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WSWS : v^W h` |@L;n : iNy` up-mh`Qpy

wmN@G qhs s>h` sh@y~gy @qn @ls @qml >@y~ iLl`

l` S
2000 m`R 23

n mmN @w`rv vsr @qkK pmn r>v`@gn n @qml wr#nyN 6@qn` oN qhS kr g#m s>h` sm`jv` sm`nw` pK;y (ssp) @gn yn uQ@{~;nyt S krN ssp @vw yK ev` a#w. lbn jnv` m`sy @wK wvW m`s 11N nv kLq#@mn bv pmnK @pbrv` m`s@Y us`@Y @p @mm hy@qn`t q#ng#mt l#.

yt aWsN w# >yN hy@qn` @m@S s>hN krŸ "obl` ap@G a`rK;`v s>h` @p n bv at |v`s y. 1998 t a#p l#mN @w`rv ap bN[n`g`rgw kr a# wWvy l , epmn زklkt ap@G nv kL q#m, / lAk` a`Nv ap mw p#t as`[`rn Nv.

"apt uqV krn @ls k‹rt @Q\p`ln pK;vN (vkMkr#vN @y~jny krn sA[`n) iLl` nW oN ap g#n @n` slkN@N mNq# apt @n` @W@R...ap@G qhs lb`g#m s>h` us` l mK kl q# ap qN@N n#w. @mv# wWvyk ap @v@vN av\& ym yvr gNn` @lst a o@bN iLl."

h#tN @Q\@Y ӵ @W kRm`Nw\`l`vkt @b~Mb h`ryK eLl k@L y 1998 m`sy l @mm 6 @qn` aW adAvt gNn` l. oN "eLI s#kkr#vN" @ls Swv`qy v#l#K@M pnw yt@W aW adA@V r>v` gN |n Mvlt h` v[Mvlt lK kr a#w. 1999 m`s@Y , @p`y, m @HvK @n` qKv` pl @c~qn`v aWh#r, @vnW @b~Mb h`r m`l`vK g#n @c~qn` ipW kr @B.

@mm hy@qn`m ym @c~qn` K@p klh. ont e@rv a# ekm s`Ky oN ymt @h~ mt @n` qNn` Ahl X`;`@vN y` v[MvN p aWsN lb`gW, p`@p~Cc`rn pm. @M vn t nv @vN @vN v`r 6k kL wb` a#w. py jnv` 26 q` |cykr# l v` @g`S awr n@V [`n s`Kkr# q p#n @Y n#w. @pbrv` 15 n kN |cykr# @vvt pWv n |cykr# nv 2002 vs@R jnv` 16 n qKv` kL q# y.

>N hy@qn` nM P uqym`R, CcW cNN, ar#n`slM @y~@GvrN, @s~lm@l @l~gn`qN, @p`Nny` srvnm`R sh s`W @bnKT yn ay y.

kt kwr bN[n`g`r@Y oN q#N r>v` a#w. 1997 sh 2000 bN[n`g`r l[`N N bN[n`g`r @k`N@Qvlt e@rv >yN N kr l# uQ@{~;n qr# @ls mn l. pS@q@n @mm m#Mvl mr` qmn lq awr M gnnkt v`l y.

@mm bN[n`g`r@Y w#gNvn @k`N@Q yt@W rkr#vN 300K pmn r>v` a#w. pvn @k`N@Q vd`W qr# vn bv m$w a#w#M >yN N m`nv aN @v@vN @p n sA[`n @vw qNv` a#w. @g`dn#L@L ud wT@V t apv& phw mhlt k`N vn bv o y` yh. @b`@h~ v`Tvl a`@l~ky a#W@W n#w. `N N oN @vw ev lbn lb`@qN@N @b`@h~ kL gw@mN pv y.

m`R 3 n sm`jv` sm`nw` pK;y N h#tN ngr@Y sA[`ny krn lq Smt p# >yN@G `N pK;y @mm >yN qhS kr g#m s>h` @gny lbn uQ@{~;nyt sh@y~gy pl kl awr, ssp @mm >yN@G nv sMbN[v W kl k`\y kMkr#vNt sh oN@G `Nt lb`mt X`r gNn` l. @b`@h~ ay >yN b>v h` oN@G wvlt v a# blp$m g#n @l~k sm`jv` @vB ad@Y v`Rw`kr#vNt kr# ipW klh.

wm > py m`s@Y yy`mt [`n @Hv oN@G y` زk`nv r>v`@gn @mN a# W@Vqn`v bv cNN@G y` Swr k@L y. 1999 v#mhL @s`@h`y yy`@mN uqym`R@G pl @\~kyt pWv a# awr srvnm`R@G mv, o bN[n`g`r gwm s` k@lN p@v. @y~@GvrN@G s@h~qry` py @qs#Mbr@Y pl n @qn qL |n ivs`gw @n` h#v y ns`@gn a#w.

ar# 58K vys#, œ`k K@ l[`@y vn srvnm`R@G y` vn @p`Nny` wm plt q#N a`q`ymK @n`m# bv y` @Y y. aW adAvt g#mW smg E bv q#Nmt @p`Nny` 1998 k‹rt @pr@N (eF) n`yk evkt @y~j& a#mvr@y . cN@SkrN hmt @Y y. em kr#n s>h` m o lAk` kMkr# @k`Ns@Y (dBV) n`yk p`R@MN @y~w a`r#gM @w`NdmN q h@Y y. ekm @qy cN@SkrN nvt @p n @ls vr@yt q#Nm pm.

