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The Banda School of Falsification

M 𣌬𴈶 O

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L N CJ v輋 v. H. (James P. Cannon) "A " OJ 1953 K ܬ ܬ 1940 O L vAJ F H HMFJ C 숬 P GA.

効O  M ޼ F vAF HMFJ F H SMF 1903 ݇ H A ܫ ܉v AA F PH . 1953 裋 A J  A 裴. ܶ vAF ܈FC 裆𣆴, C, ܬ 補 HCA. vAv P 補 𣂰O FF ޼ H, 1953 L K HCO ޼ ⿉.

1903ޙ  H SMꈬ SMꈬ HK C HC G b ܙ O P, ܚ 裋 AFœ H, HC b裶 M . HM M H O 옉 O. ޼ 𣿶 H ܬ HMF 1953ޙ , F HFGF ꌻ 塬 F G ޼ C 𣂰 ެJ F𴈶A. 裋 AF O 衬, v H.Q J W "N vAv", ܬ ܬ. v A (International Secretariat) O FK A HFGF .

G 1938 ޙ 裋 A ܬ 𣿶, ܶ ܮ 裇 FF ܮ 輈 . "G O Fœ" 裋 AF F "P", "F 嚪  F ܶ , O 𣿶, C E G 𴈶",  N . "H gF C C O ޼ HK ܬ 裆 gF P " 숶 . ެ  P ޼, ޙ, N Fœ F C 𣂣 裋 A ޼ N 죘. F, vA, vLQꈬ, FFF L ܬ MF GK , N F C 軋 MA. ܈ މ F C C P Q-vA 裆𣆬컋 GK. G Q C O M F 숬 O F C C 膮 ⿊ ܮ 補 F 裄 GFL H, ܶ N F ܊𣶜 ܮE, P vLQ F LF PJ b A.

1949-1953 ݇ ެJ O GF W, M F FFF F C  , vLQF M W C G𣆬 HMF . vLQF ꣘H މ L 裇, ܬQ O, MF O O C A 補 MvK. މ F O , ܬ O 𣂰O ޼ N G ⶾIP F ޼  숬 GK. FL C J "讬 bF 裋 AF GK ៪A. F G gF  O FJ ܮE, 죋 F H FFF H ܿF A ܪK O I 裇 N , މ ܿ F gF vLQ FF 裋 AF HFL񣰋. H YN 𣿶, Q ܫ HKQ K qLJ HC H (Pierre Lambert) GF , F F vAF 옄C E 򣰋. F M 輈F F Q ꌻ b 񆴋 O H J  Q H J. 1953ޙ F F F G gF A, vAF CJ ܶ b 옄C ޼. P މ 옄C GKA. "ܬ I H. ㌊ ̆ " A OJ , qL򣽋 FI " C N 숬 𣆴 ܮ 般  ꣘ F gFJ 膮 " LA.

qLJ 󣈶 G , 裋 A HM î J C 裴 ܮJ  G񣰋 A. 񣘂CF 옄C HFGF FL M "1951 ݇M 裋 A ݟ 贂 ޼." ܶ "M ܬ辋 M辋  C 򣮊 𣻜 裆 Æ F M ܙ," (M L) މ IL  1953 ݇ C A 숶 쾋 M G 򣰋. F G A,  F ܬ ͮ, ܬ F F K 𣘂 M FL M N N .

裋 AF F  1985 ݇ F FJ J ߴ 옹 . N C CJ 𣶄 MJ ޼ c EJ ޙ MH ޼ , ܃ C H. 1953 ޙ C, M C  P 裇, A OJ F ܬ ܬ F. H ⴈ裆, 裋 AFœ FF F , 1964 ݇ Æꣃ Pœ F , C vLQF O CF A ܮE F . CJ H옉  쉶 裊 CJ, ܬ ܬ ɟ ꟬ K iA. 裋 A WF ܬ , 裋 A   GH辋  裘. 1953 ݇ FJ  裋 AFœ ⶾ CJM L, ܬ肰 H 裋 AF C P M A.

"27" " P " 𣡬J J ޼ î f M 裇. "vA 裬   H b, 裋 AF C A M F, J F M E" ß A. vAJ 裬 M FJ CA. M O ܮ , vA 裋 A ܬ I辋 N , N F C G A M ނ輈 制 裶 ޼F, ެ ܄ H  N M. 裋 AF P M "KY", P gFJ GF P. ވ , " C" Q " O ", O H,   ⡪ E 補 "冴E", "YF ꮂ" , " N" E. M, 裋 A P A 輈 MKJ, H qL ܙ v H. ݰ. Q , A ܪK O H ޼ M ܬ IC. M F 񈶋 :

1. "1934-35 ޙ  v A ܪK O L C ܼ̆ J 制 ."

