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WSWS :Tamil : ICFI

Report on US: The Bush administration and the global decline of American capitalism

ܪK P P: w G躋 ܪK OF ̫ iC

By Barry Grey
4 March 2006

Use this version to print | Send this link by email | Email the author

CQJ 2006 K 22 ޼ 27 L CK M MK ÆF K AJ P W HK. WSWS CK M H A, L CJ (ܪK) F H . WSWS CK M M F P 񣘄 1 ܡ OJ. vFL L CJ C G dR P H 3 OJ. P v ¬ P H 4 OJ.

ނÆF 輈O M F ⿊ MJ J ---- A J O ܙ ܶ K쉶 ܙ  ⿄C A A?---- ܪK OF J ޼G 킰  ޶ P A .

効J L ܙ , ܪK OF ݫA ܙ ݫA  c F I辋 ܮ G F HC򣰋. ˟ OF MF, C ܙ C 裆 ܪK裾 ެ퉶.

1924 ݇ "O C G H ܉ F OJ 蛪 J L vA O MF ܪK OF C A P:

" ܪKM A F A ⴈ 補 ܙ O F MF MF ޡ C ܙ ‹ M MF ܶ ݫC ޼ G AM. OF ----  ެ F P補 !---- GΫ򣘂 O S‹ ݰ"

N N LJ ܮJ ܪK F 꽈 O FA. ޼ ˟ ݇O A N F G ܶ MA; ܶ 𣘂 ܴ HK  ꣈FA.

1930O G F, ܪK O ޼ 裇, P N F 죋 𣘂F F 꽈 F O , 𣼂H ༂裴 M .

H CM I芪 K K N GJ ܪK O O ɂA GF J MK . A FO OF C ܬ 崂 vLQ N FO N 裆裴F AJ, , G, ꣉ J O H J ܶ N GF N 裇.

K M F FF G ܪK 裇. A , I, 죘 I芪KM F ܫ A ޼ ܬ  ޼. ެ򣆮 F O, M O CM J GFM ꣈F. F ޼ ꣊O M C ꣈F. 𣼂 H 꿬 YF 補 ܮ A, ܪK, Q .

O 𮻋 膮򿊹 ܪK OF C, M躮 J F C- ެ ܮ F. Q N GF J J ܪK FF 𣆮 F F. 1960 M ܪKꉬ , ꉬJ ܪK F般 M 𣆬 Q  F, 옄C ܿFW .

vFF މ OL C FC ܬ 1960O ܪKM FKM  싪 . 1963 ޙ . 裬 填 PH ; ܬ 옉 ꣊O G蛉 C 裬, K , F 嚪 J 𣘰I F 蘊 , M 𣼂 F ݰ. މ C ⿄C ܮ "J ޼, ܬ ޡ‹ bM .

F ܪK OF F G K v 15, 1971 ܡ K꣘ G ⴈ O F O𣆬 . v 裆J ޼ K 옄C ފA śGJW G - l O . ދl 1944 ݇ H ׆v O ̫ GF 𣆬 ޼.

޶ A F 򣰋; ޶ 𣼂 H 꿬J ܪK N, GF FF 󇮡 ܘF PA. ެ 옉 1973-74 ⇪ FC 1930 H ܪKM i ݛ G M .

1970 F ܪK ݛ LM HJ ޼; ޶ ''i'' (Stagflation) ܬ. F C M i躋. ܫ F ܪK O H, C K 𣆮O ޼, P Q, Q ޼ KM F裇. ܪK G---- , 죘 , I NO gF ꉬ M 裇 ܪKM F A 裇; US Steel G ͡ K 죘 G 膴  ꉬJ P EM .

OF ޼C , N F C gF ܮE GF, ܪK N 𣼂 H F 옄C N-gF GO, 1930O O GO K N NO HH 𣘰I  M E裇. 1970 G ޼; ެ A 嚪 NO ެ N ެ C bM P.

