Russia & the former Soviet Union

The Nazi war of annihilation against the Soviet Union: Part two

Nazi Policy on the Eastern Front, 1941: Total War, Genocide, and Radicalization

By Clara Weiss, 13 January 2015

The volume provides insight into the criminal historical antecedents of the current siege of cities in eastern Ukraine by the Western-installed regime in Kiev, spearheaded by Ukrainian fascist forces.

The Nazi war of annihilation against the Soviet Union: Part one

Nazi Policy on the Eastern Front, 1941: Total War, Genocide, and Radicalization

By Clara Weiss, 12 January 2015

The volume provides insight into the criminal historical antecedents of the current siege of cities in eastern Ukraine by the Western-installed regime in Kiev, spearheaded by Ukrainian fascist forces.

Putin approves new Russian military doctrine

By Clara Weiss, 31 December 2014

The new military doctrine identifies the expansion of NATO and attempts to destabilise Russia and neighbouring countries as the biggest security threats.

Putin appeals to the Russian oligarchs

By Clara Weiss, 24 December 2014

The Putin regime responds to Western pressure by seeking to appease imperialism and the Russian billionaires.

I Want To Live: The memoir of Izrail Agol

By Clara Weiss, 17 December 2014

The childhood memoir of the revolutionary, geneticist and Marxist theoretician of biology Izrail Agol (1891-1937) is an important document on the history of the revolutionary movement in Russia and the devastating impact of Stalinism.

Escalating tensions between Russia and the West over Balkan energy

By Paul Mitchell, 12 December 2014

Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov has warned against NATO expansion in the region, which is seen as a provocation against Russia.

Putin accuses US of seeking to undermine Russian sovereignty

By Andrea Peters and David Levine, 11 December 2014

In his annual address to parliament last week, Putin charged the US with meddling in Russia’s sphere of influence, destabilizing international security and sponsoring separatism within Russia’s borders.

“Seeking for Utopia”—or were they? The Russian avant-garde and Soviet modernism in posters

Exhibition at the Setagaya Art Museum, Tokyo

By John Watanabe, 3 December 2014

The recent exhibition in Tokyo included some 180 early Soviet posters, which have remarkable artistic and historic significance.

Interview with Tatiana Smilga-Poluyan, daughter of leading Soviet Left Oppositionist

By Clara Weiss, 27 October 2014

Tatiana Smilga-Poluyan (May 1919-September 2014) came from a remarkable family with longstanding revolutionary traditions. Not only her parents, but also her uncles and aunts were active participants in the Bolshevik Revolution and the subsequent Civil War.

Tatiana Ivarovna Smilga-Poluyan: May 22, 1919 – September 27, 2014

By Clara Weiss, 21 October 2014

Tatiana Ivarovna Smilga-Poluyan, daughter of the Left Oppositionist Ivar Smilga, dedicated her life to restoring historical truth about those who had been murdered and whose names had been besmirched by Stalinist reaction.

Russian metallurgy giant Mechel faces bankruptcy

By Andrea Peters, 1 October 2014

Mechel’s looming bankruptcy is one sign of Russia’s mounting industrial and monetary crisis, made worse by the imposition of Western sanctions.

White House threatens Russia over alleged incursion into eastern Ukraine

By Niles Williamson, 29 August 2014

The White House is strongly backing the Ukrainian government as it carries out a brutal war against predominantly Russian-speaking cities in the east.

Western powers talk “peace” while eastern Ukraine is decimated

By Julie Hyland, 20 August 2014

Talks between the foreign ministers of Germany, Ukraine, France and Russia failed to produce an agreement while Ukraine continued to attack Luhansk and Donetsk.

US, NATO support the Ukrainian army’s bloody offensive

By Christoph Dreier, 8 August 2014

Representatives of the United States, NATO and the EU have given their support to the bloody military offensive by the Ukrainian army on Thursday.