2. "AKI 裆 裴"--J, J vAꈬ 裆 裴. 1941 ݇ IQ Lv ݆C F MJ 𣿶, "C 變F ͫ F J M".

3. "C 裬 A ܪK O NF H A F ".

4. "vAꈬ N𣆴 裆 ".

5. "C 裊 G C ͮ".

6. "ܪK MFM " i.

7. "A ܪK O K CJ A ꡫ (Rosenberg) ɂAO J F".

8. "ܪK Qv C 산 F̆ J Y ".

9. "Qv C NF F̘ F 弪𣿶 F".

10. "K ܬF - 忂 ".

11. M H󣃪v .

12. "Cꈬ P ܟ P F 𣘂 A ܪK O P PF".

 H GH ޼ , L N CJ  , P 1953 ޙ F F  숬 WF . ‚ F ɟ, ܮJ ܪK FO , F FO I辋 K  e K. M 񆴋 QJ H. 裋 A, "vAJ A ݟ 𣘬 ܟ" ޼ , " H P 補 ݟ ܟ ޼," ܶ F F 補 M" A. ܶ "C 變 G𣆬 F CP ܙ 軋 AM." 죋 軈F FJ, " Fî 輈 𣼈 G ܬ". ܶ "O 舶 J ܇ H F" F M. ܶ "L CQ ꣘ F" C F, ܶ K F -裙 (Morrow-Goldman) A F C F , "F ܬ F F, ꌺF ݛ   񣰋."

裋 AF M ܵJ C M GM ޼裶 M: F FO C 𣶜 ެJ L 캋 gF ܈F (Material foundations) GM G裶 M. 裋 AF gF C F ެJ W F . G PH ܬ A  쉶. Q GF O ޼ M .

vAJ¬ MK躮 ܟ "M"  M HFGF C QO ݬ M 裋 A ޼ ޙ. M "î NM 補 î 򣰋." ޶ "F H, C ꣟ L I辋 W 忂 膮 ꈬ ܬ". v 𣌊 O O vLQ MSvA, F  A, Æ ܬ M ("M H  ") O H, ޡ vA ފ O EM.

Q FL F A. ެJ A 膴 ެ  gF ⶾ ޙ . K J ܮJ 裋 AF "" , N F C Q F MA 裆 . ܶ 裄 F GF  e ⴈ . ެ c F v 󣌉.

P GF ܊ ޼ M 캬 A. ܶ F 般 Fd A. ܶ Q O F辋, N辋 HKA. ܶ MF A F î辋, N PfA A. 𣼜  ܬ A. މ 𣼜 މ O H F GA. E O ͬ ޼ މ  A? M 𣿶  M v MA.

ܬ C CO P FO ܈F 񣰋. G, gF 膮, F , 填 O , މ 芫F , 填죡 KA. ꘉ C N G蛄C 𣂰 E, ܙ N Fœ 𣂰 裇 " A 補 ", ޙM " C" 裆補 F O裆 補, O LC 숶 .

, F gF C 裋 AFœ C C O C HFLO ެJ G C ݟ .  F  gFJ 󣈶 G JL H 裋 AF P P 裛 gF ༈FK, ܊ CͅC ܬ O . 1940 1953 ݇ ެJ 裋 AF P 嚪 e ܬ, e M ܂J ܋𴈶A.

M FF 裇 ޙ ⴈ 裆A. ޶ 𣼜 輬 M M. Q P Fd ꌬJ, P FJ G 裬 𴈶A. 裋 A ܮ ܬF ޡP K ܙ O : 죋 A ͡ A N Fœ FFF (Agencies of Imperialism) ܬ P H A O C O F CJ E ⴈ F L H  gF ޼. vAvO M E MC , 裫K F F, vLQF H 裆裴 L 쉶 ꙽A.

裋 A cP A vAJ 裬J H ꌶ. C F 쉶 . F  GG 躮. O L ޼ Q M ꌻ ܬ ⶾ A. PH C O 죋 F M GO ޼ O C Q G蛾 (Social Phenomena) P ܙ Fd F.  ܶ ܂ 裇 ߴ HC, vLQ C . vLQv, 죬 Cv HF 裇 𣿶 vAv ΫvMM  P K補 贋 C ꌶ 裇.

