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The SWP and the 1940 Elections

L N C 1940 ݇ 

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"K v F" L N C , ܶ Q 般 N F F 補 GK ܪK  좪Av F F F H F򣰋.  "K F" ܮE ꙽ 𣿶, " O "ܬ P P " H , Q P Q 膴, A ܪK Qv C 산 FA C ܂J O𴈶A,  Qv C N F F̘ F 𣿶 M ꣆ ޶ F A" PHA.

‚ L N C F FK, 𣌊M ꘂ ނ꣆ C A K 補 ނ꣆ gF   H . L N CJ 衬J 裂A (Bert Cochran) x A (George Clarke) A "C "J " FF K L N C M 1953 ݇ L ެ AH. 裂A F 죬, N C CJ L 裂 Æ F𣘈 좪A F Kꈬ K 裆 , ܚ 裆 .  L N CJ " " "ܼ裆C 𣼆" 򣇮 , N F C E 裋 A HFGF A K 裇 O .

M Qv N CO , A M O M M J W YCJ P 裆, 裂AF L N CJ " G" ꣮.  "F" ܬ  辋,  ܶ F ܬ HC P HC M H C   F 補 A .

L N C ''F ňF'' P 裇 Qv CO P C 補  ޼ ܬ d "Q 𣰋". ފ  F P 裂AF HF.  GH L N CJœ A  裇 Q M, Q M ޼ GH .  މ  좪A 1940 ݇ 致H . ފ𣿶 PH 􉶬 P --좪A L N CJ 裇 CJ FF 補 P 􉶬 P Ä 죘.  ܬ 肫 J A KF ܬ FK P. FL L N C ܪK Qv F A ܪK ꣃF 산 K K M J A.

裂AF H ⿶A;

Q P H F O 캬J P 𣼈 ܟ, I辋 ܮ JM ޙ .  산, ܄ , ܬ FK, O 輈 Of L Qꈬ P ÂL 𣿶 މ A. ⃪ ܃ Qv  H ܂ .  މ   F śG P P M C ޙ.    QvOL ⋬ F 裆  .  މ HC , P މ MA補 ܙ 񂰋, O Q MF ެJ , KO, K 補 P F A.

QF FF " " A C G P ܃ E ܋𴈶 Q ܬF Of F 裂A‹, A H KM:

"FF  G FF F A A, O 𣡬 辋, 辋 ޼H‹, 죋 F C ܚOf MM A. ܶ C H 춋, ޶ E Q P 쉶 F ޼A  ފ M 󺮻''.

" Q " m   ݫ , gF Q ꣘ A F L N CJL HK . ރAF 衬J v (John Lawrence) O 좪A 般 裇 ܫ J C Qv CJ ꘉ 裇죘. C gFJ 膴 J  gFJ MΆ gFJ F F 裆 FJ 裄 Q M  좪Av 𴈶  "Q ", L N C "Q " 裂A FO 𣌬 e JH F ꣉ F ܋𴈶A. Y, ΫvM މY CO ܙ J C 讂 J " A" 裋 A K FH P C 좪AF H O. QF C M 裴 މ C G𣆮 ޼, M FO O .  FK ܬ AHJM죽, C 輈, ܊A Q. M YN ܶ 좪Aꈬ Q Q MF ꘉ J 裆 ܙ Qv î "F , F !" îM 裇 .
M ꣆O 裬  G, ފ𣿶  般 󣌫.

M M vJvC (David Siqueiros) J p.H. (G.P.U) 裬HK 좪A 裬 24 F CJ ͡ O 1940 ޙ, 裊 心 ‹ L N CJ CM 裫‚ (Coyoacan) .  12 15 F C P 􉶬 . P L N CJ 補 P 1940 ݇ FF L CJ G P MF.  13 F 􉶬L, L N C ꣉ FF 𣆮J G P H, J L f ꌻ N 補M. v ͡ FF  HF N Fœ Q G Qv CJ 𣶄 㘙 H󣰋 (Earl Browder). Qv CJœ  H F gFJ ܵ M gF H K 좪A 輈 .  U ꌶ 裇 "݂AI M"  񆴋 ܮ 裇 v F Qv CJ L F, L N C Q N FJ ᴼ  裴 PH죘.

