed Mursi, the Muslim Brotherhood candidate, the winner of the presidential election runoff held the week before in the midst of a political coup carried out by the ruling Supreme Council of the Armed Forces.

Protests continue in Cairo amid threats of crackdown by military junta

By Barry Grey, 23 June 2012

As tens of thousands rallied Friday in Cairo’s Tahrir Square against the assumption by the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces (SCAF) of dictatorial powers, the junta threatened to unleash repression against the protesters.

Egyptian military threatens crackdown over disputed presidential elections

By Johannes Stern and Alex Lantier, 21 June 2012

Egyptian military sources have signaled plans for a crackdown against popular opposition to army rule, amid an escalating dispute over the outcome of this weekend’s presidential elections.

Mass protests in Egypt against military rule

By Peter Symonds, 20 June 2012

An estimated 50,000 people took part in protests in Cairo’s Tahrir Square yesterday against last Thursday’s coup and the establishment of a military dictatorship by Egypt’s Supreme Council of the Armed Forces.

Washington’s “democratic” hypocrisy: The cases of Egypt and Iran

By Bill Van Auken, 20 June 2012

The hypocrisy of US imperialism’s pretense of promoting democracy on the world arena is manifest in Washington’s markedly different reactions to the Iranian elections of 2009 and the recent military coup in Egypt.

Egyptian junta proclaims a military dictatorship

By Johannes Stern, 19 June 2012

With the issuance of a constitutional decree Sunday night, the Egyptian Supreme Council of the Armed Forces (SCAF) finalized the coup it staged last Thursday and proclaimed a military dictatorship.

No end in sight for Sudan/South Sudan conflict

By Jean Shaoul, 19 June 2012

Sudan and South Sudan broke off their ten-day-long meeting with no agreement on how to resolve the conflict that has brought the two countries to the brink of war.

Major powers demand release of ICC lawyer from Libya

By Mike Head, 18 June 2012

The NATO powers are determined to get their hands on Saif Gaddafi, who possesses details of the lucrative ties established between his father’s inner circle and the Western powers between 2004 and 2010.

Egyptian presidential elections marked by mass abstention and fraud

By Johannes Stern, 18 June 2012

Mass abstention was the Egyptian working class's verdict on the first presidential elections in Egypt after the revolutionary ouster of US-backed dictator Hosni Mubarak in February 2011.

The Egyptian coup

By Johannes Stern, 16 June 2012

The military coup carried out by the Egyptian junta is a serious threat to the Egyptian revolution and the working class.

Egyptian Revolutionary Socialists’ reaction to army coup: Complacency and tacit support

By Alex Lantier, 16 June 2012

The coup launched Thursday by Egypt’s ruling military junta has exposed the bankruptcy of the Revolutionary Socialists (RS) and Egypt’s entire petty-bourgeois ex-left milieu.

Egyptian junta stages coup against parliament

By Johannes Stern, 15 June 2012

The US-backed Egyptian military junta dissolved the Islamist-dominated parliament yesterday in a military coup.

Egyptian presidential elections expose bourgeois ex-left

By Johannes Stern, 14 June 2012

The positions of the bourgeois ex-left groups in Egypt before the June 16-17 presidential election have again exposed their political bankruptcy and counterrevolutionary role.

Libyan elections postponed amid mounting violence

By Jean Shaoul, 7 June 2012

Libya’s ruling National Transitional Council (NTC) has postponed elections scheduled for June 19 amid continuing militia clashes, kidnappings and arrests.

The Mubarak verdict

By Johannes Stern, 5 June 2012

The verdicts handed down Saturday in the trial of deposed Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak and his top aides are a political travesty.

Mass protests erupt after Mubarak verdict in Egypt

By Johannes Stern, 4 June 2012

Mass protests erupted throughout Egypt after the verdicts in the trial of ex-dictator Hosni Mubarak and several of his top aides were announced Saturday.

Egyptian Revolutionary Socialists endorse Islamist presidential candidate

By Johannes Stern, 1 June 2012

The petty-bourgeois Revolutionary Socialists (RS) group has endorsed the candidate of the right-wing Muslim Brotherhood (MB), Mohamed Mursi.

Protests erupt against presidential elections in Egypt

By Johannes Stern, 30 May 2012

Protests in various cities broke out in Egypt after the Supreme Presidential Electoral Commission (SPEC) announced the official results of the initial round of the presidential elections.