J HC J މ "" P P . vAꈶ vLQꈶ ެJ 𣆮 ܈FF ޼ ޶ A. O 般 C 裇 HF GF ꌻ , 1917 ܂K H ܮ 裇 , 񣘂CF C 裇 , FFF F M򣂰 E E F 裇 , L C F 裇 躋 ޙ. ޶  HCJ 񣰋.

, ‚ L N 舶  ꣆ P e ꌫ. ܬ ܬ FJ 裋 AF  O 辋 މ ꣆ ޼ .  c 補 A, J‹ J FJ J A ⴈ裆 ެ ޡP򣰋. މ ܋ C 򣰋. P , "CJ 𣌬 𴈶 C H c ܼ ޼ AP  ."

27 𣿶, vA F FK ܈ 옄C ܮ 裇 ݌ ⴈ 裆. M ͬ F FO F C M  . AOH  ⴈ 裆 e A. , vA ‚ F (Oehler) F bM KO ꣼A. (Shachtman), (Morrow) P F 裂A (Bert Cochran) A A A. M¬ L F "C "J " ܬ M ܪK 1953ޙ O H FF ޼ A. ޼ 𣿶 L N C G A ܪK O ޼ vA F FK ⴂ C P L 𣘊.

, 1934-35  C (Norman Thomas) ̆ J F. A. ܪK vAF P މ P  M. މM PJ K 補 î, Q M  P A KM. ܪK vAv L CJœ P PHA  ꉫAA A. Q, FF H 裇. 1934-35ޙ vAv HCF IF FK .. v (A.J.Muste) ޡ J ܪK N C Æ . A ܪK O N C ܬ މ ÆM M. ޶ vA CJ CJ A 񣰋.

N bM ܬ, 1934 ݇ IQLv (Minneapolis) G 옉 ꣉ 軋 F, މ Æ, vAv 𣘂 I NO bMFO A FJ FJ C ܮ MK . މ C vAJ A.

1936 ޙ L CJœ vAv M K HC ޼. "މ ̆ 制 L" 蘈 v H. ܙ L vA򣰋. e A P H C QJ Pf H 1934 ݇ CJœ P HC K C 𣂰O C vA 죘. "H󅲈 F" -C ݘF ŴH   裇 F gFJ vAv v. . . Mœ (SFIO, L CJ N ) 裇. ެ vA . ޶ CP򰿂O H F  F GF FJL ͘ F .

H󅲈 FF I辋 ꊹ FO (Hugo Oehler) ܪK Qv Fœ (vJv (Musteites) Æ  FH ܪK F ܊ ܬ ) G C A K . H vAv O P P 𣿶 죋 A ꘉ CJœ , 񣘂Cꈬ F J 裆 裴 HFGF A vA  裋 A  gFJ KF H A ܈F񣰋. (Oehler) P E 𣿶 vA A:

"嚪 GF N MA. F ňF F F 般  EF GF ⇵A. O 般  F, ⊪𣿶 ꣘ ꌶ F A....

Oœ 옉 裇 ܊ Q ꣉辋, 辋 ޼. ܮ 裇  ܚ ś 補! GF  ś 옉 ܬ A. ܬ G G F EF GA. G蛾 , P F 裆A. F, 裇  ܬFF 補A. ފ O A. K  F ޙF𣿶  ܙ. G G L ."

A ܪK O "H󅲈 F" HF, G L  . 죋 AF H F ܙ  C C ܪK N Fœ ܮ 裇M. ޼𣿶 A ܪK O N F C HMFJ CH F gF ꣣L C G 裇 A M. 1935 ݇ HFJ L N CJœ C " K 衬 HK , F H ꣈F vAv F M.

ފH vLQv F 補 裇 vA, M L C ܚ M ꌻ ‚, ‚ J죘. ܂ 裮 裆, F ŠH. ܡ 1936 K 24 F A ܪK O vA F H ‚, ‚ MK MA.

" F CJœ gC vF 補J, ܶ K ܙ H F ޼. ܶ 裇 ܙ ܶ  裇 躮 ܊ ޼ 𣿶, HF ފ GOœ ꣈F. ޶ ܙ. L CJœ H, ¬ CJ 𣂰O G gF PP J I芪 A 裇A. ‹, F 񂰈  F 補 ⶾ 裴죶 P 𣆮 , 𣼜 M ".