މ 𣘂I ⿄CJ O 1977-78O 111   N G ޼. F N N 裇 E, FJ 舶  補 Taft-Hartley e F ꆬ C ꘉ FF TI 裘켂, N𴈶A F 裴.

ވ 𣘰 v F 心A (Roosevelts New Deal) EF e P YFO 冴 옄C 올 裇. ެ , ܪK FI N F L 꽬, G . ޡ‹ ô J ¬ ̫ GJ K O ޼, G C, , c i, MA iC A F裇 GJ, ܪK  މ YF, P e  H ; M O ꉬJ e 膴 NO , N F G M 𣘂I F W.

P

މ FJ K 裘 G F P 補 ޼. F FL 般 HFL P 𣂰 N M ,  󂰊 𣂰 P. P L C 輈F G ޼ Q, ꣃ 膴 PO e ꉬJ F񣰋.

P M ⇪ M 1979  ܪKM "讬 G ܬ쉶 vK A F Kꘚ KF GI K F N. C ꘉ FC FF ܪK 裇----, "F ޼ i般 P" ܪK裬 G ͛讂 MA I M F.

޶ N F e  G  J FK , ݬ, N꣬ GF ⴂ ̘ FCO C򣰋. K ͡ 죘 GO i APv, FL MOH 裇. 裘 GF H򴊹 񆴋  裂 . F M裴 補 A ݆ N 𣆮 ޡPJ. UAW IP 裇 F APvK M  캋 裴.

죘 , , , IQ N꣬  F GJ E Business Week ܪK裫 "NJL " O P. I MM K N 솫󣌆, k, Hv, v, v C F A ݬ N JL cA A NM . 슪 P J F ݛ. J H IL N A O 㶋 A G.

ނF, "H " ("rust belt") ޶ P; ޶  HKO FO 옉F. M , M Q ܪK OF GJ G iC ⴈ裆.

-K CJ FF 1980 , N -F  bM ܬJ. C GF F ޶ . M ܋ ꌻ F 裊  N 񣲂 膴O P , G K , F N, F , N 辋 補 ꣟ "Iv" ("Reaganomics") A.

C O Ø FKH辋, NJ KM ݆ PH J 冴E ܮJ I辋 꽬I  OL KM O P O 補 . GFF 󴂰 Q J M ꉬ M ô M. O F 򘈶 ꣃ 補J F ޼.

1980O ꣊ O, G , 裇 N M, Q hv, 산, L ꣆ K,  𣼂 H F M FE F 裇 . N F裆; F ܬ HKO A GO C 補. 嚪 캋 AFL-CIO M 裆 裴; ܶ QF P M 𣘰I K GK F, O "A F 裇. ܫ F C PM C F b C C GK.

܈ 裊F M ܪK N , ܪK EF F 裆 M ޼ ܮJ NM.

c, F, 冴E

ܮ NO HKO Ec K ; M J F 옄C ﴫ . ޼ G ܪK OF FF ܬ MA MJ. Pan American Airlines, Eastern Airlines G A. 1990O CFJ ޼ 50 ܪK F G FAM; F I K G Bethlehem, LTV, Republic, National, Wheeling-Pittsburgh A 샰. ͡ 죘 G ެM ݆ ꌶ FO F 𼂰 Ec M.

ܮ gFJ 冴E J F H F FO MK 𣴬 𣼆 F FL MA FKM  Q 裿 G 𼂰 ܪK "  M" M . O 킰O G O . ݌, CO h N 𴈶, M, , ꣬, , , I 옹, i , H‚ .

N iC M C P裆 裆 裋 AF ܬ M 1988 ݇ bF ޼ C OM OA.

