In the latest act of police violence in France, dozens of riot officers surrounded a group of peaceful climate change protesters sitting on and blocking a road in Paris on Friday, dousing them in pepper spray and assaulting them.
The police attack occurred on the Pont Sully, which crosses the Seine River. A group of around 50 protesters were sitting on the bridge and blocking traffic. As the police began dousing them in pepper spray, they raised their hands above their heads and shouted “nonviolent.” The police then charged the group with shields raised and began dragging them away. Videos of the event show the police using pepper spray against those who come to pour water on protesters who have already been sprayed.
For the next 10 minutes, the police stroll around the group, spraying into their faces from 20 centimeters away and ripping protective goggles off them, as dozens of onlookers stand and film with their phones.
The scene in Paris, videos of which have been shared thousands of times and triggered an outcry on social media, recalls the police’s pepper spraying of University of California Davis students protesting social inequality and tuition fee increases in November 2011.
It occurs amid the Macron administration’s massive mobilization of riot police over the past six months to violently repress “yellow vest” protesters opposing social inequality, austerity and the slashing of taxes for the super-rich.
More than 12,000 people have been arrested, and police have used tear gas, rubber bullets, baton charges and attack dogs, while Macron has deployed the military to the streets and leading French officials have called for the use of live ammunition to “put an end” to the protests.
Twenty-three protesters have lost the use of an eye after being shot by police rubber bullets, five have lost a hand from stun grenades, and one protester has lost a testicle.
Zineb Redouane, an 80-year-old retiree from Marseille, was killed by police on December 1, 2018, after she was hit in the face by a police stun grenade while closing the blinds of her apartment.
Not a single police officer has been criminally charged.
Macron’s minister of ecological transition and solidarity, Francois de Rugy, the former Green deputy who stood for the Socialist Party presidential primaries in 2016 and moved with Macron to form La Republique en Marche in 2017, defended the police assault in Paris on Friday. He told BFM-TV: “These are very radical militants with supposedly nonviolent but completely paralyzing methods. The riot police had to be mobilized to take them one by one. It finished with gas aimed at making them leave.”
The police assault took place the day before a march of 1,000 young people against police violence in Nantes, the sixth-largest city, located in the far west of the country. The protesters demanded justice for Steve Caniço, a 24-year-old animator who disappeared and is feared to have drowned in the Loire river on June 21, due to a police crackdown on a techno music festival that night. The demonstrators carried a banner reading “Where is Steve?”
The police claim they launched the assault on the festival because the music went on for half an hour past the authorized ending time of 4:00 a.m.
In response to late music, they entered the festival grounds with attack dogs and riot shields and shot tear gas. Fourteen people jumped into the Loire River to escape, including Steve Caniço, who has not been seen since.
The massive escalation of police violence in France is part of a shift to the right and the building up of police states by capitalist governments throughout Europe and internationally. It is a response to the massive growth of social inequality, and an initial growth of strikes and demonstrations by workers and young people seeking to oppose environmental destruction, social inequality, militarism and capitalist oppression. The ruling class is responding to the first signs of popular opposition with the development of a police state and the elevation of fascist and far-right political forces.
The climate protest attacked by police in Paris on Friday was organized by Extinction Rebellion. The group organized protests in the UK this year that were met with a brutal crackdown. In the course of two weeks of protests in April, more than 10,000 police were deployed and arrested 1,130 people. The London police are pressing to charge every one of the people arrested in the protests.
Extinction Rebellion was founded in May 2018 in the UK and launched with an open letter in October by a group of environmentalists. The letter was supported by academics and capitalist politicians from across Europe, including from the UK Labour Party and the Greens, and the group has received largely favorable coverage in the corporate media in France.
The actions of Extinction Rebellion consist of “civil disobedience” campaigns, which are directed toward forcing the government and corporations to “listen” and take action to address global warming. The perspective promoted by the organization, of reforming the capitalist profit system, was epitomized by a protest staged a week earlier at an advertising industry festival in the French Riviera city of Cannes, appealing to corporate executives to focus on the climate crisis.
Addressing the crisis of climate change, however, requires a fundamentally different political perspective, directed at overturning the source of global warming and social inequality, the capitalist profit system, through a revolutionary struggle by the working class and the ending the subordination of society to the interests of a tiny capitalist elite.