The diary of Lena Mukhina: An important document on the Leningrad blockade

Lenas Tagebuch, translated by Lena Gorelik and Gero Fedtke, Munich, 2013

By Clara Weiss, 11 June 2014

Lena’s Diary is an important historical document relating to one of most horrific, although often forgotten, war crimes of German imperialism.

New Ukraine government launches airstrikes, prepares austerity measures

By Thomas Gaist, 27 May 2014

Newly elected Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko vowed to crush resistance in the east Monday, launching strikes against separatist militants in and around an airport in Donestsk.

Unease in UK’s political elite after Prince Charles compares Putin to Hitler

By Julie Hyland, 27 May 2014

For the last weeks, the main political parties and the media have sought to draw a veil of silence over events in Ukraine.

Mariupol killings: US backs Ukrainian regime’s reign of terror

By Mike Head, 10 May 2014

After tanks, armoured personnel carriers and heavily armed troops were unleashed on unarmed civilians in Mariupol, the Kiev regime claimed to have killed some 20 people.

Anti-Semitism and the Russian Revolution: Part three

By Clara Weiss, 1 May 2014

This is the final part of a three-part review of a historical study by Ulrich Herbeck on the history of anti-Semitism in Russia from the tsarist empire until the end of the Civil War in1922.

Anti-Semitism and the Russian Revolution: Part two

By Clara Weiss, 30 April 2014

This is the second part of a three-part review of a historical study by Ulrich Herbeck on the history of anti-Semitism in Russia from the Tsarist empire until the end of the Civil War in 1922.

Anti-Semitism and the Russian Revolution: Part one

By Clara Weiss, 29 April 2014

This is the first part of a three-part review of a historical study by Ulrich Herbeck on the history of anti-Semitism in Russia from the Tsarist empire until the end of the Civil War in 1922.

US-backed crackdown threatens civil war in Ukraine

By Johannes Stern, 16 April 2014

Having received the green light from Washington, the Kiev regime launched a bloody crackdown on protests in eastern Ukraine, threatening to unleash a full-blown civil war.

Russia warns NATO over military build-up in eastern Europe

By Johannes Stern and Alex Lantier, 4 April 2014

NATO’s reckless military build-up in Eastern Europe, carried out over the Kremlin oligarchy’s warnings of escalation, poses the risk of war.

NATO maneuvers with Georgia, Ukraine threaten war with Russia

By Alex Lantier, 3 April 2014

The NATO military alliance is provocatively seeking to install its forces on Russia’s borders.

EU-Ukraine trade pact paves way for brutal austerity

By Mike Head, 22 March 2014

Amid intensifying sanctions and military provocations against Russia, the EU and the Western-backed government in Ukraine yesterday signed a pact that paves the way for brutal austerity measures and free market “reforms.”

US/European military provocations greet Russian annexation of Crimea

By Chris Marsden, 19 March 2014

The United States is lining up its puppet regime in Ukraine and its regional allies to prepare a series of military provocations against Russia.

Kiev to build new army, impose austerity as civil war threatens Ukraine

By Alex Lantier, 12 March 2014

With Ukraine facing the likely secession of Crimea, the far-right regime in Kiev is moving to slash social spending and build a new army.

War propaganda in the German media

By Ulrich Rippert, 12 March 2014

On the issue of the conflict in Ukraine leading German newspapers have replaced any serious attempt to convince their readers with a barrage of propaganda.

The political fraud of International Viewpoint’s statement on Ukraine

By the International Committee of the Fourth International, 3 March 2014

The attribution of this statement to the ICFI is a political provocation whose purpose is to discredit Trotskyism by associating it with the right-wing politics of the neo-Pabloite organizations.

The geopolitical dimensions of the coup in Ukraine

By Peter Schwarz, 27 February 2014

What is at stake in the Ukraine is an international struggle for power and influence that stretches back a quarter of a century.