"죘 O FJ ܪKM 1956 ޼ 65 MAF ޼ 1980 20 MA . 1980 1984 ެ ܪK F ꉬJ ¬ 23 MA . 簈 NJ  N F FFL ܪKM ޶ O CK 裆A. 1955 ݇ A FJ 39.3 MA ܪKM F . 1975 冮 ܉ MA 16.4 MA M. 1984 ݇ ܶ 8.4 MA J. 1973 ޼ 1983 ܪK F 44 MA iC. 1950 O ܪK ꉬJ 95 MAF ܪK 弃A G . ފ𣿶 P 60 MAF .

މ G蛄C𣂰 A; ꣙ 1988 ޼ bM.

''F ꉬ'' C ܉vF  ꣘ N M A. eF ݇ G F F ܬ 致-- United Airlines, U.S.Air ޙ ޼ A I K 죘 F Delphi ----- F A I K G ܪK N LJ I C ܬ辋 ޼ 죘v 𣘆 G FL ͮM M裇.

ވ ݛ ܪKM O ܬ񊹂O ެ O 般 裇. ܪK  P. iCJ G蛄C A K C PpM 忂 PCM b MMA O 致H. , I辋 補, PJ,  H𣂰 F F .

Forbes CJ 400 I辋 ܪKO  P H  PH. 𣶜 -IL -HL P  M, O J, ˟ ܪK F M 補J OI A ܋F A MA. Rockefellers, Carnegies, Fords, Edisons, Firestones M F 꽈F CgF H𣂰 裇. N 𣘬J ߆. F FO C 옹裇 ݰ.

 , HKM N C ܙ F F ܈ 裇M. Warren Buffett, Kirk Kerkorian, Carl Icahn, Sumner Redstone A H N MM. O 補 H AJ ꣈ P O A裇죘. O  ܮ I芪K G ެ 裴 .

ꉬ M AO G O މ 冴E F M ܬ쉶 b MMA M 킰 . 󴂰 ܪK Ŭ, G, P GA 冴 Ŭ춋 ެ퉶裇.

I

ܪK F I F F H FC IJ C A  C ꉬ P J iCJ G蛄CA ޼A. ܪK I O A î J CJ F PP ݫAF, H ܬ裶  F . WN ܿF W, G ޙ ޙ -- N F F  O I 𣂬軋 裇 ܪK F F, LJ O辋 FF HJ O辋 ޼.

ܪK O 𣡬J I IJ MA 裇 H   ˟ ݌ J OM 裆A. O HK HJ GJ A I P GJ A. I辋 M NL G툶 , , - ꌻ 裊H, 슪 G 𼃰F ܮ A.

O M O: ܇J G 򣘂 v I 숶 ܪK -- A 45,000 K꽈 $1.6 ILQ AJ, 0.1 MAF ޼, C F 1970O ޼M ޼ G ; 2000 ݇ 10 MA C PH. 1920 O ޼ ܈ FCJ M.

ވ ܼ F ޼ IJ MC  O ⊪ PHA. C ޡ‹ K A; ܶ ޡ "O C" P補A. O ޼ 𣃰 ----"F'' F---- eF GΫ򣘂 𣂰 N GF ܊ OJ. ݇ 50,000 N CF FO H O 臮; vK ݇ GA IF C 21.5 HL  .

F C vF މ PH M M. ܶ MO 心 ⡫ 𣘂A. C ެ K APvv K P.

" M F 膴M." World Wide Yacht Corporation ¬ A P. " 투 MA; Q M򣆬 MA; Maybeach (325,000 M 裘) MA. F A."

" vK O ¬ I " 20 F O MF, 肰 ⴈ KH b R ꣇ 裙 F A M A" GΫ򣘂A H 4 E G蛄C FI 죮 A. P 찊 F 200,000 ݰ.

މ APvv ܡ vK IF O F ޼ 裙 ꣂv ‹ GF GA P Jr. . F 2005 ݇ ߆ 38 IL A. P 731,000 ܙ  P $104,000 ܙ E F 4,300 A. ܶ K ܪK F M E 330 샰 F񣰋.

܈   贬 . N P C 裇 ޼.

ܶ GΫ򣘂 F EJ I I CP M, MAF ICP O ݰ; ރ P K N J ܼ輫 ܬ񉶜.