The Egyptian junta’s fraudulent elections and the tasks of the working class

By Johannes Stern, 26 May 2012

Egypt’s elections have exposed the sham character of the so-called “transition to democracy” organized by the Egyptian ruling class in conjunction with Washington after the overthrow of longtime US-stooge Hosni Mubarak.

Low turnout in Egyptian presidential elections

By Johannes Stern, 25 May 2012

The initial round of the first presidential elections in Egypt after the revolutionary ouster of long-time US-stooge Hosni Mubarak, on May 23-24, was marked by low turnout and numerous electoral violations.

Egypt’s Revolutionary Socialists praise the junta’s presidential elections

By Johannes Stern, 22 May 2012

In a recent statement the petty-bourgeois Revolutionary Socialists group cynically embraced the Egyptian military junta’s elections as a way to fight the “old regime.”

Convicted of Lockerbie bombing, al Megrahi dies protesting innocence

By Steve James, 22 May 2012

Abdelbaset Ali Mohmed al Megrahi has died in Tripoli. He was the sole person convicted of the 1988 bombing of Pan Am flight103 over Lockerbie, Scotland. His co-accused, Llamen Fhimah, was acquitted at their 2001 trial.

Egyptian presidential candidates outline counterrevolutionary programs in TV debate

By Johannes Stern, 17 May 2012

Amr Moussa and Abdel Moneim Aboul Fotouh outlined right-wing programs in last Thursday’s TV debate, held in advance of the first round of presidential elections on May 23-24.

Egyptian junta intensifies crackdown before presidential elections

By Johannes Stern, 7 May 2012

On Friday afternoon, military police and security police working with armed thugs brutally attacked protesters in front of the Ministry of Defense at Abbasseya Square in Cairo, leaving at least two dead.

As protests mount against election-rigging

Egyptian military junta steps up threats of violence

By Patrick Martin, 4 May 2012

The threats follow Wednesday’s massacre in which more than a dozen protesters were killed and hundreds wounded.

Worsening conflict between Sudan and South Sudan

By Jean Shaoul, 28 April 2012

The fiercest fighting since South Sudan seceded from Sudan last July has erupted over borders, sharing of the oil revenues, citizenship rights and security arrangements.

Egyptian junta bans major Islamist candidates from presidential race

By Johannes Stern, 19 April 2012

Tuesday evening the Supreme Presidential Elections Commission (SPEC) announced it would uphold the ban on ten candidates for the Egyptian presidential elections.

Council of Europe report makes NATO responsible for the death of 63 refugees

By Martin Kreickenbaum, 9 April 2012

NATO bears a high degree of responsibility for the deaths of 63 refugees, who died of thirst last spring in the Mediterranean as they travelled from Libya to Italy.

Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood nominates presidential candidate

By Johannes Stern, 6 April 2012

On Saturday, the Muslim Brotherhood (MB) announced it would run its deputy supreme guide, billionaire tycoon Khairat al-Shater, in the coming Egyptian presidential elections.

Egyptian Revolutionary Socialists campaign for war against Syria

By Johannes Stern, 26 March 2012

In recent weeks, Egypt’s misnamed Revolutionary Socialists (RS) have stepped up their campaign in support of imperialist war plans against Syria.

Libya autonomy declaration poses threat of civil war

By Bill Van Auken, 8 March 2012

Following a declaration of autonomy by tribal and militia leaders in oil-rich eastern Libya, the head of the National Transitional Council threatened the use of force to prevent the country’s partition.

Egyptian junta lifts travel ban on NGO operatives

By Johannes Stern, 3 March 2012

On Thursday, a US military plane flew several American NGO operatives out of Egypt following the lifting of a travel ban by the ruling military junta.

Financial markets demand sharper crackdown against Egyptian workers

By Johannes Stern, 3 March 2012

The Middle East Ratings and Investor Service (MERIS) has threatened that renewed political upheaval in Egypt will result in further credit downgrades.

US reaffirms support for Egyptian junta amid conflict over NGOs

By Johannes Stern, 21 February 2012

High-ranking US officials made clear that, despite the Egyptian military junta’s criticism of US-funded Non-Governmental Organizations, ties between Washington and Cairo remain close.