좪A 輈 ‹ F.  A Qv F H, FF 贋  ܬ QvO EO ܙ N 𣂰 FJ K 補 죶 F. L N CJ N P 좪A ņ î J M . ޶ A ܪK O 좪A F G gF HCO J  .  A 1934 ݇ IQLv (Minnaepolis) GF H, QvO FH FJ 좪Av N Fœ . QvO , K ܪK N ꋫF I I FKO 𣆮 A ޼. J N, QF ܙ F, "" FgF Æ . 𣼜 މ F N 𣘂 I ܮJ ޼ . މ FO C HFGF gv (Teamster) ޡ K 裘 (Patric Corcoran) H (Tobin) H𣂰 航N N FL P 裇, 1937 ݇ 裬 IQLv 좪Av 制 544 膮. N 񆴊 Aœ, AOQ C GO F FO , HO ܮE Qv F L N C "" ެJ 裆𣆴 gF Æ ޼. ޼ 𣿶 މ Æ C 裇. 좪A P ༇죮 މ  v C 죘.

1940 ݇ L Qv Ø F L N C 裆 ܶ NO " vF" Æ  ޶ ކ ꙽ ܄F ޼ ⿉ 좪A K M P ݛ 𣘬J ⿉ ܂ OF. Q N H G  LF , 좪A L N C ܉ Æ IC F 죋 K. ޚ ܪK N Fœ P ݌ K F補 G C K, 캬 𣆮 v 裴.

" L M, Qv P F ݌M 𣘂 ⶾ ܙ ޼FJ ܶ I辋 . " L C  FH FF 캬 C 膴M, F 𣘂 ô Qv F F 캬 膴 F.  , Æ 𣘂 . Qv O .   , H N Y.. (CIO) ܬF 쉶. 航N N F ܂ ܟ ޼ .

"Qv މ 般 񂰋 F   ꣉ F .  ެP ܅A. މ O C މ F NO ̘F  GJ F ޶  Qv P ܄F ޼ A.  CJ  ܫ 補 F . ޙM죙 Qv MO 裘 M.  O ޼ މ F F HFL𣰋. ܶ HO HFL.  މ G񂰊 FKO ެ .  ރ ޼ 𣆮 𣂰 FK Qv.  މ 혾 ͡ 𣆮 .  މ 𣂰 FK, Qv F F, ݫ  ꣘F .  c A 𣂰 FK ݫK , F  FO ޙ.  ⶪ ͡ 𣆮K 裰.

" H މ 𣆮 P G P HC򣰋 -- މ 𣆮 O G I ? މ FK v F. M  N ᴼ . ޶ K F 캬 A.  H F 캬J PA, Qv P HC ܊ b .  FF HF, HC CP F 캬 .   裆 裴A (QvO H) .  O M H軋 ޙ, 裆 裴 ⴈ 裆 .

"޶ A F 캬򣰋.  H H P HCJ AJM. Qv P, N 숬 P, C FM P  H C PF . "𣂰" FK  𴈶 P IC ܂ 裆 N.  މ MF  FKO HN ⽋H A.  Qv F 𴈶A. # F OA. P v C G𣆬 P F   J, މ Q N C .  H HJ v w F ; F F F 𣘂 ޼.

 옹 F . K 補,  މ F숬 M.  F숬 F . c F숬 Al? N F 𣂰 FK  FF ܮF A HFLA. M Q, ܮ ܵ .  ܮF 񂰋 ެJ Qv  F補A.

H C ܿ F𣘈, 좪A N Oœ  ެ ܮ ܮ򮈶 MA.
"c , N 補P, 𣙫M 補 v NFO O M 裴Mi c ܅Al. F v O  M 裴 P ދI M.  M裴M J ܅A. c ܅C, c F ܬ vFi. F ޶ N. F ޶ ⋬ FAM.  ܮ  .  補 v ꣘ N F IC ޼. ޶  ܬ
Northwest organizer Q î ޼. ܬ  􉶬򣮫. ꣙ M, ꣙. - v ꣘ N F ܮE ."

L N CJ O FF ެ A ܋ 좪AJ . " PH F ܊  A.  G ޼ " Q . މ L ܊dL HFLM..... ܊ F Of ޼, F N P ꘄꂰK 膴 OJ I辋 . Northwest organizer Q 𣿶 FJ ދI 𣘂 M. ܶ C ꣘ ޼A. ޶ PP. Q C E PP.

