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WSWS : v^W h` |@L;n: iNy` up-mh`Qpy

iNy` ayv#y t yqM q#v#Nw @ls ihl qm

p`L jy@Skr
2000 m`R 25

qL a#m ySvNW Ah N @pbrv` 29 q` ipW krn lq iNy` ayv#y, v` pSw`ny smg wv r a`wN s>h` q iNy` upmh`Qpy l n&kv sNnQ[ @mm @qrt awr a wr<y Vr kr s>h` q @Vk`v sksN, t yqM yyt 28k q#v#Nw m`nyN -- @m@wK kr a# \`lwm v#m --- ihl q# y.

X`ry jnw` pK;@Y (@J) n`ykWv@yN W sX`g a`Nv @v@vN, Ah, @Q\ h` @Qy `G[ny s>h` l& aA\y v^w @M yvr q a`h`r h` k^ shn`[`rvl s#ly kPp` q @Vqny k@L y.

pSw`n@Y sh`y lbn k`|r @bMv`N k`RL @Q\@Y [`n @l~p`k S}`n v`l` gW kL py vs@R iNy`@V jM h` k`|r `Nwy l htg# Gg# Q[@yN anr#v, a`rK;k yqMvl @mvN v#mK av\&v a#w# Ah wRk k@L y.

@Jy, py vs@R j`k m#vrn@Y k`RL |ny d#h#gW r#Q[ pK;vl -- @k`AS pK;@Y sh St#Nv` iNy` @k`ST pK;@Y-m`KSv` (a-eM) -- @VcnyNt sA@V a# bv s#k y. [`n r#Q[ pK;, @bMv` stNkr#vN iNy` k`|ryt a# m @s`y`@gn eyt c`r q#Kmt a@p`@h`sWm sMbN[@yN a`Nvt b#nv#m mN, y j`kv` k hrx@yN qKn`Ak @Jy p#rqmt uWs`h k@L y.

t yqM ihl q#m "m`nvW @n` @V" y r#Q[ p`R|vy k`\ @k`t a#w. t yqM s>h` @vN @k@rn ql @d`lR yn 13.44 t @d`lR yn 18.82 qKv` ihl q#y v @N y sm`jv` pK; n`yk l`yM A yqV p`R@MNvt p#v y. o, a(eM) h` iNy` @k`ST pK;@Y (a) sh`y lq 1990 gnN m#q bl@Y eKsW @pr a`N@V a`rK;k a#m y.

ihl q# t yqM pSw`nyt p#h# a@y~gy. 1990 gnNvl yyt 6k s`m`n&@yN W vR[n @RTvK aW> a# iNy`v @mN @n` v, pSw`ny bA@k`@l`WX`v@Y aQqrt v# @bn awr a wr<yk @yy h# wWvyk q @n` . eK pSw`n l[`@y a`rK;k yqM ihl q#m @hl` q#k @N, ey iNy`vt q a`y`v p`lny @M "aŽpv` s#lM" a# bv @pNM krn slnK @ls nM kr.

"iNy`@V nv @b~Mby" nM N}@Y kRw^ vn @j~RJ pR@k`C V @y~RK tMS p@Y @m@S aqhS qKv` Ÿ "iNy`v nv ayv#y smg pdyK W kr. ey pSw`nyt @m@S y, h, apt r#Q[v rnk` @l~p`yK X`w mt obt av\& vnv` y h#k. nW ob ny bN bA@k`@l`W a#w, ap e@S @n` @V. a v#r yyt 28K yqM mt s#r@s. eyt al yNn obv vN q?"

eKsW jnpq pp`ln@Y c`ry a#L m#r# ekK y. eKsW jnpq r`j& @LkM m#DN OLT, jn`Žp L KNtN@G iNy` up-mh`Qp sAc`ryt @pr s@Y kw` krN. "iNy`@V s#lMvl h` mwv`qyN cK;n X`vy h` p#h#km" iLl` y` y. "a`y`@V a`rK;k ayv#@Y ihl y`@M rt`vK, mh`Qp@Y a`rK;k av\&w`vNt vW e sAvR[n av\&w`vNt vW @Svy @n` kr a#w." e@hW "ap@G (n&k) -vR[n uWkw` iNy`vt y a`rK;k av\&w` b>v pvn a#gM smg smhN mt" eKsW jnpqy uws`h krn bv pmnK a#y s>hN kl` y.