Clashes in Ukraine signal escalation of US-EU intervention

By Oliver Campbell and Peter Symonds, 19 February 2014

The bloody scenes in Kiev are the direct outcome of the campaign waged by the US and Germany to oust Ukrainian President Yanukovych.

As Ukrainian regime totters, oligarchs call for talks with right-wing opposition

By Alex Lantier, 28 January 2014

The intervention of the oligarchs underscores the anti-working class austerity agenda driving both the regime and the far-right opposition.

Stand-off in Ukrainian power struggle continues

By Peter Schwarz, 12 December 2013

Pro-European Union protesters continued to occupy Independence Square in Kiev yesterday after riot police failed in an attempt to force them off the streets.

Nationalists stage violent protests in southern Russia

By Clara Weiss, 15 July 2013

Right-wing forces are exploiting the social crisis in Russia to divert the population’s discontent into reactionary channels.

The strange death of Boris Berezovsky

By Joseph Santolan, 26 March 2013

Berezovsky was the personification of the plutocrats whose wealth was acquired through the looting of the Russian economy after the dissolution of the Soviet Union.

Australia: Keen interest in socialist perspective at Tsar to Lenin screenings

By our correspondents, 17 December 2012

There was intense interest in socialism, the history of the revolutionary movement and the life and writings of Leon Trotsky.

Workers and youth speak about the relevance of the Russian Revolution today

By our correspondents, 17 December 2012

Audience members in Melbourne and Sydney spoke with the WSWS about the Russian Revolution and its contemporary significance.

The definitive film record of the 1917 Russian Revolution

Mehring Books announces release of Tsar to Lenin in DVD format

5 July 2012

Tsar to Lenin, first released in 1937, ranks among the twentieth century’s greatest film documentaries. It presents an extraordinary cinematic account of the Russian Revolution—from the mass uprising which overthrew the centuries-old Tsarist regime in February 1917, to the Bolshevik-led insurrection eight months later that established the first socialist workers’ state, to the final victory in 1921 of the new Soviet regime over counter-revolutionary forces after a three-year-long civil war.

Preface to Yakhot’s history of early Soviet philosophy

By Frederick Choate, 25 June 2012

Yehoshua Yakhot’s The Suppression of Philosophy in the USSR (The 1920s & 1930s) is essential reading for an understanding of the devastating impact of Stalinism on philosophy in the Soviet Union. The translator’s preface being published today provides an introduction to this new English translation.

Leipzig Book Fair 2012

Mehring Publishers presents new German edition of Alexander Rabinowitch’s The Bolsheviks Come to Power

By Wolfgang Weber, 21 March 2012

The new German edition of Alexander Rabinowitch’s book on the October Revolution is an achievement of archival scholarship that exposes the pseudo-intellectualism and reactionary politics of the post-modernist camp.

Twenty years since the dissolution of the USSR

The capitalist crisis and the radicalization of the working class in 2012

By David North, 30 January 2012

This report was given by David North to a series of regional aggregate meetings of the Socialist Equality Party (US) held during the month of January.

A blow against the Post-Soviet School of Historical Falsification

By Wolfgang Weber, 31 December 2011

The letter of 14 historians to the Suhrkamp publishing house in Germany calling on it to abandon publication of Robert Service’s biography of Leon Trotsky has opened the door for an honest and thorough examination of the role of Trotsky and the rise and fall of Soviet power.

Historian Alexander Rabinowitch speaks in Vienna on the Russian Revolution

By our correspondents, 15 June 2011

Professor Rabinowitch’s lecture on his recent research into the Russian Revolution was enthusiastically received by a large audience at the University of Vienna.

“The October Revolution was the most important event of the 20th century”

Interview with Alexander Rabinowitch

By Wolfgang Weber, 1 June 2011

Russian historian Alexander Rabinowitch will be giving a lecture in Vienna on June 6. The WSWS spoke to the professor on his book, The Bolsheviks in Power, and the main themes of his research.