NJ iC, 冴E, IJ C A ܪK O "J O O ܪKM ܮ H C ޼. ރ  H P 񆴋 M---- M, ⿈P, , , PpM M 񆴋 ܙ  , ꣬, 裊H ܬ, I 옹, cN PHA.

裈g O OF MO I A , 500,000 裇 ܪKM M QC 캋 A G L M 裊I M J FC J 嶂 M춋 i M춋 ݰ. J J, 𣽋 ܂ F  GFJ C 𣽋 N FJ F 㶋 ޙ 񆴋 ޙ, ͡ J M L O  H F W މ 輂 裊 ܬ c J F ܬ P ޙ.

eF ݇O ܪKM OO L G蛾 A 󇴋 Ø FKH މG . ݇ G Lv N A 裇A G K ޼. Y, K , ꣃ H 裙 ˟  e F  ܬ CF. , ꣉ F F K A A補 GF F CA.

裈K N P ܪK MJ F  H F 裆C G OH 𣘈. G L PJ ܬ KH 裇 FK M MK 裇. މ ܬ GM ݌M H 죘. MI A F: "ޙ"

މ F 裈g - ͡ ܙ 裋 J F ޼, G L P ޼  ܬ AF J 죊HFF  K補 G . A 1,300 JK F̘ Fd A 700,000 ޟ O GF  캋,   CP 洋 G ; ޙ N.

K

މ ÆF, ¬ J M  PH O iCJ ܬ F e M , F A 般 . 2000 ݇ F FF  H, ܪKM KO MKF N F ܪK  ެJ gF 올, ܫ 򘉶 裇 e ꌶ CQJ OJ K 2001,  A. .

PH , C PO MK般 FF F辋 H‹ ޼ A GJ O F J MH. iCJ ޼J, O OJL ܬ O ޼    혉 F K  M.

¬ J ޼ ˟ ﴊFJ KO MK P  PH; ܪK H , O K MK, A HK-ܪKO K P HL 裇 1965 ݇ K 裇 , O --޶ 1971 v 15 G¬ H F M . PH MFM 1973 ݇ cF 輂 ̘A ݰ; ޶, MK NJ C M, 󣇬 YF F F ⴈ 補A.

w G H, KO e  ͘ ⴈ, ܪK P J M ܬ M 補  裇.

C P ܪKM CC 𣼉 J 裇A. OI ô J C HKM, OCO O ܮ I辋 AM ޡ‹ O ꣘ J F̘ C . ܪK C K ⊪𣿶 ޼F. ޡ ܪK C v ܬ ¬ ܮ ܿA裇A. "L " ꣟ ꣙ 죽, މ O I辋 𣼈 .

܊ NJ L -K C HO ߴ𣴋 w C ݫ ܫ O H E #A O  FK 裘 A򣼬 񆮡 C 񆴫 裆򣰋. G H M , H 꺋 裴A. H 숬 캬 裇A.

샰-IL ꣃF ܬ O ܽO N A. E O H ޼A. A ܪK F M  IL N ; M H ô IL A FF M  H F IL A.

C ܽ, FF G A I M ܬ F I J, I F ; ܂ M ⇪ ޴ ݰ.

Q 󇮽 E MO ޼ މ O HFL . ⡫ GF¬ ܇J ܪK G A MO ޼. ޡ‹ e F KA G FK F ܈ 裇.

ܪK OF E NO PpM F iC  F (FF) O𴈶 P. K 2001  ݟP J ޼ O F:

"ܪKM O ݆CJ "JL IP M w G ⴈ裆. ꣊O NH P, ܬ œ  A w C PpM x; ܉ 꿬 冴EJ C N F e F  ܮ 裇. P, A𣘬, K 裇 މ  Q ꣈M, ܬ Pe ܬ G GFF  HK FJA."

މ  O P G A  KM MA.