KNtN sAc`r@Y @KNŒy eLly bvt pWv a#W@W, eKsW jnpq@Y wl Q[ sgy` vn pSw`n@Y yq@mN iNy`v smg sp a`Rk h` @l~p`k b#ŠM whr# kr g#m . iNy`@V a`rK;k ayv#@Y kr a# ihl q#m, vd` sp eKsW jnpq-iNy` sb>w`vK pSw`ny b>vW kl`py r`mW vd` a`mn a`S}`nyK g#m kr` @J a`Nv gNv a#w yNn @pNM krn eK qR\kyK pmn.

amwr qL l#mt vd`Wm id a# t@Y aA\ @m`nv` q yn vg N py N @pNM kr Ÿ "q hq`v h` iNy` vN hq`v nkrny mt pvWn` wLv Sv`X`k ekK pmn. q hq`v, k`RL Q[@yN anr#v, y pK;`k`Wvy ihl qm`g s bl nk q r`@Y stN @M h#y`v q aWpW krg#@M a`\`@vN p@V. v# œvn upkrn q a#lW @mm upkrn l g#m k`RL sm`@l~cn kv mN q R@Q\ kr l#b a#w. It amwrv, q hq`v, y q t#A bl a#y vR[ny krg#m mN wm k`Nw`r stN h#y`v ihl qm` g#@M bl`@p`@r`W@vN . r#y`@vN -90 t#A 300k pmn m`nyK lŠ g#@M bl`@p`@r`W@vN q q hq`v . It amwrv, g#„r# h`r s>h` yn q t#A smg s`m`n&@yN @gny lbn SvyA-@™rk vK sMp`qny q q hq`@V ز k`n iLm."

@J a`Nv iNy`@V @p`S h` aX&Nwr a`rK;k hq` vR[ny m b>v a`@yN q . E, k`|r @bMv`Nt h` @s gLl` kNd`yMvlt e@rv pmnK @n` v, a`N@V a`Rk v&hkrn v#d@vl mN qr# h`ryNt lKv a# kMkr# pNyt h` ԫw jny`t q r#Q[v @m@hym s>h` y. @Q\m` a`rK;k hq`vN (eSeF) s>h` ayv#y p`qn yyt 10N q m[&m a@Rk @p`S hq`v (a`ReF) s>h` p`qn yyt 15.7N q ihl qm` a#w. @p`S hq` nkrny s>h` @vN @k@rn arqL @qn kr @B. jnv`@Y v#d vRw vr`y kMkr#vNt e@rv @y`q` g# m[&m k`Rk a`rK;k hq`v (aeSeF) s>h` @vN @k@rn qL yyt 15t a`sNn m`nyN ihl qm` a#w.

mh v&`p`kyN s>h` ayv#yK

iNy` l& aA\y v^w @M yvr smhrK q a#lWv j`w&Nwr a`@y~jkyN s>h` shn gnn`K m Ah N @Vqny krn l. Qgk `G[n@Y bwr @k`tS ayt id slsN, r`j& b#Avl a`N@V @k`tS ay vWmN m`v vn yyt 51 t yyt 33 qKv` a kr l#@B. iNy`@V kRm`Nw sAvR[n b#A@V sX`p h` klmn`k`r a[&K; vn (@vN) .. Pw` sh .@K. kR "v#r \`vt w# yvrK" @ls @mm @vw K;kvm s`qr@yN g.

iNy` l#Sgw sm`gMvl @Q\ a`@y~jkyN s>h` vn @k`tS a@Y m`v yyt 30 t 40 qKv` ihl q#mt q ayv#y N yvr g l#b a#w. v&`p`r `G[n arqLvlt wLvK @q s, Ah em arqL N upy lbn a`q`yM q em a`@y~jkyN q bvN qhS k@L y. r@T @Vg@yN v#@dn pgnk m^k`Ag h` w`K;k kRm`Nwy gNv s a`Nv pgnk h` Ev`@Y k @k`tS s>h` @R b a kr a#w.

y "@l~p`k @n` vn" sm`gMvl a`N@V @k`tS ay yyt 26 qKv` a m q a#lWv, r`j& s v&vs`yN wv r Qgkrny s>h` yvr q Ah ipW k@L y. a`N@V @k`tS @Q\ h` @Qy a`@y~jkyNt a@l m mN @d`lR yn 2.29K upy` g#mt o s#lM kr. @s r`j& aA\@Y v&vs`yN, "sk& XvyN Kw" nM "v&hkrny" @k@r a#w, sk& @n` @V nM, mNm vs` q#@m a#w. It amwrv a`N@V a`ywn mhw a @M "mAs#l#SmK" q enN gW kl, ߿y` h` kMkr#vN@G @k`N@Q wv r kPp` s#l#mK q ipW krn bvt Ah @p`@r`N y.