The Bolsheviks in Power―The First Year of Soviet Rule in Petrograd: Guest lecture by Prof. Alexander Rabinowitch in Vienna

28 April 2011

The American historian Alexander Rabinowitch will present his book The Bolsheviks in Power―The First Year of Soviet Rule in Petrograd in Vienna on 6 June.

Reflections on the Bolsheviks, the October Revolution, and early Soviet state building in Petrograd

By Alexander Rabinowitch, 2 December 2010

This report was presented by Professor Alexander Rabinowitch of Indiana University at a meeting in Berlin on October 14, introducing the new German translation of his book, The Bolsheviks in Power.

An interview with Richard Pare, photographer and expert on Soviet Modernist architecture

By Tim Tower, 13 November 2010

A version of the following interview with Richard Pare, conducted by Tim Tower of the WSWS, was originally posted in March 2008, Tower and Pare spoke again recently to update the piece to accompany a new exhibition, “Building the Revolution.”

Great interest in lecture by Professor Rabinowitch in Berlin

By our correspondent, 16 October 2010

The American historian Alexander Rabinowitch introduced his new book The Bolsheviks in Power: The First Year of Bolshevik Rule in Petrograd at a meeting Thursday evening at Humboldt University in Berlin.

Marxism and the Holocaust

By Nick Beams, 15 May 2010

The following is an addendum to the lecture “Imperialism and the political economy of the Holocaust,” delivered by Nick Beams at San Diego State University on April 29.

Imperialism and the political economy of the Holocaust

By Nick Beams, 12 May 2010

This lecture was delivered at San Diego State University on April 29. It was the eighth in a series entitled "Killing for a higher cause: Political violence in a world in crisis" sponsored by the Institute on World Affairs within the Political Science Department of the San Diego State University.

Mehring Books featured title

Fundamental Problems of Marxism by Georgi Plekhanov

28 April 2010

This week’s featured title by Mehring Books provides an outline of historical materialism in the context of the development of Marxist philosophy.

David North to speak on May 5 at the University of Oxford

Political Biography and the Historical Lie: An Examination of Robert Service’s Trotsky

1 April 2010

The Socialist Equality Party (Britain) and the International Students for Social Equality are hosting a lecture by David North, international editorial board chairperson of the World Socialist Web Site, at the University of Oxford.

Trotsky the subject of cultural events in Russia

By Vladimir Volkov, 24 March 2010

In recent months Leon Trotsky has been the subject of two cultural events in Russia – an exhibition at the State Museum of Political History in Saint Petersburg and a documentary film aired on television. While both provide a more objective evaluation of his historical role than what typically found in Russia, they each had significant limitations.

Bolshevism and the avant-garde artists (1993)

By David Walsh, 17 February 2010

The Great Utopia: The Russian and Soviet Avant-Garde, 1915–1932 at the Guggenheim Museum in New York City, in 1992-1993, was a major event. David Walsh wrote a series of articles in the Bulletin, a predecessor of the WSWS, which we began republishing February 13 in three parts. Here is the entire piece.

Bolshevism and the avant-garde artists (1993)—Part 3

By David Walsh, 16 February 2010

The Great Utopia: The Russian and Soviet Avant-Garde, 1915–1932 at the Guggenheim Museum in New York City, in 1992-1993, was a major event. David Walsh wrote a series of articles in the Bulletin, a predecessor of the WSWS, which we began republishing February 13.

Bolshevism and the avant-garde artists (1993)—Part 2

By David Walsh, 15 February 2010

The Great Utopia: The Russian and Soviet Avant-Garde, 1915–1932 at the Guggenheim Museum in New York City, in 1992-1993, was a major event. David Walsh wrote a series of articles in the Bulletin, a predecessor of the WSWS, which we began republishing February 13.

Bolshevism and the avant-garde artists (1993)—Part 1

By David Walsh, 13 February 2010

The Great Utopia: The Russian and Soviet Avant-Garde, 1915–1932 at the Guggenheim Museum in New York City, in 1992-1993, was a major event. David Walsh wrote a series of articles in the Bulletin, a predecessor of the WSWS, which we begin republishing today.