ܪK OF ܬ F G P C ꣟ . ރ e ܪK F C F C  CK  ޙ. F ݌M ܪK F M ⊪𣿶 ܬ P  .

J‹, ܬ죽, ܪK F 숬, ܪK FF  M補, w GF ͮ ܪK F iCJ ܊ O ݰ. GO 򣾋 P 膴 ޼ 裬  G G , G  ꣃF ßP F ܵ ܙ O F KM M ꣃ ܬ M.

񣘂C M M죽 K F輈 ܶ FI 嶂AM ܪK O 𣡬JK F 혾 EMA.

躋, O O ܬ NJ C MFM M, H𣂰 輈 F, I, , J ႰM A. ܪK OF iCJ I O ܬ , F̘ ܬ񊹂, OJ ޼ C J, I H𣂰 A  ܟ H FKM , PM C YN CA. K C, 󣌄C PM 致H K e w GF  心 "J iCJ ޼ 𴈶A.

ܪK  裆C

ܪK  ÆM O HC e . ޶ A HC, bM ݌M . މ HC މ PJ H ܊. 400 ܪK O I辋 eF 𣘪v CJ FL C O P Kô  GA.

L F HL  GF補 F ޙ 裵 M A. 𣘴, 󣂪, 𣡴 F ޙ. ˟ ܪK N, GF C d O A 숬 A PH ''N O'' K 싪M.

51 HL K ꣊ William Gates L F . H 40 HL Warren Buffett A. F Berkshire Hathaway ‹ h G LA. ܴ ͡ G EQ, EQ 옹 GF J . F H Walton ꘉ 䉶 H A; C G Wal-Mart 裇; ފ𣿶 F I K G ݰ.

EQ 50 L  HFGF𴈶 N HK ⇪, F ݰ. P J 50 GO LA. Kirk Kerkorian (hOL COI 10 HL ), Carl Icahn (G O FL 8.5 HL ), Philip Anschultz ($7.2 HL L J), George Soros (裊 GFO ޼ 7.2 HL ), Ronald Perelman (G O F 6 HL ) Eli Broad (hOL 5.5 HL ).

޶ ܪK OF ܮ CM C PP ޶ 裴A. މ iC--- K F, F G, F J GJ b O𴈶--- ܪKM 裊F I辋 M 𴈶A. ܪK O ̫ GJ iCJ F  bM FH ɇMA. iC ߴ  F般 𴈶 S‹ Wall Street CA.

vF i ܪK FFF HC AM. CM wS މH F裆 eF O . F 嚪 E F, A ܪK f N MM ܪKM M w F죘.

KM F辋 I辋 A YM F辋 HF  P K EFF SQ E F ⴈ裆  F MJ P FH. -SQ A A , K M ފHFF 𣆮 YF F K A ܪK  ܬ wS M. ެM w Q i ܬ 裆CO G ݰ; ܫ F YM C 軋 F  H  膴 .

"CH O iC" F Q HC v P 輈: "CM FF x wS ܊HFF ܪK iCJ O  ܶ ކA." ¬ F 舶 GΫ򣘂 v ފ투 P " K GF Y K I e HJ ܪK ꣃF ޼ T 膰 GJ ޙ." FJ.

CM wS G 𣘊 bM AM. w G ނ GJ 񣆮裇 PH J . Y 心 ܪK E MA A; ܊𣿶 ܉ I F LL ܪK 𣼆 ݟI ꉬ A . H, Q 𣆮 F 嶂M G F죶 ܪK 輶A. Y ¬ F 膴 補 w ݬJ FAI , A I, ܄ A C轂 O.

CM  ܊𣽋 A 贬 𣆮 Y ⿄C M ܬF J ܪK FF M. FF F ܊HFF ޼  補 ݰ. F F KH L 샰. ܶ ܪK ,  Y P.

F, ô J ܪK O 補 P FK The American Interest ޡ (2005 ݇ ެF) FH 膴 P ޼ O MA. މ Of ܪK O 補 GF  P 補; F K HCv 𣡫 샰; e M MC w G F I辋 ô MC. 補 A i- 輈F .