ar# 66K vn uqym`R@G y` |n m s>h` y wm w` r` k`l@Y aW adAvt gW bv y` @Y y. p n o w` @prl` @n` p# s` mK @Y q# @p`@yN q#ng#mt uWs`h kl nW vK q#n g#mt l# @n`m#w. wm w` @p`S aW adA@V pvn bv o q#ngW@W vW pwk pl@mN pv y. o dBV n`ykyN h t, "ob ynv` o vK @n` kl bv. nW @p`y h` vW pW ynv` o l< a`[ n bv. a#Ww yN@N kq# a qN@N @k@S q?" y |n kr a#w. nW oN "a#Ww" @hqrV kr g#m s>h` krqr vNN n#w.

ar# 66K vn cNN@G y` CcW p#v@V q em vwm y. "ap@G plt l#@bn a`q`y@mN vW y @n` h# . smhr tk apt k$m s>h` vW qL @n`m#w. apt, w` b#mt q qL v#y mt @v." o j`k kMkr# s@Y (eNdBV) l[`N h awr @my vkr@Y |nyK @n` vn bv pvsN oN vK m K@p kr a#w.

>@yK vn @y~@GvrNv 1994 q @mv# m @c~qn` mw aW adAvt gW@W y. a q‡vmK enM r#. 6000k qdyK @gv` qhS m s>h` vrq gNn` @ls o@G yN ot up@qS a#w. eNdBV h` eF n`ykyN q#N vK @n` m s>h` p#r @c~qn` @y`q`gNn` bv ar#n`slM Swr k@L y. eF n`ykyN ar#n`slM "eLI s#kkr#v @ls ov aW adAvt @gn a# wWv@Y apt vK kl @n` h# y" y` @B.

h#tN hy@qn` qhS krn @lst iLlN p @vw yv` a# wvW @r~[w` ssp @vw l# a#w.

@k`lx |vq&`l@Y ih`sy h` @Q\p`ln q&` @qp`Rw@MN@V mh`c`Ry @j~J @R @m@S y` a#wŸ "wvW vsrN @mm >yN@G nv kL q# bv mm m$wk q#ng. nv @n` ms` iw` ز k`lyK @qml kMkr#vN aW adA@V r>v` wb` g#mt Swv`qy v#l#K@M pnw a`Nv N p`Cyt g#m b>v @mm nv p#h# uq`hrny. (>yN@G) m`nv aN h` k aN @mmN mN m vns lb. @qml j`yt e@rv vRgv` Q[y yW kr a# wWv@Y , aŽk`N r`j&@Y Q[y kMrk#vN@G k aN v#n@M sm`vt kr#nK @ls @y`q` g."

"sm`j |n b> @KNy" (eFeS) nm# a`ywn@Y jk eS my` a#Nw @m@S y` a#wŸ "hy@qn`t e@r nv mN m @g ekK y. blhWk`r@yN p`@p~Cc`rn @gn a#w. ems` mm h#tN eFeS @v@vN ob@G yhpw s>h` oN @k`N@Q rwv q` hn @lst iLl."

"Swv`qy v#l#K@M pnw a# mRqnk` anpnW yt@W k S av`kM uLlA{ny krN @m@S s#kkr#vN r>v` g#mt blvW @r~[y plkrn lAk` r# sAgmy @m`N qhS mt av\& kt vh`m @y`q` oN h# iKmN qhS krn @ls obm`@gN iLl` ." y@vN lAk` r# sAgm@Y (lAs) @LkM . jyAg y` yv` a#w.

@n~RD vy`@Y @n~RD ihl @k`T`\@Y, . r`sy` h` @K. knpL@L sh h#tN asl dNb`R vy`@Y a`R. yN yn vkMkr#vN @qn` @mm >yN qhS krn @lst p @vw y# ay awr @v.

h#tN hy@qn` vh`m h` @k`N@Q rwv qhS krn @lst p @vw @r~[w` yvn @lst a / lAk`@V sh j`w&Nwr, ym @l~k sm`jv` @vB ady yvNnN@gN a iLl` .

ob@G y#y nyŸ
p,
p @qp`Rw@MNv,
@k`lx -12, / lAk`v.
f#KSŸ 0094-1-436421

kr#n`kr n @n`Mmr phw s>hN p s>hN krNn.
mhvr ihl us`y eN.@J. 129099, eN.@J. 129199, eN.@J. 129299, eN.@J. 129599

ob@G vl tpW ap @vw evNnŸ
sm`jv` sm`nw` pK;y,
aAk 90, 1 vn m`g`kNq pmg,
@k`lx 10. / lAk`v.
f#KSŸ 0094-75-354832.
I-@MLŸ editor@wsws.org

aq`l @vnW

/ lAk`@V >yN qhS kr g#@ uQ@{~;ny
>yN hy @qn` n X`gyN @w`rv wvW vsrK r@gqr

2001 m`R 20

nv a`rK;k yvr vkry s#b$ q kl`pyK kr
2001 jnv` 26

sm`jv` sm`nw` pK;y h#tN v wr#nyN hy @qn` qhS krn @ls wm k#>m aW kr
2001 jnv` 23

@qml >yN {`wn@yN anr#v
/ lAk` @p`y sh hq`v @qml v kMkr#vNt e@rv q# yvr g

2000 @n`v#MbR 17

@qml >yN @q@qn`@G mrn pK;nvl vgvWwN @hqrV @n`@V
2000
m# 06

kwr bN[n`g`r@Y phr@mN @qml rkr#vN @q@q@nK y y
2000 jnv` 15

m`s 19K n q#mN @w`rv aW adA@V r>v` w#mt r#Q[v v kMkr# wr#n@y~ mr`Nk upv`syK mt y
2000 jnv` 15


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