ayv#y <y kPp` krn @ls mh v&`p`kyN ipW kr a# iLMvlt alv, a`h`r h` @p`@h`r shn`[`r s#ly @ls kPp` mK q ayv#y @y~jn`vlt adA y. q\ lK; sAš&`w iNy` @g` jnw`v mw br ptvN, y` l yyt 15N q @s @p`@h`r vRgvl l gnN yyt 7N q ihl q#.

shn l gnNvlt a`h`r v& spyn mhjn @bq`h#@M my (ԬeS) yt@W @k@rn s#pm a`q`yM b wK@Sr#vK sw QglyNt wv rtW @n` l#@b a#w. ڱ jny`t ԬeS yt@W lb` g#@M h#y`v wv rtW pvn nW, @l~$myk l iNy` r#yL 11.80 t 13 qKv` ihl y a#w. @s a`h`r v&, qw` @Rš`vt phl jny`t pmnK yq@mN yyt 50k qlkt spy l#@B. iNy`@V qw` @Rš`v @ls g#@nN@N, a#‹M, v`s h` @s aw&v\& @QvL @n` wk` h#r, vW m s>h` m`nvW a`h`r l g#mt pmnK av\& vn a`q`ym .

mh` v&`p`k @k`tS sh iNy` m`[&, a`N@V yqM kPp`v, @|;@yN m shn`[`r kPp`v, Qgkrny sh iNy` a`Rky v^w m sMbN[@yN ayv#y a# wrM r @g`S n# bvt p# @k`t @B. @b`Mb`@Y @k`tS @vl> @p`l, ayv#y n@Y yyt 5.12N n# nM aAk 293N kd` v# awr pn wrmK rt @g`d Emt smW y.

iNy` kRm`Nw sM@Ml@Y (aa) q [`n @m~tR r} h` yr# p# p`qk a`ywnyK vn bj`J o@t~ sm`g@M q sX`p vn r`L bj`J, ayv#y smSwyK @ls gW kl, bl`@p`@r`W kdmK y aqhS q#K y. Ah "wq @vW y`vt q#mt" uWs`h kr a# nW o@G em yWny m`nvW wrM s`R}k n#w. iNy`@V v`j h` kRm`Nw mNdlvl Ek`bQ[ sM@Ml@Y (a#@s~c#M) sX`p q qL a#m bl`@p`@r`W p "wq @vW y`vt q#mt" asmW m g#n @\~ky plkl nW, "a`@y~jk w#" y ayv#y @y~jn` \As`vt lK k@L y.

tMS oF iNy` m`R 1 kl`p@Y kv#yK @m@S aqhS qKv` Ÿ "@mm QŽ@Y , Ah mhw` y y` a#W@W, a`Rky @n` v -- a# wrM wq @vW y`vt q#mt asmWv a# ayv#yK mN -- rX`vy nm# vcn@Y p`X`k aR}y . l& <y -- py vs@R kN ayv#@yN wK@Sr# @k`t yyt 4t sNsNqn`Wmkv ql @Qy p`w@yN yyt 5.6t n#" -- p`lny mt Rqy yvr g#m @vvt qL a#m, ek w#nk b @RTvK ihl qm`, wvW w#nk p`qnyK kPp` @k`t, e@hW iw`mW h@yN gw v a# wq yvr g#@mN v#l, r`j& l& aA\@Y a#n h` r#C e@hN @m@hN wq kr a#w."

w`n&y pqnM kr@gn pl @k@rn i@k`nST s<r`@V "nv iNy`v @v@vN bl` m" yn m#@yN kv#yK l ihw m@n~gN r`vy Ÿ "@eh`kv gW kl, iNy`@V \`lwm g#tvN ekK @ls p#vw a#W@W, n`Sk`r h` vd` nrk v#dsthN s>h` vd` vd` qL @vNkrn awrr av\& vn r`j& yqM kPp` m mN, wr wr htg#@nn h l& aRqyNt hn @M @vw . kng`q`yk @ls, @mm ayv#y q em rt`@vN blg @ls ŠmK arN sl @n`kr. Ah mhw` shn`[`r kPp` @M av\&w`v b>v kw` k@L y. nW o@G @y~jn` Ev`@Y yqm -- em agy ql @Qy p`w@yN yyt 10kt vd` ihN ӵt -- kPp` @n` krn wrM y. iNy`v vn`, a`h`r, jly, bly h` @s sMpW \`l m`nyN @n`@L spyn n#nM Ev`@Y v#yt vd` a qlkt a@l @k@rn rt -- @mm v#dsthN mN iw` a@vN v` lbNnN @ls qNn` ڱ jny`t uqV s @n` v, E s>h` @g@M h#y`v sw jny`@G v`y s ey @k@rN@N y yNn av@b~[ krg#Nm v#qgW y."