F I A 膴 Zbigniew Brzezinski F; "C Q G (The Dilemma of the Last Sovereign)" . ܪK FF O ͫF I辋 P C ꣘O C O P .  F "F e ̫ " ܬ춋 w GF O 補J N M 裴î 贬 HvCvA MAP.

GJ ޼ I ܊ J P F: "...'F e ̫' P L ܬJ 裇,  EF  裇. ޙM ޶ F ܙ M ⡫ î ޡ NJ G𴈶 J . F ͫ P 9/11 ܪK ݆ K 캬J GF P . "ܿ 裴 M (CF) L e A, L US e H  F G춫 J."

މ 補J M, " H軬 ܪK F M" F 옉 :

''ܪK-F G L FJ HF ÆE A ̫𣂰  ܪKM c- I辋 . ܪKM ܬ MO ܪK ꣃF ޼ 嶃A 補 CM M b ܪKM CgF H쉶 A. AA, A CM C ܬ (Pan-Asian) ܬ ܉ HFF ܪK裬 M ܉ 혾 YM A. ޶ I辋 C gF-틪裇 H P 옉 H C ܈F  裴A. ܈ ܈ ޶ gF , ꣘ b ܪK FF Y " F Æ ႰMA. ܆ , CH 裆, H ܬ, C ܬ O ⿄C ܪK ̫F Q𴈶 bM𴈶."

A J, ⿶: ", ܪK 9/11 H 裇 O 補 MH I A  裆A. iO O 혬 裆A, M MO I辋 F 裴. M ܪK  i FKF, AF ̘ WA."

CJ J ܪK FFF ެM A I辋 M ܿ M Brezezzinski ޡ F ݌J : "̫ C MN혾" ܬ CL A G E .

⿶A: ''ܪK M A F ̫  F補 : A M, bMJ 臮 M C MN혬 裇. M C FF C P 裇."

MK A: '' ފ𣿶, 21 ˟ A CgF A O ܬFJJ F PH죙 ܶ IFd . ޶ 臮 F cF P bM ̘AJ C  ޙ G P ܮ .... ެ ♬ 쉶 މ F ޼ , ܪK ޡ F  ޼F裇  G H MA.

" P, C MN혾 MJ H 𣿶 ̫; 캋 H CgF ܬF ޙ; ޶ MAF M ; I辋 ܉G M  ޡ‹ C ; ¬ F J M M  裇; ܬ򣆮 M C EF콂 ݘ 裆A; F  裇; Q M PM I芪 옹 J F 般 ܶ 裇."

߫꣊H (Aesopian) G𴈶 NJ, މ c ܪK FFF ݫ ފ𣿶 C I A; 効J EJ vI FO CM ô J ܪK 般 F補 ܬ 輶A. 輈F O 㶋 M 죶 , 죋 𣼂 H 옉 Q-F SM C, 1848 C, H󅲊 CJ gF śG􂰜 ''̫ C MN혬" KF .

މ O ܮ裮 J ⿶A: "ެ 켋 補 O 9/11 ޼ 옹 ޟM 輈 A;  F A ܬ ̫ F LM , ̫ C MN혾 GM M bM 裉OH . ܉ MN혾 gF I芪K CgF bM."

贋 H𣂰  裇 Brzezinski CL I辋 b 裆: FF-FH O-F C F F F  ޶ ⶾ 臮 M I辋  補.

gF F, މ F, ̘ E򣰋; E P î辋 G 𴈶, E ꌶ î C N M. ފF M L , F F MΆ辋 񣘂C J I辋 P  K   .

ܪKM M ެ L C I i ܪK P FAIP K C "J J J 裴. OF gF MJ ܮ ܪKM 񆴋 ޙ, ܬ J L  탪裇; HF EJ I A F HC LF F N F AF 싪A.

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