Successful launch of In Defence of Leon Trotsky at Sydney’s Gleebooks

By our correspondent, 4 February 2010

An appreciative audience of 150 filled the upstairs auditorium of Sydney’s Gleebooks bookstore last night to hear David North launch his In Defence of Leon Trotsky: A Reply to the Falsifications of Robert Service.

In Defence of Leon Trotsky: David North to speak at Sydney’s Gleebooks

20 January 2010

David North, World Socialist Web Site International Editorial Board chairman, will address a Gleebooks literary event, on February 3, entit led “In the Service of Historical Falsification”. North will discuss the recently published biography of Leon Trotsky written by Professor Robert Service.

German Socialist Equality Party holds meeting on 20 years since fall of Berlin Wall

By our correspondent, 10 December 2009

On November 29, the German Socialist Equality Party (Partei für Soziale Gleichheit—PSG) held a well-attended meeting in Leipzig entitled “20 Years Since the Fall of the Wall: From Stalinism to Capitalism.”

Twenty years since the fall of the Berlin Wall

By Peter Schwarz, 10 December 2009

The following lecture was delivered by Peter Schwarz, secretary of the International Committee of the Fourth International, at a meeting of the Socialist Equality Party of Germany held November 29, 2009 in Leipzig.

Red Star Over Russia

A Visual History of the Soviet Union from 1917 to the Death of Stalin

15 September 2009

Mehring Books is pleased to make available to readers of the World Socialist Web Site the new book by British photojournalist David King, Red Star Over Russia.

70 years since the Hitler-Stalin Pact

By Alex Lantier, 24 August 2009

Seventy years ago, Nazi foreign minister Joachim von Ribbentrop and Soviet foreign minister Vyacheslav Molotov met in Moscow to sign a hastily-negotiated Non-Aggression Pact between Hitlerite Germany and the USSR.

Lecture 2

“Socialism in One Country” and the Soviet economic debates of the 1920s—Part 2

By Nick Beams, 7 May 2009

This is the second of two lectures delivered at an SEP summer school in August 2007 that deal with some of the crucial conflicts over economic policy in the Soviet Union during the 1920s.

“Socialism in One Country” and the Soviet economic debates of the 1920s—Part 2

By Nick Beams, 5 May 2009

This is the first of two lectures, delivered at an SEP summer school in August 2007, dealing with some of the crucial conflicts over economic policy in the Soviet Union during the 1920s.

After the slaughter: political lessons of the Balkan War

By David North, 30 March 2009

March 24 marked the 10th anniversary of the beginning of the 11-week US-NATO bombardment of Serbia and Kosovo. This statement by David North, chairman of the international editorial board of the World Socialist Web Site and national chairman of the Socialist Equality Party, was originally published on June 14, 1999.

The Bolsheviks in Power

The First Year of Soviet Rule in Petrograd

22 January 2009

Mehring books is proud to offer The Bolheviks in Power by Alexander Rabinowitch.

Stalin, Trotsky and the 1926 British general strike

By Chris Marsden, 27 December 2008

More than 80 years on, the May 1926 British General Strike remains a defining moment in the history of the workers’ movement. Its lessons are essential for the development of a revolutionary strategy, not just in Britain but the world over.

Uncovering the truth about Trotsky and the Russian Revolution “continues to run my life”

A conversation with the remarkable David King

By David Walsh, 4 December 2008

David King--artist, designer, editor, photohistorian and archivist--is about to publish a new book, Red Star Over Russia, a visual history of the Soviet Union. WSWS arts editor David Walsh recently spoke to King in London.

Leon Trotsky, Soviet Historiography, and the Fate of Classical Marxism

By David North, 1 December 2008

This paper was presented by David North at a panel on “The Intellectual and Political Legacy of Leon Trotsky” at the recent 2008 National Convention of the American Association for the Advancement of Slavic Studies in Philadelphia.