a`h`r v&vl h` @s k v&vl l shn`[`r ilKk kr g#m, v# k`Rk rtvl bs`[n mw eLl @k@rn ašNd h`r ƒ kr. qL @gy h# ay awt qL y`m v#l#K@M n`m@yN, mh v&`p`k @h`rn$ @y~jn` krN@N, shn`[`r a@h~ m n#nM @ls kPp` m. iNy`@V em @vw N vW vnv` q n#nM y ynv` q yn avS}` @qk awr @vns N kr a#w.

@k`AS l& k`\k mN@m~hN A, l& <y p`lny mt Ah q#K asmWX`vy sMbN[@yN o @Vcny @m l` mh v&`p`kyN h` eKy. "q#y h# m`vN l l& <y p`lny mt ayv#y smWv n#w" y o p#v y. @pr @k`AS a`Nvk qL a#m A, j`w&Nwr l& arq@L @vW av yN iNy` a`Rky v^w kl "a`Rk sASkrn" @v@w Rm`n Ly` @ls Q[ y.

vd` L "@vl> @p`l sASkrn" y`vt q#@m l` @J n`ykWv@yN W a`Nv q#K asmWX`vyt a`Ay vs@yN @H a#W@W, sm`j ashnyt a# Xvy sMbN[@yN @J@Y sX`g hLkr#vN gnn`vK m uWk @B y yn kr#n . sX`g@Y pK; hwrK, a`h`r h` @p`@h`r shn`[`r kPp` @vW @g`N h` ڱ jny` mw phr eLl kr a# bv pvsN, em kPp` a`p hrvn @ls iLlN agm# @vw k#>mK ipW kr @B. M @qkkt a`sNn `@Qyv pqnM sX`g sgyN@gN Kw @J n`ykWv@yN W a`Nv @Q\p`ln dnyNt a\N m @g`r# vn y.

e plyK @ls, mh v&`p`kyN@G @Ccnyt lKv a# @vW mN a`N@V a`q`yM ihl qm` g#@M yWnyk @ymt Aht bl @kr#. o py vs@R ayv#@Y a`q`yM b mw pnv` aŽX`ry @mvr yyt 10 t yyt 15 qKv` v# kl awr e@ls m sAgw b mw p#n aŽX`ry q gtm pvWv` g. o em aŽX`r @qkm @mvr kPp` krn bvt @p`@r`N . o pgnk m^k`Ag apnyn mw q b p#n y.

tMS oF iNy` p@Y m`R 6 kl`p@Y pl yK @m@ls aqhS q#K yŸ "avs`n@Y , qL a#m, wm q#W b#> @bn w yt@W v#d krn a`Nvk nw qR\ny krN, kRm`Nw yN vW mhjnw`v vW sN@w~; mt smWv n#w." mh v&`p`kyN@G asNw^Py b>v Ah p#h#v m uWk @B. yNwM n @qkkt pv, o v&`p`kyN@G iLMvlt nmt pvWn` wm k#m#Ww @pNM k@L y. "ayv#y y @vW s#k@M avs`ny @n` @V. wvW @b`@h~ @vW pv @Vqny @k@r a#w." y iNy` kRm`Nw sM@mly N sA[`ny krn lq SmK amwN o p#v y.

aq`l @vnW

vN @k`Lly avsN @mN p iNy`v pSw`nyt e@rv v`k h`r eLl kr
2000 jnv` 13

iNy` a`Nv @k`As@Y sh`y a#v a`@y~jk-w# "sASkrn" @VgvW mt s#r@s
1999 @qs#MbR 10

iNy` nv rjy mw mh [npyN@G iLM
1999 oK@w~bR 29

N j`v`N n`ykWvy @qn sA[`ny iNy`@V a`NvK ӵv
1999 oK@w~bR 27


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