"Qv F 𣼜,  M M FF. 𣼜  Qv , Qv F FF Æ  H M."

" N ܬF J ެ î . P.  I辋 輈F補 K򣰋. ޶ ꙽ FJ F 裆A. N J ܂ 裇 ܡP C J ܙ. î C 膴 裊 A, î Ø F F, î 輈ɡP P  JC ޙM죙 N ߘ 補 .

N EJ, CJ K F GF򣰋.  MFM􂰋 ޙ. ޶ 般 J ޼. SM ޶ ޼.  K vA (Tomsky) K FJ ޼ . ޶ . HA FJ 舶 A. N Fœ  CJ E . ܮE N. މ ܮE N 裇 NO .  HA FJK ܿ ⊪𣿶 N O۴ CJœ HFL. ޶ ݫA ܿ ޼𣿶, ޶ gF O ޼ P辋 -- F .

C A P . މ PH M ެ L  ꣈FA, M P ެP  ⴂ ''.

좪AJ f, L N C F ⴈ裆 ⴂ C G 򣇮 L򣂰. 1940 ݇  C 補 P 􉶬 , L N CJ G C C ⿉ ܮ gF 좪A OF. މ 좪A MA "" Æ PH ܮE ޙ P . މ ޡP ܮE FJ ޼FJ ܶ ފ𣿶 ܇I GJ W, ܋ O A. ެ FF CA.

H (Browder) P  輈F K  좪A 補 M. ޶ 죉 A F HC򣰋. ޶ 좪A 𣿶 HCM. "" ܮE ꙽ F ꣈F P K ܂ 補. J T.H.. O (Ramon Mercader) ޡ   C E F IQ򣊫LR L N C H 좪A F F, 544 (Local 544) ޡ CJ 膴𣆮 Northwest organizer ޙ A. "Northwest organizer ô L --bM辋, ô C gF A.  ܬJ I辋 ꉫ쉫."

좪AJ F F H  P, Ρ 􉶬L ⿉ 輈 C H KF. H 輈 P 輈 𣆬 e P , QvO E ᴼ ô L   H F 裇죘. 좪AJ F H ܋ꈬ ⴈ 裇 "" P HC e .

Qv F މ F Æ K  裈 , "N Oœ F HC ܮ 裇  산 ޼ .  C G  ޙF . ޶ 񂰋  NF ެJ 𣆬 讂 .  O, C O P. ܊𣿶 ޼, I ޼.  AH I HC މ  󆴈 A.  C G 𣆮 膮 Q 裆 A ފ Oꈶ 裇 . C A  ‹, OOI C î 般 ⋺ 裘 . ެ򴈶 N gF ܈ F F, F, C , ޡP HC G ݆補A.  O P މ N F 辋, v F辋  HA. ފ𣿶  制 AA .

''C gF N ""  制 ܮ ⶾI. 芫, FF ܿ ޶ ."

1941 ݇ CI (Smith Act) HF HMF, C 裆 P HC L N C J "" F쾋 P 補 J ޼ ⴈ 裆.  C M P 1941ޙ ݂AI򴈶 Qv C e G𣆮 . ޶ Q EO K "讬 M.  좪A K i L N C 裆, ܪK QvO E ꣈F EF 𣘂 I辋 C ⴈ 裆 HA 𣘂 𣿶, K f M.  좪A   񣘂C AF M F ܙ.  C 񂰂 MΆ H F ޼ ܶ ܬ .

1940 L N C 􉶬 " H裆 ޶ 좪A FK IF LÈ . F e K J, F IP ⡪ L N CJ  , 좪A ެ퉶 A ♫K  G A A . J ܉ 􉶬 MΆL C ݰ. ޶ F  gFJ 좪A ݟP H A ⴈ裆죰. ފ O 迈 ޼FJ, ܊ 􉶬O ⿈ 񣘂v, リv, Q AK CO ޼ î ޼F. C O, K ⴈ裆, P ܪK  F A ꣈F P 񣘂v "ܡ H󆮡" 輈 F ޼. މ K P PF.  (ޡ ޙ, 򣼂 K F v󣡪 ‚ (Stonewall Jackson) "リC gF F" ɟL ޼  H ).  މ 􉶬 C śGOœ MK AA 補 , M HM PP 񆴋 C 輈 P A 􉶬, N C CJœ ꣊ M ޼ 򣰋.