A Marxist perspective on jurisprudence

By Kevin Kearney, 26 November 2008

Michael Head’s book, Evgeny Pashukanis, A Critical Reappraisal, shines the light of day on one of the most important legal theories to come out of “the boldest and most sweeping experiment of the 20th century”—the October 1917 Russian Revolution.

Declassified grand jury transcripts confirm frame-up of Ethel Rosenberg

The trial of Julius and Ethel Rosenberg

By Tom Eley, 13 September 2008

The recent release of previously secret grand jury transcripts has revealed that crucial testimony was perjured in the conviction and 1953 execution of Julius and Ethel Rosenberg for conspiracy to commit espionage on behalf of the Soviet Union.

Trotskyism in postwar USSR: the record of an anti-Stalinist youth group in the early 1950s

By Vladimir Volkov, 5 June 2004

In the Soviet Union throughout the post-World War II era anti-Stalinist opposition groups continuously emerged that opposed the bureaucratic regime from the left—from the point of view of the necessity of reviving Soviet democracy and internationalism, as well as restoring the norms of party life that existed in the Bolshevik Party in the first years following the October Revolution of 1917.

Women in the Russian Revolution

The letters of Natalia Sedova to Leon Trotsky

By Vladimir Volkov, 1 July 2003

The 1917 Revolution in Russia not only raised millions of workers and peasants to historical life. It also advanced to the center stage of world events a whole layer of distinguished representatives of the socialist intelligentsia, bearers of the revolution’s political consciousness, who had imbibed the international traditions of European social democracy and the best heritage of European culture in general.

Intrepid thought: psychoanalysis in the Soviet Union—Part 2

By Frank Brenner, 12 June 1999

This is the second, and concluding, section of a two-part article. The first part was posted on Friday, June 11.

Intrepid thought: psychoanalysis in the Soviet Union

By Frank Brenner, 11 June 1999

The nature of man himself is hidden in the deepest and darkest recesses of the unconscious, the elemental and the submerged. Is it not self-evident that the greatest efforts of inquiring thought and of creative initiative will move in that direction?—Trotsky

1937: Stalin’s Year of Terror By Vadim Z. Rogovin

Chapter 1: Preparations for the First Show Trial

29 December 1998

Stalin fell far short of achieving his goals with the trials that followed Kirov’s murder. The immediate organizers of the murder were declared to be a group of thirteen young "Zinovievists," shot in December 1934 during the case of the so-called "Leningrad Center."

Leon Trotsky and the Fate of Marxism in the USSR

29 December 1998

This lecture was delivered by Professor Vadim Rogovin at Macquarie University, Sydney, Australia, on June 3, 1996

1937: Stalin’s Year of Terror By Vadim Z. Rogovin – Introduction

29 December 1998

Once upon a time, unintentionally, And probably hazarding a guess, Hegel called the historian a prophet Predicting in reverse. B. Pasternak

Stalin’s Great Terror: Origins and Consequences

By Vadim Rogovin, 29 December 1998

This lecture was delivered by Professor Vadim Rogovin at the University of Melbourne in Australia on May 28, 1996.

An introduction to a groundbreaking new book and its author

1937: Stalin’s Year of Terror

By Vadim Rogovin

29 December 1998

Mehring Books is pleased to announce publication of 1937: Stalin's Year of Terror by Vadim Z. Rogovin (584 pages, ISBN 0-929087-77-1, $US 29.95 plus shipping - available online).

Vadim Rogovin: 1937-1998

Russian Marxist Historian Dies in Moscow

By David North, 18 September 1998

Vadim Zakharovich Rogovin, the Russian Marxist historian and sociologist, and author of a monumental six-volume study of the Trotskyist opposition to the rise of the Stalinist regime within the USSR, died of cancer early Friday morning in Moscow. He was 61 years old.