1936 K 6 FF vA e F.

L CJœ HMF P ܂, .  ꣉ NJ ꙫ. F ޶ AO (Oehlerites) . ܶ J ޼ ⴈ ꙽. L CJœ G, E E M  輈  裇.  E F , 裶 CJœ .  C ܬ񈶂 補 , vLQvO N ,  ޚ A ܮ ".

vLQv î LF vA K:

"ܪK śGJ L Q C   e L G F 裇죙, F I ⴈ 裆. ެ 𣘂 J 񣰋. ܴ O ܴ C O ܪKM C bMF, Qv Lv, ܶ P 膴 裊 PJ ݟ 裇 A E 塬 ܬJ H  ܬ. ފ GJ N C, M  P C ꇬ O ܬ M, H F 켋. M , vLQv L K F ꣘ , F F ܋F, N EJ O O, K , FF G 𴈶.

,  ̆ 制 "ɟ MH, , L L vA PH . H󅲈 F ܬ M vA A J 裇 ݆C, F F ݟ K ޼ F OF. މ F C 죋 AF F J ꣡ 裆  F, N F CO v  NA. H󅲈 F P vA 輈F 補 ޙ. I辋 GOœ ⊪𣿶 ޼ 躋 Ø . F 𴈶 G, ⊪𣿶 vA KO C F F śGJœ E 𣿶 A ܿ F G ݟ .

ܪK vAv L CJœ EP ݇ F A PP I辋 致H 贋 MF A. ܪK vAF L 効 補A:

"L CJ¬ F C ܽ ܬH F CP F  P ܬ񈶂 裇죘 P M 𣴋 ޙ. PH HF P 補 Fœ ꣈FF ޡP. މ G񂰈 P񈶂 補 C M IC F . ޶ H ކ , F H C C A F F ".

ެ O M, 弫𣶋 qL ܙ M M. ޶ F F 𣿶 vAv   制 補 ݰ. F  J 𣿶  죘 F. 𣘈 ފH K F F AK 𣘂 I CP ޼. ‹, L CJ GΫ򣘂 AJ ꣉ i FK ݂A裇죘. ܉ F F LQM M MC J, N O IC ݛ . ܶ C ̲. N " (vA ܊ E) ܉ C AL e裇 M 򣰋.

A ܪK O "H󅲈 F" F C P 裴. ޶ L N C (Socialist Workers Party) 죂 ކ . L CJœ (Socialist Party) K FF vAv F  M M𣿶, P F gF EF vAJ N裆L W HM K. H F, L C ެO I芪 𣡬J N Oœ A F P. ޶ 1937 F C O 1938 ݇ O C裂M L N CJ  ܬ ꣈FA.

L CJœ ݟP , vA F I辋 H A 裇. A ܪK Oœ "H󅲈 F" F, v M F G蛉. P GØ :

"܉ b F, gF  L CJ H ޼ J. ܊  ޼ 󣇬 F, P pM, ܬ I C gF FJ  " ܵ A. vA 裊 M E ♫ . 1936 ݇ 裬J vLQ F ܬL F î ܉ M ܫ C F F  M.  ܊𣿶 L CJ H ܮJ IC GJ ޼.  ܬF C 裊H PH .  vLQv F ކ춫 CP vA Q, ś  M.  M ܋F, vA 裂 H 般 . F ޼ vLQv, ޼ H ܬ FK, 裙 , ޼ 𣿶,  裈 補 G񂰈 . GΫA ,  FJ O M, (John Dewey) 辋 v M P M 効F O ⿈, , FK N 裇O EF C ⴂ .

މ MJ FJ c P, 1937ޡ F C K . L HK. FL ޼ ˙ . މ ޼ ˙, L vAJ , , ܟ (GF) ݬ킰M P. v M ܋F ܬ WF ܬ  I 򣰋. ޶ 1936 ޙ L CJ  ⴈ C J 補 .

v M H ¬ P I ˽, v M F 숶 F, vQ C 裆 裴 F vAv ݟP f F. dLv M (Felix Morrow) 񣘂C vJQ C FC ˙, L CJœ C O vAv  F 򣰋. "H󅲈 F" P M gF ݌ O މ F ͡ O F Ø F, -  񲂰 ܼ̆ J A ܬ P މ F FEA.

"H󅲈 F" , MF ݌M MM ޚ F H " ̆ Æ" P. ޶ M 裋 AF K ܵ ⴈ裆A. vA F C C Fd  F M A C I辋 O, N O 꽈F î . , , K, H, P, M F AJ. C 캬 ފ K ܮE ܙ O ܙ. , Oœ G F򣰋. AA補 MA AL CF. 𣂰 AA 補 Q AL M 裡 O Æ MA補.  񣘂Cv H K F 裇, 죾 N MA: "ܿ , CK MA補 ".